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442

1

446

DRAISE of the pamphlet, intitied, The Abstract of the book, intitled, Free and

Wealeb of Great Britain, in tbc Ocean, Candid Disquisitions, Er, concluded 460 &c. with the substance of that pamphlec Extract of a letter from Gibralter 462

439-142

A collection of humorous epitaphs 463 of the herring and cod fi meries 439

466 How profitable to the Dutck, and what Extract of the Case of Mr. Charles Moore,

great advantages they might be of to this sometime master-cooper of the viclualling
nation
440, 441 office

465
This prov'd trom Sir Walter Raleigh, and The vulgar notion of witchcraft exposed
other authors
ibid.

467 From the preamble to an act of parliament The whole contents and some account of

ibid. G the last number of the PbilojopbicalTrans And from the petition of the London mer. actions

9 chanis

Of craba-eyes, and the fish call'd in Rusia Epigram to the author of the surprize, in

Quab

470 for bed to Mifs --of Gloucester ibid. Of the laws of electricity

ibid. A description of the county of Cornwall Of one born with two tongues ibid. C

44.2-444 Medical experiments of electricity ibid. F. A zeneral account of it

442 A Mort description of the island of Rattan A particular account of the boroughs,

471 market towns and other places of note Extract of a letter from Nova Scotia, with

ibid, c. the manners and dress of the Indians ibid, The JOURNAL of a learned and political The duty of government, from the Reo CLUB, &c.continued, 445-44 membrancer

472 SPEECH of Livius Salinator, on the POETRY. On the death of Sir Watkin motion for an address 445 Williams Wynne, bart.

473 Of the late treaty of peace, and the situation Advice to a lady, upon the death of her of the several powe's engaged in the war,

Jover

474 when that treaty was concluded 445, A panegyrick upon a louse

ibid..

On hearing Missing in the fields ibid. Whether it can be call'd an honourable one On the light of these words written on a

447 gravestone, As I am, so pal ibou be ibid. How the late money subscription was made

Ode to Pyrbias

475 a jobb of

Other verses on the death of Sir Warlin Other objections against the addre's 448,449

Williams Wynne, bart.

ibid. SPEECH of Servilius Prifcus on the other A Calvinistical reflection, with a note conride 450 cerning Calvin and Servitus

ibid. Situation of France and Holland at the time A rebus riddle

ibid.
451
On wishing

ibid. That the ternis of peace were better than The fond Thepherdess, a new song, set could be expected

452
to musick

476 That no inquiry mou'd be entered into with- On Miss Jenny H

477 out some neceflity

453
The conflict

ibid.
The summary of ihe molt important af- The MONTHLY CHRONOLOGER
fairs that happened last sellion of parlia-

Persons taken into custody for lending armenr, concluded

414

tificers and utensils for the woollen maOf the motion for an address for copies of pusaciure to Spain

ibid. the initructions to the governors of Bar. Sellions at the Old Bailey

ibid. badoes, in relation to the inands of St. Malefactors hang'd at Tyburn, and Mr. Lucia, Dominico, St. Vincent and Tobago Sheriff wanden attends the execution in ibid. person

178, 479 No call of the house last ferion ibid. Marriages and births

480 Motons for addresses in relation to the pro- DEATES, and character of Sir Waikin Wile posals for a peace

454, 453

liams Wynne Petitions relating to the salt works, and Ecclefiaftical preferments

481 Tailcluch in Scotland

455, 456

Promotions civil and military ibid. Oiher motions and orders of the house 4 17 Persons declar'd bankrupts

ibid. Verles occagon'd by a letier from a person Prices of stocks ; wind, weather 482 of distur.ction to the E. oi E- -- ibid. F. Monthly bill of mortality

ibid. Anite of the national debt in 1743

FOREIGN AEFAIRS

483 Account of the produce of the linking fund Catalogue of books

484 459

448

of the treaty

4;8

3

480, 481

453

in that your

E

A DV B T N S E M B N T.
All Sorts of ALMANACKS for the Year 1750, will be publihed together at

STATIONE 85-Ilait, on 728,d.), Nurember 28, 17:9.

THE

LONDON MAGAZINE.
OCTOBER,

,

1749.

the wave ;

are 0

deed;

The Subject of ibe following Letter seems of so pedient which may contribute to retrieve it:

mueb Moment, that we don't doubt of its TissX. Only the same with nations, as with being acceptable to most of our Readers. individuals.

ite'e reflections are by way of prelude Others may traffick, if they please : to the commencation of a pampilet just Britain, fair daughter of the seas,

pubiimid, entitled, Tbe so altb of Great Is born for tride; to plough her field, Lucain in it cilun, E'c. This pamphlet is

A not the mwey crispring of a neaty, writer, And reap the growth of every coast :

or trinchen ist ; nor suc'denly huddied A speck of land ; but let her boast,

togetiri ini licitation of some merceGods gave the world, when they the

nary krok.ler, by all whom the publick waters gave.

e'n impos'd upon ; but drawn Trade once extinguish'd, Britain's sun,

up as I am notively affur'd) from the Is gone out too ; his race is run; He lines in vain ; her ille's an inte in- B materials of a well-known, and very in.

telligent gentlemin concerned in irede,

whole rame implies picking, and whole A spot too small to be o'ercome :

nob'eit ambition is to lerve his native Ah dreadful fafety! wretched doom !

country. No foc will conquer, what no fue can This gentleman being sensible, that in feed.

the mulitude of countcllors there is wif. Dr. Young's NAVAL LYRIC. dom, collected all he books, pamphlets,

and MSS. prohie, on the berring and cod To the AUTHOR of the LONDON C fiberies. By means of liis extracts from MAGAZINE.

thore several pieces, the curious reader is

agreeably entertain's with the history of S the nation is oppress'd the berrin, thery, from the earliest lights with a most heavy debt; which cou'd be procur'd, down to the

still groaning under the presen" time. It appears in the course of А

weight of taxes ; and these met interesting researcher, that our our neighbours round immorial Edivard Ill. seems to have been are employing every ar- D the first English prince, who fram. He willst

tifice, and exerting their and most copious laws with ricard to the utmost endeavours, to rival us in our trade berring fifiy, the famous ftatut of kerrings and manufactures ; it is highly incumbent being enacred under that monarch: And on us, if we have the least (park of wil- a remarkable circumstance is, the fagacious dom left, to rouze all our faculties ; and institutions laid down by hiin, in that para to attempt, not only to recover all such ticular, were the ground work whereon branches of our long-envied commerce as may the Durch, so many years after, built their be impair'd, but likewile to ftriker very e they have reap'd no leis pecuniary profit

renown'd herring f hery; and from whicit new tracks which may offer for that very falutary purpose ; and have those in the and infinitely greater solid advantages, h23 greatest Veneration, who devote their the Spaniards from their boasted Pexullut whole attention, and turn their most serious mines. thoughts, to the finding out of such tracks. But as it was not sufficient, barely to When a family is injured in point of fortune, give a history of this fiskiry, with the many pruder.ce calls upon them to try every eso levolutions is 1125 undergone among us;

Kkk 2

SIR,

Oriaber, 17491

in different ages ; the encouragement (by indeed, been so frequently mined by. charters pecuniary grants, &*c.) it has met knavish or chimerical projectors, that 'tis no with at intervals, from the crown or le- wonder it shou'd be on its guard, when giflature ; and the certain cause of our mis- ever any thing of this kind is started ; but Carriage, hitherto, in so very important a to argue against all projects in general, (beIrod. ; this gentleman has also been vaflly caure great numbers have been Rupid or diligent and accurate in his inquiries, with fallacious) would be equally unjust, as ta regard to the most proper methods of car. A affirm that there is no such thing as true re. rying on this branch of commerce, to the ligion, merely because too many enthusiasts greatest advantage. Here then we are in- or impostors, have abused that first gift of form'd of every efTential particular concern- heaven. ing the fijning viftels ; the seasons when, and That this projeff has nothing romanthe parts of the ocean wbere, this fishery is tick or Utopian in it; nothing allied to undertaken with most success ; the best the researches after that bubble the phi. way of curing herrings, and the countries lofcpber's.fione, or any of its airy brethren, which are the fitiert markets, for vending

B

is further evident from the subfiantial, the what may be catch'd. As the Dutch have

prodigious advantages which the Durcha the greateít experience in this fishery, they have gain'd, and still gain by it. Juftly therefore are proposed as our chief models. has it been consider'd by many, as the But as it may not be proper for us to quar- grand column on which their industrious sel with that people, strong reasons are ge- state is fix'd : And, a circumstance we nerously offer'd, (by way of introduction ought to bluth at, is ; this berring-fishery, to the pomobler) why we mou'd rather which brings in almost incredible sums (Sie divide this filhery with that nation of bees. Walter Raliph making the yearly amount

I must farther observe, that the account of C above two millions Seerling ; and some this fishery and the manner of carrying it on, writers more) is carried on by foreigners was not collected merely from books ; the on our own coas. No one is ignorant of gentleman in question, who is indefatigable the great fertility of our ifland ; but every in his pursuit after every thing useful, having one is not appriz'd of the vast fruitful. also procur'd many living witnesses, of un- ness of the liquid (if I may be allow'd this doubted veracity and consummate experi- epithet) Garden, which providence haa ence in these matters ; some of whom ap- thrown round us. Strongly to excite our pear'd last sessions before a committee of countrymen, not to neglect (po hame: the House of Commons; and the result of the fully,) any longer, the use which ought informariors given in by those witnesses, is to be made of this mighty bletting, is the also inserted in this pamphlet.

sole end in publishing this remarkable per: Previous to the examination of those formance. witneffes, is exhibited an exact state of the This branch of commerce deferves more Durch berring-fishery, and the manner of immediately our regard, as it compizes conducting it last year, (1748.) Next every advantage which could be with'd comes a perition, which was signed by a very for by a trading kingdom. Many articles confiderable number of merchants of the e of trade are the denruction of the indivigreatest figure in Lordon ; and presented the duals who constitute the bulk of it, and isth of last Niay, to parliament, This

prove fatal to the nation by whom it is was follow'd by a bill, which went ro far carried on ; such as the rich Spanish mines in the boule of Commons last lesions, as to in America, and the nation to whom the be committed. (See p. 409, 410.) Both produce of them is consign'd; the rulers the petition and bill aie in'roduced in the of which kingdom enslave the common pamphlet. The reader is then entertain'd people, and enrich other countries only, with Come particulars concerning this fihoy F (if we except what they themselves extort :) as carried on by the Frencb; after which Whereas from the berring and cod fisheries, comes a general account of this fshiry, arise every benefit which a sagacious people with various other curious and interesting could be rcicitous for, such as health, promatters, relative to that subject; the whole tection, glory, and riches, the most de. cuncluding with a plan, for recovering the firable of all sublunary enjoyments. British berring and cod fishery ; (wbicb jee, But from all that has been related above,

the reader, (as was hinted,) will have What I have here given is a faint and im. only a very imperfect idea of the numberless perfect sketch, of ihe numberless inter. G emoluments which must neceffarily accrue ching particulars contained in this pompblet, to the British islands, from a proper pursuit which has this peculiar merit, that the of this trade. The perusal of this pamphlet greatest part of it was thought worthy the muit therefore file every true lover of his most serious deliberarion of some members country with ardor; and make him anxious of the House of Commons, in their legislative till the scheme proposed in it takes place. capacity, last winter. The world has,

-The

P. 423.)

we lore.

" The main bulk and mass of herrings This pamphlet contains also some very (says the pamphlet, (1) pag. 20, 21) from judicious obfervations, made by one Mre whence the Dutch raise so many millions Andrew Yarrington. “ In his opinion yearly, which enrich so many other coun- there (4) ought to be a lea-faring or fishing tries, and likewise their own people, pro- city, establiihed somewhere, and endowed ceedeth from our feas and islands; and with great immunities; because this will the return of the commodities and coin, draw numbers of inhabitants, and is rightly they bring home, in exchange for fish, and A calculated for the enterprize of fishing.' other things, are so huge, as wou'd require Another intelligent writer, (Sir Fobn Bure a large discourse apart; and all the amends roughs) (5) who has favour'd us with his they make us, is, they beat us out of our thoughts on this important subject, em. trade, in all parts, with our own cm. ploys the remarkable words following: modities." The fame great author had be- " It maketh much to the shame and ige fore declared in the pampblet, (2) “ That nominy of this nation, that God and silhermen are of the greatest use to a country, nature offering us so great a treasure, even 1. For taking God's blesing out of the B at our own doors, we do notwithstanding fea, to enrich the realm, which otherwise negle&t the benefit thereof, and by paying

2. For setting all kinds of people money to ftrangers, for the fish of our (the young, the old, the lame, &c.) to own seas, impoverish ourselves to make work. 3. For making plenty and cheap- them rich ; insomuch that, for want of ness in the realm. 4. For increasing ihips care and indyAry in this particular, 225 to make the land powerful. 5. For a con- fisher-towns are decay'd, and reduced to tinual nursery for breeding mariners. 6. extreme poverty :" (6) He says afterwards, For enriching the royal coffers, by means " Confidering therefore, that the kings of merchandizes, in return for berring and C of England, by immemorial prescription, other fijn." Sir Walter Raleigh gives us continual usage and posseflion, the acknow. afterwards the very remarkable words fol- ledgment of all our neighbour states, and lowing : " To our sea-coasts only, God the municipal laws of the kingdom, have has sent and given these great blefings, and ever held the sovereign lordfhip of the seas multitude of riches for us to take, how. of England ; and that unto his majesty, soever it has been neglected, to the hurt of by reason of such fovereignity, the supreme these kingdoms, that any nation should command and jurisdiction over the paffage, carry thereout, such great males of money D and fishing in the fame rightfully' apperyearly, for fish taken in our seas; and part taineth : Considering also the natural fita of them rold again to us, which must needs of those our reas, which interpose thembe a great dishonour to this nation," selves between the great nothern commerce,

Another most sagacious writer, quoted and of the east, weft and southera also in our pampblet (3) says that : “ Ac- climes ; and withal the infinite comcording to the valuation of the produce of modities which, by filbing, in the fame the berring fishery, [three millions of pounds is daily made, it cannot be doubted but Sterling per annum, ) this fishery alone amounts that his majeAy, by means of his own 'to more, than either the whole manufactures E wisdom and virtue, and by the induftry and commodities of England apart ; or the of his own subjects, may easily wjihout whole manufactures of France apart, and injustice to any prince or person whatsoconsequently to more than the whole plate, ever, be made obe greatest monarch for comin and annual production of Spain consider'd mand and wealtb; and bis people the main apart. --The fifying therefore being added opulent and flourishing ncrion in sbe world." to all the rest of the manufactures of Hola (7) land, both woollen and linen, and to the But as the gentleman to whom we owe greatness of its Eaft. India trade, doth F this pamphlet, did not think the greatest unavoidably cause a super-balance upon private authorities sufficient, he also takes Holland, more than upon any ftate of notice, of the strong light in which para Europe besides, nay even near to the double; liaments have contider'd this fishery; and and by this means, a super-balance also gives us the preamble to one of the acts, of stock and strength at sea proportio- () for establishing a royal fishery in this nably." Hence this writer concludes, that kingdom, which runs thus :-! bereas ibe the fishing is the very goal or prize of trade, publick honour, wealth, and safety of this and the very prize of the dominion of the realm, as well in tbe maintenance of trade, Jea; and that thing fingly, which ac bo forover G and Suppore of navigation, as in many ai ben gains makes bimself matter of borb these."

refpreis, (1) From Sir Walter Raleigh. (2) Page 18, 19. (3) The pamphlet, p. 22, 23. This writer is Dr. Benjamin Worney, secretary ro ibe council of trade and plantatiens, uno der Charles II. (I believe.) (4) be pamphlet, p. 25. (5) Suppos'd a naval officer and to bave writ in the last century. (6) The pamphlet, p. 32. (7) Tbe pamphlet, p. 34. (8) Ibe 13 and 14 of Charles 11,

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SIR,

rospeels, dab in a bigb degree depend upon has 171 parishes, and 27 market-towns, be improvement, and encouragement of the 21 of which fend each 2 members to paralhery, be it oberefore enabled, (9) &c. liament, viz. Launceflon, Lefkard, Left

But the numberlels benefits which will witbiel, Truro, Bodmin, Helston, Salrajo, arife to this nation, from the due establish- Camelford, Wifflor, Grampound, Eafiloe, ment of this fishery, cannot be more em. Penryn, Tregong, Bolliney, Sr. Ives, Fowry, phatically set forth, than in the petition of St. Germans, Sr. Michael, Newport, St. the London merchants hinted at above : The A Maws, and Kellington ; so that, with the Britith berring and (10) island cod fisheries, 2 knights of the shire, this county rends say the petitioners, if Pablished on rigbe 44 members to parliament, which are principles, conducted with skill and integrity, more than are sent by any other county. and powerfully supported, is capable of an- It has 6 castles, 9 parks and 32 bridges. fwering every beneficial purpose ibat can be The air of this county is sharp, but healthproposed by any new fibene of commerce. ful; the ground generally hilly, and more Tbe civilizing his mojefty's Highland subjeëls, inclin'd to barrennels than fertility ; but ibe encroafing rbe rent of our haple manufac- the valleys, and parts adjacent to the sea, eures, ibe multiplying of feamen, the ema

B and the inclosures near the towns, are posing a vast number of indufirious, and ordere more fertile, producing good crops of wife belpless poor, leljening sbe parocbial in- corn, and grazing large numbers of cattle. tumbrances, eafing tbe publick iaxes, and ima There is great store of game, both for the proving the national wealıb. (11)

hawk, and the hound ; and the reas and That therefore the great plan here pro.. rivers are plentifully stock'd with many pored, may take place as speedily as possible, forts of fish and fowl. Their chief sth is the ardent with of,

are pilchards, of which they make great C profit. The manner of curing them, cc.

Thall be in our next. Here are quarries of Sarum, Sept. 27, 1749. Your bumble Servant,

stone and nate, and several sorts of marPISCATOR. ble, which yield the inhabitants confidera

ble profit. Here are also found transparent EPIGRAM, to tbe Autbor of the SURPRIZE,

stones, call' & Corrij? diamonds; they are inscribed to Miss of Glouceter,

found in clusters, all riling to a point. inserted in tbe LONDON MAGAZINE Of Corrwall abounds also with copper and tin : lap Montb, P. 427.

ore, and here is a mineral called mundick. ! D from which fome pretend the copper is

drawn ; but that is a mistake, they being , or But hold ! Your pardon, --l forgar

two diftinct things. Copper is an ore of

itself, and has been sometimes found mala Miss P

leable : Several attempts have been made. Gloucefter, 08. 23.

to fix mundick into a body, and all to no

efiect. But what this county is chiefly O DESCRIPTION of be County of famous for, is its tin, to encourage and

CORNWALL. See ibc New and
Corre&i MAP annexed.)

E promote the working of which, che tin.

ners have been for many ages incorporated TORNWALL, anciently Cornubia, under ancient laws and great privileges, in

four divisions, in each of which stannary and smaller, in the form of a horn, and courts are held; and upon extraordinary so thrusting itself into the sea, has part of emergencies, parliamants of the whole the Atlantick on the W. the Britisis Channel society are atřembled under the lord-waron the S. Bristol Cbanr.ed on the N. and den of the stannaries. Of the progress Devonshir on the

from which it is tin, from the ore to the black, we ihall divided by the river Tamer. As in all F give some account in our next. The eldest other parts it is waih'd by the sea, it may fons of our kings, are dukes of Cornwall not improperly be deem'd a peninsula. It by birth. The boroughs, market-towns, is about 70 miles long from E. to W. and and other places of note are as follows. its greatest breadth on the borders of Devon. 1. The Lands-End, the most western fire, is about 40 miles : From thence it part of the county, a famous promontory, growa narrower and narrower, being in. supposed anciently to have reached farther dented much by the sea, so that the nar- into the fea. Veins of lead and copper rowest part is not above 4 or 5 ; but G appear at low water in the rocks. its circumference, by reason of its several 2. St. Buriens, 5 miles E. from the promontories, makes about 230 miles. It Land's End, an independent deanery, held is divided into 9 hundreds, contains about in Commendam by the bishop of Exeter, $60,000 acres, and above 25,000 houses, from whom there lies no appeal but to the

king O) Tbe pamphlet, p. 35.

(10) Iceland,

(1) Tbe pamphlet, p.41.

A Nymportem coquailed! furely, Sir, you

its

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