The Columbia Anthology of Modern Japanese Literature: From restoration to occupation, 1868-1945

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Columbia University Press, 2005 - 863 страници

This comprehensive anthology collects works of fiction, poetry, drama, and essay-writing from a pivotal time in Japanese history. In addition to their literary achievements, the texts reflect the political, social, and intellectual changes that occurred in Japanese society during this period, including exposure to Western ideas and literature, the rise of nationalism, and the complex interaction of traditional and modern forces. The volume offers outstanding, often new translations of classic texts by such celebrated writers as Nagai Kafu, Shimazaki Toson, Natsume Soseki, Kawabata Yasunari, and Yosano Akiko. The editors have also unearthed works from lesser-known women writers, many of which have never been available in English.

Organized chronologically and by genre within each period, the volume reveals the major influences in the development of modern Japanese literature: the Japanese classics themselves, the example of Chinese poetry, and the encounter with Western literature and culture. Modern Japanese writers reread the classics of Japanese literature, infused them with contemporary language, and refashioned them with an increased emphasis on psychological elements. They also reinterpreted older aesthetic concepts in light of twentieth-century mentalities. While modern ideas captured the imagination of some Japanese writers, the example of classical Chinese poetry remained important for others. Meiji writers continued to compose poetry in classical Chinese and adhere to a Confucian system of thought. Another factor in shaping modern Japanese literature was the example of foreign works, which offered new literary inspiration and opportunities for Japanese readers and writers.

Divided into four chapters, the anthology begins with the early modern texts of the 1870s, continues with works written during the years of social change preceding World War I and the innovative writing of the interwar period, and concludes with texts from World War II. Each chapter includes a helpful critical introduction, situating the works within their literary, political, and cultural contexts. Additionally, there are biographical introductions for each writer.

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Съдържание

Introduction
1
First Experiments
9
Poetry
46
Song of the Faithful Daughter Shiragiku
49
Fiction
56
Izumi Kyoka
66
The Icon of Liberty
105
Meat and Potatoes
153
The Dancing Girl of Izu
433
The Fifteenth of March 1928
451
The Diary of Claudius
493
The Shopboys God
508
Landscape with Withered Tree
555
Mount Hiei
573
On a Trip
586
The Morning of the Last Farewell
591

The Boat on the River Takase
206
The Mediterranean in Twilight
213
The Life of a Certain Woman
226
The Girl Watcher
254
Tokuda Shūsei
265
Tokutomi Roka
274
Poetry in the International Style
293
Nagasaki Style
301
An Open Letter
334
The Interwar Years
340
Edogawa Ranpo
365
The Wind Has Risen
376
Kitasono Katsue
599
Yamaguchi Seishi
619
Tanizaki Junichiro
627
The War Years
659
Ishikawa Tatsuzo
667
The Clan Records
675
Taken Captive
709
Poetry in the International Style
798
Poetry in Traditional Forms
811
Evidence
812
Bibliography
837
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Информация за автора (2005)

J. Thomas Rimer is emeritus professor of East Asian languages and literatures at the University of Pittsburgh. He is the author of several works, including Traditions in Modern Japanese Fiction: An Introduction and A Reader's Guide to Japanese Literature.Van C. Gessel is professor of Japanese literature at Brigham Young University. He is the author of Three Modern Novelists: Soseki, Tanizaki, Kawabata and coeditor of The Showa Anthology: Modern Japanese Short Stories.

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