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highest honour on himself, as a man of nice discrimination, fense, and spirit.

Among other observations, Lord R. has the following,—which, no doubt, will be universally approved by our military Readers.— "No man can hold in greater abhorrence than I do, the character of a captious person: there are offences, however, which, according to the way of thinking established among gentlemen, leave it not in the option os a man os honour to be patient; and such, by all I have heard, was the affront that you received. Till some sufficient punishment shall be awarded against those who wantonly offer insults of that nature, it will be incumbent on every officer to take it upon himself, whatever ordinance may stand in the way." &•%*

Art. 45. East-Bourne; being a descriptive Account of that Village, in the County of Sussex, and its Environs. i:mo. zs. 6d. Hooper, tec.

Gives such a description of East-Bourne, and places adjacent, as will tempt the curious traveller to visit the romantic and beautiful scenery, exclusive of the usual advantages, in respect os health, to be derived from the sea-air and bathing. The Author has decorated his account with a little map of the county, and views of Beachyhead and Newhaven bridge.

Art. 46. Remarks on the new Edition of Bcllendenus, <iuitb some Observations on the extraordinary Preface. 8vo. is. Stalker. 1787.

The new edition of Bellenden, which we noticed in our number for June last, p. 489. has engaged the attention of the Literati, in general, throughout the kingdom, and has given rife to the present performance, which is a review of the work, and especially of the Preface.

In addition to what we have said of Bellenden, we shall transcribe what the Author of this pamphlet has observed, concerning him and his writings.

* William Bellenden, a Scotch writer, flourished at the beginning of the 17th century, and is said to have been a Professor in the University of Paris; he enjoyed, indeed, at the fame time, a post of a very different nature, being Magifter Supplicum Libelhrum, or Reader of private petitions to his own sovereign, James I. of England. Tbe duty of his place must have consisted in the name only, for this Reader cf the petitions to one Prince appears to have resided constantly at the capital of another. At Paris he certainly sojourned long, for it was there he published, in 1608, his Cicero princes s, a singular work; in which he extracted, from Cicero's writings, detached passages, and comprized them into one regular body, containing the rules of monarchical government, with the line of conduct to be pursued, and the virtues proper to be encouraged, by the Prince himself. And the treatise, when finished, he dedicated, from a principle of patriotism and gratitude, to the son of his master, Henry, then Prince of Wales.

'Four years afterwards, namely, in 1612, he proceeded to publish another work os a similar nature, which he called Cicero Consul, Senator Scnatufque Romanus, in which he treated, with much perspicuity, and a fund of solid information, on the nature of the Consular ozhee, and the constitution of the Roman Senate.

i Finding

* Finding these works received, as they deserved, with the unanimous approbation of the learned, he conceived the plan of a third work, De Statu pri/ci Orbit, which was to contain a history of the progress of government and philosophy, from the times before the Flood, to their various degrees of improvement under the Hebrews, Greeks, and Romans.

'He proceeded so far as to print a few copies of this work, in the year 161 5, when it seems to have been suggested that his treatises, De S/alu Principis, De Statu Reipublicæ, and De Statu Orbit, being on subject* so nearly resembling each other, there might be » propriety in uniting them into one work, by republilhing the two former, and entitling the whole Bellendenut de Statu.

'With this view, he recalled the few copies of his last work that. were abroad, and, after a delay of some months, published the three treatises together, under their new title, in 1616.'

Such is the account given of Bellenden. The remainder of the work consists of miscellaneous observations on what the Author calls the Extraordinary Preface.—The circumstance of the Tria Lumina, he fays, appears to have suggested, to the mind of the Editor, the idea of republilhing the three treatises, De Statu, and dedicating them to the Tria Lumina Anglorum, Lord North, Mr. Fox, and Mr. Burke.— For the rest, we refer to this Critique at length — the work of some brother Reviewer, to us unknown.

Art. 47. Historical Memoir of the last Year of the Reign of Frederic II.

King of Prussia: read in the public assembly of the Academy of

Berlin, Jan. 25, 1787. By Count de Hcrtzberg. Tianfiated

from the French. 8vo. 1 s. Bell. 1787.

The Academy at Berlin had been accustomed to celebrate the 24th of January, as the birth day of the King, its restorer; and we have, as our Readers must remember, frequently had the pleasure of laying before them an abstract of Count de Hertzberg's Orations on this annual commemoration. Notwithstanding the King's death, the custom is to be continued, in remembrance of the revival of the Academy, on the anniversary of that day; and this great Academician imagined he could not discharge his duty better than by reading, before the assembly, a Memoir, giving an abridged account of the public transactions of the last year of the reign of his late sovereign. The Count, however, has done more than he promised, for he gives an ample and circumstantial detail of the public life of the late King.

The Count informs us, that the King has written his own history, after the example, and in the spirit of Thucydides, Polybius, and Cæsar. It is to be publilhed, without any essential abridgment, or alteration. The Preface to it is here given, as it was read to the Academy by the Count; and as it is to be found at the head of the King's manuscript, corrected by his own hand, in 177;. fp\r-* *<-•

Art. 48. Considerations on the Oaths required by the Univerfityof Cambridge, at the Time of taking Degrees; and on other Subjects which relate to the Discipline of that Seminary. By a Member of the Senate. Svo. is. 6d. Deighton. 1787. That the discipline os our universities stands in some need of reformation, will hardly be disputed. The great question is, How can Rev. Dec. 1787. Mm * reformation. reformation be effected? Not by abusing those in power, nor by blaming the present mode of instruction, without pointing out a better. With respect to the arguments against subscription, the Author has gone over the fame ground which Dr. Jebb had trod before him, adding some judicious remarks to what had been said on the subject, on former occasions.

The censure on the misapplication of the money annually allowed for the publication of useful books, is a just one; that fund was undoubtedly intended to defray the expences of printing original works, or reprinting old and valuable books, so as to afford them at a moderate price to the student, and not to be squandered away in giving a facsimile copy of Beza's manuscript, or a superb edition of Tasso. In opposition to this, however, we must place the sums that have been paid toward Professor Waring's new edition of his Meditationes Analytic*, Mr. Rehlan's Flora Cantabrigienfes, Mr. Ludlam'f lntredu3itm \o Algebra and Geometry, Professor Cooke's edition of Arijlotle's Poe

History. vry

Art. 49. Additions and Corredions to the former Editions of Dr. Robertson's History of Scotland. 4m. 1 s. Cadcll. 1787.

A new edition of Dr. Robertson's History cf Scotland was lately published with some considerable additions and corrections. For the fake of those persons who are possessed of the quarto edition of 1771, these additions and corrections are separately printed, by which means' they may make the edition of 1771 equal to the 1 ith of 1787.

Among the additions, we have the following description of that species of eloquence for which Knox the reformer was distinguished. it Is given by Mr James Melville one of his contemporaries.

• But of all the benefites I had that year [1571] was the coming • r that most notible prophet and apostle ot our nation, Mr. John Kr.ox, to St. Andrews, who by the faction of the Queen occupying the castle and town of Edinburgh, was compelled to remove therefra with a number of the best, and chused to come to St. Andrews. I heard him teach there the prophecies of Daniel that summer and the winter following. 1 had my pen and little buik, and took away sic things as I could comprehend. In the opening of his text he was moderat the space of half an hour; but when he entered to application, he made me so to grue [thrill] and tremble, that I could net hald my pen to write. He was very weak. I saw him every day os his doctrine go hulie [slowly] and fair, with a furring of marticks about his neck, a staff in one hand, and good god lie Richart Ballanden holding him up by the oxter [under the arm] from the abbey to the parish kirk; and he the said Richart and another servant listed him up to the pulpit, where he behoved to lean at hi* first entrie; but e're he was done with his sermon, be was so active and vigorous, that he was like to ding the pulpit in blads [beat the pulpit to piece?], and fly out of it.' ^yra

Theology.

Art. co. A Treatise on tin Church Catechism; chiefly intended for

the Use of the elder Children in the Charity and Sunday School?,

jin the Parish of Chiswick. By J iraes Ttebeek, M. A. Rector of

1 c, Queechtihe

Queenhithe and Holy Trinity, Vicar of Chiswick, and Chaplain
in Ordinary to his Majesty, izmo. is. Rivingtons. 1787.
As we turned over the pages of this little volume, we began to
think that the good Vicar of Chiswick had prepared " meat for
strong men," instead of " miik for babes j" but when we re-
perused the title-page, and observed that his work is chiefly cal-
culated for 'the elder children,' the objection we were forming was
in a great measure removed; yet still we think, that in respect both
of matter and language, greater powers of digestion will be required,
than his ' young parishioners' in general will be found to possess.—
The performance, however, is, on the whole, as respectably exe-
cuted as it is well intended.

Art. 51. Apostolical Conceptions of GoJ, propounded in a Course of
Letters to a Friend. 8vo. 2 s. Dodfley, &c. 1786.

This anonymous Writer sets out with the following remark: 'It seems to be now generally acknowledged, that natural religion, the topic of dispute among the learned of the last century, is a mere chimera, without foundation either in experience, history, or reason.* Whence he draws so extraordinary a conclusion we are not told; but we must own ourselves rather surprised at the assertion. Had he, indeed, insisted, that the discoveries of mankind on the subject of natural religion were very imperfect and defective, we should have agreed with him. Or, had he farther said, that ' some writers have ascribed more, in this respect, to the ability of man, than fact and experience would entirely justify,' we should not have objected; since it is certain, that the human mind may heartily approve of truths and obligations, properly presented to it, the knowledge of which it could not with any clearness and certainty have itself attained. We therefore wonder that this Author, who, with all his mysticism, must be allowed to exhibit some marks of sense and learning, should have laid down such a proposition.

One principal design of these Letters is to prove, that the name Jehovah, or, as it is here uniformly written, J eve, belongs solely to Christ and his Spirit; or, in the Writer's own words, 'That the holy Father of our Lord Christ cannot be comprehended, or at all purported or concluded, in the name Jeve; and that consequently, by the name Jeve is designed, singly an J alone, the divine Logos, or Angel-God, together with his Holy Spirit, or the Spirit of God; and that Jeve is the name, by no means of the Holy Trinity, but of the Holy Duality, Jeve and his Spirit.'

This, to some of our Readers, will, no doubt, seem unintelligible jargon; yet they will much mistake, if they hence infer that the Letter-writer is destitute of capacity or erudition. Whether he is a Behmenist, or Hutchinsonian, or Swedenborgian, or unites with. them all, we will not enquire; nor shall we pretend to accompany him in his argument, illustrations, and observations. He considers his doctrine as of high importance to the interests <jf mankind, to which he appears to be a real friend. His styli? has a remarkable singularity: let the Reader judge by seme extracts.

'He who would assize the realities of the celestial life to the partial ideas he gleans by impresEons on him from the tilings of thu, to them so incommensurate, must surely default in the attempt, and

M m z complicate

r

complicate absurdities not less than those of the blind man, who compared the intelligence given by -light and colours to the different modulations osa sounding trumpet.'

The following sentence, though not very clear to all readers, may receive some allowance from the simile which is introduced. * The gospel has the properties of an anamorphotic speculum, representing, in one point of view, its objects as confused, obscure, and mingled; in another as deformed and enormous; yet, in its prope.* obvertion, as most beautiful and just in its right symmetry and regularity. Thus is the gospel to be beheld in its due symmetry only when obverted to our eyes in its own theorems and postulates.'

In another place: 'It seems that the fame glorious presence, which perscinds and convulses the wicked with terrors, solaces and exhilarates the absolved with complacence and confidence, siducully, filially, fruitively.'

In the last Letter it is said: * You believe the Scriptures to be the word from heaven; conclude then that all sentiments contra poled to this sacred word must dissent from reality, and be naturally traduc;ive into error and obscurity; I might say into idolatry, for-it is a surt truth, however disavowed, that all darkened misprincipled understandings being prone to superstition and enthusiasm, are indeed in the direct road to idolatry; for the same magnetic efficacy which, latent in them, assuades to the one, conducts to the other. The great, the gay, the happy, the delicate, the polite, the jovial, the libertine, the elegant, and the voluptuous, whose minds are stagnant in the phlegma and the indifference of infidelity and scepticilm, are already idolaters in fact; and they need only the adhibition x>ia few alarming terrors, distresses, calamities, and exigencies, to fink them into the grossest practices of idolatrous reverence, allegiance, and fealty to illusive spirits. Natural is the transition from prejudice to bigotry.'

Thus have we given our Readers a specimen of the peculiarity and quaintness of this Writer's manner; as to his opinions, we leave them to the investigation of more discerning readers. -i%

Art. 52. A Dcmcnjirathn, that true Philosophy has no Tendency :c undermine Divine Revelation, and that a well-grounded Philosopher may be a true Christian. By Ca:sar Morgan, A. M. *. To whom the honorary Prize was adjudged by Teyler's Theological Society at Haarlem, April 1785. 8vo. 2 s. Cadell. 1787. The notion that has prevailed, that divine revelation and true philosophy are inconsistent with each other, has been injurious to the interests of both. Among those who have been ambitious of the henour of ranking with philosophers, it has created a contempt fer revelation; among certain zealous, but injudicious friends of religion, it has encouraged mysticism and absurdity. The Author of this piece has, therefore, rendered an important service both to religion and philosophy, by shewing that the pursuits of" the latter are favourable to the interests of the former.

In order to establish his point, Mr. Morgan, with great clearness of reasoning, and with much strength and precision of language,

• Chaplain to the Bishop of Ely.

maintains,

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