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Contents of the Furd-seiral'.
"Ramkunt, the adopted son of Ramjeewun, the deceased zemindar of Pergunnah Rajshahy, &c., belonging to the Soobah of Bengal, the Paradise of Kingdoms, has presented to the Exalted Presence a petition (the contents of which are herein recorded) representing his acquiescence in a peishcush, &c., and the balances and the annual jumma of the aforesaid Pergunnah agreeable to the annexed particulars, in the hope of obtaining a Royal firman and a perwannah for the zemindary, from the time of the decease of the aforesaid Ramjeewun. In respect hereof what are your commands?
Contents of the Arzee or Representation.
"From the time of my elevation at the decease of Ramjeewun, zemindar of the Pergunnah of Rajshahy, &c., in the Bengal year 1137 to the end of 1140, I exerted myself diligently and paid up the revenues of the Khalsa and Jageer Mehals without a balance at the stated times and seasons ; but since the Pergunnahs of the aforesaid zemindary are variously and widely dispersed among the distant Chuklas, within the boundaries of powerful zemindara; and owing to my not having yet been honoured with a sunnud confirming me in the zemindary, my ryots are molested; my boundaries by the abovementioned zemindars infringed; and my gomastahs and husbandmen prevented attending to the cultivation of the lands and improvement of the country with full confidence and security; I am therefore hopeful from your favour and kindness that I may be honoured with a royal firman, and soobahdary and dcwanny perwannah, for the zemindary of the aforesaid Pergunnahs; to the end that I may appear with credit and dignity among my equals. In the hope of obtaining the abovementioned deeds, I agree to the Royal peishcush, &c., together with the balances and the annual jumma of these Pergunnahs, agreeable to the annexed particulars."
(Here follow full details.)
Contents of the Furd-huckeekut.
"The zemindary of Pergunnah Rajshahy, belonging to the Soobah of Bengal, the Paradise of Kingdoms, having been conferred, in conformity to the furd-sewal signed by the noble and princely Shujaa-ud Dowlah, Mohtimun-ul-Muluk, Shujaa-ud-Deen, Mohummud Khan Bahadoor and Assud Jung, Nazim of the Soobah (the, contents of which are hereunto annexed) upon Ramkunt, the adopted son of Ramjeewun, from the time of the decease of the latter, in consideration of his agreeing to a peishcush, las., and the balances and the annual jumma of the abovementioned Pergunnah agreeable to the account hereunto annexed, the aforesaid person prays to obtain a perwannah. In regard to preparing a deed of that kind for the zemindary of the Pergunnahs
in question, after taking a muchulka and eabooleut, in conformity to custom. What
may be your commands 1
Durobust Mehals ... ... ... ... ... 96
Kismutiah ditto ... ... ... ... ... 68
Peishcush, &c., in the hope of being honoured with a Royal firman and with a perwannah, viz.:
Peishcush ... ... ... ... 10,11,000 0 0
Balances during the time of Ramjeewun 1,92,378 1 11
12,03,378 1 11 0
Payable between the years 1141 and 1146
inclusive at the annual instalment of
Rs. 1,75,000 10,50,000 0 0
Payable in the year 1147 1,53,378 1 11
12,03,378 1 11 Jumma of the Khalsa and Jageer Mehals payable annually agreeable to the statement signed by the Canoongoes of the Soobah 18,53,325 10 11 3
Total ... ... 30,56,703 12 2 3"
Then follows a specification of the Mehals with the rent of each composing the mal or rent and a specification of peishcush. After which follows a muchulka or obligation executed by the zemindar.
Form of the Muchulka.
"I, who am Ramkunt, the adopted son of the deceased Ramjeewun. the zemindar of Pergunnah Rajshahy, &c., Khalsa and Jageer Mehals, in the Soobah of Bengal, the Paradise of Kingdoms.
"Whereas the zemindary of the aforesaid Pergunnah from the time of the decease of the abovenamed Ramjeewun and on my acquiescing in a peishcush to the Royal Sirkar, and in the balances and yearly jumma of the aforesaid mehals, according to the specified endorsement, has been conferred on me,
"Do agree and consent of my own accord and inclination and do give in writing that punctually attending to the duties and functions of that service, I will not neglect or be deficient in the most minute particle of diligence and assiduity. I will observe a commendable conduct towards the body of the ryots and the inhabitants at large; and employing my assiduous endeavours in expelling and punishing the refractory. I will exert myself in such a manner that not a trace of thieves or robbers shall remain within the boundaries of my zemindary. I will use my utmost diligence to conciliate and encourage the ryots; and to promote increase of cultivation and the improvement of agriculture. I will take such especial care of the high roads that travellers and passengers shall pass and repass in perfect confidence and safety ; and that no instances
of robbery or murder shall occur. If however (which God forbid) the property of any person shall be plundered or stolen, I will produce the thieves or robbers, together with the property; and delivering the latter to the owner, I will consign the former to punishment; or, in the event of my failing to produce them, I will myself be responsible for the property so stolen or plundered. I will exert my endeavours that no person be guilty of drunkenness or irregularities of any kind within the boundaries of my zemindary. I will discharge year by year at the stated times and periods the due rents of Government, after receiving credit for the muzcoorat agreeable to usage; and lastly I will transmit to the dufterkhanah of Government the official papers required conformably to custom under my own signature and that of the canoongoes of the Soobah. I have therefore written these few lines in the nature of a muchulka cabooleut that recourse may be had thereto when occasion shall require. Dated the 22nd of Rumzan-ul Mubarak in the 17th year of His Majesty's Reign."
II—TWO ROYAL FIRMANS FOR A KHANKAH, A SORT OF MAHOMEDAN
"The villages in question were granted by two Royal Firmans, the first by Mahomed Feroksir, 14th March 1717, the second by Shah Alum, 13th October 1762.
The first of these instruments states, that a Firman has been issued; that one lac of dams from Pergnnnah Havilly Sahseeram, in Soobah Bahar, which yields the sum of about 1,179 rupees to the Royal Treasury, are endowed and bestowed for the purpose of defraying the expenses of the Khankah of Sheikh Kubeer Dervish, as an altamgha grant, and it shall be established according to the specification made therein. The children of the Sovereign, the Amir, and those who transact the affairs of State, and the jagheerdars and their successors, are enjoined to relinquish the said dams to the aforenamed individual for him to manage and control, and to descend to his heirs in succession from remove to remove, and they are required to consider the grant in every respect exempt from all contingencies, and not to demand from the said person a fresh sunnud annually. Upon this instrument a memorandum is endorsed that one lac of dams has been granted by His Majesty as an altamgha for the use and expenses of the Khankah of Sheikh Kubeer Dervish.
In 1744, on the petition of Sheikh Gholam Shurf-ood-deen, the grandson of Sheikh Kubeer, who had succeeded him as the Sijjada-nashin, a perwannah was granted by Mahomed Shah enjoining the chowdries, cultivators, &c., to consider the said one lac of dams as an altamgha-inam, by virtue of the perwannah of His Majesty, for the purpose of being appropriated to the charges of the travellers to and from the Khankah of the said Sheikh Kubeer, as it stood before, to descend to the offspring in succession, and to refrain from taking from the said Gholam Shurf-ood-deen as was the rule before, the true and fair revenue payable to the State and the Dewanny taxes, and enjoining them not to deviate from what may be for the benefit of the person in question. The terms expressing the grant to have been made for the purpose of meeting the charges of the Khankah, and the travellers who frequent the Sheikh Kubeer Dervish, are repeated several times in the endorsement. A similar perwannah was granted on the petition of Sheikh Kiam-ood-deen, after the death of his father, and it is declared that
1 Jewun Doaa Khahoo v. shah Kubeer-ood-dcen, 2 Moore's I. A . 390, at pp. 408 to 410; see anotUer description of these firmans in Muaaaraut Qadira v. Shah Kubeer Oodcen Ahmed, 3 Sel. Rep., 408, 409.
Sheikh Kiam-ood-deen is established in the Sijjada-nashin in the same manner as hia father and grandfather were.
The second instrument of the third year of Shah Alum, about the 18th of October 17(>2, is a grant nearly similar in form, of two lacs and eighty one thousand dams, the produce of which is Rs. 3,000, to be fixed as an altamgha-inam to the sanctified Sheikh Kiam-ood-deen for the purpose of defraying the expenses of the frequenters to and from him, exempting the lands from the present assessment and from all that may be realized thereout by his good management; and the children and vizeers, &c., of the Sovereign are enjoined always to maintain and uphold the said order, and to relinquish the aforesaid dams to them, to descend to the offspring in succession to be enjoyed by them, and deeming this grant free from the contingency of alteration or change, the public officers are not to demand anything from them upon the score of revenues or charges, and to consider the grant free of all Dewanny taxes, or for any writings whatever made on account of the State. Deeming this a full and positive injunction, they are not to demand a fresh sunnud annually, nor deviate from these royal and munificent orders.
Upon this instrument a memorandum was endorsed that 2,81.000 dams have been granted by His Majesty in Pergunnah Sahseeram, &c., as an altamgha-inam to Sheikh Kiam-ood-deen for the charges of the Fakirs."
III.—AN ALTAMGHA SUNNUD.1
"From the autumn crop, viz. from the month of Tingo Zail (last month of the Fasli year) as an altamgha grant to her from generation to generation, to her children, and those related to her. This grant is to be considered as safe from the strokes of change or alteration. No peshcush or the fees of Soobahdari, faujdari revenue, or other kinds of cess, such as tax or exaction, &c., is to be demanded from this estate; all increase in the revenue or proceeds of the estate proceeding from a good cultivation to go to the grantee. This sunnud or grant is all sufficient, fresh confirmation is not to be required year by year, nothing ought to be done contrary to this grant.
Dated 9th of Zillah of the 30th year of the Reign (11th September 1788),"
A Perwannah in pursuance of the same Grant.1
"Be it known to the chowdhries, canoongoes, zemindars and cultivators of the Pergunnah Badshapore and Jharsa, that whereas the aforementioned mehal was formerly granted as an altamgha jageer (jagiri altamghai) to the kind friend, the Begum Zeboolnissa, by a royal sunnud, so it is to be considered on the same footing as before, and ill are required as heretofore to present themselves and pay the revenue to her without fail. This is very strictly enjoined, so let them be very careful to obey it."
1 Forester c. Tho necretarj of State, 12 B. K., 143.
Abatement of rent 379
amount of, settled by headman in Mahomedan times 29
prohibited by Ala-ood-deen ■ . . .66
specific prohibition in Mahomedan zemindary sunnud against exaction of
recognition of zemindar's right to levy 108, 170
incorporated with the assul toomar jumma Ill
imposed by Jaffler Khan 128, 179
object of Mahomedan rulers in imposing 128, 176
from time to time consolidated with customary rates . ..... 172,178
imposed by Sujah Khan 180, 181
imposed by Aliverdi Khan 182
imposed by Cosaim Ali . 183
restrictions upon, under the farming settlement of 1772 .... 245
Adhipati 6, 26
Agraghrah vadiky villages 15, note 5
Akbar, settlement of, tee Todar Mull's Settlement.
power of, of khoodkashts in Hindoo times 13,15—17,220—222
not possessed by pyekashts in Hindoo times 21, 22
of holder of wuzeefaland 47, 48
of holder of mookasumah land 48
growth of zemindar's 109
growth ot talookdar's 151, 156, 158
by zemindar, restrictions upon 267, 269, 270, 300
full powers of, conferred upon actual proprietors by the Permanent
Settlement Regulations . 307, 387
of occupancy right . 359—364
of holding by occupancy ryot 364—366, 391
pntnee talookdar's power of 397
Altumgha enams 171, note 1