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ORAISE of the pamphlet, intitled, The Abstract of the book, intitled, Free one
Wealeb of Great Britain, in ibe Ocean, candid Disquisitions, or. concluded 460 &c, with the iubftance of that pamphlet Extract of a letter from Gibralter 462
A collection of humorous epitaphs 463 Of the herring and cod fisheries 439
166 How profitable to the Duck, and what Extract of the Case of Mr. Charles Moore,
great advantages they might be of to this sometime master-cooper of the viclualling naticn
465 This prov'd from Sir Walter Raleigh, and The vulgar notion of witchcraft exposed other authors ibid.
467 From the preamble to an act of parliament The whole contents and some account of
ibid. G the latt number of the PbilojopbicalIran:And from the petition of the London mer- a&tions
Of craba-eyes, and the fish call'd in Ruffia Epizrain to the author of the surprize, in- Quab
470 ror bed to Mifs of Gloucester
ibid. A description of the county of Cornzvall Of one born with two tongues
ibid. C• 44.2-444 Medical experiments of electricity ibid. F. A ze veral account of it
442 A Mort description of the island of Raitan A particular account of the boroughs,
471 market towns and other places of note Extract of a letter from Nova Scotia, with
ibid. Gi. the manners and diers of the Iridians ibid. The JOURNAL of a learned and political The duty of government, from the Reo CLUB, &c.continued, 445–44 membrancer
472 SPEECH of Livius Salinator, on the
On the death of Sir Watkin motion for an address 445 Williams Wynne, bart.
473 Of the late treaty of peace, and the situation Advice to a lady, upon the death of her of the several powers engaged in the war, lover
474 when that treaty was concluded 445, A panegyrick upon a louse
On hearing Misssing in the fields ibid. Whether it can be call'd an honourable one On the right of these words written on a
447 gravestone, As I am, so palt obou be ibid. How the late money subScription was made
Ode to Pyebias
475 a jobb of
Other verses on the death of Sir Waikin Other objections against the address 448,449 Williams Wynne, bart.
ibid. SPY.ECH of Servilius Prifius on the other A Calvinistical reflection, with a note conride 4.50 cerning Calvin and Servitus
ibid. Situation of France and Holland at the time A rebus riddle
ibid. of the treaty
ibid. That the terms of peace were better than The fond Thepherders, a new song, set could be expected
to musick 'Titat no inquiry mou'd be entered into wich- On Miss Jenny HR
477 out some nect flity
ibid. The summary of The most important af- The MONTHLY CHRONOLOGER
fairs that happened last session of parlia- Persons taken into custody for sending arment, concluded
tificers and utenfils for the woollen maOf the motion for an address for copies of pusaciure to Spain
ibid. the snitructions to the governors of Bar. Semons at the Old Bailey
ibid. badoes, in relation to the inands of St. Malefactors hang'd at Tyburn, and Mr. Lucia, Dominica, St. Vincent and Tobago Sheriff jandien attends the execution in ibid. perion
178, 479 No call of the house last fellion ibid. Marriages and births
480 Motons for addresses in relation to the pro
and character of Sir Waikin Wilposals for a peace 454, 453
480, 481 Perscions relating to the salc works, and Ecclefiaftical preferments
481 aikiduch in Scotland
455, 456 Promotions civil and military ibid. Oiher motions and orders of the house 457
Persons declar'd bankrupes
ibid. Verles occalion'd by a letter from a person Prices of stocks ; wind, weather 482 of difur.ction to the E. oi Et ibid. F. Monthly bill of mortality
ibid. Anite of the national debt in 1743
483 Account of the produce of the linking fund Catalogue of books
484 4 59
in that year
N All Sorts of ALMANACKS for the Year 1750, will be publined together at
STATIONE #5-Flaib, en 725,0.1), Noreimbur 28, 1719.
LONDON MAGAZINE, .
the wave ;
The Subjets of the following Letter seems of so pedient which may contribute to retrieve it:
mucb Moment, that we don't doubt of its Tis ex.ly the lame with nations, as with being acceptable to most of our Readers. individuals.
ine'e reflections are by way of prelude Others may traffick, if they plcase : to the commencation of a pampk!et just Britain, fair daughter of the reas,
publım'd, entitled, I be cuealth of Great Is born for trade; to plough her field, Locain in i bitan, Sc. This pamphlet is
A not the mujey crispnng of a neely writer, And reap the growth of every coast :
or ton chen ist ; norlu'denly huddled A speck of land ; but let her boait,
toget'si in clicitation of some merceGods gave the world, when they the nary truk iler, by all whom the publick waters gave.
o'.n impos'd upon ; but drawn Trade once extinguish’d, Britain's sun,
ai nohtively affur'd) frem the Is gone out too ; his race is run; He Mhines in vain ; her ile's an ille in. B materials us a well-known, and very in.
ter' gent gentleman concerned in ireve,
whose name implies pichiry, and whore A spot too small to be o'ercome :
nobleit ambition is to serve his native Ah dreadful safety! wretched doom !
country. No foc will conquer, what no fue can This gentleman being sensible, that in feed.
the molitude of countcllors there is wife Dr. Young's NAVAL LYRIC. dom, collected all he books, pamphlets,
and MSS. peftible, on the berring and cod Torbe AUTHOR of the LONDON C fojberies. By means of liis extracts from MAGAZINE,
those several pieces, the curious reader is
agreeably entertain't with the bistory of S the nation is oppress'd the berrin' thery, from the earliest lights with a moit heavy debt; which cou'd be procur'd, down to the
fill groaning under the prelentime. It appears in the course of A
weight of taxes ; and there most interesting researcher, that our our neighbours round immortal Edivard Ill. seems to have been are employing every ar- D the first English prince, whotram ! the witcat
tifice, and exerting their and most copious laws with ri ard to the utmoit endeavours, to rival us in our trade berring fify, the famous ftatum cf terrings and manufactures ; it is highly incumbent being enacred under that monarch: And on us, if we have the least (pack of wil- a remarkable circumftar.ce is, the fagacious dom lest, to rouze all our faculties ; and institutions laid down by hjın, in that para to attempt, not only to recover all such ticular, were the ground work whereon branches of our long-envied commerce as may the Dutch, so many years after, built their be impair'd, but like wife to ftribe out very e they have reap'd no leis pecuniary pricht:
renown'd herring fishery; and from whicid new tracks which may offer for that very salutary purpose ; and have those in the and infinitely greater solid advantages, h23 greatest Veneration, who devote their the Spaniards from their boated Returiu · whole attention, and turn their most serious mines. thoughts, to the finding out of such tracks. But as it was not sufficient, barely to When a family is injured in point of fortune, give a history of this fishery', with the mary prudence calls upon them to try every ex- levolutions it has undergone among 45,
in different ages ; the encouragement (by indeed, been so frequently misled by charters pecuniary grants, &c.) it has met knavish or chimerical projeEfors, that 'tis no with at intervals, from the crown or le- wonder it shou'd be on its guard, 'when giflature ; and the certain cause of our mis- ever any thing of this kind is started ; but carriage, hitherto, in so very important a to argue against all projects in general, (beerndo; this gentleman has also been vafly cause great numbers have been nupid or diligent and accurate in his inquiries, with fallacicus) would be equally unjust, as to regard to the most proper methods of car. A affirm that there is no such thing as true rerying on this branch
commerce, to the ligion, merely because too many enthufiafts greatest advantage. Here then we are in- or impostors, have abused that first gift of form'd of every efTential particular concern- heaven. ing the fishing vrffes ; the seasons when, and That this proje has nothing romanthe ports of the ocean wbere, this fi pery is tick or Utopian in it; no hing allied to undertaken with most success ; the best the researches after that bubble the pbi. way of curing herrings, and the countries lofcpber's-fione, or any of its airy brethren, which are the fittest markets, for vending is further evident from the fubftantial, the
B what may be catch'd. As the Dutch have prodigious advantages which the Dutch the greateít experience in this fishery, they have gain’d, and fill gain by it. Juftly therefore are proposed as our chief models. has it been consider'd by many, as the But as it may not be proper for us to quar- grand column on which their industrious sel with that people, strong reasons are ge- state is fix'd : And, a circumstance we nerously offer'd, (by way of introduction ought to bluth at, is ; this berring-fishery, to the pompblet) why we mou'd rather which brings in almost incredible sums (Sir divide this fijbery with that nation of bees. Walter Raleigh making the yearly amount
I must farther observe, that the account of C above two milions Sierling; and some this fishery and the manner of carrying it on, writers more) is carried on by foreigners was not collected merely from books ; the on our own coasts. No one is ignorant of gentleman in question, who is indefatigable the great fertility cf our ifland ; but every in his pursuit after every thing useful, having one is not appriz'd of the vast fruitfula also procur'd many living witnesses, of un- ness of the liquid (if I may be allow'd this doubted veracity and consummate experi. epithet) Garder, which providence has ence in theļe matters ; some of whom ap- thrown round us. Strongly to excite our pear'd last sessions before a committee of D countrymen, not to neglect (fo fame: the House of Commons; and the result of the fully,) any longer, the use which oughe informations given in by those witnesses, is to be made of this mighty blessing, is the also inserted in this pamphlet.
sole end in publishing this remarkable pero Previous to the examination of those formance witnesses, is exhibited an exact state of the This branch of commerce deferves more Durch berring-fishery, and the manner of immediately our regard, as it compizes conducting it last year, (1748.) Next every advantage which could be with'd comes a petition, which was figned by a very for by a trading kingdom. Many articles confiderable number of merchants of the E of trade are the destruction of the individ greatest figure in Lordon ; and presented the duals who constitute the bulk of it, and 11th of last May, to parliament, This prove fatal to the nation by whom it is was follow'd by a bill, which went so far carried on; such as the rich Spanish mines in the bouse of Commons last sessions, as to in America, and the nation to whom the be committed. (See p. 409, 410.) Both produce of them is consign'd; the rulers the petition and bill are in'roduced in the of which kingdom enslave the common pamphlet. The reader is then entertain'd people, and enrich other countries only, with 'ome particulars concerning this fishiry F (if we except what they themselves extort :) as carried on by the Frencb ; after which Whereas from the berring and cod fisheries, comes a general account of this fijhry, arise every benefit which a sagacious people with various other curious and interesting could he scoicitous for, such as health, promatiers, relative to that subject ; the whole tection, glory, and riches, the most de. cuncluding with a plan, for recovering the firable of all sublunary enjoyments. British berring and cod fishery ; (wbich jee, But from all that has been related above,
the reader, (as was hinted,) will have What I have here given is a faint and im- only a very imperfect idea of the numberless perfect sketch, of ihe numberless inter. G emoluments which must neceffarily accrue ching particulars contained in this pompblet, to the British islands, from a proper pursuit which has this peculiar merit, that the of this trade. The perusal of this pamphlet greatest part of it was thought worthy the mult therefore fire every true lover of his most serious deliberation of some members country with ardor; and make him anxious of the House of Commons, in their legislative till the scheme propored in it takes place. sapacity, last winter. The world has,
-" The main bulk and mass of herrings This pamphlet contains also some very (says the pampblet, (1) pag. 20, 21) from judicious observations, made by one Mr. whence the Dutch raise so many millions Andrew Yarrington. " In his opinion yearly, which enrich fo many other coun. there (4) ought to be a sea-faring or fishing tries, and likewise their owa people, pro- city, eltablished somewhere, and endowed ceedeth from our seas and inands; and with great immunities ; because this will the return of the commodities and coin, draw numbers of inhabitants, and is rightly they bring home, in exchange for fish, and A calculated for the enterprize of fishing." other things, are so huge, as wou'd require Another intelligent writer, (Sir Tobn Bure a large discourse apart; and all the amends roughs) (5) who has favour'd us with his they make us, is, they beat us out of our thoughts on this important subject, em. trade, in all parts, with our own com. ploys the remarkable words following: modities." The same great author had be- It maketh much to the shame and igfore declared in the pampblet, (2) “ That nominy of this nation, that God and fishermen are of the greatest use to a country, nature offering us so great a treasure, even 1. For taking God's blefling out of the at our own doors, we do notwithstanding
B sea, to enrich the realm, which otherwise neglect the benefit thereof, and by paying we lore.
2. For setting all kinds of people money to ftrangers, for the fish of our (the young, the old, the lame, &c.) to own seas, impoverish ourfelves to make work. 3. For making plenty and cheap- them rich ; insomuch that, for want of ness in the realm. 4. For increasing ships care and indufry in this particular, 225 to make the land powerful, 5. For a con- fisher-towns are decay'd, and reduced to tinual nursery for breeding mariners. 6. extreme poverty :" (6) He says afterwards, For enriching the royal coffers, by means " Confidering therefore, that the kingo of merchandizes, in return for berring and C of England, by immemorial prescription, other fijß." Sir Walter Raleigh gives us ) continual usage and possession, the acknow. afterwards the very remarkable words fol- lędgment of all our neighbour states, and lowing : " To our sea-coasts only, God the municipal laws of the kingdom, have has sent and given these great blessings, and ever held the sovereign lordship of the seas multitude of riches for us to take, how. of England ; and that unto his majesty, soever it has been neglected, to the hurt of by reason of such fovereignity, the supreme these kingdoms, that any nation should command and jurisdiction over the paffage, carry thereout, such great males of money D and filling in the fame rightfully apperyearly, for fish taken in our leas; and part taineth : Considering also the natu: a) fite of them cold again to us, which must needs of those our seas, which interpose them. be a great dishonour to this nation."
selves between the great nother commerce, Another most sagacious writer, quoted and of the east, weft and southern also in our pamphlet (3) says that : “ Ac- climes ; and withal the infinite comcording to the valuation of the produce of modities which, by fishing, in the fame the berring fishery, (three millions of pounds is daily made, it cannot be doubted but Sterling per annum, ] This filhery alone amounts that his majesy, by means of his own to more, than either the whole manufactures E wisdom and virtue, and by the industry and commodities of England apart ; or the of his own subjects, may casily without whole manufactures of France apart, and injustice to any prince or perlon whatsoconsequently to more than the whole plate, ever, be made be greatest monarch for coming and annual production of Spain consider'd mand and wealtb ; and bis people the main apart.-The fishing therefore being added opulent and flourishing nation in sbe world, to all the rest of the manufactures of Hola (7) land, both woollen and linen, and to the But as the gentleman to whom we owe greatness of its Eaft. India trade, doth F this pamphlet, did not think the greater unavoidably cause a super-balance upon private authorities sufficient, he also takes Holland, more than upon any ftate of notice, of the strong light in which para Europe besides, nay even near to the double; liaments have contider'd this fishery; and and by this means, a super- balance allo - gives us the preamble to one of the ads, of stock and strength at rea proportio- (P) for establishing a royal fibery in this nably.” Hence this writer concludes, that kingdom, which runs thus :-Wbereas ibe the fishing is the very goal or prize of trade, publick honour, wealth, and safety of tbis and the very prize of the dominion of the realm, as well in tbe maintenance of trade, Jea; and thae thing singly, which arbosorver G and support of navigation, as in many o bem gains makes bimself matter of batb these.”
respeels, (1) From Sir Walter Raleigh. (2) Page 18, 19 (3) Tbe pamphlet, p. 22, 23; This writer is Dr. Benjamin
Wordey, secretary lo ibe council of trade and plantations, *** der Charles II. (I believe:) (4) Tbe pamphlet, p. 25. (5) Suppos'd a naval officer, and to bave writ in the laft century. (6) The pamphlet, p. 32. (7) Tbe pamphlet, p. 34. (8) Tbe 13 and 14 of Charles II,
refpefis, esib in a bigb degree depend upon has 179 parishes, and 27 market-towns, be improvement, and encouragement of ibe 31 of which send each 2 members to parafhery, be it oberefore exacted, (9) &c. liament, viz. Launceflon, Lefkard, Left
But the numberless benefits which will witbiel, Truro, Bodmin, Helfton, Salaj, arife to this nation, from the due establish- Camelford, Wifflor, Grampound, Eafloe, ment of this fishery, cannot be more em- Ponryn, Tregong, Bolliney, St. Ives, Fowry, phatically set forth, than in the petition of · St. Germans, St. Michael, Newport, St. the London merchants hinted at above : The A Maws, and Kellington ; so that, with the British berring and (10) island cod fisheries, 2 knights of the shire, this county sends say the petitioners, if fablissed on rigbe 44 members to parliainent, which are principles, conducted wirb kill and integrity, more than are sent by any other county. and powerfully supported, is capable of an- It has 6 carties, 9 parks and 32 bridges. fwering every beneficial purpose
' ibat can be The air of this county is sharp, but health. proposed by any netu sebense of commerce. ful; the ground generally hilly, and more Tbe civilizing his mojefty's Highland subjef?s, inclin'd to barrennes than fertility ; but Ebe encreafing rbe rent of our haple manufac- the valleys, and parts adjacent to the sea, Cures, tbe multiplying of seamen, the ens.
B and the inclosures near the towns, are ploring a vast number of industrious, and ordera more fertile, producing good crops of wife belpless poor, liftining tbe parocbial in- corn, and grazing large numbers of cattle, tumbrances, eafing tbe publick taxes, and ina There is great store of game, both for the proving the national wealıb. (11)
hawk, and the hound ; and the seas and That therefore the great plan here pro- rivers are plentifully stock'd with many posed, may take place as speedily as possible, forts of fish and fowl. Their chief sinh is the ardont with of,
are pilchards, of which they make great SIR,
C profit. The manner of curing them, &c.
îhall be in our next. Here are quarries of Sarum, Sept. 27, 1749. Your bumble Servant,
fonc and nate, and several sorts of marPISCATOR, ble, which yield the inhabitants confidera.
ble profit. Here are also found transparent EPIGRAM, torbe Autbor of the SURPRIZE,
stones, callid Corrijl diamonds; they are inscribed to Miss - of Gloucefter,
found in clusters, all riling to a point. inferred in tbe LONDON MAGAZINE of
Cornwall abounds also with copper and tin laft Montb, p. 427.
ore, and here is a mineral callid mundick.
! D from which some pretend the copper is A Nymph unequall'd! surely, Sir, you
drawn ; but that is a mistake, they being sport, or
two diftinét things. Copper is an ore of But hold ! Your pardon,-al forga
itself, and has been sometiines found mala Miss P-
leable : Several attempts have been made Gloucester, 027. 23.
to fix mundick into a body, and all to no
effect. But what this county is chiefly #DESCRIPTION of !be County of famous for, is its tin, to encourage and
CORNWALL. (See obe New and
E promote the working of which, che tin.
ners liave been for many ages incorporated ORNWALL, anciently Cornubia, under ancient laws and great privileges, in
10 callid from its growing smaller four divisions, in each of which stannary and smaller, in the form of a horn, and courts are held; and upon extraordinary so thrusting itself into the sea, has part of emergencies, parliaments of the whole the Atlantick on the W. the Britifs Channel society are alrembled under the lord-waron the S. Bristol Cbarred on the N. and den of the stannaries. Of the progress Devonshire on the E. from which it is of tin, from the ore to the black, we ihall divided by the river Tamer. As in all F give some account in our next. The eldest other parts it is wanh'd by the sea, it may fons of our kings, are dukes of Cornwall not improperly be deem'd a peninsula. It by birth. The borouglis, market-towns, is about 70 miles long from E. to W. and and other places of note are as follows. its greatest breadth on the borders of Devone 1. The Lands-End, the most westera fire, is about 40 miles: From Thence it part of the county, a famous promontory, growa narrower and narrower, being in. supposed anciently to have reached farther dented much by the sea, so that the nar- into the fea. Veins of lead and copper rowest part is not above 4 or 5 ; but G appear at low water in the rocks. its circumference, by reason of its several 2. St. Buriens, 5 miles E. from the promontories, makes about 230 miles. It Land's End, an independent deanery, held is divided into 9 hundreds, contains about in Commendam by the bishop of Exeter, 860,000 acres, and above 25,000 houses, from whom there lies no appeal bụt to the
king O T'be pamphlet, P. 35. (10) Iceland, fu) Tbe pamphlet, p.41.