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yulgar prejudices. Those who are accustomed to accurate investigation, will here meet with very little to make amends for the trouble of reading; but to others it may be of some use, and prejudicial to none, as it is, at the worst, an harmless performance. We are very glad to find that the vulgarisms we had occasion to reprehend in Mr. Stone's Essay an Agriculture (See Rev. for March, p. 257) do not occur in the present work. jfn _ ^
Art. 20. Enclosures a Cause ts improved Agriculture, of Plenty and Cheapness of Provisions, of Population, and of both private and national Wealth; being an Examination of two Pamphlets, entitled, the one, A political Enquiry into the Consequences of enclosing Waste Lands, and the Cause os the present high Price of Butchers Meat *, &c.—the other, Cursory Remarks upon Enclosures, by a Country Farmer f.' By the Rev. J. Hewlett, Vicar of GreatDunmow, Essex. 8vo. 2s. Richardson. 17*7. Mr. Howlett once more steps forth as a champion in the cause of enclosures, and he weilds his arms with his wonted force and adroitness. The first pamphlet above-named appeared to us to be written with so much spirit and ingenuity as to deserve an answer; and we are bound to make our best bow to the reverend vicar for the compliment he has paid us in giving it that answer, which we freely acknowledge to be full and satisfactory. We are no friends to despondency, and are always happy when we meet with an author who gives good reasons for. making us cheerful and contented with our present situation; and to few have we been more obliged in this respect than to Mr. Howlett.
The wraer of the pamphlet, to which this is chiefly an answer, had endeavoured to prove,
••' 1st, That the enclosures which have taken place in the course of the last thirty years have already advanced the price of butchers meat three halfpence in the pound more than the advance of .price on other things; and
"zd, That should all the waste lands tin the kingdom be enclosed and cultivated, the price of butchers meat would be raised to ninepence, or a shilling in the pound."—Mr. Howlett, on the contrary contends, and we think fully proves,
* 1st, That the assertion that the price of butchers meat is advanced three halfpence in the pound, in the course of the last thirty years, more than the advance of price on other thing.', is Not True.
'id, Granting it to be true, that our enclosures cannot have occasioned it.
■' 3d, Allowing even both, that there is not the smallest probability that the enclosure and cultivation of all our wastes and commons would raise the price of butchers meat to ninepence, or a shilling in the pound. And
'4th, Admitting all the three facts, that still our Author's arguments against enclosures would be inconclusive.'
Each of these propositions he demonstrates in detail with a force of argument which it will not be easy to subvert.
* Vid. Rev. vol. lxxiii. p. 46c. f Vol. ixxv. p. 148.
The Country Farmer and tbt London Committee, appointed to confider the causes of the high prices of provisions, are savoured in their torn with some remarks which will not afford them a high degree of satisfaction. jt
Ir\ 9rftt~~ ft,
Art. zi. A Letter from the Mofi Reverend DoSor Butler, titular Archbishop of Calhel, to the Right Honourable Lord Viscount Kenmare; relative to the Bishop of Cloyne's ' Present Stateof the Church of Ireland.' 8vo. 6d. Coghlan.
Dr. Butler warmly asserts the sincerity of Catholic bishops in tak* ing the test of allegiance required by the government, and justifies the oath they take at their consecration, which he says is taken by them both in Catholic and Protestant states throughout the world, and which being of almost eight hundred years date, there has been sufficient time for every sovereign to know the meaning of it.
This is the principal object of the present publication. The Author proposes to leave other matters to a public and formal answer to the Bishop of Cloyne's strictures, which he fays mast be given ; and which, perhaps, is given: for we have seen an advertisement of " a justification of the Roman Catholic religion *, in answer to the Bishop of Cloyne." The publication itself hath not yet fallen into our hands. JV°
Art. 22. J History of the Campaigns of iy%o and 1781 in the Southern Provinces of North America. By Lieutenant Colonel Tarleton, Commandant of the late British Legion, ato. il. 6s. Boards. Cadell. 1787.
Colonel Tarleton's history commences with D'Estaing's fruitless attack on Savannah, in the Autumn of 1779, and then proceeds to give a minute detail of all the military operations in both the Carolines and part of Virginia, until the surrender of York-town and Gloucester, Oct. 19, 1781, when Lord Cornwallis, with his whole army, fell into the hands of the Americans: that memorable event which crowned the military toils of the American Fabius with final success, and gave Independence to America!
In most of the transactions here recorded, Colonel Tarleton was personally concerned; so that their authenticity, the most material circumstance in all historical narratives, cannot (we suppose) be called in question; and, in order to confirm what he has advanced, he has regularly inserted, at the end of each chapter, and in connexion with the preceding details, many original letters from the commanders in chief, and other officers. Of these, the dispatches to government, which have been published in the Gazettes, with proclamations, general orders, &c. make the most considerable part, though there are likewise a great number of private letters, especially from Lord Cornwallis to Colonel Tarleton, which have not before been published: most of them contain temporary directions and private intelligence, relative to the marches, disposition, detachments, &c.
f By Dr. Butler.
os the two armies, and other communications, which tend to explain the several plans of operation. •
That the narrative might not be interrupted by a detail of such events as occurred in the south, after Lord Cornwailis had left those parts open (and to which parts the American General, Green, did not neglect the opportunity of directing his views), the Colonel has judi. ciously added an account of them, in his appendix; they are given from good authority, and, generally, in the words of the respective commanders.
The work is enriched with some explanatory maps and plans, especially those relating to the battles of Camden and Guildford, and the sieges of Charles-town and York-town, beside a large general map of the country.
The volume is handsomely printed, and, on the whole, notwithstanding some imperfections, which good judges have hinted to as, does credit to the Author as an officer. A Reviewer, who is only a man of letters and not a man of war, cannot pretend to speak with critical precision of the merit os a work of this kind, especially where the remoteness of the scene places the objects beyond every point of view that might serve to render them distinct. ^n
Alt. 23. The Abridgment of a Plan for an honourable, ejscSual, and fermanent Relief for all the Poor of England. By a Lady. 4K). 25. Hookham. 1787.
This lady, whose sympathetic feelings for the miseries of poverty, are greatly to her honour, proposes county workhouses, with four for the metropolis; and because the attention of gentlemen is engrossed by legislation, racing at Newmarket, and by the gaming-table, Ate proposes to vest the management of these poor-houses in ladies. She gives a plan for constructing the houses, and sketches out the domestic œconomy of them, with many other proposals and hints, more humane in speculation than (in our opinion) practicable. t„
Art. 24. The Death of Dion, a Tragedy. Written by Mr. Thomas Harwood of University College, Oxford. 8vo. is. 6d. Scatchcrd and Whitaker. 1787.
If the Author of this piece feels a propensity to this species of composition, we are afraid that he has not waited to distinguish between inclination and the true dramatic talent. Should he be resolved to persist in this career, we would advise him to read with diligence those authors who have best succeeded in dramatic dialogue, and have practised the great secret of uniting simplicity with dignity, and of giving a natural air to the most adorned and shining passages. There are many objections to this piece. The very title sets out with an error: why call it the Death of Dion? The cataltrophe is discovered at once. Addison called his piece Cato, and not the Death of Cato. All critics have agreed in finding the fame fault with Otway's Venice Preserved, or a Plot Discovered. We proceed from the title to the Dramatis Persona, and there we find a name which no actor can pronounce, Tceies. This looks uncouth
to to the eye. The versification requires that it should be Ticetes, and why not print it so; As to the fable, it turns upon the design of Calippus, who has lived in friendship with Dion, and honours his virtues, but thinks his ambition dangerous. He is determined therefore to cut him off; and for this purpose his plot is formed in the first act: but how? A soldier is called in with the usual word of command. What Ho! and receives orders to bring the chosen band before Calippus. A body of soldiers soon comes forward: expectation is raised, but disappointed. Calippus fays, ' My friends, pre* pare to follow,' and all go out with a flourish. The conspiracy is thus formed, and remains in ambulh, till it is time to put an end to the drawa. In the last act, Dion sends for Calippus, who immediately enters with Lycon and Soldiers. Dion fays to Calippus, ' Here 'repose thj vengeance;' which is by no means a natural expression. Lycon cries out, ' Then fall: Delay is cruelty ;' and Dion is instantly stabbed. Calippus and his conspirators leave him to utter his last sentiments, and the piece concludes. The true dramatic passions are never excited; no situation rises to terror, and pity is no where touched. The sentiments throughout are trite; the language aims at finery, but reaches nothing but the quaint and the unnatural. The diction is of course always feeble, and very often ungrammatical. To give a string of quotations merely to exhibit blemishes, would be both tedious and painful. We wish the Author better success in his next attempt. ^Jf/l. . .u.
Art. 25. Nina, or the Madness of Love: a Comedy, in Two Acts, translated from the French by the Author of Maria, or the Gentrous Rustic. 8vo. is. Elliot and Co. 1787. This piece is dedicated to the Hon. Mrs Hobart; and in a preface the Author tells us, that it is founded on a real fact; the account of which is as follows. 'At a village in the neighbourhood of Rcuenne in Normandy, the unfortunate Nina contrives to wait her G Ekmeii.'i, to whom, with the consent of her parents, she had promised her hand. Previous to the celebration of their intended nuptials, he was summoned to Paris. On the day fixed for his retarn, Nina repaired to the spot appointed for their interview; but instead of her lover, found the melancholy tidings of his untimely fate: Germfiul was no more. Nina, unable to sustain this awful stroke of Providence, lost her senses. In vain has friendship united efforts with those of time to soothe her sorrows, or recal her reason. Niha still expects with anxiety the return of Germeiul, and each, revolving day visits the spot appointed for their interview.'—The bare relation of the facts is pathetic; and no wonder that a drama founded upon it has made its way to the stage. A young lady who has lost her senses, and retains nothing but the memory of her lover, and of the place where she was to meet him, cannot fail to awaken the tenderest sympathy. That, day aster day, Ihe stills expects to fee him, is a circumstance that goes directly to the heart. That a piece, representing a calamity like this, should be intended for the English stage, there can be no wonder. It has an intrinsic value that sets it far above the pantomime plays which have been lately imported from France. It is to be regretted that the race which a number of translator} have been tuamag with Lad/ W——, did not leave sufficient fident time for any one to prepare this lirde dim, in a fit œinner, for the stage. Though tac original sdccceeed ax Paris, the plot is too thin and meagre. There u;i imp!; room for invention; and we are of opinion, that a wt}-:ozda?icc fafcle, on fe interesting a story, would re: on.y meet with great secret, bat Go credit to the writer. The madness of Nix A is in nur peaces happily touched: even in the bare perufU os it, a tear u often ready to start. From the strict Ua:k of the facts, the stage required feme deviation. This is a licence always allowed to fictitious ai&rtii. Geihiul, in the drama, is still alive: in the oiigioal he retains too abruptly, without due preparation. The English piece (xn> to have aimed at correcting this defer-, but, we think, without faocient improvement. There is another circumstance that required the utmost management. Nina, in the interview with her lover, recovers her reason. This sorely ought to proceed by Oow degrees; but it is too mach harried, and probability is scarcely preserved. The translator, however, ought not to be censored. To make a drama, like this, perfect in its kind, time and consideration were neceflary. Our modern writers axe galloping their spur-galled Pegasus to come in first at the winning-pest, and the Laurel falls to the share of none. *M- *
Art. 26. Diamond cut Diamond'.- a Comedy in Two Acts, translated from the French of Guerre ewverte, eu Ruse centre Rase. By Lady Wallace. Svo. Is. Debrett. 1787.
Art. 27. The Midnight Hour, or War cs Witt: a Farce in Two Acts, translated from the French. Svo. is. Symonds. 1787. We take these two pieces together, as they are translations of the fame French piece, which, it seems, has had great success at Paris. The last of these translators fays, he offered his performance to the little theatre in the Haymarket; but it was not received, because it was to be forestalled at Covent Garden. The writer therefore determined to publish, aiuare that the j os ling race our dramatic authors run, in importing successful pieces from Paris, has urged him to a hasty translation. This writer further adds, that a piece, the chief merit os ttihich consists in pantomimical situations, is not itthollj calculated son the closet os criticism. The observation is candid and true. Whatever may have been the success of the original, we do not think it a proof either of the genius of the French dramatic writers, or the taste of the audience; much less can we think, that the writers of our own country, who run a race for such commodities, are intitled to any degree of commendation: nor can we see any reason why a Lady of fashion should join in the race.
Of the distinct merits of the two pieces before us, it is not our intention to make a comparison. We are presented with foreign trumpery in each of them. Much less is it our intention to analyse the fable of the French author. The whole is built upon the strongest improbability, and the tricks that follow may divert the lovers of pantomime, but cannot deserve the attention of the judicious reader, who knows, that when the Drama ceases to be the representation of human life and manners, it becomes a worthless performance. We have often seen, on the stage, how a man, by overhearing part of a conversation, may be led into a mistake; how a woman in disguise