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nay pass for a man; and finally, how a trunk may be brought into a bouse with a man concealed in it. It is from such incidents that the mirth of the audience roust arise. It has been long since observed, that men in general can see better than they understand; and if such productions continue to be in favour with the Managers of our theatres, it may be apprehended, that the public will owe them verylittle obligation. M . Poetry. ^fl — £•
Art. 28. The Riddle. By the late unhappy George Robert Fitzgerald, Esq. With Notes, by W. Bingley, formerly of London, Bookseller. 4W. Is. Jameson. 1787.
When we perused this singular composition, we thought it so very indecent, that it would be impossible for us to praise it, whatever might be its poetical merit; but the Editor informs nsin his Preface, * that the Author's secret bears a name as delicate as any in the Englift language; notwithstanding the few loose verses which the Author has introduced under the denomination of " arch entendre double." —On a second consideration, however, by a guess at the secret, we were inclined to believe the Editor; who offers a premium of ' not less than ; guineas for the molt apposite poetical interpretation of, or answer to it.' The Riddle (hews that the unhappy Author was at man of abilities. Yet, although we allow the ingenuity of the ' loose verses' being applied so fully to two different ideas, we think them improper to be read by a modest female*.
N.B. Mr. Fitzgerald is the person who was executed with the noted Brecknock, and others, for the murder of Mr. M'Donnel, in Ireland. /* /%
Novels. **' *'
Art. 29. Henrietta osGerslenseld; a German Story, izmo. 2s. 6d. sewed. Lane. 1787. The German Novelist may be said to paint according to Nature,— but it is not Nature ' trickt' and 'frounct,' or as the French express it, La Nature sardee, which he is fond of exhibiting :— no, he rather chafes to represent her plain and unadorned. In a word, the characteristic of his romances is simplicity.
In the history of Henrietta of Gerstenfeld all the simplicity we have hinted at is to be found; and on the score os morality it is truly excellentr— But it is greatly wanting in those delicate and pathetic touches, which so particularly distinguish the writings of a Gesner, and a Klopstock; and which, indeed, we have sometimes discovered in those of Mr. Wieland, by whom the present performance is asserted to be written. The truth of this assertion, however, we are not a little inclined to doubt.
The incidents appear to be borrowed, with some variation, from the "Memoirs of a French Nobleman," whose story is likewise related in the Guardian, Ne 150. ■~jt~t(fb*
* Some part of the Author's wit appears to have been levelled at certain eminent law characters, in Ireland ; a circumstance which, the Editor seems to apprehend, might possibly tend, in some degree, to accelerate the wreteked fate of the satirist: but this, surely, was impossible.
Art. 30. The History of Henrietta Mortimer. l2mo. 2 Vols. 51. sewed. Hookham. 1787.
Were the merits of a novel to lie in its intrigo, as Mr. Bayes expresses it, in the heaping of incident on incident, and that in defiance of established rules, the history of Henrietta Mortimer would be a capital performance indeed! The plot of it is as extravagant as that of a Spanish comedy, in which there is usually such a multiplicity of events, that the mind is kept continually and painfully on the stretch, in order to retain or retrace them. Such a composition has little to recommend it to notice. There can be no delineation of character—there can be no display of sentiment. The pages are taken up in twilling, and then endeavouring to untie a knot, which, after all, the ingenious swifter is generally obliged to cut.
From the style of this novel, we suppose it to be the production of a female pen. 'Mr. Selby is a gentleman of a. pretty fortune.'— • Lady Sophia is never down till nine o'clock;' and so forth, i f ^2
Art. 31. The History os Miss Grcville. By the Author of 'Interesting Memoirs*.' 3 Vols. umo. 7s. 6d. sewed. Cadell. 1787. We have seldom perused a novel with which we have been better pleased, or more affected, than with the present; and we regret that the limits of our Review will not permit us to expatiate so much upon the merits of this production as we could wish. Many and beautiful are the passages we could select for the gratification of our readers, did not this reason prevent us. Some of the scenes are drawn with exquisite tenderness and pathos, the sentiments are pure and virtuous, and the language in which they are clothed is for the most part elegant. We are not of opinion that the Author hat altogether proved what (he was desirous of illustrating—the possibility of overcoming a first attachment. After frequent and great struggles in the mind of the heroine to acquire a victory over her unhappily-placed affections, many and deep regrets appear to disturb her happiness and interrupt her tranquillity. Mrs. Keir holds a distinguished place among the novelists of the present age; and what age has abounded more in this species of writers? It is beyond the power of any one, endued with the smallest share of ' divine sensibility,' to rise from the perusal of these volumes without feeling his heart meliorated, his affections expanded, and directed to their proper objects, and his virtuous inclinations confirmed. S. PL # Art. 32. The Minor; or History of George O'Nial, Esq. iimo. 2 Vols. 5s. sewed. Lane. In this ill-written book, the Author has represented human nature in the most ugly and unseemly shapes. His persons can only be compared, in filthiness, with the fauns and satyrs of poetic days.
Education, School Books, tiff. ^^: '*'
Art. 33. The Looting Glass stir the Mind; or intelleclualMirror. Being a Collection of Stories and Tales, chierly translated front VAmi des Enfant, izmo. 2s. 6d. bound. Newbery. 1787. As M. Berquin's Children's Frienahas gained such universal applause, this selection from that work will meet with general appro
* See Rev. vol. lxxiv. p. 507.
tstion. The stories are told in easy, flowing language, and are well
Art. 34. The Rational Dame; or. Hints towards supplying Prattle
Art. 3 j. La Bonne Mire. Contenant tie pelites Pieces Dramatiques,
In a word, this compilement is well adapted for the entertainment and improvement of young ladies, in particular, who are learning the French language; yet it may also be read with advantage by youth of both sexes. We wish, indeed, it had been more correctly prints. O^0
Art. 36. The superintending Power os the Magistrate, and the dis-
This pamphlet originated on the following occasion:
An action of trespass was brought by the overseer who had been
fined, against two of the justices for levying the penalty without juris
&£V. July, 1787, G diction;
diction; and the cause being tried at the Summer assizes 1786, it JHuntingdon, a verdict was given for the plaintiff, subject nevertheless to the opinion of the court of Common Pleas, in matters of law arising on the trial. At Michaelmas term, this court, without having the cafe fully argued before them (as it is represented), ordered the verdict to be confirmed.
The defendants now appeal to the public, and state, that by 43 E!iz. sec. 5. "lljhall be lawful for the churchwardens and overseers, or the greater part of them, by the assent of any two justices of the peace aforesaid, to bind any such children as aforesaid to be apprentices, inhere they jhall fee convenient." It was argued against tfiem at Huntingdon, that the greater part required by the act was wanting; two officers being for binding, and two against it: that the required assent of the justices is subsequent to the application of such officers; so that their interference previous to an application was extra-judicial: that the application must be voluntary, not compulsive; for the officers may refuse to bind such children apprentices with impunity: and that therefore the prosecution must be deemed oppressive and malicious.
The defendsnts now reply, that the several sections of a statute are to be compared together to obtain the complete meaning of them; for that the moment the will of the subject can impede the will of the legislature with impunity, that moment the will of the legislature ceases to fe a law: that though the law vests a discretionary power in the officers to bind paupers, where they may fee convenient, to bind them somewhere is their duty: that the officers have a discretionary power to relieve the impotent, either in a workhouse or out of it, but they have no discretionary power to starve them; therefore, as sect. 2. inflicts a penalty of twenty shillings on officers who are negligent in their office, an officer refusing to bind out children is liable to the penalty.
The court however did not adopt this construction; and the fauk ]s imputed to the counsel retained in the court of Common Pleas, who did not enter into the proposed investigation.
The charge of oppression and malice, started by the counsellor for the plaintiff at Huntingdon, gives rife to a severe remonstrance for Jo unfounded and wanton an exercise of language. a/1
Art. 37. An Appeal to the Common Sen/e os the Nation: containing some remarks upon *< An Act for repealing certain Duties upon Wines imported, and for granting new Duties," &c. (hewing that no Englishman) as the Law now stands, is safe in his Bed, unless in Prison. By S. Purlewent, of Lincoln's-Inn. 3vo. is. Wilkie. 1787.
By the act z Geo. III. c. 59. s. 39. persons giving or using a false permit for the removal of foreign wine, must forfeit 500/. By s. 40. the same penalty is imposed on forging, or using forged certificates of recognizance. And by s. 41. in every action for the said penalties, sufficient bail shall be given. It is contended, that, by these clauses, a person is punished before he is tried: that the most virtuous man is placed in a worse situation than a common pickpocket,
housenOttsebreaker, or highwayman; and ruffians are furnished with the means of tearing him. from his wife and family, at a moment's Dorice.
No friend to liberty can consistently argue for an extension of excise laws, nor can any friend to his country wish that smuggling should be carried on with impunity: smuggling being not only, as it is tenderly extenuated, cheating the king, but a fraud upon every honest man who is taxed for the support of government. When, therefore, we see the possible abuse of the powers directed to suppress smuggling, held out in a tremendous light, it is but natural to tura back to such revenue laws as have existed for a series of years, to fee how they have operated upon those who have been subject to them. In such a retrospect we shall perceive, that to give them due effect, they are not to be rendered vexatious; and that the complaints of them have not been so often made by sufferers under them, as by unconcerned theorists, who preserve no measure wh.-n it suits them to raise an alarm. Let any temperate man judge whether an enemy to excise laws does not defeat his own purpose, by starting the following objection to this act: * In time of war it may be used as a political engine to ruin the nation; and is attended with this convenience to your enemy, that the person who chuses to make use of the statute may employ it without suspicion and without detection. The wisest schemes may be frustrated, the best plans the best of ministers can form, rendered useless by it. An hour may be' of the most important consequence to the salvation of this nation, and yet by this act you have armed your enemies with a power of seizing every naval and military officer at that very critical moment when their country calls for their assistance. God knows, many of those brave fellows are not always in the most affluent circumstances. Where then are they to find bail for 500/, icoo/. or 1500/. if arrested ?*
Happy then was it for the nation that this statute was not in being at the time of the late memorable bombardment of Gibraltar, when foreign wines scarcely waited for formal permits. And if martial law in a garrison had set a civil arrest at defiance, the remedy might have been slated as worse than the disease*. /yy
Art. 38. The Memoirs of Mrs. Sophia BaddelrJ, late es Drury-Lanl Theatre. By Mrs. Elizabeth bleele. izmo. 6 Vols. 18s. sewed. Hookham. 1787.
The success of Mrs. Bellamy's memoirs hath, no doubt, paved the way for these relative to her profejstonal sifter; and here too, as in the former publication, many are the names introduced, and many the reputations that are " hack'd and hew'd," past all mending.—Bot, Ladies, you should consider that if this practice continues, the cause of pleasure, your sacred cause! must, in consequence, greatly suffer. Ye priestesses of Cyprus, who wifl then dare to sacrifice at your altars? "Gallants, beware! look sharp 1 take «u*!" For, sooner or later, all modi out; and then, brothers, uncles, fathers, aye and grandfathers too, will stand exposed, as in these
G 2 volume*.