Literature, Science, Psychoanalysis, 1830-1970: Essays in Honour of Gillian Beer

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Oxford University Press, 2003 - 255 страници
The interactions between literature and science and between literature and psychoanalysis have been among the most thriving areas for interdisciplinary study in recent years. Work in these 'open fields' has taught us to recognize the interdependence of different cultures of knowledge andexperience, revealing the multiple ways in which science, literature, and psychoanalysis have been mutually enabling and defining, as well as corrective and contestatory of each other. Inspired by Gillian Beer's path-breaking work on literature and science, this volume presents fourteen new essaysby leading American and British writers. They focus on the evolutionary sciences in the nineteeth-century; the early years of psychoanalysis, from Freud to Ella Freeman Sharpe; and the modern development of the physical sciences. Drawing on recent debates within the history of science,psychoanalytic literary criticism, intellectual history, and gender studies, the volume makes a major contribution to our understanding of the formation of knowledge. Among its recurrent themes are: curiosity and epistemology; 'growth', 'maturity', and 'coming of age' as structuring metaphors(several essays focus especially on childhood); taxonomy; sleep and dreaming and elusive knowledge; the physiology of truth; and the gender politics of scientific theory and practice. The essays also reflect Beer's extensive influence as a literary critic, with close readings of works by CharlotteBronte, Alfred Lord Tennyson, George Eliot, Thomas Hardy, Henry James, Oscar Wilde, H. G. Wells, Edith Ayrton Zangwill, Charlotte Haldane, Virginia Woolf, George Orwell, and Karin Boye.
 

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Съдържание

Alexander von Humbolt and
13
And If It Be a Pretty Woman All the BetterDarwin
37
Ordering Creation or Maybe Not
52
The Psychology of Childhood in Victorian Literature
86
A Freudian Curiosity
102
Beyond the Pleasure Principle
118
On Not Being Able to Sleep
131
Memorializing the Light Brigade
160
Virginia Woolf and Modern Noise
181
The Woman Scientist Sex and Suffrage
195
The Chemistry of Truth and the Literature of Dystopia
212
Coming of Age
233
NOTES ON CONTRIBUTORS
243
IND EX
249
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Biographical Note on Gillian Beer:

Dame Gillian Beer was born on 27 January 1935 in Bookham, Surrey, and was educated at St Anne's College, Oxford. On graduating she lectured at Bedford College, London, (1959-62) and Liverpool University (1962-4). A Fellow at Girton College, Cambridge, between 1965 and 1994, Gillian Beer began lecturing at Cambridge in 1966 and became Reader in Literature and Narrative in 1971. She was made Professor of English in 1989 and in 1994 became King Edward VII Professor of English Literature and President of Clare Hall at Cambridge. She holds honorary degrees from Liverpool University, Leicester University, Cardiff University, Anglia Polytechnic University, and Universit� de Paris Sorbonne, and has been awarded medals by M.I.T., St Andrew's University, and the National Autonomous University, Mexico City. Gillian Beer became a DBE in 1998.
She was a Booker judge in 1993, Vice-President of the British Academy from 1994 to 1996, Chairman of the Poetry Book Society (1992-6), and Chairman of the Judges of the Booker Prize for Fiction (1997). She is a Fellow of the British Academy and a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. She was a Booker judge in 1993 and Chair of the Booker judges in 1997. Her books include Darwin's Plots: Evolutionary Narrative in Darwin, George Eliot and Nineteenth-Century Fiction (1983, 2nd edition 2000) and Virginia Woolf: the Common Ground (1996).

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