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'ful effects, that his force could neither be refifted by seas, * or mountains, or fleets, or armies, which are the greatest
powers of nature, and men. He alone sustain’d the: burden of his falling country: he alone kept the Ro* mans at a bay, to whom the whole world was to yield. * And perhaps he had come off victorious at last, if • he had not contended with the fatal valor of Mar
cellus : amongst all whose exploits, these are recorded
as the two greatest, that the firft shew'd that Hanni* bal might be subdu'd ; and that he vanquish'd Syracuse, though it was defended by Archimedes.'
Bishop Sprat. f *** The first English-born . .
That has the crown of these three nations worn.] This peculiarity is express'd in the inscription round the Medal that was struck at his birth, HACTENUS ANGLORUM "NULLI. See the Medals annexed to these obfervations,
Fig. IV. . .. For having rudely cut the Gordian knot.] The story
is thus told by Collier, abridg’d from Curtius and Arrian. Gordius king of Phrygia, and father of Midas, being a poor husbandman, had two yokes of oxen; with one of which he plow'd his land, with the other he drew his wain. As he was at plow an eagle perch'd upon the yoke of one of his oxen, and fat there 'till evening: Upon which consulting the foothsayers, a country virgin . bade him facrifice to Jupiter under the title of king : whereupon he married the Virgin, and had Midas by her. In the mean time the Phrygians being admonish'd by the oracle to take for their Sovereign the first person they met in a wain, met Gordius with his wife and son, and presently plac'd him on the throne. Midas, for the favor receiv'd from Jupiter, consecrated to him his :
father's cart. 'Tis farther said, that the knot, which ..faltend the yoke to the beam, was so ingeniously and .
arti, + Page 127. Page 128. .
artificially contriv'd of the bark of a cornel-tree, that the ends of it could not be discover'd : and the noise af fame was, that whoever could unloose it, should obtain the empire of Asia. Alexander therefore coming to Gordium, and not able to unloose the knot, cut it with his sword ; and boasted that he had fulfil'd the oracle.
+ *** You afcribe it all To bis high hand, which threw the untouch'd Wall
Of self-demolibd Jericho &c.] The Author seems to allude to the strain of piety, in which the King's Declaration, and Letters, from Breda were written: and likewise to the infcriptions on two Medals that were ftamp'd immediately upon the Restoration. See Fig. I. and II. For the demolition of Jericho, see Jofua chap. vi. which piece of sacred history the Greeks seem to have inverted, in their fable of Amphion's building the walls of Thebes by the power of music.
| Tam'd savage hearts, and made affections yield, Like ears of corn &c.] Imitated from Fletcher's · Philaster, A& III.
**** The People Against their nature are all bent before him: And, like a field of standing corn that's mov'd With a fiff gale, their heads bow all one way. * Like your Great Master, you the storm withstood;
And pity'd those, who love with frailty few'd.] See St. Matthew's Gospel, chap. viii. ver. 24. In this allufion Mr. Waller seems to touch tenderly upon his own want of resolution, which is related at large by the Earl of Clarendon in the seventh book of his history of the rebellion.
of the first Paradise there's nothing found &c.] Various are the notions, both of Jewish and Christian
writers, + Page 128. Ibid. * Page 329. | Page 130.
writers, and generally vain, concerning the situation of Paradise before, and the disposition of it after, the Fall of our first parents : but, they seem to speak most rationally, who conceive it to have been destroy'd by the deluge, when all the high hills that were under the whole heaven were covered. Which opinion receives the sanction of Milton's concurrence, who may be suppos’d to have study'd this subject with attention, and to have been serious in his assent, fince he has inserted it into the Angel's prophetical description of Noah's flood.
**** All the cataracts
Paradise Lost, Book xi.
* The voice of Orpheus, er Amphion's hand.] See pages xix. and xxxviii.
+ The choicest things that furnish'd Noah's ark,
Or Peter's sheet &c.] See Genesis chap. vii. and the
I The strućture by a Prelate rais’d, White-Hall,
Cardinal * Page 130. t Page 131. I Page 132,
Cardinal Wolfey's falling from the favor of King Henry VIII, White-Hall, which he had built to be the Town-Scene of his own grandeur, was converted into a Royal Palace. In like manner the Capitol, when completed by Tarquin the Proud, was only intended for a fortress and magazine, to awe the city, whenever it should attempt to struggle for its liberties: (a stratagem, which Pififtratus had practis'd but a few years before at Athens; and secur'd the Government to himfelf by feizing the citadel ;) but, the Capitol, as well as White-Hall, was put to a nobler use than either Tarquin the Old who founded it, or his successor who finish'd it, intended, by being made (if in profe I may use fo bold an expression) a palace for Jupiter.
| So fnow on Ætna &c.] This simile is employ'd by Mr. Cowley, who in his note upon it, to which I refer the reader, confesseth that he copy'd it from Claudian:
So, contraries on Ætna's top conspire;
Ode to Mr. Hobbs.
Wold who fou being made
* Here, like the people's paftor &c.] This manner of expressing the function of a King is frequently used by Homer, tho' it seems to have been originally of eastern extraction: See Psalm lxxx. 1. But, I suppose Mr. Waller immediately refer'd to the reverse of a Medal that was stamp'd at the coronation of King Charles II; on which his Majesty was figur'd in a Roman military habit, with a shepherd's crook in his hand, and a flock of theep grazing round him. See Fig. III.
t. On what the World may from that far expect, Which at his birth appear'd &c.] King Charles the First's procession to St. Paul's, to give thanks for the
|| Page 133. * Ibid. t. Page 134.
birth of this son, was eminently distinguish’d, by the appearance of a star about noon, which was ex. press'd beaming from the centre of the Medal that was struck on that occafion ; See Fig. IV. and afterwards we find it repeated on that which was stamp'd immediately upon the Restoration. Fig. II.
+ Of the invasion and defeat of the Turks. The fiege of Vienna, which occasion'd the writing this Poem, began about the middle of July 1683 (in the 78th year of Mr. Waller age) and was carriedon with great fury by an army of a hundred thou. fand Turks, under the conduct of the Grand Vifier : but, he was compelled to raise it on the tenth of the following September, by that heroic Prince John Sobieski King of Poland ; at whose arrival the Infidels made such a precipitate flight, that they left behind them their field-equipage, and the Standard of the Ottoman empire ; with a hundred and eighty pieces of Cannon. Upon this defeat the commotions grew fo violent among the Janisaries, that the Sultan was oblig'd to commute for his own fafety with the death of his great favorite Cara Muftapha the Grand Vi. fier, who was strangled at Belgrade on the 25th of December 1683. He had attain’d to the highest dignities, and command, that a subject is capable of enjoying in that government, by the interest of the Sultaness-Mother Valida, to whom for many years he had been a Gallant : but, not long before this fatal campaign, he had fall'n passionately in love with Basch Lari, the Sultan's fifter; which fo irritated the forsaken Valida, that she made use of the neceffities of the state to be reveng'd for his inconstancy; and prevail'd with her son the Emperor Mahomet to
fend f Page 134