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volumes, and pointed out by the finger of scorn, and the eye of ridicule.
SpeBatum admijjl risum ttneatit?
Adad! even Reviewers themselves may riot be fase!
Art. 39. The complete InstruBcr os Short Hand. Upon Principle! applicable to the European Languages, and also to the technical Terms used by Anatomists; and more comprehensive and easy to tvrite and read than any other System hitherto published. By XV. J. Blanchard, near twenty Years Practiscr of the Art in Westminster-hall. 4to. il. is. Author.
V/e have repeatedly given our sentiments on shorthand systems. This performance con sn ms os in our former opinions. Mr. Blanchard's ihort-hand may doubtless be easily and expeditiously written by an adept in the art; and as to its ambiguity, onr Readers may form their own thoughts, when we apprize them, that in the course of four hours from our first taking up the book, though totally unacquainted wiih Mr. Blanchard's system, which is materially different from all others that we know, we were enabled to read a quarto pat;e of writing in small characters, and to discover that the Author, intentionally we suppose, has omitted to insert in the explication which is placed on the opposite page in letter press, several words and sentences occurring in the engraved page. Thus the explication of near the th rd part of the seventh line of the plate, at p. 39. is omitted in the eleventh line ofthe printed page; the words wanting are, ' and indeed if we consider the common punishments.' Not to mention others in the fame page, which we suppose were left to be supplied by the diligent learner. /Q ^
Art. 40 The Post Chaise Companion: or. Traveller's VireBtry
through Ireland, Sec. By W. Wilson, Dublin. hvo.iLlj%6. A
This very useful compilation, for all travellers in Ireland, contains a description and short history of Dublin; a detail of all the roads in that kingdom, with their distances, &c. descriptions of cities, towns, noblemen's and gentlemen's leats, public buildings, callles, ruins, churches, rivers, harbours, mountains, lakes, Sec. &c. lilts osjudges, circuit';, post office, express tah.se, and rates of postage : \abses of the distances of the cities, boroughs, market and seaport towns, fro^m^ each other, With indexes, &c. The work is luiorned wiih engravings of the Giaut's Causeway, the water-fall of Poll a-Fhuca, and a neat map (hewing the Irish roads, &c. &c. (y~.1.
Art. 41. A Panegyric en Frederick III. King os Prussia, Sec. Sec. Sec.
idiom so closely, that he frequently obscures the English expression. Would our limits permit, we could present our readers with suf.
fkient extracts in confirmation of our opinion. ^ jy^
Art. 42. A Letter to the Proprietors of the Undertaking for recovering
and preserving the Navigation of the River Dee. By John Manley,
Esq. 4.C0. '«'. Owen. 1786.
Relates to a dispute between the proprietors and the committee who are in the preient.management, .concerning a due statement of the accounts of the undertaking; which seem by no means to answer their expectations. We need only remark that there are secrets in. all administrations, which naturally generate oppositions; and thus men are held to their duty. k/^
Art. 43. The Reports of the Commissioners appointed to examine, take, and staff the public Accounts of the Kingdom, presented to his Majesty, and to both Houses of Parliament; with Appendixes complete. By John Lane, Secretary to the Commissioners. Vol. 3*. 410. ll. 10s. Boards. Cadell. 1787.
We are glad to find, by the appearance of this third volume, that the gentlemen, who undertook the execution of the important trust of examining into the state of the national accounts, have steadily prosecuted their labours. The public are here presented with three reports, relative to the manner of passing the accounts of the customs in the office of auditors of the imprest,—to the charges of the management of the custom duties in the port of London for 1784,— and to the payments of the officers of the customs at the out-ports, and to other charges of management incurred on account of the custom revenue for 1784. /% ,^,
Art. 44. Ember Days Exercise: or, the true and false Minister delineated; in a Dissertation on the Importance of the Ministry. 8vo 6d. Buckland.
Mystical cant, puritanical severity, and methodistical uncharitableness are here mixed up by the hands of ignorance and spiritual pride into a potion, which cannot but be highly offensive to a sound mind. ft
Art. 45. Observations on the Rev. Andrew Fuller's late Pamphlet, entitled, The Gospel os Christ worthy of all Acceptation. In, which it is attempted farther to confirm his leading Idea, viz. that Faith in Christ is the Duty of All Men who hear the Sound of the Gospel; by proving, that the universal Calls and Invitations of the Gospel are founded on the Universality of Divine Love to sinful Man, and on the Death of Jesus Christ as a Propitiation for the Sins of the whole World. By a Lover of all Mankind, izmo. 9d. Buckland, &c.
This pamphlet may be of some use., in enlarging the conceptions of those narrow-minded Christians, who think the kingdom of heaven no larger than the synagogue of their own little flock. |?
* For the first volume, see Review, vol. Jxxii.—for the second volume, see Review, vol. lxxiv.
Art. 46. Sermons on several important Subject; adapted both to thrf
Family and the Closet. By the lace Rev. James Webb. 8vd.
us. 6d.-sewed. Buckland. 1785.
Although these sermons will not bear criticism, they do not deserve to undergo the most rigorous test. They were not intended for publication by the Author; and are now printed from notes that were taken by one of his hearers at the time they were first delivered from the pulpit. They appear to have been extemporaneous effusions, though there is a regular plan pursued through all; and the Author never loses sight of the darling objects of his system—which is Calvinism of the strictest sort.
Between those who are too wise in their own conceits to become fools in the scripture sense, and those who are too foolish to become wise in any sense, religion is exposed to a struggle which its better friends cannot avoid lamenting, though it is to be seared that their efforts to prevent it will always prove ineffectual. CA L t
SERMONS. I. Delivered in Christ-Church, Philadelphia, June tl, 1786, at opening the Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church, in the States of New-York, New-Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, and South-Carolina. By the Right Reverend Father in God William White, D. D. (then Rector of Christ-Church and St. Peter's) now Bishop of Pennsylvania. 8vo. 6d. Philadelphia printed. LonJonre printed by Rivingtons. J787. An American bishop is an object of great note! While that country retained its connection with Britain, no such office could be introduced: now that a separation is effected, we find it established! With what views we allow not ourselves to enquire—But present our readers with the following advertisement prefixed to this discourse :— * On Sunday the 4th February 1787, William White, D. D. and Samuel Provost, D. D. were consecrated in the Archiepiscopal chapel, Lambeth, BISHOPS; the former of Pennsylvania, the latter of New-York; on which occasion the Archbishop of York presented them, and his Grace, together with the Bishops of Bath and Wells and Peterborough, united with the Archbishop of Canterbury in the supposition of hands.' Dr. White is, henceforth, Bishop of Pennsylvania; but, we presume, not Lord Bishop; nor does he appear at the present to assume much prelatical dignity, for his sermon has the modest ocla-vo form: and, though of greater length than we generally find episcopal discourses extended to, bears only the price of 6d. His text is in the 45th Psalm, 14th verse. He writes sensibly, and expresses himself with a degree of energy. He appears to be what we call orthodox, and possibly involves more of churtb and ihurchism in his reasoning, than will entirely agree with the simplicity cf Christianity, or, in its consequences, with the just liberties of mankind. However probable it may be that the psalm relates to the times of the Mejsiah, there is somewhat fanciful (and what, from a different quarter, would be called fanatical), when Dr. White apjJlies the clothing of -wrought gold, mentioned in his text, to what he terms the admirable forms of the English church. We mean rot by this to detract from the merit of those compositions, several of which
are admirable; and we will add in favour of this preacher, that he seems to have an acquaintance with the spirit of Christianity, and a ssoal for real religion, distinct from those forms, and articles, and other appendages, which are merely of human contrivance. Conformably to this, he expresses a wish for a ' review of the ecclesiastical offices.' Again he fays, ' God forbid that we should contend for an invariable adherence to any thing confessedly resting on man's authority;' and farther observes, ' that the mild grace of charity will do more for the edification of the church, than the understanding tf all mysteries and all knowledge' This is liberal and Christian! If such sentiments are heartily cherished and acted on, it will not only prevent much oppression and mischief, but greatly contribute to the advancement of virtue and happinesi. "LM*
II. Mausoleum Sacrum: or, the Redeemer's Sepulchre. Preached at St. Thomas's Square, Hackney, on the opening of a new Burying Ground in an adjoining Garden. By Samuel Palmer. 8vo. 6d. Buckland.
In the preface to this discourse, the Author endeavours * to vindicate those Protestant Dissenters who have burying-places of their own, and to recommend it to such as have not.' One principal argument, employed for this purpose, has been losing its strength for several years, and we trust is still gradually weakening. The established clergy, for the greater part at least, are now too candid and liberal, we apprehend, to oppose the interment of dissenters in their burying grounds. Other reasons are here mentioned which will differently affect different minds. A few parts of the burial-service (though on the whole excellent) are no doubt exceptionable, and pity it is, that no attempt is made for a little alteration, which would, we suppose, be acceptable to all considerate people, as the passages referred to have rather a deceitful and dangerous tendency. Mr. Palmer considers it as hardly consistent with the principles of non-conformity, that dissenters should countenance their use by uniting in that service. But we enter not farther into the debate. The sermon before us is plain, serious, and striking; contrasting the ideas of the sepulchre and the garden, and directing to the right improvement of that frailty and uncertainty which attends human life and all its enjoyments. The text., John xix. 41. <*fa
JII. The Tabernacle of God iuith Men, Preached at the opening of a Meeting-House at Walthamstow, June 6, 1787. By HenryHunter, D. D. 8vo. Is. Murray.
A diffuse, popular, but not inelegant paraphrase on the text, Rev. xxi. 3, 4. with something subjoined on the occasion. We have that opinion of Dr. Hunter's good fense, that we believe he would have been as well pleased with Mr. Fletcher (the person to whom it is dedicated), had that gentleman not solicited its publication; though rather than be fatigued with repeated importunities, the preacher submitted to it, well knowing that a man can neither get nor lose much reputation by printing a single discourse.
It is impossible, he says, for any one to think more humbly osthitsermen than the Author; whence we may infer, that, as a composition, he does not expect it to be greatly applauded.
N. S. We have-long thought that the Dissenters have chosen a very awkward name for their places of worlhip b) stiling t em Meeting-bou/ts. M***\y'
CORRESPONDENCE. rpHE Marquis de Ca/auxys obliging letter is received, and we are sorry that it is inconsistent with our plan, and incompatible with cur narrow limits, to insert it in our journal, or to give those farther elucidations that might be agreeable to him. At his deiire, we have revised the artcles to which he is pleased to refer, bu do not think we could make the alteration he wishes. Were it not on account of the great length into which the discussion would draw us, we»t4jfik we c uld satisfy the libe>-a<-minded Marquis himself of the pTo^Tiety of this determination. We readily however admit, that an author is in all cafes the beu judge or the meaning of his book, and that a reader may sometimes mis nderfland a passage, from his own deficiency of perception, and not fro.-n any inaccuracy in the expressions of the author. This m;iy. possibly have been our cafe; we are bound however, in justice to the Puhlke, in all cafes to adhere to what appears to us to be just and right, alter having considered the matter with candour. At the same time, we must beg leave to remark, that in a work of lo much originality, and os such nice dip «juisition as that which has been published by the Marquis, an author may very naturally mr.kc use of an expression without perceiving it, v.hich to another person will convey a very different meaning from that which the author intended: for his own mind, stored with congenial ideas, goes directly forward in its own track, like a traveller in a well-known road, without advening to those avenues which sometimes diverge from it, and gioatly perplex a traveller who goes that way for the first time. This consideration will, we hope, confirm our very ingenious author, in his design of giving a fuller developement to his notions than he at first thought would be necessary; for in a work of the nature of that which he has undertaken, " he ought not to be ashamed of repetitions, nor of turning and re-turning the fame idea, in every way which can tend to render it more acceptable, and serviceable, to the generality of mankind."
■ 4^W J*.
fm* Tyro's polite letter is receiv«d. To answer it at large would require more room than we can at present spare. We must however briefly remark, that the specific gravities of substances cannot be taken with much accuracy by any other means than by weighing them in two <Jii:erent mediums; as we mentioned in our last month's answer to Tyrt. The comparative density of two bodies thus obtained, is the ratio of their specific gravities, and though they are referred to one standard, as water, yet the ratio is not thereby altered: for example, when we fay, silver is to water as it to i, and copper as 9 to t; it is evident that silver is to copper as u to 9.
f\\ Milieus is acknowledged. Farther notice will be taken of the subject.
• ttt There is little probability of those volumes of the Review, <oncerning which P. P. enquires, being speedily reprinted.