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that thou wouldest take them out of the world, but that 16 thou wouldest keep them from evil *. They are not of 17 the world; as I am not of the world. Sanctify them 18 through thy truth : thy word is truth. As thou hast sent

me into the world, I also have sent them into the world f. 19 And for their sakes I sanctify myself, that they also may

be sanctified through the truth. 20 “ Nor do I pray for these only, but for those also who 21 shall believe in me through their words; that all may be

oneg; || as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that

they also may be [one] in us : that the world may be22 lieve that thou hast sent me. And the glory which

thou hast given I me, I have given them; that they 23 may be one, as

one, as we are one: I in them, and thou in me; that they may be perfected in one; and that the

world may know that thou hast sent me, and hast loved 24 them, as thou hast loved me. Father, I desire that those also, whom thou hast given me, may be with me where I

**; that they may behold my glory, which thou hast given mett: for thou lovedst me before the foundation of 25 the world II. O righteous Father, the world hath not

O known thee: but I have known thee, and these have 26 known that thou hast sent me. And I have made known

unto them thy name, and will make it known : that the love with which thou hast loved me may be in them, and

I in them.” Ch. xvii. When Jesus had spoken these words, he went


. Or, out of the evil.

+ This text shows that to be sent into the world does not express or imply a preexistent state, but a divine commission for the instruction of mankind.

request, N. s Gr. one thing. One in affection; and in co-operation for the advancement of truth and goodness. N.

ll that as, N.

gavest, N. ** shall be, N. but in the original it is “ I am.” And through the whole of this excellent prayer, that is continually spoken of as present, or past, which was then future, and had no existence but in the divine decree.

tt which thou hast given me.) “Quem constituisti mihi dare. Grot. See ver. 5. and ch, xii. 41." Newcome,

11 See ver. 5. and Rev. xii. 8.

forth with his disciples over the brook Kidron, where

was a garden, into which he and his disciples entered. 2 And Judas also, who delivered him up, knew the place: 3 for Jesus often resorted thither with his disciples. Judas

then, having received a band of soldiers, and officers from

the chief-priests and Pharisees, cometh thither with lan4 terns, and lamps, and weapons. Upon this Jesus, know

ing all things which were to befal him *, went forth, and 5 said unto them, “Whom seek ye?” They answered him,

" “ Jesus of Nazareth.” Jesus saith unto them, “ I am

he." And Judas also, who delivered him up, stood with 6 them. As soon then as he had said unto them, I am 7 he,' they went backward, and fell on the ground. Then

he asked them again, “ Whom seek ye?” And they said, 8 - Jesus of Nazareth.” Jesus answered, “

Jesus answered, “ I told you that 9 I am he : if therefore ye seek me, let these depart.” (That

the words might be fulfilled, which he spake, “Of those

whom thou gavest me, I have lost none.") 10 Then Simon Peter, having a sword, drew it, and struck

a servant of the high-priest, and cut off his right ear. 11 Now the servant's name was Malchus. Then said Jesus to Peter, “ Put up the sword into the sheath : the cup

' which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it?" 12 Then the band, and the commander, and the officers of 13 the Jews, took Jesus, and bound him, and led him away

to Annas first ; for he was father-in-law to Caiaphas, who 14 was high-priest that year. Now Caiaphas was he who

had given counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.

Nothing more beautifully illustrates the dignity of our Lord's character than this distinct foreknowledge of every circumstance of his approaching sufferings. This distinguishes Christ from all other martyrs and confessors, and fully accounts for his agony in the garden, and the horror which he often expresses at the prospect of what was to happen. It likewise enhances the moral value of his resignation to the divine will, and exbibits his fortitude in a striking light, after his mind had been tranquillized and forti. fied by his prayer in the garden, Sce Heb. v. 7. He was heard so as to be delivered from his fear.


And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple : and that disciple was known to the high-priest,

and entered with Jesus into the palace of the high-priest. 16 But Peter stood at the door without. Then that other

disciple, who was known to the high-priest, went out,

and spake to her who kept the door, and brought in Pe17 ter. Then the maid-servant who kept the door saith to

Peter, Art not thou also one of this man's disciples ?” 18 He saith; “I am not.” And the servants and officers

stood and warmed themselves, having made a fire of coals; for it was cold. And Peter stood with them, and warm

ed himself. 19 Now the high-priest asked Jesus concerning * his dis20 ciples, and concerning * his doctrine. Jesus answered

him, “I spoke + openly to the world; I have always

taught in the synagogue, and in the temple, whither all 21 the Jews resort; and in secret I spoke nothing. Why

askest thou me? ask those that heard me, what I have 22 spoken to them : behold, they know what I said.” And

when he had said these words, one of the officers who

stood by struck Jesus with the palm of his hand, and 23 said, “ Answerest thou the high-priest thus?” Jesus an

swered him, “If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the 24 evil : but if well, why dost thou smite me ?" (Now An

nas had sent bim bound to Caiaphas the high-pricst.) 25 And Simon Peter stood and warmed himself. Then

they said to him, “ Art not thou also one of his disci26 ples?” He denied it, and said, “I am not.” One of

the servants of the high-priest, being the kinsman of him

whose ear Peter cut off, saith, “ Did not I see thee in the 27 garden with him?" Peter then denied it again ; and im

mediately the cock crew 1. 28 [Then] the Jews bring Jesus from Caiaphas, to the

* of, N.

t I have spoken, N. The trumpet sounded at the beginning of the third watch, called the cock-crove ing: this was at midnight.

" Art

judgement-hall; and it was early: and they themselves

went not into the judgement-hall, lest they should be de29 filed; but that they might eat the passover. Pilate therefore went out unto them, and said, “ What accusation bring

, 30 ye against this man ?” They answered and said unto him,

“ If he were not a malefactor, we would not have deli31 vered him up unto thee.” Then Pilate said unto them,

« Take ye him, and judge him according to your law."

The Jews therefore said unto him, “ We are not allowed 32 to put any man to death.” (So that the words of Jesus

were fulfilled, which he spake, signifying what death he 33 was to die.) Then Pilate entered again into the judge

ment-hall, and called Jesus, and said unto him, 34 thou the king of the Jews ?” Jesus answered [him],

“ Sayest thou this of thyself; or have others told it thee 35 of me?” Pilate answered, “ Am I a Jew? Thine own na

tion, and the chief-priests, have delivered thee up unto 36 me. What hast thou done?” Jesus answered, “ My king

dom is not of this world. If my kingdom had been of this world, then my servants would have contended, that I

might not be delivered up to the Jews: but indeed my 37 kingdom is not hence.” Pilate therefore said unto him, Art thou a king then ?” Jesus answered,


« Thou sayest truly that I am a king*. For this cause I was born, and for this cause I came into the world, that I might

bear witness to the truth. Every one that is of the truth, 38 hearkeneth to my voice.” Pilate saith unto him, “What

is truth ?” And when he had said this, he went out again

to the Jews, and saith unto them, “I find no fault in 39 him. But ye have a custom that I should release to you

one at the passover : will ye therefore that I release to 40 you the King of the Jews ?” Then all cried out, † say

ing, « Not this man, but Barabbas.” Now Barabbas was a robber.

* Or, Thou sayest truly; for I am a king. N. m.
+ in their turn, N. The word ránu is omitted in some MSS. of good authority.


Ch. xix. Then Pilate upon this took Jesus, and scourged 2 him. And the soldiers platted a crown of thorns *, and

put it on his head; and they clothed him with a purple 3 garment, and said, “Hail, King of the Jews." And 4 they struck him with the palms of their hands. · Then Pi

late went out again, and saith unto them, “ See, I bring

him out to you, that ye may know that I find no fault in 5 him.” Then Jesus came out, wearing the crown of

thorns, and the purple garment. And Pilate saith unto 6 them, “See, the man.” When therefore the chief-priests

and the officers saw him, they cried out, saying, “Crucify him, crucify him.” Pilate saith unto them, “ Take

ye him, and crucify him : for I find no fault in him.” 7 The Jews answered him, “We have a law, and by our

law he ought to die, because he made himself af son of God."

When Pilate therefore heard these words, he was the 9 more afraid ; and went again into the judgement-hall,


and saith to Jesus, “Whence art thou ?" But Jesus gave 10 him no answer. Pilate saith to him,

Speakest thou not to me? knowest thou not that I have authority to 11 crucify thee, and have authority to release thee?” Jesus

answered, “ Thou couldest have no authority against me, unless it had been given thee from above: for this reasong,

he that delivered me up unto thee hath greater sin." 12 Thenceforth Pilate sought to release him: but the Jews

cried out, saying, “ If thou release this man, thou art not Cæsar's friend. Whosoever maketh himself a king,

speaketh against Cæsar.” 13 When Pilate therefore heard these words, he brought

Jesus out, and sat down on the judgement-seat, in a place

* Most probably of acanthus or bearsfoot, a soft and flexible herb, which grew in abundance in the vicinity of Jerusalem. The design of the Roman soldiers was not se much to torment Jesus, as to insult him, and to deride his pretensions to royalty. Pilate still wished to release him. See ver. 4. Bishop Pearce on Matt. xxvii. 29. + the, N. #power, N.

See Pearce, Concerning this matter, N.

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