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must be such as are consistent with the dignity of their Royal Author, and with the high opinion which is universally entertained of his extensive knowledge, his deep penetration, and his elevated genius. The public are assured, that the production* of this great Monarch will be printed without any essential alterations or retrenchments, by the express declaration of the learned and illustrious minister of state, Count de Hertzberg, in an Historical Memoir, read at a meeting of the Academy at Berlin, the 25th of January 17U7 *.
The manuscripts are to be published in the following order. 1. " Memoirs of my own Time." These contain the political and military history of Europe, from the year 1740 to the peace of Dresden. II. " The History of the War of seven Tears." This war, carried on with the most signal valour, perseverance, and justice, and the most illustrious efforts of military genius, against a formidable confederacy, crowned the great Frederic with laurels that will never fade. III. "The Hi/lory of whet faffed between the Peace of Huhctfbourg and the Peace ofTefchtn." J V. *' An Essay on the different Forms of Government, and the Duties of Sovereigns." V. " An Examination of the Work entitled the System Of Nature." VI. "Remarks on the System Of Nature." His Majesty would, perhaps, have done better to have let this book remain in the oblivion into which it has so justly fallen. It was crushed into atoms by the victorious answers of Holland and Castillon, and has scarcely ever been heard of since. VII. " A Treatise on the Innocence of Error in the Understanding." A very interesting subject, whether it relates to religion or politics. VIII. "Three Dialogues of the Dead." IX. "Three Volumes of Poems." X. " A Discourse on the Htnriade." XI. Considerations on the present State of the European Bodies-politic" XII. A large Collcdion of Letters written by his Majesty to celebrated Authors, as Fonienelle, Rollin, Voltaire, the Marquis D'Argens, the President Henault, D'Alcmbert, Count Algarotti, the Marquis de Condorcet, &c. with their answers.
As soon as the editors have published these manuscripts, they intend to reprint all the productions of the fame Royal Author that have hitherto appeared under the title of Oeuvres du Philosophe de Sans-Souci, in the fame fizi and letter. Tne corrections that have been made in these by his Majesty (and whether he has made such as were most essential, time will shew), will be 'published from the printed copies, whose margins are enriched with notes and remarks written with his own hand. These, it i; presumed, will render the new edition superior in merit to the
* See our brief account of an English translation of this Memoir, in the Review for December 17*7, p. 505.
preceding ones. This will certainly be the case, if what some have whispered about should prove true, that the philosophical opinions of our Royal Author, which were formerly known to have been excentric, and in some respects «»-phi!osophical, weie more or less modified by sober fense and reflection in the latter years of his life.—How this matter stands, we (ball see when the present publication is completed.
The work will be published in fifteen volumes large octavo, printed with Bafkerville's types, on the best paper. There will be published, at the same time, a German translation, by an able and eminent hand, for the use of those who do not understand French, in which language the original is composed.— Subscriptions are taken in by noted bankers and booksellers in the principal cities of Europe. ,^C,
Art. II. Geshichte, &c. i. e. A History of Philosophy, Vol. I. 8vo. Leipsic. 1787. The anonymous Autrnr of this work designs it for those who, without entering into laborious researches, are desirous of knowing the progress of the human understanding, in all periods of time, and the paths it has trod, in order to the discovery of philosophical truths. We esteem it a peculiar merit in this Author, that be has judiciously avoided both the excessive prolixity of Brucker, and the dry precision and barren brevity of ordinary abridgments. He has, moreover, not only investigated the derivation and sources, and thereby given us the genealogy of the different kinds of philosophy, but has also described their essential lines and characters with perspicuity and truth.—This first volume contains the philosophy of the earliest periods, viz. that of the Indians, Persians, Babylonians, Egyptians, Hebrews, Arabians, Phœnicians, Celts, and Scythians; and also of the Grecian philosophers, as far down as the Stoics, inclusively. This volume is to be succeeded by asecond, and a third, which will bring down the history of philosophy to the present time. A»
Art. III. Joel, Metrijch Vbersext. &c. i. e. The Prophecy of Joel, translated into Verse, with new Explications. By Dr.
J. P. R. EcKERMANN. bVo. LubeC
This is a learned and judicious performance. The commentary upon Joel, in whom our Author finds much of the spirit and manner of Homer, is divided \r\to fivt &?.8t:.ons. The first relates to the method and text of the sacred Prophet. The second contains a comparative view of the best explications of his prophecy. In the third, we have an account of the time when he prophesied. The poetical and religious characters of his predictions, and their weight and importance, aie discussed in the fourth; and the fifth contains philological, critical, and etymological Remarks on these predictions. Jb
1. t/W* Art.
Art. IV. Musæum Carlsonianum; in quo novas et felecla; aves coloribus ad vivum brevique description illu/lratas, ice. i. e. A Collection of rare Birds in the Possession of Mr. Gustavus Carlson, Secretary of State to his Swedish Majesty ~jf engraved with their natural Colours, and accompanied wim a concise Description of each; by Andrew SparrMan, M. D. and President of the Royal Academy of Sciences at Stockholm. Folio; containing 25 Plates. Stockholm. In this truly splendid and magnificent work, the birds are represented in the natural attitudes in which they most ordinarily appear, and with the circumstances that are relative to their most usual plac; of residence. The descriptions, which are neither too concise nor too prolix, exhibit the specific character of each bird, an account os its structure, and an indication of its native region. The arrangement and classification of these curious animals are elegant and judicious, and the execution of the work in general (which has been carried on at the expence of the generous proprietor of this Collection, and under his discerning eye) is excellent and masterly. i/fL'
Art. V. The Imperial Academy of Sciences at Petersburg has lately published, in German, the second and third volumes of the very valuable Collectiqn of Observations made by the late unfortunate Profeffor Fa/k, during the course of his travels through the different provinces of the Russian empire. The second volume contains the observations that relate to the mineral and vegetable kingdoms; and the third, those that were made on the animal kingdom, together with the description of several classes. The whole is accompanied with a great number of figures, and a series of nomenclatures of minerals, plants, and animals, the last of which are divided into fix classes, comprehending the mammalia, aves, amphibia, pisces, infeiia, and vermes. This work has been published under the inspection and care of M. Gtorgi, a member of the Academy, eminent in the line of natural philosophy and history, and whose travels through some parts of the Russian empire are deservedly esteemed. M ,
Art. VI. The essential interests of public communities are admirably treated in a very small pamphlet, containing the substance of a Memoir read to the Academy of Sciences at Erfurt^ by the illustrious Baron Dahlberg. The title of this publication is, VerhoeltniJJe, &c. i.e. Considerations on the Connections between Morality and Politics. The subject is not new, it is rather superannuated, and fallen into disuse. However, like the ten commandments, which are still decently exhibited to view in a distinguished place in our churches, it is more or less treated with external marks of civility and respect. But we are singularly edified to see this antiquated subject discussed here with an enlightened zeal, and a virtuous ardour, by a noble Author, who is on the road to sovereignty, and has only one step to make in order to arrive at it *. In this discussion he fhcw.<, that politics and morality, instead of standing in opposition to each other, are rather intimately connected, and exhibit the relation which the part bears to the whole; that is to sty, that politics are only a part or a branch of morality. No truth can be more evident than this; for as morality is the guide of human life, the principle of order, and the universal source of real improvement and genuine happiness to all mankind, every thing relative to the direction of individuals, or the government of nations, must be comprehended within its sphere,'and be subservient to its laws.—Our Author shews, that all the schemes and projects of pretended political wjsdom, that deviate from, or violate the rules of this master-science, turn out, in the issue, often to the detriment of their contrivers, always ed that of the nation; and that it is a palpable and absurd error to think of advancing the happiness of one country at the expence of the general good of mankind. The experience of ages, and the history of the world, confirm these assertions; and we have only to cast an eye across the water, to fee their truth displayed in a palpable example. We (hall see what an artful nation his gained by the plans of this kind, which it has been forming and executing for several years past; and we shall obtain a new proof fit the wisdom of the good old maxim, both in its application to individuals and to nations, that "konefty is the bejl policy" As.
Art. VII. De Hymnis veterum Gracorum. Scrip/it Frid. SneaDorff, a«ft&»rrr« Hymni Dionyfio adscripti: i. e. A Dissertation on the Hymns of the ancient Greeks; by M. Frederic Sneadorff. To which are added three Hymns attributed to Dionysius. 8vo. Copenhagen.
This subject has been lately treated by two learned men (Mess. Hoeren and Groddecl), and yet M. Sneadorff, who is an adept in ancient literature, has found gleanings enough after them to render his work interesting and instructive. ^/ff >
Art. VIII. Symbolic ad Literaiuram Teutonicam antiquiorem ex Cod'uibus Munu exaratis, qui Havnia ajfervantur, edita fumptibus P. Fred. Suhm: i.e. Miscellanies of ancient Teuto* nic Literature, collected from Manuscripts which axe preserved at Copenhagen, and published at the Expence of the Editor now mentioned. 4to. Copenhagen. 1787. The publication of this collection was undertaken by the late karned M. Sandwig; after whose death it was completed by M. Nyerup. ^fl»
* This noble and learned Author, whose high birth is adorned with all the virtues that give birth a genuine lustre, is Coadjutor to the Electoral Archbishop of Menu.
Art. IX. Uber dieNatur unddenUrfprung der EmanationJIebre, 5lC.
Art. X. M. De Mouradgea D'OhJson, Knight of the order of Vasa, Secretary and late Interpreter to his Majesty the King of Sweden, and Charge d'affaires at the Court of Constantinople, has published proposals for printing'a large work entitled, Tableau general de FEmpire Ottoman. In the first Part, the Author purposes to give a circumstantial account of the Mahometan legislation, entering particularly into the description of its religious, civil, criminal, political, and military codes.
The second Part will be wholly confined to the history of the ^ Ottoman empire. This history will be chiefly extracted from
the*annals of the monarchy. M. D'Ohsson proposes to £L w the origin of the empire, its progressive increase, its establishment in Europe, the rapidity of its conquests, the success of its arms, the genius of its Sultans, the character of its generals, ministers, &c. He promises to communicate many secrets relative to the seraglio, to the private life of the monarch, to the Sultanesses, and the haram; which he informs us have been collected partly from the officers of the court, and partly from female slaves of the haram, who have obtained their liberty, on being married to some (.fficer of the court.
The plaies which are to accompany this work are now engraving at Paris, by able artists, under the direction of Messrs. Cochin, Moreau, and Le Barbier. They are numerous, and represent most of ihe religious and civil ceremonies of the country, besidw'portraits of the principal personages mentioned in the history, views of palaces, remarkable buildings, beautiful landscapes, &c. &c.
The subscription is opened (at the Author's and M. Didot's the printer's) only for the first and second volumes, which contain the first section of the first part, viz. the religious code of the Mahometan legation. Each volume, in folio, will coA 150I1VKS, to be paid on the-delivery of the books, at Pari*.