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by a tax upon the inhabitants, for Sir, the fatal consequences of our paying off the debt then contracted rejecting this motion are so glaring, upon the credit of the corporation, that I am surprized to hear it opThis they must do, Sir, if the motion posed by any gentleman who has a now before us be rejected, or other- regard for the liberties or religion wise the corporation must be ruined; of his country, or for our prelent and either of these I should look A happy establishment, upon which on as a trophy erected to the honour both so intimately depend. The of the rebels, and a warning to all fum now moved for is due in justice, the people of this kingdom, never in compassion, in gratitude, to the to expose themselves to the resent- city of Glasgow ; and in prudence ment of the Jacobites by any proofs we ought to grant it as speedily and of their zeal for the support of this unanimously as poffible. That city is government. Might not this have B so far from derogating from its merit most terrible consequences ? could by this application, that, I think, we expect that any man would here. we are obliged to its friends for asking after exert himself in fivour of so little, because they have thereby a government that had erected Thut the door against an application such a trophy, or given such a from any other place or person in warning? If the corporation of Glas- the kingdom ; and we are also gow should be ruined, or the citizens C obliged to them for having so long taxed for preventing it, would not delayed this application : While the every one that heard of it, shake his nation was engaged in a heavy and head and say, this is the fruit of their expenfive war, and obliged to raise zeal for the support of the present go- such vast sums of money yearly for vernment? The honourable gentleman the support of that war, out of resaid, that if the inhabitants of Gluf- gard to the publick, they deferred gow should be taxed, by authority D making their juft demands and from of parliament, for raising the money hence the noble lord, who spoke extorted from the corporation on some time since, may see the reason account of its loyalty, they would why they did not apply till the reflect upon the original cause of month of January or February la't. that tax : This I Mall readily admit: Surely, their regard for the distresses But what was the original cause ? of the publick, ought not to be Their loyalty, Sir, their fidelity, E made an argument against them. and their steady adherence to revo- Would it be fair in a man to refuse lution principles : It was this that paying a just debt, because his cre. exposed them to the resentment of the ditor had delay'd making any de. rebels : It was this that made the mand till he was in a condition to rebels extort fuch sums of money pay it? Such arguments must Thew, from them : It was this that was the that gentlemen are at a loss what to original cause of their suffering, and F say against this motion. Therefore will by them be considered as the I mail conclude with observing, original cause of the tax imposed that as to what has been said about upon
them : And as in this age we the produce of the forfeited estates, cannot expect, that men will be and the application of the civil list martyrs even for our present happy revenue, it is quite foreign to the establishment, we may expect, that present question: We have been not only they, but many others, G affured, from the best authority, from their example, will take care,
that neither of those funds can anby their future conduct, to remove swer the present demand; and when this cause, in order to prevent its gentlemen move for an inquiry into exposing them to any future sufer. either, I shall very freely give iny ing
7 2 2
opinion upon the subject ; for I am being supported principally by the fully convinced, that no gentleman said Mr. P-tt and Mr. P
-M, who is intrusted by his majesty with and opposed by the said Hay the management of those funds, is B.
A, and the L-DE afraid of any inquiry, however and by Sir - H-d C. strict, if it be hut candid and im- and Sir J-NC-: Both these partial. But as this inquiry cannot A last resolutions were opposed likewise be set on foot, much less compleated, upon the report, and upon each a during this feffion, and as the de. motion made for recommitting it, mand now under consideration re
upon a division the question was quires immediate satisfaction, I shall carried in the negative, upon the first be for agreeing to the motion. by 171 to 93, and upon the second
by 147 to 70; after which the ques. (This JOURNAL to be continued in B tion was of course put for agreeing, our next.]
and carried in both without a divili
on. The resolution of April 21, was A Summary of the most important likewise long debated in the commitAffairs, that happen'd saft Sifion
tee, by Col.c.
Ane, of Parliament : Continued
from p. Esq; W
Esq; m P--tl, Esq; Hy 327.
PM, Esq; y
sd, Erg; HO'the resolutions both of the C Gmel, Esq; C-s Md,
committee of supply, and ways Esq; and the L-A-te, in fa. and means, were all agreed to by the vour of it; and by G-ge B-S, house upon the report, yet the fol- Esq; the L-d EŘN-, lowing resolutions of the committee Esq; H-, B--A, Esq; and Eof supply were vigorously opposed, s, Esq; against it ; but upon viz. The firft of Jan. 24, which the question's being put, it was carwas opposed in the committee and D ried in favour of the resolution withagain upon the report, as being a
out a division, and agreed to upon great deal more than it ever had the report without any new debate. been, either in time of peace or These were all the resolutions of war :
That of March 20, upon the committee of supply that met which there was a long debate, with any remarkable opposition ; and the principal speakers for the resolu- as to the resolutions of the committion being Mr. P--M, Mr. S--I E tee of ways and means, no one of G--l, Sir Is Ron, &c. them was opposed or occafioned any and those against it, L-DS-ge, debate, therefore we shall proceed L-E--, Sir F-SD-d, to give an account of the most re. &c. but upon the division, the quel- markable bills pass'd last session into tion was carried in favour of the re- laws. As to the money bills brought folution by 200 to 82 ; and next day in upon the resolutions of the com. upon the report, the question was F mittee of ways and means, viz. the likewise upon a divifion carried in malt bill, the land-tax bill, the bill favour of the resolution by 129 to for charging the sinking fund with 49: The third resolution of April 14, the payment of annuities in discharge on which there was a long debate, of navy bills, & c. and the bill for and a great many speakers, the chief granting a million out of the finking of whom for the resolution were fund, and enabling his majesty to W_- -mP-it, Esq; and H--y G raise a further sum of one million, &c. Pe-m, Esq; ard against it, H-y they all pass'd in course, and require B A, Esq; and the L d no further notice here. And as to the E 1: And the fourth refoluti. other bills, pass'd into laws, we shall on of the same day, which likewise give an account only of the most rea' occafioned a debate, the resolution
markable, which we shall do in the that it was not; after which the de. order in which they were introduced. bate upon the motion for committing According to this order, the first that
the bill was adjourned till Jan. 31, occurs to our observation was, The on which day there was a long debill for declaring the authority of the bate, the motion being opposed by commiffioners appointed by his majesty, the E-lof Glle, and supported under the great feal, for receiving, A by the L
ds, but upon the bearing and determining appeals in question, it was carried for commitcauses of prizes.
ting, and the house resolved to go inFor understanding the cause and to a committee on the bill on Feb. 2, the nature of this bill, it is necessary when there was a new debate, in to observe, that for a long time past which the chief speakers against the none but such as were of his majesty's the bill, or some of the clauses of it, privy council, had ever been appoint- B were the E-l of G-lle, the M-5 ed commissioners in any such com- of T-le, and the L-d B- jt; mission, and consequently none of the and in support of it, the D-ke of judges except the three chiefs; but Nile, the D-ke of Ale, in the last commission all the judges the Deke of B -d, and the were appointed, whereupon a ques. L-d Cr; but upon the questition arose among the judges, whether on the several clauses were agreed to, they could act under that commifli. C and the bill ordered to be read a on; and upon this question, after the third time the next day, when it was most mature deliberation, they were passed, and sent to the commons, equally divided, so that it became where it likewise met with some opnecessary to pass a law for impower- position ; but after going through the ing them to act, or to issue a new usual forms, it was pailed, and recommission. The former method ceived the royal affent on Feb. 16. was chosen, and a bill was presented D The next bill we shall take notice of to the house of lords by the D-ke was, The bill for amending, explaining, of Ntle for this purpose, on and reducing into one act of parliament, Jan. 17, when it was read a first
the laws relating to the government of time, and ordered to be read a fe. majesty's navies, fips, vefels, and cond time. On the 24th, the Led forces by fea, which was moved for B-f moved for its being read a by the Lord Barrington, Dec. 12, second time on the Thursday follow. E and his lordship, together with the ing, and that the lords should be Lord Vere Beauclerc, the Lord Dunfummoned, and the judges ordered cannon, Mr. Ellis, Mr. Cleveland, to attend. After which he moved, Mr. Doddington, and Mr. Corbet, that copies of some of the articles of were ordered to prepare and bring several treaties relating to the method in the same. Feb. I, the said bill was of determining such appeals might be presented to the house by the Lord laid before the house, which was F Barrington, read a first time, and ordone accordingly.
der'd to be read a second time. When the bill came to be read a Monday the 6th it was ordered to be second time, according to the said or- read a second time on the Friday fol. der on the 26th, the L-d Blowing, which it was accordingly, moved, that the judges might give and it was resolved, that the house their opinion feriatim upon the quel- would on the Monday sevennight folon, Whether the commission was Glowing resolve itself into a committee legal, with their reasons for their o- of the whole house on the said bill, pinion; and the motion being agreed but that order being put off till the to, the judges gave that day and the 24th, the following petition was next their opinion as before, one then presented to the house, viz. half that it was legal, and the other
To the Hon, the Commons of Great as to this honourable house, in
admirals, captains and command- And your petitioners shall ever pray, &c.
This petition was figned by three
must observe, that no admiral or cap
tain who was a member of the house Sheweth,
could sign the petition, nor had any HAT your petitioners finding of those that were abroad an opporby the votes of this honoura
tunity to sign it, otherwise we may ble house, that a bill hath been
suppose, that it would have been brought in and read a first and fe. B signed by a great many more ; for it cond time, and committed, intituled,
was presented to the house by Sir A bill for amending, explaining and
~NS, fince deceased *, reducing into one ałt of parliament, the and the motion seconded by Sir P-ý laws relating to the government of his W----n. After it was read, the majesty's fhips, vefsels and forces by fea, first motion was for referring it to do moft humbly beg leave to repre- the confideration of the said commitsent, that in the said bill there are C tee, and the petitioners to be heard several clauses contained, which
before the same by their counsel, if (should the same pass into a law)
they thought fit; but this motion bewould, as your petitioners humbly
ing waved, because it was said, that apprehend, greatly tend to the inju
the bill might be so amended in the sy and dishonour of your petitioners, committee, as to remove all the oband all other officers of his majesty's
jections the petitioners had to it, and navy, as also to the detriment of his D a motion being made for the petitimajesty's service.
on's being ordered to lie on the taThat as the present laws, for
ble, it was moved, by way of agovernment of his majesty's navy, mendment, that it fhould be ordered have been always found sufficient for to lie on the table, until the report that end ; and the power of the lord
was received from the committee of high admiral co operating with the the whole bouse, to whom the bill for zeal of the sea-officers, hath been hi- E amending, &c. was committed, and therto effectual to secure the ser
that the petitioners frould be there vice of those on half pay, upon the heard by their counsíl upon this petitimost pressing occasions, your petitio. on, if they thought fit; but this aners humbly hope, they shall not be
mendment being opposed, there ensubjected to many hardíhips and dis
sued a long debate, in which, besides couragements that must attend an al
the two gentlemen abovementioned, teration of the present laws, wit re- F the L-ds
ft, gard to them in many particulars. Etq; RNt, Esq; AWherefore your petitioners most
Gloc humbly pray, that they may spoke for the amendment, and H-y have leave to be heard by their F-*, Efq; H-yP
-m, Esq; counsel, before the committee
w -m P+1, Esq; G-ge L-1, of the whole house, to whom Esq; &c. spoke against it. At laft the said bill is committed, againt G the house divided, and the question such parts thereof as they appre- was carried against the amendment herd will be in urious to them- by 227 to 121. felves, and the rest of the oficers As it was late before this debate of his majesty's navy; or, that ended, the committee was put off ::]] they may have such other relief,
she * Sve our Magazine for lax morib, p. 288.
the Friday following, being Mareb. to insert these words, (the courts of 3, when the house resolved itself justice in such cases where they have into a committee on the said bill, as now by law a right to interfere, or it did again on the 8th, Toth, 13th, by either house of parliament.) As 14th, 21st, 23d, April the 5th, 7th, to leaving out the words (lawful auand roth, during which time there thority) no objection was made, but were several long debates upon amend. A it being proposed to infert in their ments offered and rejected, the chief room the words (act of parliament) of which were as follow, viz. March it occasioned a debate, and at last 3, a motion was made, to leave out the question was put for the chairthe words (as well in time of peace, man to leave the chair, which was as in time of war) in the clause which carried in the negative, by !!! to establishes the articles of war ; and 67; after which the words first prothe question was put, if those words B posed to be inserted, were rejected; should stand part of the bill, which and the last agreed to without a diwas carried in the affirmative by 186 vision. to 113
April 10, A clause was offered March 8, A motion was made to for providing, that in case of any insert these words (knowing him to capital crime, to be tried in Great be such) after the word (rebel) in the Britain, or in the narrow seas, the third article of war, but the question C number of the court-martial should was carried in the negative by 115 not be less than 13, of which 9 to 62. March 23, a motion was should be for the sentence of death, made to add at the end of the clause and in all other parts where five for appointing the third officer in might constitute a court-martial, command to preside at a court marti- four of the five should concur in the al, when there was a material ob. sentence of death. But upon the jection against the second, the fol- D question's being put, the clause was lowing words, viz. provided always rejected without a division.
; that in every case when such mate- Next day, April ur, Lord Vere rial objection shall occur, and where Beauclerk, chairman of the committhe person next in command to the tee, reported to the house the amend. officer or commander in chief, Thill ments made by the committee to the be set aside, in pursuance of this bill, which report was ordered to be clause, such objection shall be made E taken into consideration upon that in writing, and annexed to the pro- day sev'night. Accordingly, April ceedings and sentence of such court- 18, the house proceeded to take martial, which proceedings shall be the said report into consideration, carefully preserved in the office of the which took up that day, and also lord high admiral, or commiffioners the 20th, on which last day, when for executing the office of lord high the question was put for agreeing to admiral. Upon the question’s being F the abovementioned amendment put, this amendment was agreed to made March 23, a new debate arose, by 43 to 38 ; but the reader will and at last upon putting the question soon see why it is here mentioned. it was carried in the negative by 83 April 5, In the first drauglic of
And a motion being the the bill the oath to be taken by the same day made, to leave the word members of a court-martial was, (act) out of the amendment made to That none of them should discover G the oath of secrecy, April 5, in orthe vote of any particular member, der to insert in its stead the words, unless thereunto required by lawful (by either house) another debate authority ; therefore in the commit. arofe, and the question being at lait tee a motion was made to leave out put, if the word (act) should stand the words, (lawful authority) in order