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with you, we told you beforehand that we should suffer affliction ; even as it hath come to pass, and

know, 5 For this cause also, being no longer able to bear my so

licitude, I sent to know your faith ; fearing lest by some

means the tempter had tempted you *, and our labour 6 might be in vain. But now, when Timothy came from you to us, and brought us glad tidings of


faith and love, and that ye have a good remembrance of us al7 ways, longing to see us, as we also do to see you; for

this cause, brethren, we were comforted concerning you 8 in all our affliction and distress, even by your faith : for 9 now we live indeed, if ye stand firmly in the Lord. For

what thanks can we return to God because of you, for

all the joy with which we rejoice for your sakes before our 10 God; night and day praying very exceedingly, that we

might see your face, and might perfect that which re11 maineth behind of your faith? Now may our God and

Father himself, and our Lord Jesus Christ t, direct our 12 way to you. And may the Lord make you to increase

and abound in love one toward another, and toward all 13 men, even as we do toward you: that he may establish

your hearts unblameable in holiness before our God and Father, at the coming of our Lord Jesus (Christ] with

all his saints. Ch. iv. Finally then we beseech you, brethren, and exhort

you by the Lord Jesus, that, as ye have received of us

how ye ought to walk, and to please God, ye would 2 abound more and more. For


know what commandments we gave you by the authority of the Lord Jesus. 3 For this is the will of God, even your sanctification; that 4 ye abstain from fornication ; that every one of you know

* i. e. lest you had suffered some griévous persecution. Or, “lest you should be shaken by the persecutions which I suffer.” Newcome.

+ The apostle in his missionary labours was under the immediate direction of Christ, who occasionally appeared to him for his guidance and encouragement. See Actó xxii. 17; 2 Cor. xii. 8, 9.

how to keep his body * in sanctification and honour ; 5 (not in the passion of desire, even as the gentiles who 6 know not God ;) so as not to go beyond and overreach

his brother in this matter: because the Lord is an avenger

of all such, as we have formerly also told you, and tes7 tified. For God hath not called us to uncleanness, but 8 to sanctification. He therefore who despiseth, despiseth

not man, but God; who hath also given to us his holy

spirit t. 9 Now as concerning brotherly kindness, ye need not

that I write unto you: for ye yourselves are taught of 10 God to love one another: and indeed ye do this toward

all the brethren that are in all Macedonia. But we he. seech you, brethren, that ye abound in love still more;

, 11 and that ye earnestly strive to be quiet, and to do your

own business, and to work with your [own] hands, as 12 we formerly commanded you; that ye may walk becoming

ly toward those that are without, and that ye may have

need of nothing 13 Now we would not have you ignorant, brethren,

concerning those that are fallen asleep; that ye grieve not, 14 even as others that have no hope. For if we believe that

Jesus died, and rose again; so also that Ş God, through

Jesus, will bring with him those also that are fallen 15 asleep. For this we say unto you by the word of the

Lord, that we who shall be alivell, and who shall re

* Gr. vessel, N. m.

+ Or, who hath given his holy spirit for our (or, as some copies read, for your) benefit. So Wakefield.

I would not, &c. R. T.

Even so,” N. The sense of this verse is: “ If we believe, as we do, the death and resurrection of Christ; we have equally just reason to believe that God has power to raise the dead at the last day.” N.

|| “We Christians, who may be considered as one body, church, or people, in whatever age we live.” See Deut. xxvi. 6-9. Ps. Ixvi. 6. Matt. xxiij. 35. 'ye slew.'Newcome. This is true; but it is not certain that the apostle might not expect to live till the second appearance of Christ. It appears from the second epistle, that he knew that the day of Christ was not immediately approaching, and that great

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main to the appearance of the Lord, shall not be before 16 those that are fallen asleep. For the Lord himself will

come down from heaven with a shout, with the voice of

the archangel, and with the trumpet of God: and the 17 dead in Christ will rise first : afterward, we who shall

be alive, and who shall remain, shall be caught up to

gether with them into the clouds *, to meet the Lord in 18 the air: and then we shall ever be with the Lord. Where

fore comfort ye one another with these words f. CH. v. But concerning the times and the seasons I, brethren, 2 ye have no need that I write unto you. For yourselves

I well know that the day of the Lord will come as a thief 3 in the night. When men shall say, “Peace, and safety;" 3

then sudden destruction will come upon them, as pangs

upon a woman with child: and they shall not escape. 4 But ye, brethren, are not in darkness, that the last day 5 should overtake you as a thief. All ye are sons of light,

and sons of the day; we are not of the night and of dark6 ness.

So then let us not sleep, even as others; but let 7 us watch, and be sober. For those that sleep, sleep by night; and those that are drunken, are drunken by night

. 8 But let us, that are of the day, be sober; and put on the

breast-plate of faith and love, and, for an helmet, the 9 hope of salvation. For God hath not appointed us to

anger, but to the obtaining of salvation by our Lord 10 Jesus Christ; who died for us, that, whether we are waking or sleeping* at that day, we may live together with him. 11 Wherefore comfort each other, and edify one another, even as ye

events would antecedently take place. But he might not know how long a period these events would occupy. The times and seasons were reserved by the Father in his own power, Acts i. 7. and Jesus himself was not informed of the exact period when bis ** cond advent was to be introduced. Mark xüi. 32,

*“In clouds," as in triumphal chariots. Chandler. Comp. Acts :. 9.

+ Observe here, that all the consolation which the apostle administers to the bereaved and mourning Thessalonians is derived from the Christian hope of a resurreca tion, and from what would happen at that awful and glorious period. He takes no notice of an intervening state of perception and felicity of which their deceased friends were even then in possession. A circumstance which the apostle could hardly base omitted had the existence of such a state been revealed to him.

I the time and the season of this, N.

do. 12 Now we beseech you, brethren, to acknowledge those

who labour among you, and preside over you in the 13 Lord, and admonish you ; and to esteem them very highly

in love for the sake of their office. Be at peace among 14 yourselves. And we exhort you, brethren, admonish

those that are disorderly, comfort the feeble-minded, sup15 port the weak, be long-suffering toward all men. See

that none render evil for evil to any man; but always

follow that which is good, [both] toward one another 16 and toward all men. Rejoice always. Pray without 17

ceasing. For every thing give thanks : for this is the 18 19 will of God through Christ Jesus concerning you. 20 Quench not the spirit. Despise not prophesyings : but 21

prove all things ; hold fast that which is good. Abstain 22

from all appearance of evil. And may the God of peace 23

himself sanctify you wholly: and may your whole spirit,

and soul, and body be preserved unblameably to the ap24 pearance of our Lord Jesus Christ. Faithful is he who 25 calleth

and he will also do this. Brethren pray for

. 26 us.

Salute all the brethren with a holy kiss. I adjure 27

you by the Lord that this epistle be read to all the [holy] 28 brethren. The favour of our Lord Jesus Christ be with

you. Amen.

*“ whether we wake or sleep at the last day," N. “ Whether we be alive at the last day, or whether we sleep in death.” Ch. iv. 15. 17. Newcome.

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PAUL, and Sylvanus, and Timothy, to the church of

the Thessalonians which is in God our Father, and in our 2 Lord Jesus Christ : favour be to you, and peace,

from God our Father, and from our Lord Jesus Christ.

We ought to thank God always for you, brethren, as it is fit, that your faith increaseth exceedingly, and that

the love of every one of you all toward each other Ą aboundeth : so that we ourselves glory in you among the

churches of God, for your patience and faith in all your 5 persecutions and afflictions which ye endure; for a mani

festation of the just judgement of God, and to the end

that ye may be rendered worthy* of the kingdom of God, 6 for which ye even suffer : since it is a just thing with

God, to recompense affliction to those who afflict you: 7 but to you that are afflicted, rest with us, when the Lord

Jesus shall be manifested from heaven, with his mighty 8 angels, in flaming fire, taking vengeance on those that

know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord 9 Jesus (Christ :] and these shall suffer punishment,

* counted worthy, N.

t Gr. the angels of his might. N.o.

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