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his country was also attended with many temporal suffering?; and he was three times rejected, when offering himself a candidate as physician to different hospitals in this metropolis. It is hard that a public-spirited person, labouring for the good of his country, should thus be thrust out of those situations, in which benevolence, the true characteristic of a good man, could be more immediately and effectually exercised!
Having now gone through the Life of the Author, as given by Dr. Disney, we shall subjoin a brief view of the contents of the volumes before us.
Beside the Memoirs of Dr. Jebb's Life, the first volume contains, I. An Account of the 'Theological Leisures now reading at Cambridge: fee Rev. vol. xliv. p. 82. II. Letters on the Subject of subscription to the Liturgy and 39 Articles of the Church of England, first published in the Whitehall Evening Post, with the signature of Paulinus; they were afterward published together in a pamphlet which came under our notice in Feb. 1772. See Rev. vol. xlvi. p. 163. III. A Letter to Sir Wtlliam Meredith, Bart, on the Subject of Subscription, &c. See Rev. vol. xlvii. p. 404.
The second volume contains, I. Sermons, of which only the first hath before been published, and was noticed in our Rev. vol. xlviii. p. 334. The second is on Proverbs, iii. 17. in which the preacher delcribes the nature of that religion which the Almighty, in his mercy, intended to be the guide of man, and points out some of the most beneficial effects of this gift of God in every scene of social life. The third is that which was preached before, and gave so much offence to, the Archdeacon of Suffolk, at the visitation in 1773- '^e fourth is on 1 Sam. xv. 22. in which religious rices and ceremonies are considered only as the steps to virtue: the preacher explains what that religion is, which reason dictates, and which God must approve, viz. the sacrifice of the affrctions, and the worship of our Maker in holiness and truth. The fifth is against articles and confections of faith; the text Acts, x. 34, 3;. The sixth, against subscriptions, was preached before the University of Cambridge, Dec. 27, 1772} the text Acts, xv. 10. II. Theological Propositions and miscellaneous Observations. These have never before been published} they are detached sentences, or apophthegms, which shew the worthy Author's opinions on many religious and moral subjects. 111. Thefts habita in Schala Theologica Cantab. 21 die Martii 1771. Of this we have already spoken in p. 349. The Editor says, ' it is now printed on account of the argument it contains, not for the sike of its Latinity.' The apology seems needless. IV. A short State of the Reasons for a late Resignation: fee Rev. vol. liv. p. 68. V. An Answer to the Author of' A Letter to the Rev. Mr. febb, with relation to his Sentiments about the Unlawfulness of religious Addresses to Christ.' This was first published as a Post
- . script script to Mr. Lindsey's 'Two Dissertations on the Preface to St. John's Gospel, and praying to Christ.' See Review, vol. lxii. p. 27. VI. A Sketch of the Plan of the Society for promoting the Knowledge of the Scripture. This Society was instituted at Essexhouse, Sept. 29, 1783. VII. Remarks on the present Mode of Education in the University of Cambridge. These remarks were published in 1772, and noticed in our Review, vol.xlviii. p. 419. VIII. A Proposal for the Establijhment of public Examinations, Sec. See Rev. vol. li. p. 402. IX. An Address to the Members of the Senate of Cambridge: fee Rev. vol. liv. p. 75. X. Seleel Cafes of the Disorder commonly called the Paralysis of the lower Extremities: fee Rev. vol. Ixvii. p. 299. XI. An Address to the Freeholders of Middlesex. Vide Rev. vol. lxii. p. 81. XII. A Letter to Sir Robe>t Bernard, Bart; fee Rev. vol. Ixvi. p. 71. XIII. A Letter to the Volunteers of Ireland, fid. Rev. vol. lxx. p. 72.' XIV. Thoughts on the Construction and Polity of Prisons: sec Rev. vol. Ixxv. p. 311.
The third volume is a collection of papers that have from time to time appeared in the public prints. They are on various subjects, religious, political, academical, &c. under different signatures. To recite them all, or even to give their titles, would require more room than we can spare, for they amount to 68. Many of them were merely temporary; and were it not that they display the opinions of their Author, and may serve as models, both with respect to argument and style, for future patriots, their republication might have been dispensed with; they are doubtless the strongest proofs we can now have of Dr. Jebb's steady adherence to the cause of civil and religious liberty, of his activity to promote the best interests of his country, and of the conscientious discharge of his duty, both to God and man. t7i_rr.
Art. III. The Epistolary Correspondence, Visitation Charges, Speeches, and Miscellanies of the Right Reverend Francis Atterbury, D.D. Lord Bishop of Rochester. With historical Notes. Vol. IV. * 8vo. 5s. Boards. Nichols. 1787.
THE principal part of the letters in this volume having been communicated to the Editor by the Bishop's grandson, Dr. Francis Atterbury, Precentor in the Cathedral of Cloyne, their authenticity is unquestionable. They were written during the Bishop's banishment; and they form, chiefly, a private correspondence between him and his daughter Mrs. Morrice, and her husband. They contain little that concerns the Public; but they shew evident marks of the strong affection of the writers for each other. One remarkable circumstance of the Bishop's life is
* For an account of former volumes, fee Rev. vol. lxix. p. 4. and htxi. p. 41.
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particularly described, viz. his falling into the hands of the police, under a suspicion of his having assisted Courayer, in his retreat to England. In a letter to Mr. Morrice, dated Feb. -?S 1727-8, he writes thus:
'—Another accident has happened, which has necessarily taken up a little of my time and thoughts. A message has been sent me by the Lieutenant de Police of this place, from the King and the Cardinal *, in relation to Pere Courayer's retreat into England, which they supposed me to have facilitated ; and that all the methods taken by him in that respect, and towards defending the ordinations of the Church of England, had been concerted by me. I said what was true on that head without disguise; and, aster an hour's conversation, did, 1 think, satisfy the Lieutenant that I had done nothing but what became roe. He owned as much, and promised to make his report accordingly, and to justify me, not only a la conr, but a la <ville\ and he has been as good as his word, and behaved himself, on this occasion, with all honour, and with all civility toward me; so that I look upon that matter as quieted. But a great noise having been made about it at Paris, aud different reports spread concerning what passed in that conference, and concerning the event os it, I was willing to let you know the truth of matters, that neither Mrs. Morrice nor you might be under any needless alarm.'
In another lvtter, of the fame date, he fay?,
* I wrote to you by the post this day on account of a message sent me from the King and the Cardinal, by the Lieutenant de Police, in relation to Pere Courayer. It has made a great noise here: but the truth is as 1 have told you. I did not mince the matter to the magistrate, nor am I at all ashamed of what has happened, or concerned for it. I owned my friendship for Pere Courayer; told them frankly a great deal more than they knew of that matter, as far as I was concerned; and thought there was no reason to wonder at, or blame my conduct. I convinced them of that point, and I believe there is an end of it. I shewed the Lieutenant the picture f os Courayer hanging up in my room, told him I had visited him in his retreat at Hanment, while he was in disgrace there; and that he came to take hisleave of me the night before he left Paris; and that in all this I thought I had done nothing that misbecame me. If you see Pere Courayer, let him know these circumstances.'
There is a letter from the 15 shop, thanking the Lieutenant dt Police for his kindness, and the Lieutenant's answer, assuring the Bishop of protect-on during his stay in France, on condition of his observing a sew restrictions relative to his behaviour toward the Jansenists, or any other priests whose doctrine differs from that of the Romish church.
This private correspondence, consisting of 103 letters, is concluded in the year 1731, a few months before the Bishop's death.
* Fleury, then prime minister of France.
f This fame picture is now in the Bodleian Library at Oxford ;. it was given by the Bishop's Will to that University. It is esteemed an. excellent painting.
His health had been gradually declining for some time; and the affliction he sustained hy the loss of Mrs. Morrice, in 1729, appears, from some of the letters in this series, to have hastened his dist'iiu'ion.
The 104th and 105th are Latin letters, from the Bishop to Dr. Busby; they are followed by a dissertation which seems to have been a school exercise. These three pieces were found among a collection of Dr. Busby's letters, which are deposited in the British Museum. They are sufficient proofs, if proofs were wanting, of Atterbury's classical abilities; and the thanks of the Public are due to the Editor for communicating them.
The 107th is a letter from Sir Jonathan Trelawny, Bishop of Bristol, datfd June 20, 1687, to Captain Kelly; it.chiefly concerns the B.shop's domestic affairs, but it assords, also a true specimen of his sentiments in relation to some matters of public concern. Speaking of his bishopric he says, 'It is impossible I should ever be above a moneth in the country in a yeer, unlcssc I am forced there from my bishopricke altogether; and should that happen, I would not spend 200/. a year; and such a thing may happen, the King being very angry with me for not signing the addresse, which shall never have my hand, though 1 was sure the refusal of it would not only cut oss my hand but my head also .' The address here mentioned was one that was presented by the clergy to James the Second for his declaration in savour of religious toleration, in 1687.
We have also Ktters from Dr. Kingaconcerning Dr. Bentley's Phalarh. V
The 110th, and following, to the 141st inclusive, are from Bishop Atterbury to Bishop Trelawny, excepting two tq Dr. Newey. The Reader will here find many curious circumstances relative to the history of the times in which these letters were written, viz. from Jan. 1701-2 to March 1703-4. They particularly relate to the proceedings in Parliament, and in the House of Convocation. The remainder of the volume consists of nine letters to different persons, a collection of epitaphs, and a Latin poetical burlesque description of Oxford.
The Public,is obliged to Mr. Nichols, for the numerous notes, with which he hath illustrated the several letters in this volume; particularly for those which contain biographical and historical information. £7) ^>c <
Art. IV. Memoirt of the Medical Society of London; instituted in the
IT hath been usual, on the publication of the first volume of
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signed to be employed. We find, accordingly, in the preface to this volume, an abstract of the rules of the society, and an intimation concerning the subject of such papers as will be accepted for publication in its memoirs. We are told also that the society has founded an annual reward (a gold medal, value 10 I.) for the best dissertation on a proposed subject. That for 1787 had for its subject this question, 'IVhat diseases may be mitigated er cured by exciting particular affections or pajstons of the mir.d?' The prize, on this occaiion, was adjudged to Dr. Falconer of Bath. The question for 1788 is, * How is the human body, in health,' and in a diseased slate, affected by different kinds of air?' We come now to the Memoirs.
Art. 1. The Character of Æsculapius. The ingenious author of this learned article has not favoured the Public with his name, which may nevertheless be known to the members of the society, or to Dr. Lettsom, through whose hands it was communicated. The uncertainty and obscurity in which ancient mythology is involved, assords ample scope for imagination and conjecture. The only information we can obtain, in regard to so abstruse and intricate a subject, must be collected from a vast number of observations and assertions, thinly scattered through the great mass of old writings or obscurely related by ancient authors, who were perhaps as imperfectly acquainted with the subject as the moderns who succeeded them, and whom it is almost impossible to reconcile. Much praise however is due to the author of this paper; almost every thing that could have afforded the least glimpse of light seems to have occurred to him; and we doubt not that his sagacious and diligent investigations will be acceptable to those who are fond of the study of antiquity.
Art. 2. Cast of a Gangrene successfully treated by giving Acids and
Art. 3. Observations upon the Cause and Curt os the Ttttanus. By Benjamin Rust), M. D. Professor of Chemistry at Philadelphia.
This paper was published in the second volume of the American Philosophical Transactions. See Review for April last, page 293.
Art. 4. Cafes of Palpitation of the Heart, attended with peculiar Symptoms. By J. C. Lettsom, M. D. &c. Dr. Lettsom here gives the history of two cafes terminating in death; and a description os the diseased parts as they appeared on dissection. The cause of the disease in the first case (a child sour years old) was, a preternatural enlargement of the right