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goblins. The gross persuasion of ancient ageyn all ordre of knyghthode, leue this, leue worshippers, that the god actually ate their it, and rede the noble volumes of St. Graal of oblations, seems still to linger in the general. Lancelot, of Galaad, of Trystram, of Perse ly received tradition that any gift but that of Forest, of Percyval, of Gawayn, and many food, clothes for example, offends and mo, ther shall ye see manhode, curtosye and banishes the fairy guest.-Cornhill Magazine. gentylness.” The life of Godfrey of Boulogne

"The hye couragyous CAXTON'S BOOKS.—The divine art of printing, as it has been called, was invented about faytes and ualyaunt acts of noble, illustrious,

is printed because

and vertuous personnes ben digne to be rethe year 1457. Fourteen years later, Caxton in

counted, put in memorye and wreton to th troduced it into England. It is significant that

ende that they may be gyuen to them name the art which was to contribute so largely to

immortal, souerayn laude and preysyng. And the Reformation, to the advancement of knowl

also for to moeue and t enflawme the hertes edge, and to the progress of civilization,

of the redars and hierers for t eschew and flee should have found its first English home in

werkes vycious, dishonest, and vytuperable, Westminster Abbey. Caxton's printing-office and for tempryse and accomplysshe enterwas in what was called the Ambry, which is a

pryses honnestes and werkes of gloryous corruption of Almonry or Eleemosynary, the house in which the alms of the Abbey were

meryte to lyue in remembraunce perpetuel."

Even Chaucer's "Canterbury Tales” are distributed. A meeting of the workmen in a

taken for "good and vertuous,” and such as printing-office is still called a “chapel.” Cax

may “prouffyte unto the helth of our sowles," ton's first printed book was the “Recuyel of

and for this reason, among other deeds of the Historye of Troy,” which he had trans

mercy, we are to “ remember the sowle of the lated out of the French. The translation was

sayd Gefferey Chaucer.”Sunday Magazine. begun at Bruges, continued at Ghent, and finished in the Holy City" of Cologne. It THE GRAND VIZIER.— The Grand Vizier's was undertaken because “every man is court is open on Friday, Saturday, Monday, bounden by the commandment and counsel and Wednesday. It does not rise until night of the wise man to eschew sloth and idleness, comes, or the causes are ended. Sundays and which is moder and nourisher of vyces, and Tuesdays are set apart for the Sultan's divan. ought to put himself into virtuous occupacion Here, too, the Vizier presides, but right over and besyness.” With Caxton all true wisdom his head is a semicircular gallery, about half was divine, and all work that tended to human the size of a hogshead, and barred very closeprogress was work done for God. Even the ly with gilded bars. In this ear of Dionysius history of the wars of Troy he classed among the Sultan sits, or may sit, and hear every the Scriptures which St. Paul says are profit- cause tried. A particular dress is required of able for doctrine, reproof, correction, and in- all who attend this divan. When the Sultan struction in righteousness, taking the apostle calls a general council of all his great officers, to refer to every kind of writing. The lesson it is known as “the divan of feet," because to be drawn from the “ruyne irreparable of all stand during the consultations. When the that cytye, that neuer syn was reedefyed,” is assessors have given sentence, the Vizier, if that it may be an "ensample to al men he approves, confirms it with the word sal duryng the world, how dreadfull and jeopard. (certain). If he does not agree with the senous it is to begin a warre, and what harmes, tence, he hears the cause again. The assessors, losses, and death folloueth.” The broad prin- however, maintain most earnestly their own ciple that all writings are profitable for edifi. opinion; for if a judge has been once found cation led Caxton to print many purely secu- guilty of injustice, he cannot keep his place lar books in the truly Christian spirit that or find another. When the Vizier has any what was done for the good of man was divine communication to make to his master, he work. The “Chronicles of England” are writes a letter, called talchysh, the High Chan“printed by the sufferaunce of God.” In the cellor being the penman, and the Vizier dic“Life of Charles the Great" the printer in- tating. The letter being wrapped up, tied, tends not only to publish nothing which may and sealed, is placed in the hands of a high be blamed, but only what is for “the helth functionary called Talchyshchi, who hastens, and saluacion of every person.” In the pro- letter in hand, to the palace, where he waits logue to the book on the “Order of Knight- until the Sultan's answer is ready. Should hood," Caxton has these words : "Oye the response be unfavorable, it is a very bad knyghts of Englond, where is the custome sign for the Vizier, whose honor and dignity and usuage of noble chyualry that was used may be considered in peril. The authority in the dayes? What do ye now but go to the also of the Vizier is considered as sinking if baynes and play at dyse? And some, not the Sultan does any thing without consulting well advysed, use not honest and good rule lim; and the ominous words are heard at


court, Semeri yere urdi—the trappings are law, was a shrewd fellow, and, as a printer,
thrown to the ground. Viziers are frequently he thought he might turn the penny by noting
deposed, but not put to death, except for a down granny's nursery songs, and selling
real or pretended unfaithfulness, or disobe- them in a cheap and attractive form. They
dience to the Sultan. If such a thing ever were issued in a book under the title, “ Songs
happens, the Sultan sends the Vizier a letter for the Nursery; or Mother Goose's Melodies
couched in this style : Whereas for such for Children. Printed by T. Fleet, at his
things thou deservest to die, it is our pleasure Printing House, Pudding Lane, 1719. Price
that after having performed the abdest (that is, two coppers." This title-page also bore a
the washing of feet, head, and hands), and large cut of a veritable goose, with wide open
made the accustomed namaz, or prayers, thou mouth, shewing that the proverbial irreverence
deliver thy head to this our messenger, of sons-in-law is not a thing of recent origin.
Capuchi Bashi.” However able a Vizier may We are told that old Mother Goose did not
be to resist this mandate, such a thing is un- resent the pictorial illustration, but took it
known; for, if he did so, he would be ac. just as sweetly as she had taken all the other
counted an infidel and perish everlastingly. trials of lise. Possessing her soul in patience,
A Vizier's fall is ever near, especially with and gladdening the hearts of grandchildren,
credulous Sultans and designing enemies. she lived until 1757, dying at the advanced
One was deposed merely because he amused age of ninety-two. There, then, as we are as.
himself with hawking. Such a simple relaxa. sured, is the true history of Mother Goose.
tion from incessant care and business was How the little books which she originated
made to appear like inattention to work, and have spread over the world, need not be
the Vizier found a day or two after a rival specified.
over his head. The post is never long vacant.

Once, and once only, was it unoccupied for
forty days. But this was so strange that it is

The old clock hangs on the sun-kissed wallspecially mentioned, like the twins of Sultan

Tick, tock! Tick, tock! Ahmed the Second, which were such rara aves The pulsing seconds to minutes call; that for eight days the nation was delirious

Tick, tock ! Morn! with joy.-Churchman's Shilling Magazine,

A maiden sits at the mirror there,

And smiles as she braids her golden hair ; MOTHER GOOSE.—This, it seems, is no O, in the light, but her face is fair! sanciful name got up to please children.

Tick, tock! Tick, tock! There was a real Mrs. Goose, or as she was

From over the sea the good ship brings familiarly called, Mother Goose, who signa. The lover of whom the maiden sings; lised herself by her literature for the nursery.

From the orange tree the first leaf springs ; Her maiden name was Elizabeth Foster. She

Tick, tock! Tick, tock ! was born at Charlestown, where she resided until her marriage with Isaac Goose, when The old clock hangs on the flower-decked wallshe became step.mother to ten children.

Tick, tock! Tick, tock!

The golden hours the days enthrall ; As if that was not a sufficient family to look

Tick, tock! Noon ! after, she by-and-by added six children of her own to the number, making 'sixteen "gos

The lover's pride and his love are blest

The maiden is folded to his breast ; lings” in all. It was rather a heavy handful,

On her brow the holy blossoms rest : and we do not wonder that she poured out

Tick, tock! Tick, tock ! her feelings in the celebrated lines

O, thrice--thrice long-may the sweet bells chime, There was an old woman who lived in a shoe,

Thrilling flame through all triumphant time! * * * She had so many children she didn't know what to do.

Still to my heart beats that measured rhymeTo entertain her young flock, Mrs. Goose was

Tick, tock! Tick, tock! in the habit of telling little stories in prose and verse, and singing songs, which were

The old clock hangs on the gray, dim wallhighly relished. Tho gh tasked, she spent

Tick, tock! Tick, tocke ! on the whole an agreeable existence. Her The drear years into Eternity fall; children having grown up, she was very much

Tick, tock! Night ! at her ease. Her daughter Elizabeth became The thread that yon spider draws with care the wife of Thomas Fleet, a printer in a small

Across the gleam of the mirror there,

Seems like the ghost of a golden hair : way in Boston. With this daughter, Mrs.

Tick, tock! Tick, tock ! Goose, now a widow, went to live, and had the satisfaction of singing her old songs to an

The sweet bells chime for those who may wed

The neroli-snow crowns many a headinfant grandson. Now begins the literary

But tree and maiden and lover are dead: history of Mother Goose. Fleet, the son-in

Tick, tock! Tick, tock !



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