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posed j and the equivalent expressions in the other languages are placed! in the succession mentioned in the title, to make op the line. Whoever will charge his memory with these hexameters will certainly furnish himself with a vast copia of words, and facilitate the acquisition of the languages. Those teachers, therefore, who may chuse to put this book into the hands of their pupils, will be under great obligations to the author for his laborious exertions in the cause of literature.
M EC I C A L.
Art. 17. A Pcful.ir Essay on the Disorder famiTiarly termed A Cold, in which the Means of obviating the various Causes which arc * liable cither remotely to contribute to the Production of this Complaint, or which more immediately excite it, together with the most effectual Me'hod of removing it when present, are explained in ar Manner familiar to the meanest Capacity; and to which are added a Collection of approved Receipts, and Observations on the ■ most popular Remedies; principally designed far the Use of Families 5 and composed with a View of rendering more extensively known the insidious Nature of a Disorder, which, to the Inhabitants of the variable Climate of Great Britain, too often proves the Bane of Health and Comfort; and thereby diminishing its Frequency, and preventing its pernicious Effects. By E. L. White, Surgeon, &c. umo. 58. Bewed. Cade)! and Davies. 1807. Mr. White hag confessedly written this essay for popular use, and certainly, if popular medicine may be admitted in any case, it is allowable in that of catarrh. This is a disease so frequent, and often so unimportant, that we cannot expect that medical assistance wilt always, or even generally, be sought; and yet it unfortunately happens that colds, when neglected, or improperly managed, lay a foundation for some of the most formidable complaints to which tke human frame is subject. It becomes, then, highly desireable, if it could he accomplished, to prescribe some rules which may be generally intelligible, respecting the method of treating catarrh; and still more to point out, in a perspicuous manner, the symptoms that indicate ihe presence of that state of the disease, which is likely to require professional assistance. Mr. White's treatise contains many judicious observations; and it is, on the whole, well calculated to aflswer the purpose for which it is designed.
The author enters at some length into the consideration of trie predisposing and exciting causes of catarrh, which he thus enumerates:
• The predisposing causes of catarrh are, 1st, original peculiarity of constitution; 2<lly, an acquired morbid irritability of the pulmonary system ^dly, a morbid delicacy of frame, induced by enervating pleasures, or weakening occupations, or occasional and accidental debility. Its exciting causes are, ist, alternations oftemperature; 2dly, the application of chemical or mechanical stimuli to the mucus membrane of the air-passages; 3dly, moisture applied, in a certain way, to the surface of the body ; 4thly, occult intemperics of the atmosphere. These it will be necessary to consider separately.* We deem it unnecessary to follow Mr. White through his illustrations of these drffercr.t topics j hi* remarks are not intitled to the
"piaise praise of novelty, but they are not therefore the less adapted for popular instruction; and we observe very tew against which any objection can be alleged.
With regard to the cure ofcatanh, Mr. W. begins by pointing out the opposite methods that have been proposed by scientific pnK> titionere, one pnrty recommending warmth, and the other as strenu* ously advising the application of cold; and he endeavours to prove the impropriety of adopting either of these plans of treatment in their full extent. In the commencement of tlu disease, and when any in» flammatory symptoms are present, the antiphlogistic regimen, to a certain degree, is to be adopted, but this is by no means generally admissible. A remedy, in which the author places great confidence, is antimony, given in small doses, and diluted with a large quautity of cold water.
Art 28. A Letter from Mr. Whhbread to Lord Holland, on the present Situation of Spain. 8vo. is. Ridgwny. i8c8. We are told in this Letter that the noble person, to whom it it addressed, contracted duiing his residence in Spiin an attachment to its inhabitants; ai d that he bears testimony * to the grandeur and enetgy of their character,' obscmed as it for a time has been ' by the faults and oppre sions of the government* fi"r. Whit bread speaks of the grand effort now made by Spain, with that warmth ot interest and glow of sentiment which might be expected from so zealous and steady a patriot. He denominates it * a struggle against tyranny and oppression, as glorious in all i s circumstances, as any that has ever yet been exhibited on the face of the earth.' Adverting to the intelligence then recently received from the same country, he says, ' News has arrived as cheering to the heart of man a ever was announced to an admiring world;' and he elsewhere observes that 'the whole undivided heart of Great Britain and Ireland, nay of France itself, and of the world, must be with Spain.'
This upright and independent senator professes his adherence to his former sentiments, in regard to the persons constituting our administration: but he bestows praise on their conduct as it regards Spain. 'The part of the king's speech (says he) which relates to Spain has my unqualified approbation. The policy is sound, and the expressions could not have been better chosen.'— He expresses his regret, and we think with great reason, that Parliament has had no opportunity of hailing the glorious cause, and of testifying its zeal and alacrity to assist and support it. He vindicates his opposition to Mr. Sheridan's motion, on the ground of its being an improper interference wi:h the province of ministers, and a« being premature. He then re-states and adds to the reasons which made him think that, even in the then crisis, pacific proposals to the French Emperor would not have been morally wrong, nor impolitic ; and he resents, with becoming spitit, the insinuation thrown out against him that, because he sought peace, he was ready to purchase it at the expence of abandoning 'the heroic ijp.-.uiards to their fate.' This makes him exclaim:
* God forbid! A notion so detestable never entered my Imagination. Perish the man who could entertain it! Perish this country, rather than its safety should be owing to a compromise so horribly iniquitous! My feelings, at the time I spoke, ran in a direction totally opposite to any thing so disgusting and abominable.'
We must request our readers, in justice to Mr. Whitbread,. to revert to the moment of penning this little tract, while they reflect on the follawing passage:
'I am not afraid to say, that the present is a moment in which I think negociation might be proposed to the Emperor of the French by Great Britain, with the certainty of this great advantage, that if the negociation should be refused, we should be at least sure of being right in the eyes of God and man. An advantage which, in my opinion, we have never yet possessed, from the commencement of the contest to the present hour; and the value of which is far beyond ill calculation.'
If we cannot literally subscribe to these remarks, we own that we so far coincide with the author as to admit that we have taken great pains to be in the wrong.
No one can impeach the views of Mr. Whitbread ; the only question is respecting the efficacy and eligibility of the meant. It was his wish to seek the most glorious results or war by the means of pence; and the friends of Spain cannot hope to attain more by war, than he proposed to secure by negotiation.
'If,' he eays, ' the emancipation of Spain, the enthronement of Ferdinand VII. and the amelioration of the government of that country, through the means of the legitimate organ of their Cortes, or any other of their own chusing, could be effected without bloodshed, is there a man existing who would not prefer the accomplishment of these objects by the means of negociation, rather than by the sword \ If Mr. Fox were happily alive, and had power commensurate with his ability, I see a bare possibility that his genius might turn this crisis to such great account. Nothing should be done but in concert with the Spaniards; and the complete evacuation of Spain by the French armies, the abstinence from all interference in her internal arrangements, the freedom of the royal family, might be the conditions of the negociation. There is no humiliation in such a proposal. What a grateful opportunity would at the same time present itself of making a voluntary proffer of restitutions, •which, when demanded, it might, perhaps be difficult to accede to! What a moment to attempt the salvation of Sweden, and the re-establishment of the tranquillity of the North !'—
• I should be desirous of conveying these terms to the court at Bayonne, and of proclaiming them to the world. If they should be accepted, is there a statesman who could doubt of their propriety, of their justice, of their honour? If rejected, is there a free spirit in the universe that would not join in applauding the justice and moderation of Great Britain, in condemning the violence, the injustice, and ambition of the Emperor of the French.'
Art. 29. Rcaions for rejecting the presumptive Evidence of Mr. AImon, that "Mr. Hugh Boyd was the Writer of Junius." with passages selected to prove the real author of the Letters of Junius, 8vo. 2». Highley.
Junius has told us that he was the sole depositary of his secret, and that it should die with him. This declaration, and the caution with which he concealed himself, excited a general wish for the discovery of the author: but conjectures have been made, and claims have been set up, hitherto with little success. At last, we are informed that the real author of these celebrated letters has been revealed, by his own confession. A Mr. Rodney, an American, has asserted in the Wilmington Mirror, (a Columbian periodical work) that the late Majoi General Charles Lee of the American army confessed to him in conversation that he was the real author of these letters; and the object of this pamphlet is to establish at least the probability of this evidence, by comparing the letters of Generak Lee with those of Junius in point of sentiment and style. This laboured attempt appears to us to be far from satisfactory ; and the author will more easily persuade his readers that Mr. Hugh Boyd was not than that General Lee was the writer in question. Who this Mr. Rodney is we know not: but we may safely assert that the comparison, which he desires us to institute, would never lead us to the conclusion that General Lee and Junius were the same person.
Art. 30. An Exposition of the Circumstances which gave Rise to the Electiqn of Sir Francis Burdtlt, Bart., for the City of Westminster, and of the Principles which governed the Committee who conducted that Election. To which are added some Documents not hitherto published. By order of the Committee. 8vo. is. Tipper.
All the circumstances which attended the recent election of Sir Francis Burdett were rather extraordinary: but those in which the late Mr. Paull was concerned have been well known, and are no longer interesting, and they are also but scantily stated in this pamphlet. It is chiefly remarkable, however, for the very unusual record which it contains respecting the exper.ces incurred by the Committee, who conducted the election of bir Francis. It appears that the disbursements up to the close of the poll were only £780 16*. 4d.; those of the subsequent procession on the 23d May, and tome printing, £118 qs rid.; those of chairing Sir Francis, £ -,65 18s. od.; fees paid at the House of Commons, £6 os. 6d.; repairing the triumphal car. and expences attending the presentation of it to Sir F ,£%., os. od.: making altogether £1296 is. 6d.;—and that the amount of the subscription was;£i2i5 14s. 3d. leaving a balance due to thetreasurcrof^^o 8s. 3d. —A imall fee being due at the House when Sir Francis took his seat, that expence also was defrayed by the Committee; and their representative actually sits without having paid a shilling for his election, and at the very moderate cost toitus constituents, considering
Ffj the the nature of the contest, of /"7S0 14s 4a1. as far a6 the election Itself was concerned. We should 1 ke to 6ee a few more 6uch instances of recurrence to former principles and practice between the reprcaented and the representative.
Art. 31. Brolh.-r Abraham's Answer to Peter Plymfey,Esq. In Two .Letters : to which is prefixed a " poslhmiuious" Preface. 8vo. Is. 6d. Craddock and Joy. J8os.
No, Abialiam, thou art not Peter's brother. None of the rlymley blood flows in thy veins, nor has an atom of the family wit ever exliilirated thy pericranium.—Instead of replying to Pttef With temper and pltasantry, this pstudo. l'lvmley grows angry and scurrilous; and by way of enforcing conviction on the mind of Petti, he, with all brotherly love, wishes to have him lied up to a ■whipping post. Abraham sees every thing through a distorting medium: he converts the saints of the papists into Gods, and then he asserts tl at, ' as loi g as they retain image-worship, they will always, under similar circumstances, com nit greater atrocities than the protectants.' In ptilect accordance with this novel position, he maintains that the absurdities, which exist in the creed of the Catholics, prove them to be deficient in the qualities necessary for Generals and legislators ; but let us ask this gentleman, whether, if Unitarian* were in power and were to u e the same argument to justify the exelu ion of Trinitarians, he would acknowlegc its validity? In order to justify the distribution of the plumbs out of the civil pudding according to the nature of a man's creed, he sagely observes, * Suppose a man instead of saying,— I believe in God - should say I believe in I he Devil and I'uonaparte. would such a fellow deserve any p'umbs out of 'he pudding?' This and similar stuff is called an answer to P P —Alas, Abraham cannot measure lantas with the gentkman whom he presumes to call his brother, and is no more to be compartd to him than a cinder to a diamond.
Art. 32. /I more extended Discusion in Favour of Liberty of Conscience recommended by the Rev. Christopher Wyvill. »vo. is.
This respectable and well-informed friend of Liberty, being dissatisfied with the partial effort! which have been made or are now making to relieve this and that sect from the pressure of civil disabilities on account of religion, with a noble liberality of mind proposts to extend the discussion of the question, that its merits may be more generally known, and that an application may be made to parliament for the repeal of every law against libcity of conscience Our pr> suasion is, that howmuchsoevcr the point is contested at present, the time is not very far distant when the different'modes of faith will no n.oie be regarded as pretexts for inflicting rivil di.-qualifieations, than the different modes of cooking our victuals ; and whin Test and Corpoistion Acts will be considered as the remnants of th;t barbarism which once consigned heretics to the flames. Mr Wyvill't remarks are so sage and tempeiste, that they must afford general satiataction.