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the knowledge of God's will, in all spiritual wisdom and 10 understanding; that ye may walk in a manner worthy of

the Lord so as to please * him in all things, being fruit

ful in every good work, and increasing in the knowledge 11 of God; strengthened with all might, according to his

glorious power, unto all patience and endurance with 12 joyfulnes; and giving thanks to the Father, that hath

made us fit to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints 13 in light t: and that hath delivered us from the power of

darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of his 14 beloved Son 1: by whom we have redemption , even the 15 forgiveness of our sins; and who is the image of the in16 visible God, the first-born || of the whole creation : for

by him all things were created ** that are in heaven, and that are on earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all

* Gr. to all pleasing, N. m.
+ Or, hath made us fit by the light to be partakers, &c. See Rosenmuller.
Gr. the son of his lore. N. m.

§ redemption through his blood, RT. || an image, a first-born, Wakefield. 9 N. m. every ereature, N. The apostle explains his meaning, ver. 18.

** That the apostle does not here intend the creation of natural substances is erja dent; for, 1st, He does not say that by him were created heaven and earth, but this in heaven, and things on earth : 2dly, He does not, in descending into detail, specify things themselves, viz. celestial and terrestrial substances, but merely states of thices, viz. thrones, doininions, &c. which are only ranks and orders of beings in the ratiocal and moral world : 3dly, It is plain from comparing ver. 15 and ver. 18, that Christ is calie J the first-boru of the whole creation, because he is the first who was raised from the dead to an immortal life : 4thly, The creation of natural objects, the heaven, the earth and sea, and all things therein, when they are plainly and unequivocally méstioned, is uniformly and invariably ascribed to the Father, both in the Old Testam: and the New. Hence it follows, that the creation which the apostle here ascribes to Christ expresses that great change which was introduced into the moral world, and particularly in'o the relative situation of Jews and gentiles by the dispensation of the gospel. This is often called creation, or the new creation, and is usually ascr bed tu Jesus Christ, who was the great prophet and messenger of the new covenant. See Eph. i. 10; ii. 10--15; iii. 9; iv. 24 ; Col. iji. 10; 2 Cor. v. 17. This great change the apostle here describes under the symbol of a revolution introduced by Christ amongst certain ranks and orders of beings, by whom, according to the Jewish dem nology, borrowed from the Oriental philosophy, the affairs of states and individuals were superintended and governid. See Mr. Lindsey's Sequel, p. 477, and Wetstein in loc,

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17 these * things were created by him, and for him: and

he is before all things, and by him all these * things 18 subsist: and he is the head of his body, the church: who

is the chief t, the first-born from the dead, that in all 19 things he might be the first i. For it hath pleased the 20 Father to inhabit all fullness by him §; and, having

made peace through his blood shed on the cross, that by him he would reconcile all things to himself: by him, I

say, whether they be things on earth, or things in heaven ||21 And you that were formerly aliens I, and enemies in your 22 mind, by wicked works, yet he hath now reconciled by

his fleshly body, through his death, to present you holy, 23 and spotless, and irreproachable in his sight; if ye con

tinue grounded and steadfast in the faith, and not moved away from the hope given by the gospel** which


have heard, and which hath been preached to every creature that is under heaven ; of which I Paul have been made a

minister. 24 I now rejoice in my sufferings for you,

and in


turn fill up that which in my flesh remaineth behind of my

afflictions because of Christ, for the sake of his body, 25 which is the church: of which church I have been made

a minister, according to the dispensation of God which

hath been given me toward you, that I may fully preach 26 the word of God, even the mystery which hath been hid

den from ages and from generations, but now hath been

* all things, N. See Wakefield.

+ beginning, N. See N. m. # Or, have the first place, N. m.

$ See Peirce and Lin:lsey's Ans. to Robinson, p. 45. The church is the fullness, or the completion of the body of Christ, Eph. i. 23, which Gud inhabits by his spirit communicated by Christ, Eph. ii. 22. The Primate adopts the public version of this text, “ that in him all fullness should dwell.”

|| that is, gentiles or Jews, who were first reconciled to one another, and then to God, by Christ. See Eph. i. 10, and Mr. Locke's note, also Eph. ii. 14-16, and Mr. Peirce's pote upon this text.

9 In their heathen state they were ceremoniaily and morally sinners. They are now ceremonially reconciled, i. e. brought to the profession of christianity that they may be morally purified.

** Gr. hope of the gospel, N. m,


27 made manifest to his saints: to whom God hath been

willing to make known what are the glorious riches of

this mystery among the gentiles ; which mystery is Christ 28 among you, the hope of glory : whom we preach, ad

monishing every man, and teaching [every man,] with

all wisdom; that we may present every man perfect in 29 Christ * : for which I labour also, and contend according CH.to his working which worketh in me mightily. For I

would that ye knew what earnest care I have for you,

and for those at Laodicea, and for as many as have not 2 seen my face in the flesh; that their hearts might be com

forted, they being knit together in love, and to all riches

of the full assurance of their understanding, to the know3 ledge of the mystery of God t; in which are hidden all 4 the treasures of wisdom and knowledge. Now I say

this, lest any man should deceive you by persuasive words. 5 For though I be absent in the flesh, yet I am with you

I in my spirit, rejoicing, and beholding your order, and 6 the steadfastness of your faith in Christ. As ye

have therefore received Christ Jesus the Lord, so walk in him; 7 rooted and built up in him, and established in the faith,

as ye have been taught, abounding [therein] in thanks

giving 8 Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and

empty deceit, according to the tradition of men, accord.

ing to the elements of the world, and not according to 9 Christ. For in him dwelleth all the fulness of the deity : 10 bodily: and ye are filled through him, who is the head,

Alled with all

* Christ Jesus, R. T. + of God the Father and of Christ, R. T. The manuscripts vary: Griesbach omits the words in Italics. The Primate admits them, but with his usual mark of doubtful authenticity.

Godhead, N. Compare Eph. iii. 19, where Christians are said to the fulness of God. “The scholastic word godhead,” says Mr. Lindsey, " is rejected, because to common readers it countenances the strange notion of a God consisting of three persons.” Lindsey's Second address, p. 283, 284. “All those blessings which proceed from the Godhead, and wherewith we are filled, dwell in Christ, truls and substantially.” Peirce in loc,

11 of all principality and power : through whom ye have

been circumcised also with a circumcision not made by

hands, by putting off the fleshly body * through the cir12 cumcision of Christ; having been buried with him in

baptism, in which ye were raised also with him, through

faith in the mighty working of God, who raised him from 13 the dead. And to you, being dead in your sins, and in

the uncircumcision of your flesh, hath God given life together with Christ, having freely pardoned all our † tres

, 14 passes ; having blotted out the hand-writing of ordinances

which was against us, which was contrary to us, and 15 taken it out of the way, and nailed it to the cross : and,

having spoiled principalities and powers I, he made a shew of them openly, and triumphed over them by the


16 Let no man therefore condemn you for your use of

meats or drinks, or in respect of a feast, or new-moon, or 17 sabbath : which are a shadow of things to come; but the 18 body is of Christ. Let no man defraud you of your prize,

in a voluntary humility of mind and worship of angels,

intruding into those things which he hath not seen, rash19 ly puffed up by his fleshly mind. And not holding fast

the head, from whom all the body, supplied and connected by joints and bands, increaseth with the increase

of God S. 20 If || ye have died with Christ from the elements of the

world, why, as though living in the world, are ye 21 subject to ordinances; (such as,

« Do not touch 22 things, nor taste, nor handle ;” all which things are to be

consumed by the use of them ;) according to the com

* the body of the sins of the flesh, R. T. + all your trespasses, R, T.

By his death he put an end to the Mosaic Institution, and superseded the Levitical priesthood and all the splendid offices and rites of the temple service. See Schleusner in verb. Agxn, and Rosenmuller in loc, $ Or, with a great increase. N. m.

|| If therefore, R. T.

23 mandments and doctrines of men? Which ordinances have

indeed a shew of wisdom in will-worship, and humility of mind, and not sparing the body: yet are not in any

honour, but serve to the satisfying of the flesh. Ch. 11. If then ye have been raised with Christ, seek those

things which are above, where Christ sitteth on the right 2 hand of God. Mind the things above, not the things on 3 the earth. For ye have died, and your life is hidden 4 with Christ in God. When Christ, who is your life, shall

, be manifested, then ye also will be manifested with him

in glory. 5 Deaden therefore your members as to the things on

earth ; as to fornication, uncleanness, passion, wicked 6 lusts, and inordinate desire, which is idolatry* ; for which

things the anger of God cometh on the sons of disobe7 dience: in which ye also walked formerly, when ye lived 8 in them. But now do ye also put away all these ; anger,

wrath, maliciousness, evil-speaking, filthy talking, out of 9 your mouth. Lie not one to another, since


have put 10 off the old man with his deeds; and have put on the new

man, that is renewed in knowledge, according to the 11 image of Him who created him: where there is neither

gentile nor Jew, circumcision nor uncircumcision; bar

barian nor Scythian; slave "nor free: but Christ is all 12 things, and that among all. Put on therefore, as the

elect of God, holy, and beloved, bowels of pity, kind13 ness, humility of mind, meekness, long-suffering: (for

bearing one another, and freely forgiving one another, if

any one have a cause of complaint against another: 14 even as Christ freely forgave you, so do ye also :) and,

besides all these things, put on love, which is the bond of 15 perfection. And let the peace of Christ t, preside in your

* See Wakefield. “ evil desire and coretousness," N. + the peace of God, R. T. peace with Christ, N. The peace of Christ is that peace which Christ introduced between Jews and gentiles. See Eph. ii. 14.

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