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endowed with fine natural parts, well hospital, as an out-patient ; and there improved by a liberal education, of he was turn'd out as incurable. So a benevolent and generous disposi- finding his case desperate, I considertion, ever exerting his abilities to od the power of electricity, and made the service of his friends, whose be- a large machine for electrifying; neficence extends to all who come and afterwards thocking him comwithin the circle of his knowledge, A monly twice a day, he has receiv'd and whom neither passion nor inte- fome benefit: And laft Sunday, berest can prevail upon to commit an ing May 15, he being on the pede. immoral act ; yet blessed as he is stal, and very high electrify'd, and with every focial affection, poflefied having on a coarse fuftian working of these amiable qualities, and thus frock, the condensing phial being worthy the love and esteem of man- on the conductor, and I, touching kind, Eudocius, from the natural B him to procure snaps as usual, touchopenness of his temper and behaviour, ed his right shoulder blade ; and, to and an unreserved, but innocent gal. my great surprize, the furzy tax of lantry towards the fair, falls a sacrifice the frock caught fire, with a great to the severe censures of the world, blaze, and burnt the whole breadth and with a heart incapable of harbour. and length of the shoulder, the ing a thought injurious to his neigh- flame rising 6 inches above the colbour, is supposed to have perpe-C lar; and I believe would have set trated the blackest crimes. But amid the frock on fire, had I not put it thefe gloomy circumstances, he has out with my hands. There was no ftill left a fatisfaction, which it is fire in the room that day : This was not in the power of man to destroy, about ncon; neither was there any or confer, and which flows only thing that could have any inflammafrom a consciousness of integrity. ble vapour there.

Reflection, which to Eudocius af- D My furprize was the greater, befords ease and quiet under a load of cause all I read on that Tubject says, calumny and detraction, must to nothing will burn but what sends Maskwell bring the utmost horror

forth such vapours. and anxiety ; nor can the different At 9 the same evening I made situation of their minds be better him put on the same trock, and described than in the words of our touch'd the left arm, where the flax greatest English poet,

E had not been burnt before, and it

had the fame effect as above. He that has light within his own clear

breast, May fit i'ch' center, and enjoy bright

On Contentment, Gaming, and But he that hides a dark soul, and soul

Avarice. thought,

Ontentment to the mind is as Benighted walks under the mid-day sun; Himself is his own dungeon.

light to the eye ; as the latter MILTON,

F discloses every pleating object to the

intellectual powers, so does the for. Extract of a Letter from Mr. Robert mer every agreeable idea to the soul;

Roche, to the President of the Royal though it does not immediately bring Society, of a Fuslian Frock being

riches to mankind, it does equally set on Fire by Ele&ricity.

the fame, by banishing the desire of

them ; if it cannot directly remove Have a son about 16 years old, G the disquietudes arising from a man's

that has been for 6 or 7 years past mind, body, or fortune, it makes troubled with sudden fits that intirely him easy under them ; it destroys take away his senses. I got him all all inordinate ambition in a state, the helps I could, but to no purpose ; and becomes its support against the at lait I lent him to St. Bartholomew's







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most dangerous attacks, while the dearest friends, cannot with-hold him luit of riches, like the frequent de- from his engagements with his fickle cays of a magnificent Itructure, fore. idol ; he rather treats them as his 'tels its final ruin ; in man it pre-. enemies who propose so deadly a vents every tendency to corruption, talk ; friendship is bartered for selfwith respect to the community im interest, and the all-powerful luft of which he is placed; it dissipates care;? gold mars every christian ofice : melancholy, and anxiety, from its How infusceptible of remorse is the poffelsor ; sweetens his conversati. gamester's breast, when he robs a on, makes him fit for society, and distressed family of its support, or gives a perpetual serenity to all his snatches the bread from the teeth of thoughts.

the hungry? O thou monster of naBehold that fordid animal the ture ! How inglorious are thy congamelter, ever anxious of enriching B quests ? Is the eye that sees all things himself, yet ever contemplating his blind to thy inhumanity? Vengeance own misery; all his schemes are is spreading her net wide for thee, laid for the oppreslion of the poor, and will overtake thee in the midst yet ever terminate in his own ruin : of thy barbarity. View him in adversity, who pities O avarice! thou vilest muckworm, him ? In prosperity, who honours what wickedness doft thou create in him? Or in any state of life, who C mankind ? How art thou courted by regards him ? Fortune is his god. poor, unthinking mortals, for thy deis, de Moivre his guide, and the deformity? What a train of evils are luft of avarice eggs him on to his base under thy command ? Destruction employment ; while the dice are rat- bounds from every part of thee tling, his heart is throbbing; and swifter than the arrow from the ar. the very next throw either plunges cher's breast, and, like a base ingrate him into a gulph of misery, or hur. Das thou art, thou sheddest unheeded ries him into an unpremeditated rage bane on those who protect thee; of distraction ; life is a continued le- bankruptcy to the tradesman, and ries of uneasiness to him ; when he poverty to the man of afluence, are walks he treads upon briars, and his the rewards thou procurest : Wheseat is a seat of thorns; his days are ther thou appeareft in church or in days of despair, and his years, years ftate, in city or at cat, yet vice of pain : Hope and fear, those two E is ever attendant on thee, and the noble faculties of the soul, cultivat- nation that harbours thee sacrifices ed in man for the sublime ends of her liberty to its pursuits; the statesreligion, are prostituted to his vil- man, when he becomes thy votary, lainy; and if ill luck succeeds, his proves false to his country ; and eveabandoned soul finks by his own ry glowing passion for the publick curles; peace and tranquillity are as welfare is chill'd in its embryo by the far banished from his mind, as ho- F over-ruling power of feli-intereft ; neity and fidelity from his heart; his justice herself is stagger'd by thy breast is made fubservient to the enormities, her sword is blunted by tortures of lulpence, and continually thy outrages ; when she calls in fee. racked by the fiercelt extremes : ble accents, for assistance, her faichHow miserable then must that man less patrons are deaf to all her entrea. be, who is thus enslaved by chis lu- ties, till at length we see vice riding crative appetite ? Fire and sword are G triumphant, spreading her banner as flow engines of deftruction, compared she goes, virtue and religion retiring to the havock this fatal difturber

at the appearance of it, and fad de creates in a man's body and fortune ; solation, with all her gloomy atten. yet, such is his difpofition, that the dants, advancing, at a distance, to warmest solicitations, even from his embrace us.


JOURNAL of the PROCEEDINGS and DEBATES in the POLITICAL CLUB, continued from Page 550.

they imagined, that many gentlemen In the Debate begun in cur laft, the bad fince that time changed their

next Speaker was Servilias Priscus, "Sentiments; and if they had any such wwbefe' Spurch was in Subfiance as imagination, I believe, the isse of follows, viz.

this debate will convince them of its Mr. President,

having been very ill grounded.

A This I have the more realon to SIR,

believe, Sir, because there bas not S every argument made use been, nor, indeed, can there be any of against the motion for one argument made use of in favour

the papers relating to the of this motion, that was not urged treaty of Hanau, militates much in favour of the other ; and the more strongly against the motion chief objection is, as I have said, now made to you, and as that mo- B much stronger against this chan it tion was rejected by a great majo- was against the other. Suppose it sity, I cannot comprehend what true, that the proffered terms of could induce the noble lord to make

peace, which at the beginning of laft this motion, or why any gentleman ieflion were thought inadmisible, fhould have given himself the trou- were before the end of that session ble to support it; for, I hope, no admitted: Suppose that worse were gentleman will ever think of taking C admitted: Might not a change of up the time of this house, with mako circumstances, or a change of sentiing or supporting any motion, merely ments in all our allies, have made that for the sake of thewing how dexter- admission necessary? I am far from oofly he can enforce a bad argu- admitting the truth of any such supment ; and yet I can suggest to position, but if it were true, it myself no other motive for this would be so far from being an argumotion, unless it be a worse one, D ment in favour of this motion, that namely, that of raifing a popular it would be an unanswerable one clamour againit his majeity's govern- againit it; because such discoveries ment, which may be the more easily might thereby be made as might be done, as it is well known, and has of infinite prejudice to our natural been acknowledged, that the late allies, and of which our natural enetreaty of peace, was not such a one mies might make great advantage. as we wished, but such a one as the E

The objection against the late misfortunes of the war made neces. treaty of peace relating to our trade sary.

with Spain, is another argument of Surely, Sir, gentlemen muft know, the same nature : I believe, Sir, po that the more recent any publick gentleman can thew me a general transaction is, the more dangerous treaty of peace, wherein the affairs it must always be to make publick of trade between two particular nathe papers relating to it; and if the F tions were settled : Such matters are house rejected the late motion relat- always adjusted afterwards by a treaty ing to the treaty of Hanau, because of commerce, and this was certainly of the danger attending its being the reason why the treaty of 1715 agreed to, gentlemen could not but was not particularly mentioned in fuppose, that this motion would be the late general treaty, because that rejected for the same reason, unless treaty related merely to commerce,

HP, Esq;


and was to be explained and con. to have recourse to some violence, firmed by a future treaty of com- which brings on an open rupture. merce, which is not yet feteled ; That this house has a right to intherefore, if our commerce with quire, Sir, and that it may 1ometimes Spain be exposed to high duties, if be our duty to inquire, I believe, no our ships be exposed to searching, man will deny ; but surely it will be which I am far from admitting, it is A granted, that it is our duly not to an argument against our calling for exert this right when it can be of no any papers relating to our late nego- benefit, and may be the cause of tiations, left they should make such great prejudice to the nation, which discoveries as might retard, if not I think is plainly the case of the inentirely disappoint the adjustment of quiiy now proposed; for none of the those points which relate to our com. gentlemen that have spoke in favour merce with Spain, and the freedom of this inotion, have so much as atof our navigation,

tempted to point out any one natio. The Hon. gentleman fays, we have nal benefit that can posibly result given up every pledge that might from the inquiry they propole. The have induced a compliance from the Hon. gentleman has indeed given us courts of Spain and France, and in. a new argument for an inquiry, and sinuated, as if we were to make C such an argument as never, I believe, some facrifice for gaining hereafter was made use of in this house before. that compliance. Sir, we have in our He seems to think, that we ought to hands, I hope we shall always have inquire out of revenge, because of in our hands, an argument more pre- the contemptuous manner in which vailing than any pledge,we ever had we have been treated. By whom, or can have: We have, Sir, an in- for Godsake, Sir, have we been vincible navy: While we keep that D treated in a contemptuous manner? Sir, we shall never have occasion to Surely the Hon. gentleman will not make a facrifice for any compliance say, by his majesty ; and yet he must we can reasonably demand. But allow, that no minister either could, even our navy, invincible as it is, we or durft communicate the preliminashould never make use of for ensor- ries to us without his majesty's order. cing unjust or unreasonable demands, But he may perhaps say, that the because it may raise against us, that E ministers ought to have adviled his by which alone our navy can be o- majesty to communicate the prelimivercome, the vengeance of God Al. naries to parliament, before he ratifimighty: Nor should we ever make ed them; and that their not doing use of it, till we have found all ami. so, was treating this house in a concable methods ineffectual; and as temptuous manner. This, Sir, may this should always be our last resort, be an argument for an address to the we should avoid every thing that F king, to know who advised him to may tend towards making that resort ratify the preliminaries before he had necessary, which, I think, is the di. communicated them to parliament; rect tendency of the motion now but it can be no argument for inquirunder consideration, and indeed of ing into the last treaty of peace, and every motion of the same nature , much less for an inquiry into negotia for as inquiries always produce heart- ations long previous to that treaty. burnings and divisions in the nation, G For this realon, Sir, I cannot they encourage foreign courts to de. think, it was very proper in this defer, at least, those compliances which bate, to talk of our having been any they would otherwise have granted way treated in a contempruous manupon the first demand, and they de. ner, with regard to the late preliminafer so long, that we are at last forced ries; and, if she Hon. gentleman who Appendix, 1749.



fpoke lait, or any other gentleman frances, had they been known to the Thould think fit to move for such an enemy, might have made them recede address as I have mentioned, I be. from what they had before offered ; licve, I Mall be able to thew, that and every one knows, that till the the presenting of such an address exchange of the ratifications, both would be one of the most flagrant parties are at full liberty to reincroachments upon the prerogatives A cede entirely from the terms they of the crown, that we could be had before offered, or to qualify guilty of, and that nothing could be them in such a manner as to render more inconsistent with our conftituti. them very different from what they on and the maxims of true wisdom, were before. than our presuming to offer such an I therefore hope, Sir, we shall address to our lovereign. The power hear no more of the contemptuous of making peace and war is by our B manner in which we were treated, conftitution molt wisely lodged solely with regard to the late preliminaries; in the crown, because in both it is ab. but let that be as it will, it can be no folutely neceifary to keep our designs argument for our agreeing to the decret, till the moment of their execu- prefent motion ; and consequently, tion. Even in that of making peace, unless I hear some better argument; if the motives upon which we agree I fhall give my negative to the to it, were discover'd to the enemy, c question. it might render it impossible for us to

so good terms, as we might procure

The last Speech I shall give in ibis otherwise do; and at the time of the

Debate, was that made by Horati. treaty of Utrecht, and the negotia

us Cocles, which was in Efeet

thus : tions previous thereto, if the motives which then induced our ministers to

Mr. Prefident, make peace had been kept a little D


Shall far with the have procured better terms than they could afterwards obtain. Their con- our present circumstances, it is not due therefore, and the consequences easy to affign a reason for making or of it, can never be an argument supporting any motion that may seem with any minister to advise, or any disagreeable to our ministers, because wise parliament to desire, a commu- E in any such motion no gentleman can nication of preliminaries towards a with the least confidence expect suc. peace.

cess; but, Sir, I shall always treat And with regard to the last preli- my country as I would treat my minaries, Sir, if the misfortunes of friend ; and as I would in any case the war had brought us or our allies of importance give my friend my into such circumstances, as to render beft advice, tho' I had a moral cerit absolutely neceffary for us to accept p tainty that he would not follow it, so of the preliminaries then offered, it I thall never neglect moving or fup. was the wifest thing his majesty could porting in this house, what I think do, to ratify them, without having right, notwithstanding my having a previously communicated them to par- moral certainty of its being rejected. liament, because he could not well This is my reason for standing up in have ratified them after their being support of the present motion ; for rejected by parliament, and in order G whatever was the noble lord's motive to obtain the approbation of parlia. for making it, I think it a motion ment, those circumstances must have we ought to agree to ; and even fup. been explained and publickly decla. posing, that his design was to raise a sed, which made it necessary for us

popular to agree to them, which circum.


mofe fecret

, I believe, they might I gentleman who spoke laft, that in


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