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condition of the profession in general, and is evidently the production of a sagacious and intelligent mind. *"'•' , In searching, into the causes of the present state of the medical profession, the imperfection of which is freely acknowleged, the author properly begins by taking a review of the state of medical education in the different universities of the.British efnpire, of the manner in which degrees may be obtained from them, and of the powers and regulations of the Colleges, of Physicians established in London, Dublin,', and Edinburgh, v From his strictures on the Dublin college, it would appear that its constitution is peculiarly narrow, and that its public transactions are, to the last degree, paltry a"nd insignificant. ,
The-writer next makes some sensible remarks on the specific nature and object of the different branches of the medical profession, points out their connection with each other, and estimates their respective value to society at large. His observations concerning midwifery fully, accord with our sentiments,—although, we apprehend, they may be in opposition to the general feeling on the subject j .
*' The public voice unequivocally expressed is always entitled to respect, nor shall f ever be the advocate for contemning ft. Jn truth' it iris me not a little to hear so often as I am compelled to do, the absurd affectations of false delicacy, which are imposed on the world as the result of natural feeling, and to listen to propositions seriously advanced by these dainty speculatists, for confining all midwifry practice to illiterate females, or for conceding (as the more moderate only rfre content to do' that a male practitioner shall be in attendance in order t'o give his assistance when this shall be required by his venerable and sagacious sister artist. Has it never occurred to 'these delicately minded and enlightened casuists, that a nraft thus for•ruitously made acquainted with the practice of midwifry must know know but little of his art, and must be very inadequate indeed to affording effectual aid, where this shall be most required ;■ or have they never allowed themselves in their wisdom to reflect, that the mofnent in which only effectual assistance can oftentimes be yielded, may, from ignorance, c* vanity, or a sense of competition thus injudiciously excited, be allowed to pass over by the.too confident female to whose skill this truly important office may have been committed? While procreation continues to supply the defalcations of the human species —while apprehensions respecting an uncertain event in which the life of a mother, or a child, or of both may be at stake, have power to agonize the mind— while sterling genuine feeling holds its empire irt the hearts of husbands, parents, or friends, so long will midwifry be practised as an ait by men, who either are Or pretend to be enlightened.'
In arguing this question, it must be fully and unequivocally demoristrated that female practitioners may and shall be rendered completely^ equal in skiil to* professional men, before artificial notions of delicacy should be allowed any weight in a case of such great importance.
• .- POETRY. Art. 15. Outlines <f English History, in Verse. By Elizabeth Kowse. izmo. pp. 115. 3s. 6d. Boards. Darton and Co. 180S.
Rbt. June, 1808. P t Tbi« This is a neat aud in general an accurate compendium of our history,
but we cannot discover its utility. It M certainly very desirable to assitt recollection by the technical aid of verse, ifi respect to dates tntf leading events: but what preceptor would choose to load the memory of children with above a hundred pages of rhyme, to which the useful detail of facts, and the freedom and propriety of language, •re perpetually sacrificed? The rhymes arc also sometimes of such a nature, as to teach young people a vicioui pronunciation; as in this eouplet: ,
* Peter the hermit of Am'ttns
and the concluding phrase shews that vulgar idioms are introduced, to eke out the verse The author, huwever, deserves that praise which has often been considered as the highest that can be conferred on literary efforts :— she knows where to jftp, and closes her series of events with the abolition tjf the Slave-trade. Our future historians. <Fthey feel for the honour of England, will perhaps wish to leave off at the same cporih'.
Art. 16. Tenby, the Nitty of Enj/tfiJ, and other octational Poetry.
« Purple the rocks : the waters deeper blue
The second piece is a translation from a prize-poem, which the author might have left undisturbed in its original Latin, without injury to the literature of his country.—We were inclined to imagine, from seeing this translation, and observing « certain want ef
dexterity dexterity in wielding the Engli h idiom, that Mr. B. had hardly shaken off the trammels of school, till we read the Latin poems in rhis volume; which prove that he has lived long enough in the world to have forgotten all the rules of prosody. We do not complain of the alteration introduced in the quantity of the interesting name of Lydia, (p.'ioy.) though it has much the same effect as if one of our own rhymers should talk of Margery: but, when gentlemen make quo-vis a trochee, and tenure and facile anapsests, they may as well abandon the hope of excelling in school-boy exercises, and condescend to employ the vernacular language.
Art. 17. travelling Recreation'' By William Parsons, Esq Two ■ Vols. izmo. with Plates, il. is. Boards. Longman and Co.
The moderate pretensions, with which this author lays his poem* before the public, will not fail to be admitted by every candid and good-humoured critic. Their composition was to him * the solace of post-chaises, inns, and temporary lodgings,' his 'occasional refuge from the Datmon of Ennui, or sometimes his peripatetic amusement in visits to the city ;' and lie expects no more than to be ' classed with the mob of gentlemen, who write with ease' We never saw a work more strongly indicative of that most gentlemanly of all feelings, the desire to amuse and to be amused. Unpoetical readers, indeed, may be somewhat surprised at Mr. Paraons's propensity to turn every thing into rhyme; while financiers and lawyers will stare at a grave ' Ode on the Loan of 1796,' and another < to the Right Hon. Lord Kenyon, Chief Justice of the King's Bench, occasioned by some late decisions, and particularly one, in which he maintained a dittercnt opinion from Lord •«••** concerning Frauds committed at Auctions-' The longest and best poem in the collection is a new version of the fabliau, which Mr. Way translated under the title of " The Knight and the Sword;" here called ' Fidelity, or Love at first Sight.' The former part of the story in particular is related in a style of much vivacity waenjouement, and the versification is throughout correct and graceful—Of the lighter compositions, we copy one or two:
'In answer to some eemplimentary Verses on a Lady, tubich were haidti about at Bath.
• Wmt.(****in his strains, which so musical flow,
'Amid DsiTirs still be her Ladyship elass'd,
« OK A FANTASTICAL FAT OLD WOMAN DANCING AT PATH, WIT* A GIRDLE WHICH HAD THb MOTTO EMJROIDERED ON IT:
«« A la Susanne."
Secure from lovers' oaths;
, For a Dinner given tvhen the Author was studying ChemistRt at Edinburgh, in tie Tear i8co.
* A Student I am, and a Chemist I'll live,
But my study is Pleasure with Science to toleird:
Cy Loric's a fluid repulsive, they fay;
For Win E is attractive — and makes the1 heart gay!
. 'Of Angles, and Triangles, pLATFAiR-f may preach,
His system is good, and no fault I detect;
'From Dalztld I learn, by hi* erudite pow'rs
* That the wines of ihe Ancient3 were better than ours;
—As the Scots so renown"d are for wisdom and knowledge,
I came hither, some further improvements to seek;
* And Science we find is now grown so bewitching,
To puzzle their nobs with such new ways to dine,
But let him save our coals — We will not save our Wine!'
* * The Chemical Professor.' 'f The Mathematical Professor.' •« % The Professor of Moral Philosophy.' « J'The Greek
• • RELIGIOUS. ...
Art. 18. Occasional Discourses on various Subjects, by Richard Munkhouse, D.D. of Queen's College, Oxford ; and Minister of St. John Baptist's Church, Wakefield. 3 Vols. 8vo. ll. is. Boards. .Longman and Co.
Dr. M. expresses an ardent solicitude for .the constitution of hiV country and 'the permanence of its establishments, civil and ecclesiastical ;' with' his dislike of republican tenets, because of their hostility to the former, and of sectan'sm, as being more immediately injurious to the latter:' but he adds, 'without a wish to restrain the liberty of choice and freedom of discussion, farther than as such restriction may be necessary to the peace of the church, and to the safeiy of the United Kingdom.' This limitation, with all its apparent candour, is an assumption of much power, for who is to decide what is necessary to the peace of the Church ? but, afte? having perused the following ingenuous sentiment of this writer, we should never apprehend from him any thing in the shape of intolerance or persecution: 'There are, doubtless, virtuous characters under every form of civil government; and he ventures to reckon in the number of his friends, many upright conscientious, good men, whose religious tenets are very different from his own.'
Qf the twenty five discourses which compose these volumes, we find three on Freemasonry and Gregorism; and while the duties connected with these institutions are considered, their praises are also sung: but, as we have not the honour of being among the initiate ed, we shall not apply our compasses and level to this subject. Two others are addressed to the Wakefield Volunteers, on whom the preacher bestows great commendations, and to whom he offers, with animation, very seasonable and useful admonititions. — A good discourse occurs on education, preached in support of a Charity-school at Wakefield. Ten or eleven others were delivered on days of Fasting, or of Thanksgiving. One discourse is, with christian zeal, directed against the Slave-trade, and is dedicated to Mr. Wilberfbrce: Dr. Munkhouse appears in this, and other instances, the friend of human kind. How far his fervour respecting establishments, or his zeal against separatist!) particularly as expressed in the discourse, No- 20, is consistent with this philanthropy, or with the declaration recited above, or with the moderation which appears to be implied on other occasions, and, as we think, particularly in the fifth discourse, preached on the opening of a church in Wakefield, we recommend to his re-consideration. — We must add that, with this writer's warmth of attachment to the forms and articles of the established church, he combines an ardent rejection of Calvinism; on which subject he thus delivers his opinion: 'It is a system which has truly and emphatically been said to consist of "huma,n creatures without liberty, doctrines without sense, faith without reason, and God without mercy."
The notes affixed to these sermons are many and multifarious:-— some are subscribed with the initials R. M. and thus claimed by the Doctor as his own ; others professedly consist of extracts, which, it is hoped, will be not unacceptable to the reader. Two discourse*,
P 3 which,