« ПредишнаНапред »
MEMOIXs of the Life of the late
came to England, by whom he was, DUKE of ARGYLL.
in 1701, created duke of Argyil,
marquess of Kintyre and Lorn, earl of OHN duke of Argylt Campbell and Cowal, viscount of Loe
andGreenwich, lately bow and Glenyla, and lord Inverary, J decealed, (whose mo. Mull, Morver, and Tyrie ; and as
nument in Weftmin. A he had always great interest with fer Abbey is here king William, in the year 1694, he
prefixed,) was the procured for his son, the late duke, representative of one of the greatest the command of one of the Scottish, and moft antient families in Scotland. regiments in the Dutch service, tho' He was born, Oerober 10, 1678, and then but 16 years of age. consequently was not seven years old, The late duke was then at his when his grandfather Archibald earl B studies in the university of Leyden, of Argyll was beheaded at Edinburgh, where his father designed he should June 30, 1685, about which time he have continued for a year or two lonfell out of a window at Dunybriffel, ger, and left the regiment to be (the seat of his aunt, the countess of commanded by the lieutenant coloMurray) three stories high, without nel ; but as the war was then in its receiving any hurt; and this ac. C greatest fury, the lord Lorn, as he cident the superstitious have fixt not was then called, had, notwithstandonly to the very day, but to the very ing his youth, too nice a sense of ho. minute his grandfather's head was pour to submit to the will even of ftruck of at Edinburgh, as an omen his father in fo tender a point; thereof his revenging the death of his fore, as soon as he heard of his being grandfather, and great grandfather, appointed colonel of that regiment, who was beheaded at the same place, D he left the university, went to FlauMay 27, 1661.
dirs, and put himself at the head By this means the family of Ar. of his regiment, soon after which an gyll became deeply engaged in the affair happened, which we shall give revolution, for upon the unhappy an account of, because we have it catastrophe of the late duke's grand- from undoubted authority, and be. father, his father Archibald, then cause nothing can contribute more called lord Lorn, retired to Hollani, e towards giving us an idea of the where he remained till the prince of true character of this great man., Orange, afterwards king William III. July, 1749.
As Sce an Account of it, wirb the in, iripcion, P. 2394
As every captain of a regiment stalled one of the knights of that noin the Dutch service has the paying, ble order, which, in 1710, he rerecruiting, and cloathing of his com- figned, on his being made a knight pany, a captain's post in that service of the Garter, is much more beneficial than in this, As the parliament of Scotland and of course the post of a colonel had, in 1703 and 1704, appeared much less. This had introduced a A to be in an ill humour, his grace, tho' custom, that when a new colonel not full 27 years of age, was thought was appointed to any regiment, the the most proper person for bringing captains always raised, by a voluntary them into a better temper, therefore contribution among themselves, and he was the next year appointed her presented to their new colonel, a majesty's high commiflioner, to rehandsome purse of gold, to enable present her in the parliament of him to provide an equipage suitable Scotland, and he managed matters to his character and station in the there so much to her majesty's satisarmy. When the lord Lorn arrived, faction, that upon his return the and cook the command of this regi. created liim a peer of England by the ment upon him, as the captains titles of baron of Chatham, and knew his high quality, and likewise earl of Greenwich; and having been that his father kept him at a pretty
advanced to the rank of a brigadierfort allowance; and as they were C general in the army, he asisted as charmed with his behaviour, and the such next year in the battle of Raearly sense of honour he had shewn, millies, and all the glorious successes they collected a much larger purse of that year: In 1708 he affifted in than usual, and fent one of their the battle of Oudenard, the fiege of number with it to their young colo- Lise, Ghent, &c. as a major general ; nel. The captain explained to him and in 1709, when the confederates the custom, and the message on Dresolved to attack the French in their which he was sent ; to which he strong camp near Malplaquet, he answered, “ Sir, the custom you commanded that body of troops have explained to me I look on as a which was ordered to dilodge the very bad one, and am resolved, if I French from their almost impregcan, to break the neck of it: Give nable post in the wood of Sart, my service to the gentlemen : Tell where he behaved with such conduct them I think myself very much ob. E and resolution as gained him great liged to them for this mark of re- reputation in the army both as a gespect ; but as to money, I will have neral and soldier. none of theirs, and I am resolved Upon the change of the minithey shall have none of mine." ftry in England, his grace was, in
At the head of this regiment he 1710, appointed her majesty's amgave fignal proofs of his courage basador extraordinary to Charles III. during the remaining part of the war, F king of Spain, and captain general and continued in that command till of the British forces in that king. his father's death, in 1703, whom he dom ; where he commanded during fucceeded in his titles and estates ; the campaigns in 1711 and 1712; soon after which he was sworn of but having, soon after his return, her majeily queen Anne's privy-coun- declared openly against the measures cil, and appointed captain of the of the then administration, he was Scottish horse guards, and one of the G dismissed from all his employments extraordinary lords of session in
in March, 1713-14. Scotland. Next year, her majesty Upon the accession of the late having revived the order of the king, his grace was restored to several Ibijlle in Scotland, his grace was in. of his polts, and was made com
mander in chief of the forces in Scotland, of his family from many incumbrances he
Remains of bis Ancestors. (See Deaths.)
Fifty-nine Minute Guns, from the Tower, graciously received by his late majesty ; C
fired wbilft be poffed ebro' the Town. but to every body's surprize was soon after S when a furious tempest from on turned out of all his publick employments,
high for which no reason was ever assigned. Descends tremendous, down the steepy fide
In the beginning of the year 1719, his Of Furness-fells *, with an impetuous grace was restored to favour at court, being
(crests, appointed lord steward of his majesty's Th' ignoble shrubs and ofiers bend their houshold, and created duke of Greenwicb. (Too mean an obstacle !) and shun its rage:
From this time, to all outward ap.. But if, perchance, an high, elated oak, pearance at least, he continued in favour D That long has stood the glory of the chare, at court, and enjoyed several great employ- In bold defiance of cold winter blafts, ments, one after another, till the famous And rears its rev'rend head above the rest; convention with Spain came before parlia- The sweeping whirlwind, with collected ment in the year 1738-9, when he declared force, openly, and spoke with great zeal and Its unrelenting fury ceases not, ftrength of reasoning against that measure ; Till prostrate on the plain, with hideous and as he continued to oppose several other crash, measures of the administration in parliament, E Its huge, enormous bulk extended falls, and to support several motions against them, And to the center shakes the solid earth. he was at last, in 1740, dismissed from all Wond'ring we view the stately oak of his employments, and consequently left at
Jove, full liberty to act as well as speak against Gigantick ruin! with its roots uptorn. them.
A yawning pit discovers the firm rock, Accordingly, at the next general election So long its seat. The spreading branches, in 1741, he was so a&tive, and Thewed
(numerable his interest in Scotland to be so great, that
A tree of no mean fize; where birds in. a considerable majority of the members Joyous once sat, and sung, and clapt their from that country were chosen against the
wings; court, which next session helped very much Blessing the sweet and hospitable hade : to produce a change in our administration, But now forlorn, dispers’d, and hopeless and his grace was restored to most of the great employments he before enjoyed ; but So fell great MONTAGU, the good, the as he soon found, that we had only got a
[belov'd : change of men, not of measures, he resigned The peerless peer ; much honour'd, much all the employments to which he had been Worthy a longer date. So we deplore just restored, and from that time to his G The loss inestimable ; hopeless mourn deach continued to live in retirement.
His too too rigid fate. O MONTAGU! As he was always a good economist, Thou goodliest man! within thy candid and long in possession of lucrative employ
breast ments under the crown, he freed the estate
..Anfate of ibe duke's is Lancashire,
Upon the first sentence of the offertory, An Account of tbe grand Dutch Theatre and Ler your ligbe fine, &c. Bath stepp'd from Fireworks, of wbich we bave given our his bench, made his double reverences in Readers a View in tbe annexed Plate. the middle of the choir, and coming before the stall of the junior knight, bowed to THE theatre was 336 feet broad in front, him, and immediately turn'd himself to the the temple in the middle 110 feet oppolite side, bowing to the knight in that high, supported by 10 columns of 36 feet Stall, who arose, and making their double A each, including their basis and chapiter, obeisances both at one time in their falls, built after the Ionick order. The front of descended into the middle of the choir, the temple had 3 entrances, with ranr. where they repeated the same, and retired parent paintings to each. The first repreunder their banners. Bath then in like sented Peace, holding in one hand an olive manner summoned the knights in the next branch, and in the other an ear of corn ; fall, and so throughout the whole course the 2d, the form of government, with the of stalls summoning them, and then the ftates and stadtholder in council ; the 3d, great master, who all of them, with the Commerce, wiih Neptune in his car, making like ceremonies, placed themselves under B his way through a calm fea. On the top their banners.
were two figures, with some children holda Bath king of arms then arose, and being ing feftoons of flowers ; before there, 4 join'd by clarencieux king of arms, repair'd ftatues, of Wisdom, Silence, Religion, and to the great master, who, carrying his Liberty. The back of it had alío 3 entrances, white hat in his hand, offer'd, and re- with paintings, the largest of which was the turn'd and sat down in his stall.
elevation of his serene highness, who, after And aiterwards all the knights, and the Roman manner, was carried on a Thield ; proxy in like manner, wherein this rule the other was Danger, represented by an oak was observed, That the knights and proxy in a great storm ; and Cemency, by which in the opposite stalls, offer'd by pairs toge- all things are restored to their order, coming ther; and the heralds, according to their out of the temple on each side, lead into seniorities, took and repeated their turns a gallery which form'd a half oval, each in going with Bath king at arms before the fupported by 20 columns, 22 feet high, be. knights and proxy.
tween which, large lustres hung to illuDivine service being ended, the knights minate it. Each end of the gallery tercompanions put on thcir white hats : Bath minated in a pavillion, which had also king of arms rummond all the knights and D
3 entrances, adorned with paintings, reproxy to come down from the several stalls
presenting the Golden Fleece in a garden in the former method, who all stood under of orange-trees, and the arms of the Seven their banners.
Provinces ; the Ruffian army halting, and Which being done, Sir Peter Warren and
Mercury meeting them with a standard in his Sir Edward Hawke's proxy were conducted hand, with this motto, Pacem fero; and to the rails of the altar with the like cere- the others represented the hereditary Stadtmonies as in the former offering, where holdership. The statues on this pavillion were they unheath'd their swords, and offer'd E Merit, Equity, Power, and Birib. The paintthem naked to the dean ; and having re- ings of the other pavillion represented the deem'd them, the dean return'd them with Golden Age by abundance of merry dancès, the following admonition : “ I exhort and &c. Minerva working at a loom under the admonith you to use your sword to the shade of an orange-tree, and the arms of glory of God, the defence of the gospel, the the house of Brunswick and Orange united. maintenance of your sovereign's right and The statues were an afluent fate, Science, honour, and of all equity and justice, to Art, and eternal Thankfulness. On the top the utmost of your power.".
of each of the pavillions was a spire with an The other new installid knights offer'd illuminated dial, and a vase with artificial their swords in like manner.
fireworks. On the top of the galleries Then the alms-men begun the procession, were bullustrades adorned with pedestals which return'd back in the same manner and elegant vases ; from behind these, they went, except that the new knights some hundreds of rockets were let off at were in the full habit of the order. At the one volley. The whole building was maroutside of the west door the sovereign's bled, and the pedestals and chapiters of master cook, having on a linen apron, said the columns gilt. The theatre was sur. severally to each new installed knight, “Sir, G rounded with a balluftrade, adorned with you know what great oath you have taken, pedestals and vales. Behind them were which if you keep, it will be great honour mortars to throw fireballs, and other ar. to you ; but if you break it, I fall be tificial fireworks. Fronting the theatre compell’d by my office, to hack off your were 3 fire fountains, with many other Spurs from your heels,"
water fireworks, c.
The gentleman The secretary The regir- Bath king of arms then made his reverences - usner in his in his man- ter in his in the middle of the choir, and curning. mantle and tle and sur mantle & himself to the great master, who making his furcoat, coat,
furcoat. double reverences in the choir, took his The genealogist Garter Bath king of arms ftall, and there repeated his obeisances,
in his mantle king in his mantle and sat down cover'd 'with his white and surcoat, of arms, and surcoat.
hat. Lord bishop of Rocbefter, dean of the or- A Then Bath bowing to the knights reve. der, in the mantle of the order, carrying rally, the seniors first, they ascended their the form of the oaths and admonitions. Italis in like manner, saving the two ju.
The right Hon, the lord Delawar in his iniors, who remained under their banners full habit, supplying the place of the great to offer the atchievements of the deceas'd master *.
knights. In this form they proceeded to the chapel Which being perform'd, Bath bow'd to of Henry VII, at the cast end of the abbey the two knights who offer'd the banners, of Westminster.
and they ascended their talls. The 12 alms-men there enter'd 2 and 2,
The great master enter'd the fall of Sic and, coming to the middle of the choir, Peter Warren, and deliver'd to him the book did, all together in a body, make their joint of statutes, attested under the real of the and low reverences to the altar, and, turn- order, and the dean administer'd unto him ing about, then made their obeisances to the oath, Bath holding the book of the gorthe sovereign's Atall, and, dividing them- pels. Then Bath deliver'd the collar of selves, Hood on each side in a row, down the order to the great master, who put is from the rails of the altar.
about the shoulders of the knight eledt, The messenger of the order, in like man. C and placing the white hat on his head, feata ner, and stood below the alms-men. ed him down in his stall, who rising made
The esquires having made a short stand his double reverences, and the great master at the door, while the alms-men and mel- having embraced and congratulated him, sengers placed themselves, enter'd 3 and 3 ; he sat down in his stall. Then the great and, being in a body, made the like reve- master, with the like attendance, repair'd rences together in the middle of the choir, to the fall of Sir Edward Hawke ; and and stood before their respective seats, having there given the proxy the transwhich were underneath the falls of their knights.
cript of the statutes, the dean administer'd D
him the oath in the name of the principal, The prebendaries of the church of and then seated him in the stall. Westminster 2 and 2 in the same manner, Sir Charles Howard, Sir Cbarles Armand placing themselves within the rails of the Powlet, Sir J. Mordauni, and Sir J. Savile, altar to afsift at divine service.
were install'd with the same ceremonies as The pursuivants, heralds, and the pro- the eldest knight. Which being done, the vincial kings of arms, likewise enter'd, esquires, having made their reverences in a and stood before the forms, under prince body, retir'd to their seats ; after them the Willian's stall.
E officers of arms, and the officers of the The two knights in the lowest stalls en. order, placed themselves on their forms ter'd, and passing up near to their banners, with the like ceremonies. The provincial made their double reverences together in kings of arms, and the heralds, sat on the middle of the choir, and then retir'd benches in this present ceremony, placed under their banners.
at the foot of prince Willian's ftall, the Who being thus placed, all the other pursuivants standing before them. knights and proxy, by pairs, or fingly, ac- Bath and the gentleman-usher forthwith cording to the method observed in the pro
arose, made their reverences in the middle ceffion, took their stations under their ban- of the choir, and being follow'd by the dean, ners, with the like ceremonies,
in like manner, proceeded towards the stali Then the register, in breaft, with the re- of the great master, who making his obeicretary and gentleman-ufher, in the same sances in the middle of the choir, proceeded method, who stood before iheir bench, to inftall the knights. at the foot of the sovereign's ftall.
Which being finish'd, and the great Garter, the genealogist, and Bath king master return'a to his own ftall, the dean of arms, did the same, and stood before was conducted to the altar, and Bath their bench.
G and the gentleman-user being return'd to The dean in like manner stood before their benches, which ceremonies were perhis chair.
form'd with the due obeisances, divine ferThe great master enter'd fingle with the vice then began : During which time, the like obeisanees, and retir’d under his ban. knights did place theis hats upon the
cushions laid before them,
Upon Tbe dxts of Montagu, iben ill of fever,