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had the liberty of the prison; give him leave to lI will give him a present shrift, and advise him escape hence, he would not: drunk many times al for a better place. Yet you are amaz’d, but this day, if not many days entirely drunk. We have shall absolutely resolve you. Come away; it is very often awak'd him, as if to carry him to ex- almost clear dawn.

[Exeunt. ecution, and shew'd him a seeming warrant for 5

SCENE III, it; it hath not mov'd him at all. Duke. More of him anon. There is written in

Enter Clorun. your brow, Provost, honesty, and constancy: if Clown. I am as well acquainted here, as I was I read it not truly, my ancient skill beguiles me : in our house of profession: one would think, it but in the boldness of my cunning, I will lay my- 10 were mistress Over-done's own house, for here be self in hazard. Claudio, whom here you

many of her old customers. First, here's young warrant to execute, is no greater forfeit to the law master Rash; he's in for a conmodity of brown than Angelo who hath sentenc'd him: To make paper and old ginger, n:nescore and seventeen you understand this in a manifested effect, I crave pounds; of which he made tive marks, ready mo. but four days respite ; for the which you are to do 15 ney: marry, then, ginger was not much in reme both a present and a dangerous courtesy. quest, for the old women were all dead. Then is Proc. Pray, sir, in what?

there here one master Caper, at the suit of masDu e. In the delaying death.

ter Three-pile the mercer, for some four suits of Prov. Alack! how may I do it? having the peach-colourd sattin, which now peaches him a hour limited; and an express command, under 20 beggar. Then have we here young Dizy, and penalty, to deliver his head in the view of Ange- young master Deep-vow, and master Copperlo? I may make my case as Claudio's, to cross spur, and master Starve-lacky the rapier and dagthis in the smallest.

ger-man, and young Drop-heir that kill'd lusty Duke. By the vow of mine order, I warrant Pudding, and master Forthright the tilter, and you, if my instructions may be your guide. Let 25 brave master Shoe-tye the great traveller, and ihis Barnardine be this morning executed, and wild Half-can that stabb'd Pots, and, I think, his head borne to Angelo.

forty more; all great doers in our trade, and are Pror. Angelo hath seen them both, and will now in for the Lord's sake. discover the favour.

Enter Abhorson. Duke. Oh, death's a great disguiser: and you may 30 Abhor. Sirrah, bring Barnardine hither. add to it. Shave the head, and tie the beard; and Clown. Master Barnardine! you must rise and say, it was the desire of the penitent to be so barb’d be hang'd, master Barnardine! before his death: you know the course is common. Abhor. What, ho, Barnardine! If any thing fall to you upon this, niore than Barnar. [Within.j A poxo' your throats! Who thanks and good fortune, by the saint whom 135 makes that noise there? What are you? profess, I will plead against it with my life.

Clown. Your friends, sir; the liangman: You Prov. Pardon me, good father; it is against must be so good, sir, to rise and be put to death. my oath.

Barnar. (Hithin.] Away you rogue, away; I Duke. Were you sworn to the duke, or to the am sleepy. deputy?

10 Abhor. Tell him he must awake, and that Prov. To him and to his substitutes.

Iquickly too. Duke. You will think you have made no offence, Cloun. Pray, master Barnardine, awake till if the duke avouch the justice of your dealing? you are executed, and sleep afterwards. Pov. But what likelihood is in that?

Abhor, Go in to him, and fetch him out. Duke. Not a resemblance, but a certainty. Yet 45 Clown. He is coming, sir, he is coming; I hear since I see you fearsul, that neither my coat, in- his straw rustle. tegrity, nor my persuasion, can with ease attempt

Enter Barnardine. you, I will go further than I meant, to pluck all Abhor. Is the ax upon the block, sirrah? lears out of you. Look you, sir, here is ihe band Cloun. Very ready, sir. and seal of the duke: You know the character, 1150 Barnar. How now, Abhorson ? what's the doubt not; and the signet is not strange to you.

news with you? Prvo. I know thein both.

Abhor. Truly, sir, I would desire you to clap inDuke. The contents of this is the return of the to your prayers; for look you, thewarrant's come. duke; you shall anonover-read it at your pleasure; Barnar. You rogue, l' have been drinking all where you shall find, within these two days he 35 night, I am not titted for't. will be here. This is a thing, that Angelo knows Clorun. Oh, the better, sir; for he that drinks not: for he this very day receives letters of strange all night, and is hang'd betimes in the moruing, tenor; percbance, of the duke's death; perchance, may sleep the sounder all the next day. entering into soine monastery; but, by chance,

Enter Duke. nothing of what is writ'. Look, the unfolding 601 Abhor. Look you, sir, here comes your ghostlý star calls up the shepherd: Put not yourself into father ; Do we jest now, think you? amazement, how these things should be: all difii- Duke. Sir, induced by my charity, and hearing culties are but easy when they are known. Call how hastily you are to depart, I am cine to advise your executioner, and off with Barnardine's head: you, comiort you, and pray with you.

That is,—here writ—the Duke pointing to the letter in his hand. * That, an allasion to prisou is begging of passengers for the Lord's sake,


Barnar. Friar, not I; I have been drinking hard! But I will keep her ignorant of her good, all night, and I will have more time to prepare me, To make her heavenly comforts of despair, or they shall beat out my brains with billets: I will When it is least expected. not consent to die this day, that's certain.

Enter Isabella. Duke. Oh, sir, you must: and therefore I beseech| 5 Isab. Ho, by your leave.you, look forward on the journey you shall go. Duke. Good morning to you, fair and gracious Barnur. I swear, I will not die to-day for any

daughter. man's persuasion.

Isab. The better, given me by so holy a man. Duke. But hear you,

Hath yet the deputy sent my brother's pardon ? Barnar. Not a word: if you have any thing to 10 Duke.Hehath releas’d him, Isabel, from the world; say to me, come to my ward; for thence will 1 His head is off, and sent to Angelo. not to-day.

[Erit. Isab. Nay, but it is not so.
Enter Provost.
Duke. It is no other:

[tience. Duke. Unfit to live, or die: Oh, gravel heart !- Shew your wisdom, daughter, in your close paAfter him, fellows; bring him to the block. 15 Isab. Oh, I will to him, and pluck out his eyes.

[Exeunt Abhorson and Clown. Duke. You shall not be admitted to his sight. Prov. Now, sir, how do you find the prisoner? Isab. Unhappy Claudio! Wretched Isabel ! Duke. Acreature unprepar'd, unmeet for death; Injurious world! Most damned Angelo! And, to transport him in the mind he is,

Duke. This nor hurts him, nor profits you a jot: Were damnable.

20]Forbear it therefore ; give your cause to heaven. Prov. Here in the prison, father,

Mark, what I say; which you shall find There dy'd this morning of a cruel fever By every syllabie a faithtul verity: [eyes; One Ragozine, a most notorious pirate,

The dukecomes home to-morrow ;—nay, dry your A man of Claudio's years; his beard, and head, One of our conyent, and his confessor, Just of his colour: What if we do omit 25 Gives me this instance: already he hath carry'd This reprobate, till he were well inclin'd;

Notice to Escalus and Angelo; And satisfy the deputy with the visage

Who do prepare to meet him at the gates, Of Ragozine, more like to Claudio?

There to give up their power. If you can, pace Duke. Q, 'tis an accident that heaven provides !

your wisdom Dispatch it presently; the hour draws on 30 la that good path, that I would wish it go; Prefix'd by Angelo : See, this be done,


you shall have your bosom? on this wretch, And sent according to command; whiles I Grace of the duke, revenges to your heart, Persuade this rude wretch willingly to die. And general honour.

Pro. This shall he done, good taiher, presently. Isab. I am directed by you. But Barvardine must die this afternoon: 135 Duke. This letter then iz friar Peter give; And how shall we continue Claudio,

Tis he that sent me of the duke's return : To save me from the danger that might come, Say, by this token, I desire his company (yours, If he were known alive?

At Mariana's house to-night. Her cause and Duke. Let this be done. Put them


perfect him withal; and he shall bring you In secret holds, both Barnardine and Claudio: 40 Before the duke; and to the head of Angelo Ere twice the sun hath made his journal greeting

Accuse him honie and home. For my poor self, To the under generation, you shall find

I am combined' by a sacred vow, [ter: Your safety manifested.

And shall be absent. Wend you with this letProv. I'am your free dependent.

Command these fretting waters from your eyes Duke. Quick, dispatch, and send the head to 45 With a light heart; trust not my holy order, Angelo.

[Exit Provost. If I pervert your course. Who's here? Now will I write letters to Angelo,

Enter Lucio.
The provost, he shall bear them, -whose contents Lucio. Good even !
Shall witness to him, I am near at home;

Friar, where is the provost?
And that, by great injunctions, I am bound 50 Duke. Not within, sir.
To enter publichly: hiin I'll desire

Lucio. O pretty Isabella, I am pale at mine heart, To meet me at the consecrated fount,

to see thine eyes so red: thou must be patient : A league below the city; and from thence, I am fain to dine and sup with water and bran; I By cold gradation and well-balanc'd form, dare not for my head fill my belly; one fruitful We shall proceed with Angelo.

55 meal would set ine lo't: But they say the duke will Re-entir Protost.

be here lo-morrow. By my troth, Isabel, I lov'd Proo. Ilere is the head; I'll carry it myself. thy brother: if the old fantastical duke of dark

Duke. Convenient is it: Make a swift reiurn; corners had been at home, he had liv'd. For I would commune with you of such things,

[Exit Isabella. That want no ear but yours.

160 Duke. Sir, the duke is marvellous little beholden Prov. I'll make all speed.

[Erit. to your reports; but the best is, he lives not in them. Isub. [h'ithin.] Peace, ho, be here! [know Lucio. Friar, thou knowest not the duke so

Duke. The tongue of Isabe':-She's come to well as I do : be's a better woodman than thou If yet her brother's pardon be come hither : ak'st him for.

That is, to remove him out of this world to the other. ? That is, your wish. ? That is, I ain bound. 4 That is, go.


Duke. Well you'll answer this one day. Farel That no particular 4 scandalonce cantouch, [liv’d, ye well.

But it confounds the breather. He should have Lucio. Nay, tarry; I'll go along with thee; I Save that his riotous youth, with dangerous sense, can tell thee pretty tales of the duke.

Might, in the times to come', have ta’en revenge, Duhe. You have told me too many of him al- 5 By so receiving a dishonour'd life, [liv'd! ready sir, if they be true; if not true, none were With ransom of such shame. 'liould yet he had enough.

Alack, when once our grace we have forgot, Lucio. I was once before him for getting a Nothing goes right; we would, and we would not, wench with child.

[Exit. Duke. Did you such a thing?


SCENE V. Lucio. Yes, marry, did 1: but I was fain to forswear it; they would else have marry'd me to

Changes to the fields ceithout the Town. the rotten mediar.

Enter Duke in his own habit, and Friar Peter. Duke. Sir, your company is fairer than honest : Duhe. These letters at fit time deliver me. Rest you well.

[Giving letters. Lucio. By my troth, I'll go with thee to the The Provost knows our purpose, and our plot. lane's end: if bawdy talk ottend you, we'll bave The matter being a'oot, keep your instruction, very little of it: Nay, friar, I am a kind of burr, Ind hold you ever to our special drift; I shall stick.

[Extun. Though sometimes you do blench' from thistothat,

120 As cause doth minister. Go, call at Flavius' house, SCENE IV.

And tell him, where I stay: give the like notice
Changes to the Palace.

Unto Valentius, Rowland, and to Crassus,
Entr. Angelo and Escalus.

And bid them bring the trumpets to the gate; Escal. Every letter he hath writ hath disvouch'a But send me Flavius first. other.

Peter. It shall be speechd well. [Exit Friar. Ang. In most uneven and distracted manner.

Enter Farrius. His actions shew much like to madness; pray hea- Duke. I thank thee, Varrius; thou hast made ven, his wisdom be not tainted! And why meet

good haste: him at the gates, and re-deliver our authorities Come, we will walk: There's other of our friends there?

30 Will greet us here anon, my gentle Varrius. Escal. I guess not.

[Exeunt. Ang. And why should we proclaim it in an

SCENE VI. hour before his ent'ring, that, if any crave re.

Enter Isabella and Mariana. dress of injustice, they should exbibit their petitions in the street ?

35. Isab. To speak so indirectly, I am loth; Escal. He shews his reason for that: to have a I would say the truth; but to accuse him so, dispatch of complaints; and to deliver us from That is your part; yet I ain advis'd lo do it; devices hereafter, which shall then have no power

ile savs, to vail tuli purpose". to stand against us.

liari. Be ruld by him. Ang. Well; I beseech you let it be proclaim'd: 40, Isab. Besides, he lells me, that, if peradventure Betime i'the morn, I'll call you at your house: He speak against me on the adverse side, Give notice to such men of sort and suit', I should not think it strange; for 'tis a play sick, As are to meet him.

That's bitter to sweet end. Escal. I shall, sir: fare you well.


Vari. I would, friar PeterAng. Good night.

[nant -, 45 Isub. Oh, peale ; the friar is come. This deed unshapes me quite, makes me unpreg

Enter Friur Petir.

[rit, And dull to all proceedings. A deflower'd muid Petor. Come, I havetound you out a stand most And by an eminent body, that enforcd

Where you may have such'vintage on the dute, The law against it!--But that her tender shame He shall not pass you: Twice bave the trumpets Will not proclaim against her maiden loss, 50 The generous' and gravest citizens [sounded; How might she tongue me! Yet reason dares lave heut' the gates, and very near upon her: no:

The duke is entering; therefore hence, away. For my authority bears a credent' bulk,



Ang. and Escal. Happy return be to your royal
A public place near the City. 1601

grace! Enter Duke, Varrius, Lords, Angel, Escalus, Duhe. Many and hity thankings to you both.

Luci, and Citizens, at sereral doors. We have inade enquiry of you; and we bear Duke. My very worthy cousin, fairly met:- such goodness of your justice, that our soul

Our old and faithful friend, we are Cannot but yield you forth to publick thanks, glad to see you.

65 Fore-running inore requital. * Meaning, of figure and rank. 2 That is, uuprepared.

3 That is, creditable,

* That is, private, s That is, fly off. Meaning, to conceal the full extent of our design,

? That is, boble, That is, seized.


Ang. For her poor

Ang. You make my bonds still greater. is e'er I heard in madness. Duhe. Oh, your desert speaks loud; and I should Isub. Gracious duke, wrong it,

Harp not on that; nor do not banish reason To lock it in the wards of covert bosom,

For inequality: but let your reason serve When it deserves with characters of brass

To make the truth appear, where it seems hid; A forted residence,'gainst the tooth of time Not hide the false, seeins true. And razure of oblivion: Give me your hand, Duke. Many that are not mad (say? And let the subjects see, to make them know Have, sure, more lack ofreason.--What would you That outward courtesies would fain proclaim Isab. I am the sister of one Claudio, Favours that keep within. -Come, Escalus ; 10 Condemn’d upon the act of fornication You must walk by us on our other hand;- [out, To lose his head; condemn'l by Angelo: And good supporters are you.[ As the Dukeisgoing !, in probation of a sisterhood, Enter Peter and Isabella

Was sent tu by my brother; one Lucio Peter. Now is your time; speak loud, and kneel Was then the messenger; before him.

15 Lucio. 'I hat's I, an't like your grace: Isab. Justice, O royal duke! Vail' your regard I came to her from Claudio, and desir'd her Upon a wrong’d, I would fain have said, a maid ! To try her gracious fortune with lord Angelo, Oh worthy prince, dishonour not your eye

brother's pardon. By throwing it on any other object,

Isab. That's he, indeed. Till

you have heard me in my true complaint, 120 Duke. You were not bid to speak. And given me justice, justice, justice, justice! Lucio. No, my good lord;

Duke. Relate your wrongs: Inwhat? by whom: Nor wish'd to hold my peace. Here is lord Angeloshall give you justice; (be brief: Duhe. I wish you now, then; Reveal yourself to him.

Pray you, take note of it: and when you have Isab. Oh, worthy duke,

25 A business for yourself, pray heaven, you then You bid me seek redemption of the devil:

Be perfect.
Hear me yourself; for that which I must speak Lucio. I warrant your honour.

[it. Niust either punish me, not being believ'd, (here. Duke. The warrani's for yourself; take heed to Or wring redress from you: hear me, oh, hear me, Isab. This gentleman told somewhat of my tale.

Ang. My lord, her wits, I fear me, are not tirm: 130 Lucio, Right. She hath been a suitor to me for her brother,

Duke. It may be right; but you are in the wrong Cut ott by course of justice.

To speak before your time.

Isab. By course of justice!

Isab. I went
Ang. Andshewill speak most bitterly and strange. To this pernicious caitiff deputy.
Isab. Moststrangebut yetimosttruly, will I speak; 35 Duke. That's somewhat madly spoken.
That Angelo's forsworn; is it not strange?

Isab. Pardon it;
That Angelo's a iurtherer; is't not strange? The phrase is to the matter.
That Angelo is an adulterous thief,

Duk. Nended again: the matter;-Proceed. An hypocrite, a virgin violator;

Isuh. In brief,—to set the needless process by, Is it not strange, and strange?

40 How I persuaded, how I pray’al, and kneeld, Duke. Nay, it is ten times strange.

Now be refell’d' me, and how I reply'd; Isab. It is not truer he is Angelo,

(For this was of much length) the vile conclusion Than this is all as true as it is strange:

I now begin with grief and shame to utter: Nay, it is ten times true; for truth is truth He would not, but by gift of my cha-te body To the end of reckoning.

15 To his concupiscible intemperate lust, Duke. Away with her:-Poor soul,

Release my brother; and, atier much debatement, She speaks this in the intirmity of sense.

My sisterly remorse confutes my honour, Isab. O prince, I conjure thee, as thou believ'st And I didjield to him: But the next morn betimes, There is another comfort than this world, !1is purpose surfeiting, he sends a warrant That thou neglect me not, with that opinion [sible50for my poor brother's head. That I am touch'' with madness: make not impos- Duke. This is most likely! That which but seems unlike: 'tis not impossible Lah. Oh, that it were as like?, as it is true! But one, the wicked'st caitiit on the ground,

Duke'. By heaven, fond : wretch, thou know'st May seem as shy, as grave, as just, as absolute?,

not what thou speak'st; As Angeio; even so may Angelo.

155 Or else thou art suborn’d against his honour In all his dressings', characts, “, lithic, forms, In hateful practice": First, his integrity [son, Be an arch villain: believe it, roval prince, Stands without blemish:-next it imports no reaIf he be less, he's nothing; but tre's more, That with such vehemency he should pursue Ilad I more name for badness.

Faults proper to himself: if he had so offended, Duke. By inine honesty,

colle wonidhaveweigh'd thy brotherby himself, [on; If she be mad, (as I believe no other)

und not have cut him oui Some one hath set you Her madness hath the oddest frame of sense, Confess the truth, and say by whose advice Such a dependency of thing on thing,

Thou can’st here to complain, "To zuil means to li fall, or to lover. ? i. e. As pertert, asexact in the performance of his cluty. 'Flis appearance of virtue. • Characters. • Reuwd.

? Probable. 8 Foolish. .' Stratagem.


Isab. And is this all?

Mari. No, my lor l.
Then, oh, you blessed ministers above,

Duke. Are you a naid?
Keep me in patience; and, with ripen'd time, Muri. No, iny lord.
Unfold the evil which is here wrapt up (woe, Duke. A widow then?
In countenance'!-- Heaven shield yourgrace from 5 Mari. Neither, my lord.
As I, thus wrong'd, hence unbelieved go! (cer- Dike. Why, you are nothing then:-

Duke. I know, you'd fain be gone:-an ofti- Neither maid, wielow, nor wile?
To prison with her:-Shall we thus permit

Lucio. My lord, she may bea punk; for many A blasting and a scandalous breath to fall

of them are neither maid, widow, nor wife. On him so near us? Thisneeds must be a practice?. 10 Duke. Silence that fellow; I would he had some Who knew of your intent and coming hither? To prattle for himself.

[cause Isab. Onethat I wouldwere here, friar Lodowick. Lucio. Well, my lord. Duke. A ghostly father, belike: Who knows Mari. Mylord, I do confess, I ne'er was marry'd; that Lodowick?

(friar: And, I contess, besides, I am no maid: (not, Lucio. My lord, I know him; 'tis a meddling 15 I have knownıny husband; yetmy husband knows I do not like the man: had he been lay, my lord,

That ever he knew me.

[better. For certain words he spake against your grace

Lucio. Hewas drunk then, my lord; it can be no In your retirement, I had swing’d him soundly. Duke. Forthe benefit of silence, 'would thou wert Duke. Words against me? this a good friarbelike! Lucio. Well, my lor...

(so too, And to set on this wretched woman here

20 Duke. This is no witness for lord Angelo. Against our substitute!-Let this friar be found. Mari. Now I come to’t, my lord:

Lucio. But yesternight, my lord, she and that friar She, that accuses him of fornication, I saw them at the prison: a saucy friar,

In selt-same manner doth accuse my husband; A very scurvy fellow.

And charges him, my lord, with such a time, Petir. Blessed be your royal grace!

25 When I'll depose I had him in inine armis, I have stood by, my lord, and I have heard

With all the effect o! love.
Your royal ear abused: First, hath this woman Ang. Charges she more than me?
Most wrongfu!'y accused your substitute;

Mari. Not that I now.

Triana. Who is as free from touch or soil with her,

Duke. No? You say, your husband. [To Mua As she froin one ungot.

301 Mari. Why, just, my lord, and that is Àngelo, Duke. We did believe no less.

[of? Whothinks, he knows, thathene'erknew my body, Know you that friar Lodowick, which she speaks But knows, he thinks, that he knows Isabel's.

Peter. I know him for a man divine and holy; Ang. Thisis a strange abuset. Let's see thy face. Not scurvy, nor a temporary meddler,

Muri. My husband bids me; now I will unmask. As he's reported by this gentleman;

35 This is that face, thou cruel Angelo, [Unveiling. And, on my trust, a man that never yet

Which,oncethousworst, was worth the lookingon: Did, as he vouches, misreport your grace.

This is the hand, which, with a vow'd contract, Lucio. My lord, most villainously; believe it.

Was fast belock'd in thine: this is the body,
Peter. Wellheintime maycometoclearhimself; That took away the matc from Isabel,
But at this instant he is sick, my lord,

140 And did supply thee at thy garden-house,
Of a strange fever: Upon his mere request, (plaint In her imagined person.
(Being come to knowledge that there was com-

Duke. Kuow you this woman?
Intended'gainst lord Angelo) came I hither,

Lucio. Carnally, she says.
To speak, as from his mouth, what he doth know Duke. Sirrah, no more.
Is true, and false; and what he with his oath, Lucio. Enough, my lord.

sman; And all probation, will make up full clear,

Ang. My lorei, I wust confess, I know this woWhenever he's convented. First, for this woman, And, hve years since, there was some speech of (To justify this worthy nobleman,

marriage So vulgarly and personally accus'd)

|Betwixt myself and her: which was broke off, Her shall you bear disproved to her eyes, 50 Partly, for that her prom si proportions Till she herself confess it.

Came short of compasirion”; but, in chief, Duke. Good friar, let's hear it.

For that her reputation was uisvalud Do you not smile at this, lord Angelo ?

In levity: since whichtme, or five years, O heaven! the vanity of wretched fools!-- I never spake with her, saw her, nor heard iron her, Give us some seats. Come, cousin Angelo; 155 Cpon my faith and honour. In this I will be impartial; be you judge

Jurii Noble prince,

(breath, Of your own cause. Is this the witness, friar? As there comes light from heaven, and worus trom

[Isabella is carried 011, guarded. As there is sense in truth, anci truth in virtue, Enter Mariana veild.

i am allianc'd this man's wife, as strongly First, let her shew her face; and, after, speak. 60 is words could make up vows: and, my goodisord,

Mari. Pardon, my lord; I will not shewiny face, But Tuesday night last gone, in nis garden-house, Until my husband bid me.

He knew me as a wife: As this is true, Duke. What, are you marry'd ?

Let me in safety raise me from my knees; 'i.e. In partial favour. 2 An artifice. · Perpetual * Abuse here signifies deception. That is, her promis’d fortune fell short of the agreement. H 2



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