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Then' mournen evermore.
Geynest under gore,? Herkne to my roun.'
An hendi, etc.
THE MAN IN THE MOON (c. 1350) Mon in the mone stond ' and strit,
On is bot-forke 3 is burthen he bereth; Hit is muche wonder that he nadoun slyt," For doutes leste he valle, he shoddreth and
shereth.? When the forst freseth, muche chele 8 he byd;
The thornes beth kene, is hatiren to-tereth; Nis no wyht" in the world that wot '? when he syt, Ne, bote 14 hit bue 15 the hegge," whet wedes 17
the He hath set is o fot 20 is other to-foren: 21 For non hihthe 22 that he hath ne syht me hym ner
shake,23 He is the sloweste mon that ever wes yboren. Wher he were othe feld 2 pycchynde stake,
For hope of ys 2 thornes to dutten is doren ? 28 He mot 27 myd 28 is twybyl 29 other trous 30 make,
Other 31 al is dayes werk ther were yloren.32 16
SPRINGTIME (c. 1300) Lenten ‘ys come with love to toune, With blosmen and with briddes roune; 5
That al this blisse bryngeth.
When woderoue " springeth.
That al the wode ryngeth.
Waxen al with wille.18
The fenyl and the fille;
Ase strem that striketh stille,
For love that likes ille. 28
When briddes singeth breme;
Domes forte deme;
So wel hit wol hem seme.
wole 40 forgon, Ant wyht in wode be fleme.“
Yef 4 thy wed ys ytake, bring hom the trous,30
Sete forth thyn other fot, stryd over sty; 26 We shule preye 46 the haywart hom to ur hous,
Ant maken hym at heyse 48 for the maystry,“' Drynke to hym deorly of fol god bous,50
Ant oure dame douse 61 shal sitten hym by; 30 When that he is dronke ase a dreynt 62 mous, Thenne schule borewe the wed ate
I than 2 most gracious one alive (in clothing) * secret spring 'whisper these ? sweet 8 each bird sings a song the thrustle cock threatens ever their li woodrow 13 wonderfully many
14 look 15 weal 15 puts on 17 redness 18 vigorously 10 mends 20 complexion 21 beautiful 22 thyme 23 these wild drakes
24 beasts gladden their mates moody man laments, - so do others
27 I know I am one of those 2pleases ill 29 mends, increases 30 loud 31 dews wet 32 hills 33 lovers with their secret whispers (come) cases (of love) to judge under clod 36 if 37 want
39 wealth of joy 40 will " and be a banished wight in the forest
1 stands ? strides 3 pitch-fork he doesn't slide down 6 fear 6 fall 7 shakes
9 endures 10 they tear his clothes 11 there is nobody
12 knows 14 unless
16 hedge 17 what clothes 19 has
20 his one foot 21 before 22 for no haste 23 one never sees him hurry 24 whether he were in the field (i.e. was he)
20 to close his door 27 must 28 with 20
truss, bundle 31
or 32 lost 33
same high 35 whether 36 crooked coward 37 it is many a day ago
38 I think 39 errand 40 hath 42 hedge-keeper not
44 if 45 stride
pawn 46 invite
48 at ease over the path
49 to the 50 full good drink
51 sweet utmost
52 drowned 63 redeem 64 from the bailiff
11 and cry;
UBI SUNT QUI ANTE NOS FUERUNT?
The riche levedies 18 in here 18 bour,
Zhat wereden gold in here tressour,
They beren hem wel swithe heye;
And in a twincling of an eye
Al that joye is went away,
That wele 29 is comen to weylaway
Long is ay, and long is o,
Long is wy, and long is wo;
Nouther' to ga? ne yhit: to stand,
wepe. For unnethes es a child born fully That it ne bygynnes to goule And by that cry men may knaw than Whether it be man or weman, For when it es born it cryes swa; 8 If it be man, it says ‘a, a,' That the first letter es of the nam Of our forme-fader 12 Adam. And if the child a woman be, When it es born, it says 'e, e.' E es the first letter and the hede 13 Of the name of Eve, that bygan our dede. 14 Tharfor a clerk made on this manere This vers of metre that es wreten here: Dicentes E vel A quotquot nascuntur ab Eva. 490 “Alle thas," he says, “that comes of Eve, That es al men that here byhoves leve,16 When thai er born, what-swa 1 thai be, Thai say outher 17 (a, a,' or 'e, e.'" Thus es here the bygynnyng, Of our lyfe sorow and gretyng, 18 Til whilk our wrechednes stirres us, And tharfor Innocent says thus: Omnes nascimur eiulantes, ut nature nostre miseriam
exprimamus. He says, “al er we born gretand, 18
SO lie 10 scarcely 11 yell 12 forefather 18 head
are obliged to live here 16 what-so 17 either 18 weeping 19 to which 20 making 21 semblance
came precisely so, shall 26 hence
THE AGE OF CHAUCER
PEARL (c. 1350)
I playned' my perle that ther wacz spenned?
Wyth fyrte skyllez ' that faste faght;:
Thagh kynde of Kryst me comfort kenned,5
I felle upon that floury flaght;'
Suche odour to my hernez & schot,
I slode upon a slepyng-slaghteo To clanly clos? in golde so clere,
On that precios perle withouten spot. Oute of oryent I hardyly saye, Ne proved I never her precios pere,'
XIV So rounde, so reken in uche a raye,
More mervayle con my dom adaunt; 10 So smal, so smothe her sydez were,
I segh" by-yonde that myry mere Queresoever I jugged gemmez gaye,
A crystal clyffe ful relusaunt,'s I sette hyr sengeley in synglere.
Mony ryal ray con fro hit rere;
160 Allas! I leste hyr in on erbere;?
At the fote thereof ther sete a faunt,15
I knew hyr wel, I hade sen hyr ere. 18
As glysnande golde that man con schere 18 II
So schon that schene anunder schore; Sythen 10 in that spote hit fro me sprange,
On lenghe ? I looked to hyr there, Ofte haf I wayted wyschande " that wele,'2
The lenger, I knew hyr more and more. 23 That wont wacz whyle 13 devoyde 4 my wrange, And heven 's my happe and al my hele;
The more I frayste 23 hyr fayre face, That docz bot thrych my herte thrange, 17
Her figure fyn quen I had fonte,
170 My breste in bale 18 bot bolne and bele.19
Suche gladande glory con to me glace
As lyttel byfore therto wacz wonte;
To calle hyr lyste con me enchace,28
Bot baysment 27 gef myn hert a brunt; 28
I segh hyr in so strange a place,
Such a burre myght make myn herte blunt.20
Thenne verez ho up her fayre frount, 30
That stonge myn hert ful stray atount, Bifore that spot my honde I spennd 20
And ever the lenger, the more and more. For care ful colde that to me caght;?
1 lamented was taken away
8 timid reasons A denely dele in my herte denned,28
* fought hard though Christ's nature taught me Thagh resoun sette my selven saght.29
comfort wrought 7 bed of flowers 8 brains I
slided into a dream 10 a greater wonder daunted my * delight ? cleanly enclose? or enclosed? 3 equal judgment saw pleasant lake 13 gleaming 14 many * fit in every respect alone in uniqueness lost i a royal gleam arose from it 18 child 16
grace gleamarbor & departed I pine away, deprived of the love- ing white was her attire 18 before 19 that one has redominion 10 since "I wishing 12 weal 18 was formerly fined 20 so shone that beautiful one beneath the cliff It to remove 15 lift up 16 prosperity 17 does but oppress 21 a long time 22 the longer I looked the more certainly my heart grievously is distress 19 swell and burn 30 the I knew her questioned 24 when I had examined quiet hour 21 float2 many things 23 clod
28 such delight came to me 26 desire to speak to her 25 sweet delight 2 stretched out 27 that seized upon seized me a timidity attack 20 such a surprise might me 2% a secret sorrow lay in my heart though well astound me 30 then she lifts her fair face reason reconciled all difficulties
31 ivory 32 that struck me into bewilderment
Pyght' in perle, that precios pyece
Caghte of her coroun of grete tresore,
XXIII “Bot, jueler gente, if thou schal lose Thy joy for a gemme that the wacz lef," Me thynk the put? in a mad porpose, And busyez the aboute a raysoun bref;8 For that thou lestez' wacz bot a rose, That flowred and fayled as kynde s hit gef; 270 Now thurgh kyndes of the kyste® that hyt con?
And thou hacz called thy wyrde a thef,
“O Perle,” quoth I, “in perlez pyght,
What wyrde hacz hyder my juel wayned,ạo
A juel to me then wacz thys geste,
with hyt in schyr wod-schawez, 18
That juel thenne in gemmez gente,"
25 with yghen 20 graye,
Here-inne to lenge 20 for-ever and play,
com never ner;
"Jueler," sayde that gemme clene, "Wy borde ye men?—so madde ye be. 290 Thre wordez hacz thou spoken at ene; Unavysed, for sothe, wern alle thre. Thou ne woste 23 in worlde quat
on 25 docz mene;
Another 29 thou says, in thys countre
never quere my perle wacz gon. was dear to thee? I regard thee as put 3 small affair * didst lose nature 6 chest ? did proof = turned 'fate 10 that has clearly made for thee something of nothing remedy
12 sayings 15 done out of days (destroyed) 16 make feast 17 dwell 18 beautiful groves
19 with 20 23 knowest not 24 what 25 one
20 did 27 believest 28 den 29 another thing sorrow ished
set on the opposite side of the water person from hence 5 than I when she was at the bank she was nearer to me
on that account was 8 she spoke to me, that rare one obowing low as women are taught greeted me pleasantly 12 lamented 13 alone by night 14 suffered secretly 18 since thou didst slip away from me into the grass 10 weakened 17 worn with grief 18 and thou in a life of delightful pleasure 19 land 20 what fate has brought my jewel hither put me in this grief were drawn apart and separated
possessor of jewels 24 beautiful 25 lifted her face 20
eyes aid 28 distorted
30 where lack nor rning 31 jewel-box
“My maskelez Lambe that al may bete,"
760 When I wente fro yor worlde wete: 5 He calde me to hys bonerte: 0 ‘Cum hyder to me, my lemman’swete, For mote ne spot is non in the.'
He yef : me myght and also bewte;
on dese," And coronde clene in vergynte, And pyght me in perlez maskellez."
Now I hit se, now lethez' my lothe.
Thagh' cortaysly ye carpe con,
390 Ye wolde me say in sobre asente, What lyf ye lede, erly and late;
For I am ful fayn that your astate
And sesed in 17 alle hys herytage
"Motelez 12 may, so meke and mylde,"
Ut-wyth to se that clene cloystor,
The Lombe delyt non lyste to wene;
meyny schene, How thay wyth lyf wern last and lade,27 Thenne sagh I ther my lyttel quene, That I wende 28 had standen by me in sclade.29
Lorde! much of mirthe wacz that ho 3
“O maskelez ?? perle in perlez pure,
750 Ne Arystotel nawther by hys lettrure Of carped the kynde these propertez.28
Thy colour passez the four-de-lys,
me, bryght, quat-kyn of triys 29 Berez the perle so maskellez." i lessens 2 or 3 though • did speak 8 earth ® increase loss mingled mournful, overcome 'heed 10 receive 11 hot 12 is changed to honor and prosperity way 14 did depart
17 possessed of is beloved 19 praise 20 glory 21 rank 22 spotless 23 who
described thy beauties of nature 23 inform
Delyt me drof in yghe 34 and ere;
were walte.39 Tamend 2 said she 3 chose mate 6 wet “goodness ?sweetheart Sgave also 10 garment
11 dais 12 spotless 13 flower * great building 15 bower
16 beautiful one 17 whom 18 tower 19 for thee 20 obtained 21 from without 22 within
23 wished to doubt appearance 25 looks 26 beautiful company
27 supplied and laden 28 thought valley she 31 companions 33 caused 34
38 gracious one