« ПредишнаНапред »
Luc. Away, inhuman dog! unhallow'd slave!Sirs, help our uncle to convey him in.—
[Exeunt Goths, with AARON. Flourish. The trumpets show, the emperor is at hand.
Enter SATURNINUS and TAMORA, with Tribunes, Senators, and Others.
SAT. What, hath the firmament more suns than one?
Luc. What boots it thee, to call thyself a sun? MAR. Rome's emperor, and nephew, break the parle ;
These quarrels must be quietly debated.
SAT. Marcus, we will.
[Hautboys sound. The Company sit down at Table.
Enter TITUS, dressed like a Cook, LAVINIA, veiled, young LUCIUS, and Others. TITUS places the Dishes on the Table.
TIT. Welcome, my gracious lord; welcome, dread queen;
Welcome, ye warlike Goths; welcome, Lucius; And welcome, all: although the cheer be poor, 'Twill fill your stomachs; please you eat of it.
break the parle;] That is, begin the parley. We yet say, he breaks his mind. JOHNSON.
SAT. Why art thou thus attir'd, Andronicus? TIT. Because I would be sure to have all well, To entertain your highness, and your empress. TAM. We are beholden to you, good Androni
TIT. An if your highness knew my heart, you
My lord the emperor, resolve me this;
TIT. Your reason, mighty lord!
SAT. Because the girl should not survive her shame,
And by her presence still renew his sorrows.
TIT. A reason mighty, strong, and effectual; A pattern, precedent, and lively warrant, For me, most wretched to perform the like :Die, die, Lavinia, and thy shame with thee; [He kills LAVINIA. And, with thy shame, thy father's sorrow die! SAT. What hast thou done, unnatural, and unkind?
TIT. Kill'd her, for whom my tears have made me blind.
Was it well done of rash Virginius,
To slay his daughter with his own right hand, &c.] Mr. Rowe might have availed himself of this passage in The Fair Penitent, where Sciolto asks Calista:
"Hast thou not heard what brave Virginius did? "With his own hand he slew his only daughter" &c. Titus Andronicus, however, is incorrect in his statementof this occurrence, for Virginia died unviolated. STEEVENS.
I am as woful as Virginius was:
SAT. What, was she ravish'd? tell, who did the
TIT. Will't please you eat? will't please your highness feed?
TAM. Why hast thou slain thine only daughter thus?
TIT. Not I; 'twas Chiron, and Demetrius: They ravish'd her, and cut away her tongue, And they, 'twas they, that did her all this wrong. SAT. Go, fetch them hither to us presently.
TIT. Why, there they are both, baked in that pye;
Whereof their mother daintily hath fed, Eating the flesh that she herself hath bred." 'Tis true, 'tis true; witness my knife's sharp point. [Killing TAMORA. SAT. Die, frantick wretch, for this accursed deed. [Killing TITUS.
Luc. Can the son's eye behold his father bleed? There's meed for meed, death for a deadly deed.
[Kills SATURNINUS. A great Tumult. The
Eating the flesh that she herself hath bred.] The additions made by Ravenscroft to this scene, are so much of a piece with it, that I cannot resist the temptation of showing the reader how he continues the speech before us:
"Thus cramm'd, thou'rt bravely fatten'd up for hell, "And thus to Pluto I do serve thee up. [Stabs the emperess." And then-" A curtain drawn discovers the heads and hands of
MAR. You sad-fac'd men, people and sons of
By uproar sever'd, like a flight of fowl
SEN. Lest Rome herself be bane unto herself;* And she, whom mighty kingdoms court'sy to, Like a forlorn and desperate cast-away, Do shameful execution on herself. But if my frosty signs and chaps of Grave witnesses of true experience,
Demetrius and Chiron hanging up against the wall; their bodies in chairs in bloody linen." STEEVENS.
Sen. Lest Rome &c.] This speech and the next, in the quarto 1611, are given to a Roman lord. In the folio they both belong to the Goth. I know not why they are separated. I believe the whole belongs to Marcus; who, when Lucius has gone through such a part of the narrative as concerns his own exile, claims his turn to speak again, and recommend Lucius to the empire.
I have followed the quarto, where the words Roman lord, [i. e. Senator,] are prefixed to this speech. The copy, however, reads-Let Rome &c. which I have no doubt was an error of the press for Lest. The editor of the folio finding the sentiment as exhibited in the quarto, in consequence of this error, not proper in the mouth of a Roman, for Roman lord substituted Goth. In correcting the errors of the quartos, the editor of the folio appears often to have only looked on the surface, and to have consequently made several injudicious emendations beside the present.
Mr. Capell, I find, has made the same emendation.
The error here corrected has likewise happened in the quarto copies of Hamlet, Act I. sc. ii: "let my extent to the players should more appear like entertainment than -instead of "Lest my extent," &c.
As this speech proceeds in an uniform tenor with the foregoing, the whole (as Mr. Steevens has observed,) probably belongs to Marcus. MALONE.
Cannot induce you to attend my words,-
When with his solemn tongue he did discourse,
Here is a captain, let him tell the tale;
Luc. Then, noble auditory, be it known to you, That cursed Chiron and Demetrius Were they that murdered our emperor's brother; And they it were that ravished our sister: For their fell faults our brothers were beheaded; Our father's tears despis'd; and basely cozen'd5 Of that true hand, that fought Rome's quarrel out, And sent her enemies unto the grave. Lastly, myself unkindly banished,
The gates shut on me, and turn'd weeping out,
and basely cozen'd-] i, e. and he basely cozened. MALONE.