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there none of Pigmalion's images, newly inade The Street.

woman, to be had now, for putting the hand in Re-enter Duke as a Friar, Elbow, Clown, and the pocket and extracting it clutch'd ? What reOfficers.

ply? ha? what say'st thou to this tune, matter, Elb. Nay, if there be no remedy for it, but 5 and method? Is it not drown’d i' the last rain? that you will needs buy and sell men and women ha? What say'st thou, trot'? is the world as it like beasts, we shall have all the world drink was, man? Which is the way? is it sad, and few brown and white bastaral'.

words? or how? the trick of it? Duke. Oh, heavens! what stuff is here?

Duke. Still thus, and thus ! still worse! Clown. "Twas never merry world, since, of two 10 Luio. How doth my dear morsel, thy misa usuries, the merriest was put down, and the tress? procures she still? ha? worser allow'd, by order of law, a turrd


Clown. Troth, sir, she hath eaten up all her keep him warm; and furr', with fox and lamb- beef, and she is herself in the tubo. skins too, to signify, that craft being richer thran Lucio. Why, 'uis good; it is the right of it; it innocency, stands for the facing.

15 must be so: ever your fresh whore, and yonr Elb. Come your way, sir : ---Bless you, good powder'd bawd: an unshunnid consequence;

it father friar.

inust be so: Art going to prison, Pompey? Duke. And you, good brother father : What Clown. Yes, faith, sir. offence hath this man made you, sir?

Lucio. Why, 'tis not amiss, Pompey: fare Elb. Marry, sir, he hath offended the law ;/20 well: go; say,' I sent thee thither. For debt, and, sir, we take him to be a thief too, sir ; for Pompey? or how? we have found upon him, sir, a strange pick- Elb. For being a bawd, for being a bawd. lock, which we have sent to the deputy:

Lucio. Well, then imprison bim; if imprisons Duke. Fie, sirrah; a bawd, a wicked bawd! ment be the due of a bawd, why, 'tis his right: The evil that thou causest to be done,

25 Bawd is he, doubtless, and of antiquity too; buwdThat is thy means to live: Do thou but think born. Farewell, good Pompey: Commend me What 'tis to crain a maw, or cloath a back, to the prison, Pompey: You will turn good huse From such a tilthy vice: say to thyself, band now, Pompey; you will keep the house. From their abominable and beastly touches Clown. I hope, sir, your good worship will be I drink, I eat, array myself

, and live.

30 my bail. Canst thou believe thy living is a life,

Lucio. No, indeed, will I not, Pompey; it is So stinkingly depending? Go, mend, go, mend, not the wear'. I will pray, Pompey, to encrease

Clown. Indeed, it does stink in some sort, sir: your bondage : if you take it not patiently, why, but yet, sir, I would prove

for sin, your mettle is the more: Adieu, trusty Pompey: Duke. Nay, if the de:vil bath given thee proofs 35 Bless you, friar. Thou wilt prove his. Take him to prison, officer;

Duke. And you, Correction and instruction must both work,

Lucio. Does Bridget paint still, Pompey? ha! Ere this rude beast will profit.

Ell. Come your ways, sir; come. Elh. He must before the deputy, sir; he has Clown. You will not bail me then, sir? given him warning: the deputy cannot abide a 40 Lucio. Then, Ponipoy? nor now.. -What whore-master: if he be a whore-monger, and news abroad, friar? what news? comes before him, he were as good go a mile on Elb. Come your ways, sir, come. bis errand.

Lucio, Go-to kennel, Pompey,-go. Duke. That we were all as some would seem to be,

[Exeunt Elbow, Clown, and Oficers. Free from all faults, as faults from seeming free! 145 What news, friar, of the duke? Enter Lucio.

Duke. I know none; Çan you tell me of any ? Elb. His neck will come to your waist, a Lucio. Some say, he is with the emperor of cord, sir.

Russia: other some, he is in Rome : But where Clown. I spy comfort; I cry bail : here's a is he, think you? gentleman, and a friend of mine.

50 Dúke. I kiiow not where: but wheresoever, I Lucio. How now, noble Pompey? what, at the wish him well. h-els of Casar? art thou led in triumph? What, is! Lucio. It was a mad fantastical trick of him, to

1 A kind of sweet wine, then much in vogue. ? Meaning, his neck will be tied, like your waist, with a rope.-Q. Does not this rather mean the method of conveying criminals to justice, or execution, with a curd tied round the neck of the criminal and the middle of the officer? Trat is a familiar address to a man, among the provincial vulgar. * Dr. Warburton says, the author here alludes to the lue's venerea, and its effects. At that time the cure of it was performed either by guiacum, or mercurial unctions: and in both cases the patient was kept up very warm and close ; that in the first application the sweat might be promoted; and lest, in the other, he should take cold, which was fatal. “The regimen for the course of guiacum (says Dr. Freind in his History of Physick, vol. II. p. 380.) was at first strangely circumstantial; and so rigorous, that the patient was put into a dungeon in order to make him sweat; and in that manner, as Fallopius exo presses it, the bones, and the very man himself was macerated.” Wiseman says, in England they use a tub for this purpose, as abroad, a cave, or oven, or dungeon, A person under cure for a via nereal complaint, is now grossly said to be in the pickling or pouduring tub, $ That is, it is not the fashion.



lin me,

steal from the state, and usurp the beggary hel 1 Lucio. Sir, I know him, and I love him. was never born to. Lord Angelo dukes it well in Duke. Love talks with better knowledge, and bis absence; he puts transgression to 't.

knowledge with dearer love. Duke. He does well in 't.

Lucio. Come, sir, I know what I know. Lucio. A little inore lenity to lechery would 5 Duke. I can hardly believe that, since you do no harm in him: soinething too crabbed that know not wbat you speak. But, it ever the duhe way, friar.

return, (as our prayers are he may) let me desire Duke. It is too general a vice, and severity you to make your answer before hiin: If it be must cure it.

honest you have spoke, you have courage to Lucio. Yes, in good sooth, the vice is of a great 10 maintain it: I am bound to call upon you, and I kindred; it is well ally'd: but it is impossible to pray you, your name? extirp it quite, friar, till eating and drinking be Lucio. Sir, my name is Lucio; well known to put down. They say, this Angelo was not made the duke. by man and woman, after the downright way of Duke. He shall know you better, sir, if I may creation: Is it true, think you ?

15 live to report you. Duke. How should he be made then ?

Lucio. I fear you not. Lucio.Some report, a sea-maid spawn’d him: Duke. Oh, you hope the duke will return no some, that he was got between two stock-fishes : more; or you imagine me too unhurtful an op-But it is certain, that when he makes water, his posite. But, indeed, I can do you little harm: urine is congealdice; that I know to be true:-20 you'll forswear this again. and he is a motion ongenerative'; that's infallible. Lucio. I'll be bang'd first: thou art deceiv'd

Duke. You are pleasant, sir; and speak apace. triar. But no more of this: Canst thou

Lucio. Why, what a ruthless thing is this in tell, if Claudio die to-morrow, or no? him, for the rebellion of a cod-piece, to take Duke. Why should be die, sir? avay the life of a man? Would the Juke, that is 25. Lucio. Why? for filling a bottle with a tun-dish. absent, have done this? Ere he would have I would, the duke, we talk of, were return'd hang’ua man for the getting a hundred bastards, again: this ungenitur'd agent will umpeople the prohe would have paid for the nursing a thousand: vince with continency; sparrows must not build he had some feeling of the sport; he knew the in bis house-eaves, because they are lecherous. service, and that instructed him to mercy. 30The duke yet would have dark deeds darkly an

Duke. I never heard the absent duke much de- swered; he would never bring them to light ;tected for women; he was not inclin'd that way. Would he were returu’d! Marry, this Claudio is Lucio. Oh, sir, you are deceiv'd.

condemned for untrussing. Farewell, good friar; Duke. Tis not possible.

| pr’ythee, pray for me. The duke, 1 say to thee Lucio. Who? not the dukep yes, your beggar 35 again, would eat mutton on Fridays". He's now of fiity;—and his use was, to put a ducat in her past it; yet, and I say to thee, he would mouth clack-dish': the duke had crotchets in him: He with a beggar, though she smelt brown bread and would be drunk too; that let nie inform you. garlick: say, that I said so. Farewell. [Erit. Duke. You do him wrong, surely.

Duke. No might nor greatness in mortality Lucio. Sir, I was an inward' of his: A shy 40 Can censure 'scape; back-wounding calumny fellow was the duke; and, I believe, I know the The whitest virtue strikes: What king so strong, cause of bis withdrawing.

Can tie the gall up in the slandervus tongue ? Duke. What, I prythee, might be the cause ? But who comes here?

Lucio. No-pardon ;- -'tis a secret must be Enter Escalus, Prorost, Bawd, and Officers. lock'd within the teeth and the lips: but this 145 Escal. Go, away with her to prison. can let you understand,–The greater file of the Bawd. Good my lord, be good to me; your ho. subject held the duke to be wire.

nour is accounted a merciful man: good my lord. Duke. Wise? why, no question but he was. Escal. Double and treble admonition, and still

Lucio. A very superficial, ignorant, unweigh- forfeit in the same kind? this would make mercy ing fellow.

150 swear, and play the tyrant. Duke. Either this is envy in you, folly, or mis- Pror. A bawd of eleven years continuance, taking; the very stream of his life, and the busi- may it please your honour. ness he had helmed', must, upon a warranted Bawd. My lord, this is one Lucio's information need, give bim a better proclaination. Let him against me: Mistress Kate Keep-down was with be but testimonied in his own bringings forth, 55 child by him in the duke's time; he promis'd her and he shall appear, to the envious, a scholar, a marriage; his child is a year and a quarter old, 6tatesman, and a soldier: Therefore, you speak come Philip and Jacob ; 'I have kept it myself; unskilfully; or, if your knowledge bé more, it| and see, how he goes about to abuse me. iş niuch darkened in your malice.

Escal. That fellow is a fellow of much licence: The meaning of this passage is, that though Angelo have the organs of generation, yet that he makes no more use of them, than if he were an inanimate puppet. ? A wooden dish with which beggars, in those times, used to make known their poverty, by clacking its moveable cover to shew that it was empty. This is at present a custom also with the mummers and plough-bullocks in the inland countie's. Inuurd means intimate. - The greater number. • That is, steered through. Meaning, would have a vench, which was called a laced mutton. See note ?, p. 24.

-let you well.

-let him be called before us. -Away with her to measure from his judge, hut most willingly bumprison: Go to; no more words. [Exeunt with the bles himself to the determination of justice: yet Bard.] Provost, my brother Angelo will not be had he fram'd to himself, by the instruction of alter'd, Claudio inust die to-morrow: let him be his frailty, many deceiving promises of life ; which furnish'd with divines, and have all charitable 51, by my good leisure, have discredited to him, preparation: if my brother wrought by my pity, and now is he resolved to die. it should not be so with him.

Escal. You have paid the heavens your funcProv. So please you, this friar has been with tion, and the prisoner the very debt of your calling. him, and advis'd him for the entertainment of I have laboured for the poor gentleman, to the exdeath.

10 tremest shore of my modesty ; but my

brother Escal. Good even, good father.

justice have I found so severe, that he hath forc'd Duke. Bliss and goodness on you!

me to tell him, he is indeed-justice. Escal. Of whence are you?

[is now

Duke. If his own life answer the straitness of his Duke. Not of this country, though my chance proceeding, it shall become him well; wherein To use it for my time: I am a brother

15 if he chance to fail, he hath sentenc'd himself. Of gracious order, lately come from the see, Escal. I am going to visit the prisoner: Fare In special business from his holiness.

[Erit. Escal. What news abroad i' the world?

Duke. Peace be with you! Duke. None, but that there is so great a fever He, who the sword of heaven will bear, on goodness, that the dissolution of it must cure 20 Should be as holy as severe; it: novelty is only in request ; and it is as danger- Pattern in himself to know, ous to be aged in any kind of course, as it is vir- Grace to stand, and virtue go; tuous to be constant in any undertaking. There

More nor less to others paying, is scarce truth enough alive, to make societies Than by self-offences weighing. secure; but security enough to make fellowships 23 Share to him, whose cruel striking accurs’d: Much upon this riddle runs the wis.

Kills for faults of his own liking ! dom of the world. This news is old enough, yet

Twice treble shame on Angelo, it is every day's news. I pray you," sir, of what To weed my vice, and let his grow! disposition was the duke?

Oh, what may map within him bide, Éscat. One, that, above all other strifes, con-30 Though angel on the outward side! tended especially to know himself.

How may that likeness, made in crimes, Duke. What pleasure was he given to? Making practice on the times,

Escal. Rather rejoicing to see another merry, Draw wiih idle spiders' strings, than merry at any thing which profess’d to make Most pond'rous and substantial things! him rejoice: a gentleman of all temperance. But|33 Craft against vice I must apply: leave we him to his events, with a prayer they may With Angelo to-night shall lye prove prosperous; and let me desire to know, His old betrothed, but despiš’d; how

you find Claudio prepar’d? I am made to So disguise shall, by the disguis'd, understand, that you have lent him visitation. Pay with falsehood false exacting, Duke. He professes to have received no sinister 40(And perform an old contracting. [Erit.

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JHere comes a man of comfort, whose advice A Grange.

50Hath often still'd my brawling discontent.
Enter Mariana and Boy singing.

Enter Duke.
S O N G.

I cry you mercy, sir ; and well could wish, TAKE, oh, take, those lips away,

You had not found me here so musical:

55 Let me excuse me, and believe me so,And those eyes, the breuk of day,

My mirth it much displeas'd, but pleas'd my woe. Lights that do mislead the morn: Duke.'Tis good: tho'musick oft hath suchacharm, But my kisses bring again,

To make bad, good, and good provoke to harm. bring again,

I pray you, tell me, hath any body enquired for Seals of love, but seald in vain,

some here to-day? much upon this time, have I

seal'd in rain. promis’d here to meet. Mari. Break off thy song, and haste thee Mari. You have not been enquir'd after: I quick away; Thave sat here all day.

Entcr Enter Isabel.

Remember now my

brother. Duke. I do constantly believe you:

Mari. Fear me not.

(all : The time is come, even now. I shall crave your Duke. Nor, gentle daughter, fear you not at forbearance a little; may be, I will call upon you He is your husband on a pre-contract: anon for some advantage to yourself.

5 To bring you thus together, 'tis no sin; Mari. I am always bound to you. [Erit. Sith that the justice of your title to him Duke. Very well met, and welcome.

Doth flourishe the deceit. Come, let us go; What is the news from this good deputy? [brick, Our corn's to reap, for yet our tithe's to sow.a Isab. He hath a garden circunumur'd with

[Excunt. Whose western side is with a vineyard back’d; 10

And to that vineyard is a planched gate',
That makes his opening with this bigger key:

Changes to the prison.
This other doth command a little door,

Enter Provost and Clocvn. Which from the vineyard to the garden leads; Prov. Come hither, sirrah: Can you cut off a There have I made my promise to call on him, 15 man's head? Upon the heavy middle of the night. [this way Clown. If the man be a bachelor, sir, I can:

Duke. But shall you on your knowledge find but if he be a marry'd man, he is bis wite's head,

Isab. I have ta'en a due and wary note upon't: and I can never cut off a woman's head. With whispering and most guilty diligence, Prov. Come, sir, leave me your snatches, and In action all of precept*, he did shew me 20 yield me a direct answer. Tomorrow morning are The way twice o'er.

to die Claudio and Barnardine: Here is in our priDuke. Are there no other tokens

son a common executioner, who in his oilice lacks Between you 'greed, concerning her observance : a helper: if you will take it on you to assist him,

Isab. No, none; but only a repair i’ the dark : it shall redeem you from your gyves; if not, you And that I have possess'd him', my most stay 25 shall have your full time of imprisonment, and Can be but brief: for I have made him know, your deliverance with an unpity'd whipping, for I have a servant comes with me along,

you have been a notorious bawd. That stays upon me; whose persuasion is,

Clown. Sir, I have been an unlawful bawd, I come about my brother.

time out of mind; but yet I will be content to be Duke. Tis well borne up.

30 a lawful hangman. I would be glad to receive I have not yet made known to Mariana [forth ! some instruction from my fellow-partner. A word of this :-What, ho! within! come Prov. What ho, Abhorson! where's Abhorson Re-enter Mariana.

there? I pray you, be acquainted with this maid;

Enter Abhorson. She comes to do you good.

135 Abhor. Do you call, sir? Isab. I do desire the like.


Prov, Sirrah, here's a fellow will help you toDuke. Do you persuade yourself that I respect morrow in your execution : if you think it meet, Mari. Good friar, I know you do; and have compound with him by the year, and let him found it.

[hand, abide here with you; it not, use him for the preDuke. Take then this your companion by the 40 sent, and dismiss bim: he cannot plead his estiWho hath a story ready for your ear;

mation with you, he hath been a bawd. I shall attend your leisure ; but make haste; Abhor. A bawd, sir ? fie upon him, he will disThe vaporous night approaches.

credit our mistery?. Nari. Will't please you walk aside ?

Prot. Go to, sir; you weigh equally; a fea[Exeunt Mariana and Isabel. 45 ther will turn the scale.

[Erit. Duke. O place and greatness, millions of fa! x Clown. Pray, sir, by your good favour (for, Are stuck upon thee! volumes of report [eyes surely, sir, a good favouro you have, but that Run with these false and most contrarious quest' you have a hanging look) do you call, sir, your l'pon thy doings! thousand’scapes of wit occupation a mistery? Make thee the father of their idle dream, [agreed:50 Abhor. Ay, sir; a mistery. And rack thee in their fancies ! Welcome: How Cloun. Painting, sir, I have heard say,isa mistery; Re-enter Mariana and Isabel.

and your whores, sir, being members of my occuIsab. She'll take the enterprize upon her, father, pation, using painting, do prove my occupation If you advise it.

a mistery: but what mistery there should be in Duke. It is not my consent,

35 hanging, if I should be hanged, I cannot imagine. But my intreaty too.

bhor. Sir, it is a mistery. Isab. Little have you to say,

Clown. Proof.

[thief. When you depart from him, but soft and slow, Abhor. Every true man's apparel fits your · Certainly. 2 That is, walled rond. 3 That is, a gate made of boards or planks,

4 That is, in direction given not by words, but by mute signs. Meaning, I have informed or acquainted hiin. Traiterous. i Diferent reports. & That is, ornament. a The various editors seem to be mistaken in this passage; which rather alludes to the accomplishment of the purpose drawing near, altho' the tilth was not yet sown as Shakspeare elsewhere uses the word:

her plenteous womb

Expresseth its full tilth and husbandry. S. A. Dr. Warburton here observes, that the word mystery, when used to signify a trade of manual profession, should be spelt with an i, and not a y. 10 Favour siguifies countenance. C.own.



Cloun. If it be too little for your thief, your Duke. As near the dawning, provost, as it is, true man thinks it big enough; if it be too big

You shall hear more ere morning. for your thieis your thief thinks it little enough: Prov. Happily, so every true man's apparel tits your thief. You something know; yet, I believe there comes Re-enter Provost.

5 No countermand; no such example have we: Prot. Are you agreed?

Besides, upon the very siege of justice, Clown. Sir, I will serve him; for I do find, Lord Angelo hath to the public ear your hangman is a more penitent trade than your Profess'd the contrary. bawd; he doth oftner ask forgiveness.

Enter a Messenger. Prov. You, sirrah, provide your block and 10 Duke. This is his lordship's man. your axe, to-morrow, four o'clock.

Prov. And here comes Claudio's pardon. Abhor. Come on, bawd; I will instruct thee Mess. My lord hath sent you this note; and in my trade ; tollow.

by me this further charge, that you swerve not Clown. I do desire to learn, sir; and, I hope, from the smallest article of it, neither in time, if you have occasion to use me for your own 15 matter, or other circumstance. Good-morrow; turn, you shall find me yare': for truly, sir, for for, as I take it, it is almost day, your kiudness, I owe you a good turn. [Erit. Prov. I shall obey bim. Erit Messenger.

Prov. Call hither Barnardine and Claudio: Duke. This is his pardon; purchas'd by such sin, One has my pity; not a jot the other,

Aside Being a murtherer, though he were any brother. 20 For which the pardoner himself is in : Enter Claudio.

Hence hath offence his quick celerity, Look, here's the warrant, Claudio, for thy death: When it is borne in high authority : Nis now dead midnight, and by eight tv-morrow When vice makes mercy, mercy's so extended, Thou must be made immortal. Where's Barnar- (That, for the fault's love, is the offender dine? [labour 25 Now, sir, what news?

[friended. Claud. As fast lock'd up in sleep, as guiltiess Proc. I told you ;-Lord 'Angelo, be-like, When it lies starkly? in the traveller's bones: thinking me remiss in my office, awakens me He will not wake.

with this unwonted putting,.on:

methinks, Prov. Who can do good on him?

strangely! for he hath not usd it before. Well, go, prepare yourself. [Exit Claud.] But, 30) Duke. Pray you, let's hear. hark, what noise? [Knock within.

Provost reads the letter. Heaven give your spirits comfort !-By and by; Whatsoever you may hear to the contrary, let I hope it is some pardon or reprieve,

Claudio be executed bil four of the clock; and, in For the most gentle Claudio, --Welcome, father. The afternoon, Barnardine: for my better satisfacEnter Duke.

35 tion,let me lave Cluudio's head sent me by five. Let Duke. Thebestandwholsomestspirits of the night this be duly perform’d; with a thought, thut more Envelop you,good provost! Who call’d here of late? dependsonitthan we must yet deliver. Thus fail not Proc. None since the curfew rung.

todo your office",us you willunswer it ut your peril. Duke. Not Isabel ?

What say you to this, sir? Prov. No.

140 Duke. What is that Barnardine, who is to be Duke. They will then, ere 't be long.

executed in the afternoon? Prov. What comfort is for Claudio ?

Prov. A Bohemian born; but here nurs'd up Duke. There's some in hope.

and bred: one that is a prisoner nine years old. Prot. It is a bitter deputy.

Duke. How came it, that the absent duke had Duke. Not so, not so: his life is paralleld 45 not either deliver'd him to his liberty, or exeEven with the stroke and line of his great justice; cated him? I have heard, it was ever his manHe doth with holy abstinence subdue

er to do so. That in himself, which he spurs on his power

Prov. His friends still wrought reprieves for To qualify' in others: were he mealed* [nous; him: And, indeed, his fact, till now in the goWith that, which he corrects, then were he tyran-50 vernment of lord Angelo, came not to an unBut this being so, he's just.-Now are they come.

doubtful proof. (Knock. Provost goes out.

Duke. Is it now apparent? This is a gentle provost; seldom, when

Pror. Most manifest, and not deny'd by himThe steeled gaoler is the friend of men.

self. How now? what noise ! that spirit's possess'd with. 55 Duke. Hath he borne himself penitently in haste,

(strokes. prison? how seems he to be touch'd? That wounds the unresisting postern with these Prov. A man that apprehends death no more Provost returns, speaking to one at the door. dreadfully, but as a drunken sleep; careless,

Prov. There must he stay, until the officer reekless, and fearless of what's past, present, or Arise to let him in; he is called up. (yet, 60 to come; insensible of mortality, and desperate

Duke. llare you no countermand for Claudioj ly mortal'. But he must die tv-morrow?

Duhe'. He wants advice. Prot. None, sir, vone.

Proc. He will hear none: he hath evermore i Handv. Stiflly. ? That is, to temper, to moderate. * That is, defiled.

6 Seat • Like to die in a desperate state without repentance.


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