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God; and of Bognor it is said, «there the God of the seas receives all with open arms into his briny domain ■' yet notwithstanding the attractions of this Neptunian hug, we do not find that Bognor is a favourite aquatic resort. Its buildings do not much increase; and Dr. D. admits that it affords no resource for intellectual pleasores. 'It may comprise in all fifty houses of different descriptions; but the greater part of them are occupied by resident families, so that visitors now find more difficulty than heretofore in_accommodating themselves with apartments'—In truth, Bognor is a retired watering-place, adapted to the accommodation of a few quiet genteel people, but is not calculated for tag-rag and bob-tail. It is very censurable, however, fur its promiscuous bathing, with machines that have no awnings.

Bognor owes its origin to the late Sir Richard Hotham { who, between the years 1787 and 1793, constructed nearly all the buildings which it at present contains.

Att. 41. An Index to the History of English Poetry by Thomas Warton, B. D. &c. 410. gs. Lackington and Co. We are invariable and pertinacious friends to Indexes; and, therefore, we thank the anonymous compiler of the present tables for having supplied the public with a convenience which he originally formed only for himself, respecting a work which he justly terms * a noble treasure of poetical knowledge.' The index is arranged in separate parts for each volume, and the compiler claims for it the merit of being copious and correct « as far as human diligence could succeed.'

Art. 42. A New System of Domestic Cookery, formed upon Principles of Economy, and adapted to the Use or private Families. By a Lady. Second Edition, enlarged, and with ten illustrative Plates, izmo. jr. 6d. Boards. Murray.

We are fairly tired of inspecting books of cookery. The fate of Tantalus himself is scarcely comparable to it; and in addition to the grumblings which our office frequently calls forth, the grumblings of the gizzard on these occasions are really insupportable. This lady has set before us in description so many good dishes, that she has made our mouths water, in spite of the dry weather. If she would, at a future opportunity, carry her • principles of economy' still farther, so as to adapt her receipts to the situation of Reviewers, in these hard times, we might perhaps give a Rowland of praise for her Oliver of pudding, that would please her palate.

Art. 43. Letters from the Mountains; being the real Correspondence of a Lady between the Years 1773 and 1807. 12mo. 3 Vols. 13/. 6d. Boards. Longman and Co.

When we first glanced at the tide of this work, we had not a very high anticipation of its claims: for in what respect the private correspondence of a lady placed in an obscure situation might be interesting or instructive, we could scarcely form a conjecture. Two wellwritten prefaces, however, soon gave us reason to alter our ideas ; and an attentive perusal of the letters themselves converted our premature opinion into a full conviction of their merits. The engaging volatility of youth apparent in the early part of the correspondence, and the good sense of more ripened years, which prevails in the latter part, equally pleased us. The sentiments of the author, when occupying the various relative situations of a daughter, a wife, a mother, and a protegee, are truly praiseworthy j while the display of a warm and lively imagination, correct and animated language, and strokes of real genius, with which the letters abound, present still farther title to our approbation.

. We understand that Mrs. Grant, whose name is not unknown to the literary world, is the writer of the letters which we thus sincerely recommend, particularly to female readers.

Art. 44. Hours of Leisure; or Essays and Characteristics. By George Brewer. i2mo. pp. 351. Ks. Boards. Hatchard. Mr. Brewer appears to have seen the world in avaiiety of characters; to have enriched his mind by science and observation, and to be capable of advantageously transmitting his sentiments to the public. Tnc tendency of his writings is of the most beneficial kind, and lessons of the first importance in the conduct of life are delivered in a pleasing manner. Several of his papers were originally published in the European Magazine, under the title of " Essays after the Manner of Goldsmith and though the author modestly observes, " with many a length between," we are of opinion that they will bear to be associated even with those celebrated productions.

Art. 4^. A comparative View of the Plans 0/ Education, as detailed in the Publications of Dr. Bell and Mr. Lancaster. By Joseph Fox. 8vo. ix. 6J. Darton and Harvey.

The object of this pamphlet is to prove that Mr. Lancaster is less indebted to Dr. Bell, than Dr. Bell to Mr. Lancaster; and that the publication of Dr. B. in 1797, exhibiting " an Experiment in Education, made at the Male Asylum at Madra3," is very different from his subsequent accounts in 1805 and 1807; which Mr. Fox attributes to the information that the Doctor received from Mr. Lancaster's " Improvements in Education as it respects the industrious classes of the Community," &c. though, as he states, Dr. B. has not avowed his obligations in the same explicit manner as Mr. L. has done with respect to the clergyman. • Dr. B.'s school at Madras,* «lie says, ' must be considered as a well regulated establishment on the European mode, with the addition of the Malabar custom of writing in sand;' while Mr. Lancaster's improvements in education are inventions to the following extent:

• I. By his system of order and rewards, together with the division of the school into classes, and the assistance of the monitors, One Master Is Able To Conduct A School Of One Thousand Children. Page 23.

4 2. That by printing a spelling-book, or any other lessons for reading, in a large type, upon one side of the paper, and pasting the sheets thus printed, on a pasteboard, they may, when suspended to a nail against the wall, be read by any number of children; a method whereby One Book Will Surve For A Whole School, instead of each child having a book of its own. Page 55.

1 '3- That

* 3. That by the introduction of writing upon tlates. and one boY •pelling to Ilia » hole class anv cert:i'n word, the boys in the class will instantly write it, going on in this manner for an hour or more; so that bo\s may write and spell one hundred words in the course of a morning. A Mfthod Whjupby I:ivb Hundred Toys Mat Bpli n And Write The Same WoaD At ThSamE Instant Of Time. Page 40.

'4. An entire new method of instruction in arithmetic, wholly superseding the forrrer m thod of setting sums in cipher ing-books, or using books, a". Walkinphame's, or Dilworth's Afw-tmt for the four first rules. A Plan whereby Ant Child Who Can Uead, May Tsach AitiTHMFiic with the utmost certainty. Page 62.

• These are inventions concerning which not a syllable is to be found in Dr. Bell's Experiment made at the Male Asylum, Madras. '1 c Another most important circumstance is that the expence of education is rtdticed to almost a comparative nothing. Schools for three hundred children may be supported at the expence of seven shillings per annum each child; and for a greater number of children, the expence may be reduced to four shillings per annum each child. In the case of Mr. Lancaster's own school in the Borough Road, the expence did not exceed tince shillings and six-pence per child, for the last year.'

Mr. Fox is also at i=sue with Dr. Bell as to the quantum of knowIege which ought to be given to the poor; and he wishes to learn the reason why the benefits of liberal educa' ion should be with-holden from the children of Britons, when they aie extended to the half-cast despised children of India I

SINClLE SERMONS. Art. 4*). On the Translation of the Si rif lures info the Languages of

Indian dsia, preached before the Univerviry of Cambridge on the

sSth of June 18 7, agreeably to the Institution of the Rev.

Claudius Buchanan. By the Rev. John Dudley, M. A. of Clare

Hall. 4to. pp. 39. :s. Cadtll and Davies.

The authors of the Buchanan sermons endeavour, no doubt, to make themselves acquainted with the subject on which thty are ap. pointed to preach: but we question the competency of our divines te decide the point which they are invited to discuss. We mean not to disparage Mr. Dudley's learning ;itid abilities, which are emi-^ nently displayed in this discourse; though we must express our doubts respecting the stability of his argument. Is it a fact that 'we have hitherto kept the Gospel wrapped up in a napkin, notwithstanding the Hindus appear inclined to read its doctrines, perhaps to receive its faith?' The industry of the mistionaries, and their slender success, are auk ward evidences in favour of this proposition. If Sir William Jones ' made not one convert among his Brahmen friend.',' can we represent the flindiis as inclined to receive our faith?

By a singular mode of reasoning, Mr. Dudley displays 'the pliant obedience of the Hindu to the religious institutions of hie country,* in order to shew the probability of his conversion ; observing that *he will willingly submit to whatever guide-he may have learned to apptove :' but his absolute submission to whatever he may Have learned to approve is a powerful obstacle to the new instiuctor.

Respecting tbe mode in which the conversion of the people of Indian Asia is to be attempted, Mr. D. recommends a process quite the reverse of that which was pursued at the first preaching of the Gospel. 'The Brahmin mu8t be gained before the Sudra will be turned. To begin with attempting the conversion of persons of the lower classes would in all probability be injurious to the general success of the Christian cause.' Our missionaries do not appear to have been so high-minded as this preacher in their efforts. They have been satisfied with humbler game than the learned and bigotted Brahmin; and even among the Pariahs they arc said to have laboured to little purpose.

Eecause St. Paul when at Athens preached against idolatry. Mr. D. contends that our present relation to India makes it the duty of the British nation to declare the Unknown God to the ignorant in those regions. It has been often remarked that the cases are not similar, and that the missionaries cannot plead a divine commission for their visit to the East. Whether we ought now to disseminate our Scriptures by translation among the Hindoos is a question which must be decided by the natural probabilities of success, and to determine it we must consider the state of our power and, the circumstances of the people.

"Art. 47. On the Duty and Expediency of translating the Scriptures into the current Languages of the Eait, for the Use and Benefit of the Natives: preached by special Appointment before the University of Oxford, Nov. 29, 1807. By the Rev. Edward Nares, M. A. late Fellow of Merton College, and Rector of Biddendon, Kent. 4to. pp. 70. 35. td. Rivingtons. 1808. Mr. Nares is not less strenuous at one University in support of the measure of immediately attempting the conversion of the Hindoos, than Mr. Dudley was at the other: indeed, if it be possible, he is even more sanguine than the Cambridge preacher. According to Mr. N., circumstances are favourable to the undertaking ; and he thinks that we ought not to be discouraged * by the mere alarm of opposing prejudices.' We are here told that • thousands even of the Brahminical cast have been converted ;' that many of the prejudices existing among them are friendly to the propagation of Christianity; and that ' the doctrines we wish to disseminate among them are already interwoven in their popular creed.' On this ground, he concludes o)iat the preaching of the Incarnation, Atonement, and Trinity, would be acceptable to the Hindoos.—So very zealous is Mr. N. for these principles, that he asserts, in one place, with more ingenuousness than liberality, that 'he can scarcely bring himself in any way to (jail those Christians, who deny them;' and in another, that • the doctrines of the Fall, Atonement, and Divinity of Christ, alone give us a right to go forth to proselyte the world.' It did not perhaps occur to him that, by his narrow plan of proceeding, 4he at one stroke unchristianizes more individuals in his own countty than Dr. Buchanan's scheme would probably convert in the Eaat for a century to come j and that his subsequent declaration, that ' the essential tenets of Christianity have more to do with the heart than the head,' cannot apply to all thedoctrines which he enumera cs as essential. Watchful over the established faith, he intimates the, danger of disseminating heresy by translations, and suggests a hint respecting the care which should be taken in providing versions of our Scriptures for the natives of the East.

Art. 48. The Pronencn of a Philosophizing Spirit to embrace Error; with Remarks on Mr. Lancaster's New System of Education, pointing out its Defects and Errors witli regard to Religious Instruction and Moral Management: preached at the Yearly Meeting of the Sunday Schools in the Collegiate Church of Manchester, and now published at the Request of the Warden and Fellows of the said Church. By the Rev. R. Barlow, Master of the Free Grammar School of Winwich. 8vo. Pamphlet. Printed at Manchester. The proposition which stands as the title of this discourse may be pronounced'to involve a contradiction, unless it can be shewn that a solicitude to avoid error is the most likely means of falling into it; in which case, the use of reason is a dangerous exercise, and the most Ingenious declaimers against it ought modestly to suspect the stability of their own arguments as well as those of other men. As to Mr. Lancaster, he appears to us to have been very unfairly and cruelly treated. His amiable solicitude to avoid ofTence has been the ground of accusation. Because he wished to open his school to children of all sects, and did not introduce into his lessons of education any portion of those doctrines on which churches are divided, he 'u here charged with 'laying no foundation in the infant mind, on which to superstruct the edifice of Christianity.' Is this true? Certainly not. As well might it be asserted that, when our Saviour himself preached his sermon on the mount, he laid no foundation for the superstructure of Christianity. Yet Mr. Barlow asks * whether it be not contrary to reason, subversive of every religious establishment, and of all order?' How social order can be disturbed, establishments subverted, and reason outraged, by merely instructing children in the amiable morality of the gospel, we are at a los3 to discover. If Mr. Barlow has been led to such conclusions, it was certainly not by * a philosophising spirit.'

Correspondence. If Fidtlis will explain himself more fully, and confidentially, in a private letter, and indicate how an answer may be addressed to bin), he may rely on a consideration of his proposal and on secresy.

Some unforeseen circumstances oblige us once more to postpone the continuation of our account of Mr. Fox's Historical work: but in our next number we shall certainly resume and probably conclude it.

The request of Mr. Lee is wholly inadmissible.

P. is received, but we have not now time for more.

The Arrr Ndix to this Vol. of the M. R. will be published with the Review for September, on the 1st of October.

C3~ In the Rev. for July, p. 248, I. 29. put a turned comma after synagogues, and take it away from * people' in the next line. P. 270. 1. 21. for 4 betray,' r. betrays. P. 280. 1. 7. for « Scverus,' r, Strvctus. P. 285. 1. 10. for ' with,' r. In.

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