American Elegy: The Poetry of Mourning from the Puritans to Whitman

U of Minnesota Press - 352
The most widely practiced and read form of verse in America, elegies are poems about being left behind, writes Max Cavitch. American Elegy is the history of a diverse peoples poetic experience of mourning and of mortalitys profound challenge to creative living. By telling this history in political, psychological, and aesthetic terms, American Elegy powerfully reconnects the study of early American poetry to the broadest currents of literary and cultural criticism. Cavitch begins by considering eighteenth-century elegists such as Franklin, Bradstreet, Mather, Wheatley, Freneau, and Annis Stockton, highlighting their defiance of boundariesbetween public and private, male and female, rational and sentimentaland demonstrating how closely intertwined the work of mourning and the work of nationalism were in the revolutionary era. He then turns to elegys adaptations during the market-driven Jacksonian age, including more obliquely elegiac poems like those of William Cullen Bryant and the popular child elegies of Emerson, Lydia Sigourney, and others. Devoting unprecedented attention to the early African-American elegy, Cavitch discusses poems written by free blacks and slaves, as well as white abolitionists, seeing in them the development of an African-American genealogical imagination. In addition to a major new reading of Whitmans great elegy for Lincoln, When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloomd, Cavitch takes up less familiar passages from Whitman as well as Melvilles and Lazaruss poems following Lincolns death. American Elegy offers critical and often poignant insights into the place of mourning in American culture. Cavitch examines literary responses to historical eventssuch as the American Revolution, Native American removal, African-American slavery, and the Civil Warand illuminates the states of loss, hope, desire, and love in American studies today. Max Cavitch is assistant professor of English at the University of Pennsylvania.
 

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Leaving Poetry Behind
1
1 Legacy and Revision in EighteenthCentury AngloAmerican Elegy
33
2 Elegy and the Subject of National Mourning
80
Custodianship and Opposition in Antebellum Elegy
108
Waldo Emerson and the Price of Generation
143
African Americans and Elegy from Wheatley to Lincoln
180
Whitman and the Future of Elegy
233
Objects
286
Notes
295
Index
335

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