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of difficulty, one can readily understand "a fearful fool.'
“a fearful fool.' How silly it seems that the mental impression produced on even to ourselves after cooling, to have the bystanders must have been so sol- acquired a nervous headache, and to emn as to manifest itself in most elo- have become generally done up, stampquent silence.' With the same freedom ing round the room and shewing other from excitement and difficulty does the signs of foolish anger, because the dinstrong man who saves his force for wor ner was five minutes late, or because thy objects, raise up morally and physi- some one's respect for us did not quite cally depressed nations, take cities, or rise to the high standard measured by what is harder to do still, rule his own our egotism ! As if it were not far more spirit. It is the fashion nowadays to say important that we should save our vital that people are killed or turned into energy, and not get into a rage, than that lunatics by overwork, and no doubt the dinner should be served exactly to there is much truth in the complaint. the moment. Nevertheless it would seem that vital One day a friend of Lord Palmerston force is wasted almost as much by the asked him when he considered a man to idle man as by him who overworks him- be in the prime of life; his immediate self at high-pressure for the purpose of reply was 'Seventy-nine. But,' he add
getting on. It is indolence which ex ed with a playful smile, ‘as I have jusi hausts, by allowing the entrance of fret- entered my eightieth year, perhaps I am ful thoughts into the mind ; not action, myself a little past it!' How is it that in which there is health and pleasure. such men work on vigorously to the end? We never knew a man without a profes- Because they treasure their ever-diminishsion who did not seem always to be busy. ing vital force. They studiedly refrain It may be he was occupied in worrying from making a pull on the constitution. about the dinner or the place where he Reaching the borders of seventy years of should spend his holiday-which he did age, they as good as say to themselves : not work for-in correcting his wife, in 'We must now take care what we are inventing pleasures, and abusing them about.' Of course, they make sacrifices, when found, in turning the house upside avoid a number of treacherous gaieties, down by doing little jobs foolishly sup- and living simply, they perhaps give some posed to be useful. And women too, cause of offence, for the world does not when stretched on the rack of a too-easy approve of singularity. But let those chair, are they not forced to confess that laugh who win. They hold the censoihere is as much vital force required to rious observations of critics in derision, enable them to endure the pains and and maintain the even tenor of their way. penalties of idleness,' as would, if rightly In other words, they conserve their vital directed, render them useful, and there- force, and try to keep above ground as fore happy? The fact is there are far long as possible. Blustering natures formore who die of selfishness and idleness getful of the great truth, that'power itthan of overwork, for where men break self hath not one-half the might of gentledown by overwork it is generally from not ness,' miss the ends for which they strive taking care to order their lives and obey just because the force that is in them is the physical laws of health,
not properly economised. Let us consider a few of the many Then as regards temper: any man ways in which we waste the stuff that life who allows that to master him wastes as is made of. It has been well said that much energy as would enable him to 'the habit of looking on the bright side remove the cause of anger or overcome of things is worth far more than a thou- an opponent. The little boy of eight sand pounds a year;' and certainly it is years old who in the country is often a habit that must add many years to seen driving a team of four immense the lives of those who acquire it. Really dray-horses, is one of the innumerable every fit of despondency and every instances of the power of reason over rage take so much out of us, that any mere brute-force, which should induce one who indulges in either without a violent tempers to become calm from great struggle to prevent himself doing policy, if from no higher motive. so should be characterised as little less Many people squander their life's enthan-to use an American expression- crgy by not living enough in the present.
They enjoy themselves badly and work mind decently with ; his intellect is imbadly, because they are either regretting properly exposed.' Now these are just mistakes committed in the past, or anti- the sort of people who should not kill cipating future sorrows. Now, certainly themselves, for though wrapped in small no waste of force is so foolish as this, be- parcels, they are good goods. They owe cause if our mistakes are curable, the it as a duty to themselves and others same energy would counteract their bad not to allow their fiery souls 'to fret effects as we expend in regretting; and their pygmy bodies to decay'-not to if they are incurable, why think any more throw too much zeal into trifles, in order about them ? None but a child cries that they may have a supply of life-force over spilt milk. The mischief is done, for things important. He who desires and let it be forgotten, only taking care to wear well must take for his motto for the future. Sometimes people keep 'Nothing in excess.' Such a one, as we fretting about troubles that may never have had occasion more than once to take place, and spend life's energy on urge, avoids dinners of many courses, absolutely nothing. Real worry from goes to bed before twelve o'clock, and Törturations of various sorts is quite does not devote his energy to the endurenough, and causes a greater draught on ance of overheated assemblies. When our vital force than hard work. Let us young men around him have got athle-. not, therefore, aggravate matters by anti- tics on the brain, he keeps his head and cipations of troubles that are little better health by exercising only moderately. than visionary.
He is not ambitious of being in another's In looking ahead, it is of immense im- place, but tries quietly to adorn his own. portance not to enter into any transac Give me innocence; make others tion in which there are wild risks of great!' When others are killing themcruel disaster. There we touch on the selves to get money, and to get it grand worry of the age. A violent haste quickly, that with it they may make a to get rich! Who shall say how much show, he prays the prayer of Agur? the unnaturally rapid heart-beats with 'Give me neither poverty nor riches,' for which rash speculators in shares in high- he thinks more of the substance than of ly varnished but extremely doubtful un the shadow. This is the truly wise and dertakings receive telegraphic messages successful man, and to him shall be of bad or good fortune, must use up their given, by the Divine laws of nature, life's force ? Hearts beating themselves riches (that is, contentment) and honor to death! Rushing to trains, jumping up- (that is, self-respect), and a long life, bestairs, eating too fast, going to work be cause he did not waste the steam by fore digestion has been completed, which the machine was worked. In these are habits acquired naturally in homely proverb, he kept his breath to days when it is the fashion to live at cool his porridge,' and most probably high-pressure ; but such habits are surely was a disciple of Izaak Walton. not unavoidable, and would be avoided At this point, perhaps the secret if we thoroughly valued our vital force. thoughts of some who have not yet
There are persons of a nervous temper- learned how it is altogether a serious ament who seem to be always upon wires. matter to be alive,' may take this shape. Nature has given them energy; but "What after all,' they may ask, “is the their physique is in many cases inade- good of economising life's force? Often quate to supply the demands made upon I hardly know what to do with myself, it. The steam is there, but the boiler is nor have I much purpose in life beyond 100 weak. Duke d'Alva, according to eating, drinking, and sleeping.' To Fuller, must have been of this nature. such thoughts we should give somewhat • He was one of a lean body and visage, as of the following answer: There is a if his eager soul, biting for anger at the work for every single person in the clog of his body, desired to fret a pas- world, and his happiness as well as his sage through it.' The same thought was duty lies in doing that work well. This wittily expressed by Sydney Smith when is a consideration which should commuhe exclaimed : 'Why, look there, at Jef- nicate a zest to our feelings about life. frey; and there is my little friend ---, We should rejoice, as experience teaches who has not body enough to cover his us that each of us has the means of being
useful, and thus of being happy. None works? Did you try to make the little is left out, however humble may be our corner in which you were placed happier position and limited our faculties, for we and better than it was before you came all can do our best; and though success into it?' It is said that Queen Elizamay not be ours, it is enough if we have beth when dying exclaimed : 'My kingdeserved it. Certainly if there be any dom for a moment;' and one day we purpose in the universe, a day will shall all think nothing so valuable as the come when we shall all have to answer smallest amount of that force without such questions as these: 'You were which we cannot live.-Chambers' Jourgiven a certain amount of life-force ; what nal. have you done with it? Where are your
THE MELANCHOLY OCEAN.
"Far off, amid the melancholy main.”—Milton.
Oh! the salt Atlantic breezes,
How they sweep reviving through me;
Soul and sense, to raise, renew me!
Oh! the grand Atlantic surges,
How they march, and mount, and mingle ;
Jutty cliff and sandy dingle !
Talk of melancholy Ocean,
If thou feelest wane and wither
Come, O Vivian Grey! come hither.
Sit and mark the matchless glory
Of the clouds that overshade us,'
Titans such as Keats portrayed us,
Till majestically blending,
Folded on the western billow,
Strewing his imperial pillow.
Not in manhood's strange successes,
Such as here the heart confesses.
Here, where joy surrounds thee wholly,
If thy thought a moment listens
It is born of reminiscence,
Of the old forsaken causes,
Of the higher fame's bereavement,
Barren, barren of achievement;
Genius in ignoble traces,
Leading ranks whom thou despisest,
All that in thy soul thou prizest;
Icy mask and sneer sardonic,-
ART-EDUCATION APPLIED TO INDUSTRY. By the task of remedying their deficiencies. Art.
George Ward Nichols. With Illustrations. schools and institutes of technology were New York: Harper & Bros.
established in the leading industrial centres ; The object of this work, as explained by museums were formed ; drawing and the ele. Mr. Nichols in his preface, is “to show the mentary principles of design were made an need of art-education in the United States; essential feature in the curriculum of all the to relate something of its history in Europe ; schools; and systems of prizes and rewards to explain what is meant by its application to aroused emulation and stimulated ambition, industry; and to propose a method of instruc- And the result is that in less than twenty-five tion best adapted to our people and institu- years England has completely re-established tions.” Mr. Nichols was one of the judges at her position, and is now confessedly an even the Centennial Exposition, and in studying competitor with France in fields of which for there the different national exhibits, was struck a century the French had enjoyed almost a with the marked inferiority of American man- complete monopoly. ufactures in all those departments where art Mr. Nichols desires us to profit in a similar and taste, as distinguished from merely me- manner by our own lesson, and is confident chanical skill and inventive ingenuity, are that it once the people are convinced of its required. Looking about for the reason of importance, the same qualities and faculties this inferiority, he finds it in the simple fact that have gained us the lead in all things in. that while in America art and industry have volving mechanical ingenuity will also secure been completely dissociated in popular us an honorable position in those industries thought and in ordinary educational methods, from which we are at present almost excluded the leading nations of Europe have been act by our lack of art-knowledge and art-training. ing on the theory that the two are closely He is aware that we cannot adopt the same interlinked, and have applied the best talent of educational methods as those which have suctheir respective countries to the devising of ceeded in countries where the general governsystems of instruction which shall impress ment can take the initiative and exercise conupon every student a sense of this intimate trol; but he rightly assumes that their experirelationship, and at the same time impart to ence can be turned to our advantage, and he him a knowledge both of the principles of devotes a considerable portion of his book to Art and of what has been done and may be a detailed examination of the systems in vogue done in the various fields of industrial effort. in France, England, Belgium, Prussia, AusThat the inferiority is not inherent in the race, tria, Russia, Italy, and Spain. Deducing as the French used arrogantly to maintain, is from these various systems the principles proved by the experience of England. At the which have been generally accepted as most great Exhibition of 1851 England learned the essential, and the methods that experience has same lesson regarding herself that was taught shown to be best, he constructs from them a us, or ought to have been taught us, by the systematic scheme of art-instruction which, as competitive displays of 1876-namely, that he says, “is adapted to our genius and instiother nations are far ahead in the race for that tutions," and which in fact fits in exactly with vast and increasing portion of modern com- our existing common-school and collegiate merce which is secured by superiority in the system. The plan is comprehensive in scope art of applying refined taste and technical and specific in detail ; it is carefully reasoned skill to industrial products and processes. out; and it is flexible enough to adapt itself With characteristic energy, the English Gov- easily to such minor differences as exist ernment and people addressed themselves to between the educational methods of different
States and institutions of learning. Of its Miss Yonge, though its lightness of touch value as a whole, practical experiment, of and sparkling vivacity of style would prob. course, can furnish the only adequate test, ably impress Miss Yonge as indicating in but there can be no doubt that it is full of M. Cherbuliez a lack of that seriousness with suggestion for whoever would undertake which she evidently thinks the novelist scientific instruction in Art.
should regard his vocation. It is a society The matter of Mr. Nichols's book is of the novel, pure and simple, and aims at furnishhighest value and interest, but the manner is ing the reader with entertainment rather than faulty in the extreme. There is scarcely any at resorming or "elevating" him. It tells the attempt at systematic arrangement; different story of a social impostor and of a beautiful branches of the same topic are discussed in young girl whose naive innocence is for a widely-separated chapters; subjects follow time deceived by his social graces and his one another with scarcely more logical con- pretended nobility of heart ; and it is written secutiveness than in the miscellaneous ex- with all that vigor, and brilliancy, and suave cerpts of a scrap-book ; the style is lacking in grace of manner and style that render the the precision which such a treatise calls for; best class of French writing so enjoyable. and the entire work gives the impression that some part of the flavor of these qualities is the author set himself a task which was be necessarily lost in a translation, yet in this yond either his powers or the attention which case the translator has done his work excephe could bestow upon it. The numerous tionally well, and the story ought to please a illustrations seldom have any particular rele- wide circle of readers. vancy to the text, but they are exceedingly ENGLISH GRAMMAR AS BEARING UPON COMPObeautiful, and the book is gotten up in a style
SITION. By Alexander Bain, LL.D. New of unusual richness and elegance.
York : Henry Holt & Co. COLLECTION OF FOREIGN AUTHORS. No. 1.
This treatise completes Dr. Bain's excellent Samuel Brohl and Company. Translated from the French of Victor Cherbuliez. independent commentary, copious examples
course in grammar, supplying, along with an New York : D. Appleton & Co.
illustrative of the general rules laid down in The publication of this story marks the be- the preceding volume of the series, " Higher ginning of an enterprise which will probably English Grammar.” In the arrangement of add materially to the resources of that class the treatise, special pains are first bestowed of readers who seek mental recreation in the upon securing precise and logical definitions better class of current fiction and belles of the various parts of speech; and then the lettres, and whose tastes are sufficiently parts of speech are taken up one by one, cosmopolitan to enable them to enjoy the analyzed exhaustively, and the relative funcflavor of other literatures than the English. tion pointed out which each performs in the In their “Collection of Foreign Authors,” art of speaking and writing. Much more atthe Messrs. Appleton propose to gather the tention than usual is bestowed upon the best current productions of the leading Conti- derivation and composition of words, and nental (non-English) writers, and to present upon that portion of syntax which deals with them to the American public in careful and the order of words in a sentence. Nearly a spirited translations. The design is some- fifth of the entire book is devoted to exemwhat similar to that of the German Tauchnitz plifying the modes of arrangement under series, and in size and general appearance many varieties of sentence and structure. the volumes will closely resemble the well- The practical method of instruction adopted known Tauchnitz editions.
throughout by Dr. Bain is indicated by the The initial volume of the series gives a following extract from his preface: “Long savorable impression of its character and experience has convinced me that the greatpromise. Current French fiction is apt to be est trouble in beginning the study of comregarded by American and English readers position is to fix the attention upon any thing with a not unnatural suspicion, especially if in particular ; to find any exercise to the it has achieved a Parisian popularity ; but judgment, or any motive to choose between though Cherbuliez is one of the most success. competing modes of expression. Hence, in ful of living French novelists, his stories are teaching English, the most effective method as pure and wholesome as those of any of all seems to me to be this: having selected English writer of equal rank, and far less ob- an exemplary passage, first to assign its pejectionable on grounds both of morality and culiar excellence and its deficiency, and of art than the widely-circulated productions next to point out what things contribute to of the English sensational school. “Samuel the one, what to the other, and what are Brohl and Company," as far as its “morality" indifferent to both. The pupils are thus acis concerned, might have been written by customed to weigh every expression that