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suits, lie is subject to a thousand calamitous incidents, which the
more prudent of our species will avoid. He appears, however, to be
perfectly sensible of the errors and follies of his youth.
* Sweet are the uses of adversity;
Which like the toad, ugly and 'venomous,
Wears yet a precious jewel in his head.'

If this observation of the poet- which intimates that we may profit by the lessons that adversity furnishes to us—be just (and few, we believe, will dispute it), the Dr. will have little occasion to repiue or murmur at his fate.

The introductory part of the Work contains some good and useful observations. It is addressed to the young and thoughtless; they who, with our Author, are tossed on a " sea of troubles," unable to gain the haven which they may have in view. He admonishes them, in a kind and philanthropic manner, to guard against the rocks by which they are surrounded,—assuring them, that by industry and perseverance the. will seldom fail of gaining a port at last, in which they may be Dickered from every storm. n JO%

Art. 33. The Polite Reasoner: In Letters addressed to a young Lady

at a Boarding-school in Hoddesdon, Hertfordshire. 12110. z 1.

Bent. 1787.

These Letters are written with the laudable View of exciting the attention of youth to natural objects; and, by contemplating them, to admire the wisdom and power of the Creator. The design is not new, but we do not remember to have seen any book on the subject ^r» so well adapted to the capacities of boarding-school learners: we ••'

are, nevertheless, sorry to observe in some parts of it, that several most excellent sentiments and just observations are clothed in a language which is not entirely free from faults. In the first page of the Introduction, 'wrote is used for written. Page 7, The real difficulties luhich ha-vi been Jurmounted by attention is absolutely. Sec. not to mention others:—but none of them are of great magnitude. Books intended for thv instruction of youth ought to be perfectly grammatical; and the Author, or the Authoress, we hope will, in a second edition, correct what is faulty in this.

The Volume concludes with a Catalogue of books proper for the instruction and amusement of youth: the choice (hewn in selecting these books is a sufficient proof of the Author's taste and judgment.?)

Art. 34. The NeceJJity and Advantages of Education: In three Ser-
mons preached before the Trullees of the Charity-schools of Shin-
sield and Swallowsield, in Berks. By W. Jones, Clerk, Curate
ef the said Parishes. 8vo. 2 s. Robinsons. 1/86.
Mr. Jones displays, with great propriety, the necessity of educa-
tion, by exemplifying the barbarous and unhappy state of unculti-
vated nature, and by pointing out the many advantages arising from
due instruction. He urges, as the necessary duty of all parents, an
early and vigilant attention to the minds and dispositions of their
children. All parents are not qualified for the discharge of this
duty, especially the laborious poor. True benevolence, and a real
concern for the good of the rising generation, have established cha-

rity-schools for the instruction of such children. These institutions are commended, and the support of them by the affluent and generous Christian is inculcated as a necessary duty.

Mr. Jones then proceeds to shew in what manner charity-schools ought to be conducted, in order to ' train up a child in the tuey be jktuld go;' and how such an education will so affect the child's future conduct ir. life, thatrf ivhen he is old be ivill not depart from it* The Discourses are well written ; and the zeal of the worthy Author, in so good a cause, merits the commendation of every friend to religion and virtue. (7i ^_

Art. 35. Elements of Puncluation: Containing Remarks on an 'Essay on Punctuation ;' and critical Observations on some Passages in Milton. By David Steel, Junior. 8vo. 3 s. 6d. Robinsons. 17S6.

This performance contains some remarks on an Essay, of which we gave an account in our1 73d volume, page 123. We have likewise a few quotations from our best writers, both in prose and verse, punctuated, according to our Author's opinions. Some ' uncommon and difficult passages are culled from Dr. Newton's edition of Milton;' to the opinion of various commentators on which, Mr. Steel has ' appended' his own ;—and the book is concluded with ' Twenty general Rules.'

The remarks on the Essay are such as seem to merit the consideration, of the ingenious author of that work. As to the Notes on Milton, many of them are useless and trifling. With respect to Mr. Steel's rules for just punctuation, we wish he had favoured us wiih a greater variety of them, since those he has given are tco few for the numerous cafes that occur.

The style of this Writer is sometimes disgusting, on account of his affectation; as he is a young msn, we hope his propensity for culling bard words will not af/end by him. r~ft

Art. 36. A Plan of Reform, in the Mode of Instruction at present practised in English Schools. And also a Proposal for the Improvement of public Speaking. By Henry Macnab. 4.10. 1 s. 6d. Glasgow, Fouiis; London, Jameson. 1787. Mr. Macnab's plan is briefly as follows: 'In every city and principal town in Britain, it will be proper that the professors of universities, the magistrates, the clergymen, and gentlemen, make choice of three men of distinguished abilities in teaching English; that these men be united as members of the fame society, called by the name of an English Grammar School, or rather an Englijb Academy. The reason why three teachers should be appointed b, that a complete Englilh course of instruction may be divided into three different branches, -viz. ist, A knowledge of letters, syllables, and words; or, as it is commonly expressed, a knowledge of the spelling-book, idly, A knowledge of a course of reading. And lastly, A knowledge of grammar, and the meaning of the words in the English language.'

We do not apprehend that the above plan can make better public speakers than are at present to be found in parliament, in the pulpit, at the bar, and on the stage. It will certainly be attended

with great expence; and teachers properly qualified (such, for in-
stance, as would write, Course cf instruction in the Etiglijh language,
and not, as in the preceding; extract, English course of instruction'*),
might obtain more lucrative employments in other departments, and
perhaps be of more service to society. J^— -^ .

Art. 37. Tit Juvenile Speaker; or, Dialogues, and Miscellaneous
Pieces in Prose and Verse: For the Instruction of Youth in the
Art of Reading. By the Author of ' The Polite Reasoner.' 12010.
I s. 6d. Bent. 1787.

The Compiler of this Jittle book has given it to the Public as an Introduction to the Art of Reading. The Pieces selected, however, are so very incorrectly printed, that he who should study by them would be likely, instead of deriving advantage from it, to remain a juvenile speaker all his life. Qfj> A /0

Art. 38. Rudiments and PraSical Exercises, for learning the French Language, by an easy Method. By A. Scot, A. M. Fellow of the University of Paris. The second Edition, greatly enlarged and improved. 8vo. 3 s. 6 d. bound. Edinburgh, Creech; London, Longman, &c. 1786.

We gave our opinion of the first edition of this Work in our Review, vol. Ixvii. p. 74. The present impreffion has, as the titlepage truly fays, many improvements. Q.^


Art. 39. An Essay, containing a few Strictures on the Union of
Scotland with England; and on the present Situation of Ire-
land. Being an Introduction to De Foe's History of the Union.
By J. L. De Lolme, Adv. 4to. 35. 6d. sewed. Stockdale.

This work consists of two parts, though not so divided. The first
part gives a plain, concise, perspicuous view of the relative state of
England and Scotland, from the time of Edward the First to the
Union under Anne, in 1707. This part is written entirely by Mr.
De Lolme, and is a moil excellent introduction to the history of that
Union by De Foes. But the reader who expects to find Striclura

on that Union will be disappointed. The second part relates to

Ireland, and is written partly by Mr. de L. and partly by another hand.—The introductory ' Historical Sketch of the State of Ireland, from the first invasion of that country by the English under Henry the Second, till the beginning ofthe late Rockingham administration," is likewise written by Mr. De Lolme. It deserves the fame character for brevity and perspicuity with the former j and it will be read with.' pleasure by every impartial inquirer, who wishes to gain a distinct notion of the political situation of Ireland during the period above mentioned; as such a distinct view of that subject is no where else, that we know of, to be sound. What follows (near one fourth part

* Or, as our Author elsewhere repeatedly expresses it, ' Course os English instruction.'

t For an account, of the late edition of this history, fee p. 459 of this Number.


of the book) by another hand, gives us a view of the procedure respecting the Irijh propositions, and subsequent events; with many observations tending to recommend an incorporating union between Great Britain and Ireland. We have here, also, quotations from several authors who have pointed out the expediency of the fame measure. J

Art. 40. Prospers on the Rubicon; or, an Investigation into the

Causes and Consequences of the Politics to be agitated at the

Meeting of Parliament. 8vo. is. 6d. Debrett. 1787.

Whatever may have been the opinions of dissatisfied individuals,

the present minister hath fully justified his conduct respecting the late

armament, for which, however, he is railed at by the Writer of this


The Author describes England as a ruined country, funk in debt which can never be paid, and whose harmony with France has been destroyed by ' the petti/b vanity of a young and unexperienced minister.' The wealth of the nation is a topic on which he enlarges; and he labours to prove, that it ought only to be estimated by the quantity of gold and silver in circulation. In treating this subject, he reflects on the credit of the Bank, and, among other strange whims, he hints, that the necessity of weighing guineas was adopted and persisted in for the sake of forcing paper currency into circulation *: That the Bank is only a disguise in which government

issue paper :—That

We should have proceeded to have given more of this heated Writer's opinions, did we not apprehend that our Readers are already satisfied. Cf_ _ ^^


Art. 41. 'Tables of Interest, from one Pound to five hundred millions for one Day; by which the interest of any Sum of Money within those Limits may be found with more Expedition than by any Tables hitherto published. By Thomas Hurry. 1 21110. 3 s. bound*. Robinsons. 1786.

The utility of tables of this kind, to persons who have frequent occasion to calculate the interest of money, is self-evident. Mr. Hurry has computed a table of interest for one day only, at *, f, \, 3, 4, and 5 per cent, per ann. The method of using the Table is explained in the Preface. It is extremely easy in those cases by which it is exemplified. To find the interest of any sum, for a number of days, a multiplication must be performed; and when the number of days exceeds 10 or 12, the operation becomes laborious; and much more so when it exceeds 100. Now, tables ought to be so contrived, as to exclude, if possible, all calculation: and as cases may, and often do occur, in which the interest is required for upwards of 100 or 200 days, the multiplication must be tedious, and the purpose of having a table will be so far defeated.

We have examined the book in several places, and have constantly found the articles exactly computed, to within half a farthing; we can therefore recommend it as correct.

* Our paper currency is, with this Writer, a subject of much harsh invective.


Tables are added, shewing the value of the parts of an hundred weight, beginning at 1 Ib. at different prices, from zs. to 2/. 4 J. per hundred weight:—The value of one hundred weight and one ton, at different prices per Ib.—The decimal parts of a foot, with its use ill computing the tonnage of ships, Sec. en __--,,

Art. 42. A Dissertation on the Growth of Wine in England; to serve as an Introduction to a Treatise on the Method of cultivating Vineyards, in a Country from which they seem at present entirely eradicated; and making from them good substantial Wine. By F. X. Vispre. 8vo. Is. 6d. Dilly. 1786.

This Author is a great advocate for English vineyards, and endeavours to prove the possibility of their being made, to flourish with us. Little anecdotes from ancient writers are called to give a zest to the subject; neither is Sir E. Barry's treatise forgotten.

At the conclusion, Mr. Vispre contends with Mr. Le Brocq (for an account of whose treatise see our Review, vol. Ixxiv. p. 390.) for the palm of invention of the method of training vines on the ground. Mr. Le Brocq asserts that he has a patent for it. Mr. Vispre boasts of having preceded him in this mode of culture, and hopes (p. 68.) to make good ivine with well ripened grapes, without making use of beds, lattice work, low walls, frames covered with glasses or oiled paper, flues, nor any part of the patentee's costly and cumbersome apparatus. And thus we leave them, F. X. Visprb versus P. Le BRocq.

It is to be observed, that this is only an Introduction to a treatise.— When the treatise itself appears, and teaches us to fill our bowls with substantial nectar of English growth, we shall be jolly rogues 1

Carmina turn melius cum venerit ipfe canemut. ■*&clAy .

Art. 43. An Answer to Captain Inglefield's Vindication of his Conduct, &c. 8vo. 6d. Sewell. Captain Inglefield's Vindication was the subject os a short article in our Catalogue for October. If the ground of all this contest appeared then, to us, to be a matter of total uncertainty, and enveloped in utter darkness, that darkness is not yet, in the smallest degree, cleared up. The dispute is now become a mere scribbling dispute, a war of words, and personal altercation, in which facts are less attended to than cavilling, sneers, and sarcasm: with all of which the Public, we imagine, are as much tired, on this occasion at least, as are the Monthly Reviewers: who, to this moment, are as ignorant of the real merits of the cafe, as they were at the commencement of the litigation, and of the consequent publications.

Art. 44. The stngular and .interesting Case os Patrick Dillon, Esquire, late Surgeon ot the 64th Regiment of foot, lately dismissed from his Majesty's Service in consequence of having sent a Challenge to Robert Hedges, Esq. late Captain in the 67th Regiment, for Defamation, &c. 8vo. Is. Strahan. 1787.

According to Mr. Dillon's statement of this affair, his lot has been very unfortunate; and the favourable testimony of Lord Ravvdon, here given, must be of great weight with the Public. His Lordship has expressed his ideas of Mr. Dillon's conduct, in language which, while it mull be \ery grateful to the feelings of Mr. D. reflects the >- highest

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