Графични страници
PDF файл
[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small]



counties; and 'tis of the last of these we belides the two famous ones of Trinity and are now to speak. (See the annexed MAP.) Cbarter-bouse. Hull is a place of exceeding

The Eaft Riding of Yorkshire has its strength, being able to bid defiance both north and west fides bounded by the wind- to a naval and land force, and that by ing course of the Derwent, the south by the reason of its strong citadel, blook- houses, Humber, and the east by the German ocean; castle, walls, ditches, forts, &c. It has which part, with that towards the Dera convenient appartments for the garisor, an went, is pretty fruitful; but the middle,


engine to make salt water fresh ; and the call's Yorkswould, is nothing but a heap of country being a perfect level, they can, by mountains. In this divifion are three bo. cutting the sea banks, let in the food, and roughs that send members to parliament; lay it 5 miles round under water. It is go. which are,

verned by a mayor and aldermen, is a town 1. Beverley, 141 computed, and 179 and county of itself, and gives title of duke measured miles N. from London.

It is of Kinghton to the family of Pierpoint. pleasantly situated at the foot of the Woulds, 3. Headon, or Heydon, about 6 miles east and the conveniency for hunting, fishing of Hull, is an antient mayor and borough and fowling, incites many gentlemen to re- B town, with a market on Saturdays. It lies fide in and near it. It derives its name in the large promontory of Holderness, from beaver (or olter) and lake ; the river which gives title of earl to the family of Hull, near which it stands, abounding with

The two parliament-men are these creatures. It is of great antiquity, chosen by the majority of the freemen. Here but began to be most taken notice of by is a prison and a court, belonging to the the retirement of Jobn de Beverley, arch- visc. Dunbar, who has the reigniory of bishop of York, in 717.

It has two parith Holderness. churches, besides the minster, in which is


Other towns in this Riding are, 1. Howden, an ancient table, with the pictures of St. above 20 miles weit of Hull, a pretty large Jobs de Beverley and king Arbelfan, the town, with a very great market on Saturfounder, and betwixt them this diftich : days. It gives name to a small territory adAls free make I tbee,

jacent, called Howdinjhire.—2. Patrington, As beart can wish, or egb car. see. in Holderness, about 8 mies S. E. of Heydon, Whence the freemen of Beverley are ex- pleasantly situated, with a market on Satura empted from all manner of toils or cul. days, and a harbour for thips, but not so toms in any port or town throughout Erg- good as formerly. It was a Roman station, land. It has a good market on Wednesday's Dand has a fine prospect to the sea, and over and Saturdays, and its chief trade is in the Humber. The Roman highway from malting, oatmeal, tanning of hides, and the Piets wall ends here.—3. Wighton, abone-lace. Here is a free-school and alms

bout 10 miles W. of Beverley, has a small houses well endow'd. It is govern'd by market on Wednesdays.-4. Pocklington, 7 a mayor, 12 aldermen, &c. Its libertie's

miles N. W. of Wigbron, with a market are very large, consisting of many towns on Saturdays.-5. Frodlingbam or Frodingand parts of towns, and they have a court bam, about 9 miles N. E. of Beverley.of record to try causes for any sums within E 6. Hornsey, 7 miles S. E. of Frodlingbam, their jurisdiction.

has a market and a harbour for ships. Ic 2. Hull, or Kingflon upon Hull, lies about is fituale on the coast of the German ocean, 7 miles S. of Beverley, at the mouth of and its church steeple is a notable sea mark, the Hull, where it falls into the Humber. tho' now much fallen to decay.-7. Kilbam, It was built by Edward I. favour'd with about the same distance N. from Frodlingmany privileges by his succeffors, and by bam : Market on Thursdays.-S. Bridlingdegrees grew to be a large town and an ho- ton, or Burlington, 6 miles N. E. of Kila nour, tho' containing but 2 parishes. The bam, a pretty large town, situate on a creek

F streets are well order'd and pay’d, one of the sea, where is a very lase harbour for much resembling Thames-Street in London, Thips, us’d by the colliers. It is a place of near the bridge, which has 14 arches, good trade, and has a very commodious where pitch, tar, fails, cordage, and other key for lading and unlading of goods, and neceffaries for shipping, are vended, ha. a la ge market on Saturdays. It gives title ving also a custom house and a good key. of earl to the family of Boyle. The proIts markets are on Tuesdays and Saturdays, montory callid Flamborough- Head lies N. and and it has a foreign trade equal to that of E. from it, which is noted for a light- house. most towns in England. Here is an ex-G There was an eruption of waters from the change for the merchants, a good free- earth, by some callid Viples, and by others sshool, and a Trinity-boufe, endow'd with Gipseys, which sometimes ran by this pro. good revenues, for the relief of distress'd montory into Burlington-Bay. They broke Tailors and their widows ; as also reveral out in the Downs, after great rains, spouted hospitals ereded by private benefactors, up water to a great height, and sometimes






252 Ceremony of electing Knights of the Garter.

June flow'd from rocks. The country people table, and then, by his majesty's leave, thought they portended famine ; but there took their chairs. Then garter with reVipleys have not of late been heard of. verence acquainted the sovereign, that the 9. Hunnanby, 7 miles N. W. of Burling!on, hon. Henry Bellenden, Esq; attended with. has a weekly market, and a harbour for out the door, and most humbly beseeched vefrels.

his majesty to be admitted to take the oath The Huniber, which first takes its name of office, as gentleman usher of the black about 12 miles above Hull, is made up, as A rod of this most noble order ; and he was

i we have faid, by the influx of many rivers accordingly introduced in his mantle; and on both sides. It is call'd Abus A juarium being come to the sovereign, he kneeling by Ptolemy, but the Saxons call'd it Itumber ; down took the oath enjoined by the fawhence all the country north of it was tutes ; his majesty having put the gold callid Nortbumberland. Camden says, 'tis chain with the jewel about his neck, was the most spacious aftuary, and the best pleased to confer on him the honour of Ator'd with fish, of any in England. It knighthood ; then having kiffer the soebbs and flows, and at every ebb, returns


vereign's hand, he withdrew to the bottom its own waters, and those borrowed from

of the table. the sea, with great rapidity and noise, and Garter then in the like manner, having no small danger to sailors and passengers. acquainted the sovereign, that the lord Several towns have been swallow'd up in bishop of Salisbury attended without the that part of the county call'd Holderness, door, and mort humbly besought his maby inundations of the sea and rivers ; for jesty, that he might be admitted to the which we refer to Camden,

office of chancellor of this most noble or

der; which office is annexed to that biFrom I be London Gazette.

Kensington, June, 22. And his lordship in his episcopal habit

was introduced accordingly between garter
HE sovereign having determined to

and black rod, black rod carrying on a vela

vet cushion the mantle, gold chain and
der of the garter, and the knights compa-
nions resident in and near London, being

purse; and being come to the sovereign,

black rod invested his lordship with the summoned to attend here this day, there

mantle ; and the oath of office being adappeared habited in their mantles his royal

ministered to him kneeling, black rod on highness the duke of Cumberland, and the D

his knees presented to his majesty the gold knights herein after mentioned, with the

chain and jewel, which his majesty put dean of Windsor the register, and garter king

round his neck; and his lordship having at arms, in their respective mantles, and

received from the sovereign the purse, and wearing their different badges, who waited

kissed his majesty's hand, placed himself the sovereign's coming ; and upon his

on the left hand of the chair of fate. appearance, garter, by the sovereign's com

Then the chancellor by the sovereign's mand, call'd over the names of the knights companions present, beginning with the E that the lix vacant stalls in the royal chapel

command, declared his royal pleasure, juniors in the order, who thereon proceeded to the gallery where the chapter was

at Windsor should now be filled ; and each

knight having wrote down the names of appointed to be held in the following me.

nine persons whom they esteemed most thod, the juniors first; and the knights, whose companions in the stalls opposite to

qualified to be elected in a scrutiny ; and

having severally subscribed their hands them were absent, went fing!e.

thereto, the same was collected by the Duke of Kingston, Duke of Portland, chancellor, and presented by him on his Duke of St. Albans,

F knees to the sovereign, who after inspec. Duke of Richmond,

ting them, commanded the chancellor to Duke of Newcastle, Duke of Grafron, deciare his royal highness prince George, Duke of Dorset,

eldest son of his royal highness the prince of His royal highness the duke of Cumberland,

Wales, duly ele&ted. Garter king of arms having on his right The second scrutiny was in like manner hand the dean of Windsor, register of the

presented to the sovereign, who, after in. order.

specting the same, commanded the chan. The SOVEREIGN. cellor to declare, his most serene highness


the margrave of Anspach duly elected. Upon entering the gallery, the knights food behind the several chairs (placed there [See ibe ele&tion of the orber 4, viz, the as at the time of holding of the privy coun- dukes of Leeds and Bedford, and ibe earls of cil) till the sovereign had leated himself Albemarle aud Granville, in the Occur in the chair of state at the upper end of the rences.]




JOURNAL of the Proceedings and Debatės in the POLITICAL CLUB, continued from Page 171.

was drawn up by the great admiral 's the Bill broight in laft Sifion, Montague, soon after earl of Sand.

intitled, A Bill for amending, ex- wich, who had before sewn himplaining, and reducing into one Act self an excellent officer both hy. sea of Parliament, the Laws relating to and land; and it was approved of the Government of his Majesty's by the lord chancellor Hyde, the Ships, Vefsels, and Forces by A marquess of Ormond, Denzil Holles, Sea, occasioned many Debates in Sir Anthony Ashley Cooper, afterwards all the Públick Places of this City; earl of Shaftsbury; and several other To it gave Occasion to several Deo great men, who were of the king's bates in our Club, fome of the most council, before it it was orered to important of which I shall giare either house of parliament for their you an Account of, and shall begin approbation. I'fhall grant; it had with that which we had upon the B fome defects, as every human law general Question, Whether any such must have, and laws have since been Bill was necessary, or ought to be

passed for remedying those defects; passed into a Law? In this Debate but in my opinion, none of them the first that spoke was C. Clau- have answered the end intended; and dius Nero, whafe Speech was in

those defects were thought so trivial, Substance thus

that both the Dutch wars in the reign

C of king Charles II. and the French Mr President,

war in the reign of king William, as SIR,

well as that in the reign of queen N all wise governments it is a Anne, were carried on; and glostanding maxim not to make riously carried on; without any law

any new law, unless there ap- for remedying those defects, except pears to be à necessity for so doing ; that law made in the beginning of and therefore, with regard to the Dking William's reign, which appoints bill now before us, there are two an oath to be taken by the judges in questions necessary for our confidera- every court martial; and whether tion, which are, first, Whether a new such an oath be of any service or no, law be necessary for the government I very much question, because a of his majesty's ships and forces by man who is fo wicked as to resolve sea; and, secondly, Whether the bill to act unjustly; will shew no regard Show before us be such a one as ought E to that or any other oath that can be to be passed into a law. As to the framed by the legislature, first question I must own, that I have I may therefore juftly observe, always had a very great regard for Sir, that from the year 1661, to the the law paffed in the 13th of king year 1720; our navy was governed Charles II. It was a law concerted by that law of king Charles II: by as great men as ever were at the without any material alteration of head of affairs in this kingdom, and F amendment; but in the year 1720, under that law our navy has been we began to think of extending the governed for near 90 years, with- power of courts-martial, and with out any complaint, and with more this view a clause was inserted in glory, I believe, than will be ac- an act then pasied, by which it was quired under any law that can be enacted, That seamen guilty of any substituted in its room, That law of the offences mentioned in the ad June, 1749.


« ПредишнаНапред »