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hearty and vigorous confederacy the French part had once submitted, , againit them. The king of Prussia the other would have followed of and some other princes of Germany course ; and, in short, the engrossing may like well enough to have the to ourselves almost the whole trade French for an ally, in order to prevent of Europe. Then as to the king of their being oppressed by the house Sardinia, and the empress-queen

of of Austria, but none of them would A Hungary, with regard to her poflike to have them for a master; sessions in Italy, experience had therefore they will always unile shewn, how difficult it was for the when they suspect France of any French to send armies into Italy, or such design ; and there is nothing support them there, whilft we were that nation has reason to fear more masters of the Mediterranean; so than a hearty union of the Germa- that neither of them had much to nick body against her.

B fear, and both a great deal to hope Again, Sir, on the fide of Italy, for; and the latter could fear nothing what had France to hope for? No- as to her dominions in Germany. thing; for if he had in the least I now come, Sir, to consider the discovered a design to appropriate situation of the Dutcb; and as to to herself any territory in that coun- them, I shall grant, that they had try, it would have detached Spain the most to fear, and the best reason from her alliance ; but what had C to agree to the terms offered by the the to fear? An attack upon her French; for I must say, that their richest and leaft defensible provinces, interest seems to be the only interest if the war had proved unsuccessful that was considered by our treatyfor her on that side. And then, makers, and to that they sacrificed with respect to the West - Indies, not only the interest of this nation, France had every thing to fear, and but of cvery one of our allies. The nothing to hope for ; because, had D Dutch were indeed in some danger, we made a proper use of our su- but that danger was not so pretling periority at sea, all the French colonies as would have induced them to dein that part of the world, would fert their allies, and agree to a have been foon reduced to such dif- feparate peace, especially considering tress, as would have made them sub- the change that had happened in mit to us without a Itroke, in order their government.

The Rufian to prevent their starving.

E troops mult certainly have arrived After having thus confidered what before the French could have reduced France had to hope and fear from a Maetricht, and all their other forcontinuance of the war, I need not, trefies upon the Maes; and suppose, I think, Sir, mention her allies; after the arrival of the Rufians, our for without her assistance they had army had been defeated, that defeat every thing to fear, and nothing to could not have been so total, conhope for ; therefore I Mall proceed F lidering how near they were to a

F 20 consider what was to be hoped sale retreat, but that it might have, or feared on the other side. As to defended such a country as Holland, this nation, it is plain, we had nothing till more troops could have been to fear but a stop of our publick provided from Germany; whereas, credit, which I fall afterwards con- had the French been defeated, it fider ; and as we were malters of would have been impoffible for the ocean, we had almoit every thing G them to have faced our army again to hope for ; The fole poffeflion of that campaign, and ftill more imNorth America : The acquisition of posible for them to have provided all the French sugar islands, with the fufficient armies against the next, beSpanijs part of Hispaniola , for if cause, one total defeat, considering


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the misfortunes they had before, and I say, I was surprized to hear such probably might that summer have a doctrine advanced, when these two met with at sea, would have entire. articles were the very causes, and ly ruined the credit of their govern. the only causes of our war with Spain, ment.

and the first of such consequence, The Dutch, therefore, had not that we ought to have had it yielded so much to fear as has been suggested A before we lubmitted so much as to by the learned gentleman ; but I thall treat of a peace: Even as to the at the same time grant, Sir, that last, there ought to have been a they had not much to hope for, more ftipulation in the general treaty, than was granted by the peace. By that they should be made good by the peace they got all their own Spain, and then the quantum might territories restored, and the French have been afterwards settled by comas far removed from their frontier B missaries. But by concluding a as they were before the war began. treaty of peace without mentioning This was a great deal for a new go. either, we have tacitly given up vernment just introduced, and was them both, and this we shall find probably thought sufficient for the the Spaniards insisting on, if either eitablishment of that government; should ever be mentioned in any and this, with another reason, I future negotiation: They will now shall presently mention, was, I be-C say, that we have given them a gelieve," what induced our treaty

neral release as to all their former inakers to accept of such dishonour. feizures and depredations, and they able terms. But afcer taking this will say, that we have agreed to view of the situation of the affairs that interpretation which they put of Europe, I believe, no gentleman upon former treaties before the war who is altogether unbiased will say, began, in consequence of which that there was any true British realon D they have now an acknowledged for our accepting of such terms; right to search our merchant ships and as little will any such gentleman in the open seas, and to seize and conbe surprised at the Frencis offering fiscate faip and cargo, if any thing to make all the restitutions they did ; of what they call contraband good but in summing up the reftitutions be found on board. made by France and Spain, and the

I shall, therefore, never agree, considerations given by us and our E Sir, to call our late treaty of peace allies, I must put the learned gen- a definitive treaty; for if it is, we tleman in mind, that with relpect have not only for ever released our to the latter he forgot the dutchy of claim upon the Spaniards for their Modena, and the freedom of the late depredations, and for seizing, British trade and navigation in the A- contrary to treaty, the efects of our merican seas, as well as the reparation merchants in their dominions, at to our South Sea company and mer-F the beginning of the war, but we chants for their lofies by the Spanish have given them at least a tacit right seizures and depredations.

to search, seize, and confícate our I was surprized, Sir, to hear the merchant ships in the American seas, learned gentleman say, that the whenever they please : Nay, I do freedom of our trade and navigation not know but that, if we continue in the American seas, and the losses

in this yielding disposition, they of our merchants and South-Sea G may send their Guarda Copia's into company, were articles that could

the British channel, to search every not be brought into a general treaty British fhip returning from our colo. of peace, but were to be settled

nies or plantations, and to seize all afterwards by a treaty of commerce: such, on board of which they fhail



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find any gold or silver, or logwood, was their role intention, and the role or in fhort any merchandize that may cause of their making use of all their be said to be the produce of the interest, and all their address, to Spanijh dominions in America. get a peace agreed to, which the

It is, therefore, evident, Sir, nation ought to have rejected with that with regard to this nation the dildain, and which both the empresslate treaty of peace was not only a queen and the king of Sardinia dishonourable, but ruinous; and as to would have rejected, if the Dutch and its being neceilary, I have shown, we had not compelled them to agree that according to the then situation of the affairs of Europe, a peace was Upon the whole, Sir, from all mere neceffary for the French and the knowledge I have, or can have, their allies, than for us and our allies ; of the late treaty, I have reason to but, says the learned gentleman, an think, that when it is laid before immediate peace was neceffary for us, and properly taken into confius, because our publick credit was deration, it will deserve a most severe in danger of being entirely blown censure, and consequently for deup. Sir, if the publick credit had cency's sake we should avoid saying been blown up, it was entirely owing any thing in praise of the treaty, or to some of our ministers endeavour c of the conduct of the treaty-makers, ing to inake a jobb of subscription in our address upon this occasion. for the benefit of themselves, their And as to the reducing of the publick tools and favourites. As every former expence, we may for compliment's fubfcription had fold for a premium, fake fay, that it has been done with they imagined the last wou'd do the dispatch; but I think we cannot say fame; therefore they resolved to in. with unusual dispatch, unless we had gross the greatest part of this new d examined what was done upon the Iubscription to theniselves and favou- conclusion of ihe peace of Rylsites, tho? many of them had hard- wick, and that of Utrecht, which ly credit enough to borrow money I confess I have not; for the word, to make the first payment upon the unusual, in our address mult be un Jarge fums they were allowed to fub- derstood to relate to what has been scribe for. This made our real done in this kingdom, and not to. moneyed men keep back, because E what has been done in any other. they resolved not to be imposed on Then, Sir, as to the word, cby this piece of ministerial jobb- conomy, the learned and ingenious work, and because they foresaw, gentleman has been at great pains that the subscription must fall to a to Thew, that it may relate to our very great discount.

It was not conduct in railing, as well as to the therefore the publick credit of the conduct of the ministers in mananation, but the private credit of f ging the publick revenue ; but with most of these jolibing subscribers, all his ingeniousness he will have difthat was in danger of being entirely ficulty to make a common reader blown up; and this, I believe, would think, that improvement means really have been the consequence, if dconomy; and as his majelly has a peace had not been suddenly clapt not made use of the word ceconomy UP

in his speech, I think we should not I am far, Sir, from açcasing all G make use of it in our address ; for our ministers of being concerned in

it will look a little odd in us to apthis peice of jobb-work, but too plaud his majesty's wisuom in remany of them, I am afraid, were;

commending to us what no comand to save them clves and their mon reader can find he has recomfriends from this impending ruin, mended.

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As to what my Fion. friend pro- dutiful in our acknowledgments to posed to be added to our encomium his majesty upon this occalon, than upon the bravery of our troops, upon any former ; for, said he, we and which the learned gentleman said have several points of the utmost would look like a remonstrance, I consequence to this nation still to setam sure, Sir, he understands the tle, both with France and Spain, and nature of a remonstrance better than A if we should now be lefs dutiful in to form any such opinion of it. An our address than usual, it would inquiry can never be a remonftrance, argue a disunion between his majesty much less can our saying that we will and his parliament, which would inquire be called a remonstrance, prevent our being able to obtain any tho' an inquiry may, and has often

satisfaction as to those points, be. been a foundation for a remonftrance; cause neither France nor Spain would and as his majelty has in his speech B be afraid of any menaces our miniinsinuated, that the events were not sters could make use of. This ar. anfwerable to the bravery of our gument, Sir, has always been made troops, what my Hon. friend has

use of, for all the sycophant addresproposed will certainly be a proper ses ever made by parliament to the rerurn to that part of his majesty's crown; but I must deny the prinspeech. But whether we agree to ciple upon which it is founded. If what he has proposed or no, I hope, C we hould now be a little more thy we shall inquire before this session in our compliments than usual, it be at an end. In duty to the royal would argue no disunion between his commander, we are bound to in. majesty and his parliament: It quire, that we may remove all would, indeed, thew, that the parblame from him, who, I am con- liament did not approve of the convinced, is blameless; and if the duct of our pacifick ministers; and blame lies at the door of our allies, D for this very reason I am for our beas has been insinuated in this debate, ing as shy as poflible in our comour ministers ought, for their own pliments upon this occasion, fakes, to promote such an inquiry. This, Sir, may, to some, look

Lastly, Sir, with regard to our like a paradox, but it is ealily expromising to preserve the honour

plained. Both France and Spain of the nation, by making good its know, that we are again got under the ergagements ; I think, we should E same administration that for twenty either leave out these last words, years submitted to all the insults and or we should add, that have been indignities that they, especially the already laid before us; for if I latter, could put upon us : An adwere to make a general promise in

ministration that by their blundering writing, which I intended hould negotiations laid the foundation for be limited, I should not like to that claim which Spain fet up, of have the limitation depend upon F a right to search and seize curships any words in a separate and distinct on account of contraband goods, writing; and when I am promising without ever once insisting, that there in the name of another, which is can be no such things as contraband the case of every gentleman here, goods, except in time of war: And I should be at least as cautious as I an adminiftration that often thrcatned, could be, when I promile upon my but never durft venture to begin hofown account.

G cilities, or even reprisals, till they I shall conclude, Sir, with taking were forced to it by parliament: fome notice of the argument made

Can we expect, that the threats of ale of by the learned gentleman, for such an administration will be rea tacira us not to be less full or lets garded, or jhat we can eain satisfac;


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PROCEEDINGS of the POLITICAL CLUB, &c. Oet: tion as to any point by their menaces ? vilius Priscus, which was to this No, Sir : But the French and Spaniards

Effect :
will expect, that they may, as they
did heretofore, continue to nego-

Mr. President,
tiate, and in the mean time to plun.

S IR, der our merchants, and incroach man says, we can expect no satis- sent any address to his majesty upon faction by favour, but by fear; In this this occasion ; and; as those who do I entirely agree with him ; but con- not seem pleased with what my no. fidering the nature of the admini. ble friend has proposed, have neither ftration we are now under, I say, the offered any thing in lieu of it, nor only way to impress this notion of moved for any amendment to the fear, is for the parliament to thew, B address proposed by him, I Mall that it will not be subservient to the at present take up much of will of our ministers, but that it your time ; for, I think, the best ad. will compel them, as it did for- vice that can be given, upon this ocmerly, to recommence hostilities, cafion, is that of a very famous poet, if we do not receive immediate

-Si quid novisti rectius iftis, fatisfaction, as to the points re- Candidus imperti : fi non, his utere mecum. maining in dispute ; for, notwith. C

But as much oratory, or anti-orastanding this boasted definitive treaty, tory, call it which you will, has it must be allowed, that every point been used in this debate, to put us Jelating to this nation, still remains out of humour with what has been in dispute, except that of our giving always deemed a very good thing, I up Cape-Breton; and I shall join with Mall, I hope, do a service to come the learned gentleman in saying, gentlemen present, by endeavouring that they are points of the utmoit D to send them home in a better huconsequence to our trade and plan

mour. Peace, I think, is generally tations. Nay, I will go further ; deem'd a defirable thing for a nation, I will say, that they are points that especially a nation that fubfiits chiefly cannot admit of a long discussion by trade and commerce; and it must and to prevent such a discussion, we certainly be a bad peace indeed, it cannot do better, than to Thew, it be worse than a successless war. by our present address, that we do E In this light we should examine the not altogether approve of the con- peace lately concluded, for with re. duct of our present pacisick admi- gard to the war thereby put an end nistration.

to, I believe, every gentleman will This, Sir, is my opinion, but I allow, that on our fide, by land at fhall not trouble you with any leaft, it was not only successless, but motion ; for, with regard to the suc- very unfortunate; and with regard cess of any opposition, I believe, I Fto what might have happened atter-, I must wait with regret, till the dif- wards, if the war had been continu. tresles of my country have operated ed, gentlemen may, if they please, a little more than they do at present ; build castles, and imagine great and I am afraid, they will soon

things, but I am afraid, the event operate more than any arguments would have thewn, that they that can be made use of by me, or had imagined vain things; for let by any man breathing.

G gentlemen say what they will, ro

oratory can persuade me, that of two The last Speech I mall give you in parties engaged in war, that fide has This Debate, was that made by Ser. not the most to fear, that has been

oftenelt detvated.


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