« ПредишнаНапред »
* The revenues of the ancient monarchy of France amounted, according to the statement of M. Necker, to 475,21,4.027 •livres. The cxpences of the state, on the same authority, exceeded that sum by 56,149,973 livresf and consequently amounted to 531,444,000 livresj. The interest of the national debt he stated at 162,4*6,000 livres ||. The state however was also burthened with the interest of sums borrowed by anticipation of the ensuing taxes, and these sums amounted to 76,892,000$; and there were 2 ,',560,000 livres 5] of pensions, not included in the account of the national debt.
• According to a statement lately published by the government, it pays the snm of 87,103 766 francs •* annually for the interest of the national debt, for pensions, for the interest of the differeat securities, and tor the sum allotted for the reduction of the debt; which amount, deducted from the seven hundred millions said to. be the present revenue, leaves them a surplus of 612,596,234 francs X\-'
Under the head of Internal Commerce, (the External is nearly destroyed by the tyrants of the ocean,) we find a particular enumeration of the canals already finished in France, and of those which are projected and executing; together with a list of the articles furnished by agriculture and the mines for internal commerce:
'Agriculture furnishes articles for the internal commerce of France, to the amount of i,8;o,ooc,oco francs; consisting of wine and brandy worth 3 0 millions of francs, oil 60 millions* about 00 millions of corn of different sorts, 400 millions in cattle of various drscriptioiis, 60 millions in forage, 140 millions in wood and charcoal, 3 c millions in wool, 2; millions in silk, and 50 millions in hemp and flax J}:. But this is not the whole of its internal consumption; as France draws a great quantity of wool, flax, and leather from other countries.'
• If to the forf going statement you add ten millions of francs at which the produce of the inland fisheries are valued, you will be enabled to form some idea of the amount of the several objects which form the different branches of the interior navigation and traffic of France.'
The nature and amount of the soil of France are given
'In order to acquaint us with the nature of its productions, lie divides the soil into six parts:
1. Houghed lands, which he estimates at . . . 6643(187480
2. Vineyard* 486873128
3. Woodlands 1626943152
4. Rich pasture lands 6604106784
5. Artificial pasture lands 749060768
6. Heath, uncultivated land9, livers lakes,
marshes, &c 2084585000
Total 12,251,756,4*3 Acre*.
This series of letters commences in Jane 1802 and ends in August 1806, during which period Mr. Williams had visited various parts of France. Landing at Havre, he pro
ceded through Rouen to Paris; whence, after having visited the places in it* vicinity which usually attract a stranger's notice, he made an excursion to Tours, and describes the fineness of fhe climate, the vintage, and the m^de of living in. the South Western Departments. When the English subjects in France were declared prisoners of war, he came back t6 Paris, *ent to Nancy on his parole, Was indulged with a tour in the t^osges, obtained permission to return to his owA country, in consequence of a letter written by Dr. Jenner to Bonaparte, revisited Paris, atid thence travelled to Morlaix, in. order to embark for Old England. It does not appear that the captivity of Mr. W. was in any respec.t severe ; and we hightf applaud his sentiments on the subject of breaking parole:
'There was a report that a number of English prisoners we're to be transferred from Verdun to Nancy j but several (I am sorry \o say it) having broken their parole, the order was recalled Here I cannot refrain from censuring those gentlemen for the measure which they h»iv-e thought proper to adopt in order to regain their native country. Whatever their opinions might be respecting the arbitrary conduct of the French government in making us prisoners^ they had given their parole, and consequently could nut violate ir, without entailing misery on .their fellow-countrymen wTidm they left Dchind. This reflection will doubtfess embitter the liberty which they have procured at the expence of those whose situation was sufficiently lamentable before.'
AS the, eicrrrsion to tfta VoSges has more novelty than* rfny other part df the work, we shall indulge our readers with1 an extract from it:
'In consequence of the tacit permission of the General under whose orders we arc, I was induced to take a little tour in the mountains of the Voi-ges; and returned very much delighted with my journey. Our party consisted of the family with whom I was residing in the country, and some of their Parisian friends; five in the whole. The first town which we visited was Epinal, most beautifully situated on the banks of the Moselle, and in the midst of mountains covered with immense tir-tiecs and oaks. It is one of the cleanest towns which I have seen in France, and in almost every street there are two streams of the clearest water that can be imagined. The Moselle is famous for the transparency of its water, and in summer ofTers some truly picturesque sCcnery, but in the winter it is subject to great inundations, and much mischief is often the consequence
« Our next stage was to' Plorfibicres; a place celebrated for its hot springs, the virtue of which corresponds with that of our Bath waters. One of them boils an egg in a few minutes; but when the water is put over the fire, it is observed that it does not boil sooner than common water. Another singular property which it possesses is, that on touching a glass filled with it, one can hardly endure.
Kj " the the heat; but we drink the water without inconvenience. This town is the general resort of the fashionable females of Paris who are either ill, or who fancy themselves so in order to induce their credulous husbands to indulge them in a journey hither: which lat'er cast is very common when Madame wishes to make an assignation with i he object of her illicit amours, as it is never considered at all requisite that the husband should accompany her.
* Nothing cjn surpass the romantic scenery in the neighbourhood of Plombieies ; particularly the valley of Ajol, about two leagues distant, which is a favourite excursion with visitors Every thing here is remarkably cheap: board and lodg'ng can be procured for four, five, or six francs* a day, according to the minner in which we wish to be accommodated. The town is famous for a spirit distilled from a small black cherry that grows wild hereabout, aud called by the natives I'trsh -wa ter or iirien wasier cherry-water). People become very fond of it by habit, though it appears to me necessary to have one's throat paved In order to drink any quantity.
1 After examining all the beauties of Plutnbierct, we proceeded •cross a part of the Vosges to Remircmont. Every s:ep in these enchanting Toijntains recalled to mind the happy days which I spent in booth Wales. The comparison between my present situation and those short-lived moments of felicity, was not calculated to make me an agreeable companion: I therefore took my horse and left the caniages, that I might wander ia the mountains; and indulge in a melancholy which,'when the heart is o; pressed, prove* its greatest consolation The result of my reflection was the following lines As you are a good Frenchman, I shall not apologise for tending them without a translation ; indeed if I were disposed to put them into English vcne, I might possibly fail, from the length of time during which I have ceased to speak that language: you must therefore take them as they were written;
4 Par-tout on trouve en son chemin,
'Si quelquefois tin doux eommeil
* Lorsqu'en invoquant Pavenir
* Si, par des etres gdiiereux,
Son coeur un Instant est heureux;
* Remlremont is a neat little town, containing between two and three thousand inhabitants. The soil of this district produces rye, oats, millet, buckwheat, a great quantity of wood, aid • pasture: which last is to befound sometimes in the midst of the most barren lands, in consequence of the inhabitants having either brought the soil to the spot with immense, labour; or conducted thither the rivu ets in which the mountains abound, in order to fertilize their little property. By thii means they are enabled to cut their grass three and sometimes four tim^s in a season; and mow so. close, that the whole country appears, after having undergone this tbaving, like a garden.
'Next day we proceeded to the house of a friend, where we staid some days, after passing through a wild mountainous country which il called Switzerland in miniatute. We dined in our way on the borders of the lake of Gerard.mer, the surrounding scenery of which is very beautiful. After staying some time with this gentleman, who entertained us with all that hospitality which renders a country* house so delightful, we returned through Bruyeres and Rcmbeiviller to the place whence we started, having made a most delightful tour of about ten day?.
« Before I quit this subject, 1 must inform you that thtst mountains contain immense riches ; and were they explored properly, would prove a vast source of wealth to the country. They include mines of iron, lead, silver, and copper: some of which ate worked | but not upon a grand scale, for want of capital. There are quarries of granite and marble of various descriptions j and a great quantity of hot springs ihe principal of which are at Plombieres. and Bains. The manufactures consist of iron, r'n, glass, pottery, paper, deal boxes, wooden shoes, pails, &c, lace, cotton, linen, woollen cloths, and tanning. ■
• The Vosges contain a number of active but very poor inhabitants. Government would find a great advantage in giving them more encouragement from the inctease of the variety of article! which might be produced fio.n the contents of these truly in ten. sting mountains.'
We perceive throughout this work the patriotic views of Mr. W., and his ardent wish to guard us against dupery, as wrll as to animate us to suitable exertion in the present momentous contest. His it-marks on the conduct of the Clergy who have returned to France ought not to pas- unobserved ■
« Among the clergy that have returned to France alter passing their emigration in England, I have found many in the inferior class who speak with gratitude of the generosity of out nation toward them : I have also met some in the higher stagct of ecctsiasricaj preferment, who have in convent lion used equally grateiul terms; but in their charges to their flocks have vilely depreciated that go» vemment which had for years preservtd them from starving I have heard (be same charges delivered by them from the pulpit, where
K 3 one