Графични страници
PDF файл

easily comprehend what follows. The geographical part proceed* by question and answer (similar to Hubncr's method); and after describing the Circles, &c. of the globe, goes on to the consideration of the four quarters of the world. The situation, extent, and divisions of each kingdom are briefly described, and the principal towns and rivers are enumerated, with such peculiarities of foil, climate, produce, &c. as occur in each province. The book would not have been the worse, if religious opinions had not been so frequently introduced; many readers may object to them.

The astronomical part is not interrupted with questions; the solar system is described: then fallows a short account of the fixed stars, of the seasons, of the moon's motion, and of eclipses.

In works of this kind, intended merely for elementary books, it is not expected that we should meet with many novelties; but we here find what is better—a design of communicating knowledge in an easy manner, properly adapted to the capacities and dispositions of those young pupils for whom the work is particularly calculated. j9_yt*

Art. 31. A political Survey os the present State os Europe; illustrated
with Observations on the Wealth and Commerce, the Govern-
ment, Finances, Military State, and Religion of the several Coun-
tries. By E. A. W. Zimmermann *, Professor of Natural Philo-
sophy at Brunsivic. 8vo. cs. Boards. Dilly. 1787.
This is a comparative view of the several European nations, com-
prized in tables, shewing the extent, divisions, population, &c. of
each country, with an account of its commerce, finance, govern-
ment, &c. Instead of a Political Survey, it might have been called,
perhaps with more propriety, " A Compendium of the Geography
of Europe."

The Professor informs us, in his Preface, that this compilation is far from that state of perfection to which it is capable of being carried, and that it is only the outline of a larger work, which he intends, at some future period, to fill up with more circumstantial, and better arranged, intelligence. The chief sources of his present information have been, the political works of his countrymen, the Germans; who, he fays, have distinguished that science which treats pf the actual and relative power of states, by the new-coined name of Statistics. After much praise bestowed on his countrymen, and their * indefatigable laborioufness,' the Author compliments the English, for whose use, on their customary grand tour of Europe, this work was intended.

Mr. Zimmermann has divided his tables, which are 16 in number, into columns, inscribed, Extent and Division, Square milts, Population, Chief towns, Number of inhabitants, &c. somewhat similar to those which Guthrie, and other geographers, have placed at the heads of chapters: to each table are added a few observations and general remarks, in which the productions, the wealth, the commerce, &c. of the country are described.

. Though the work is intended for the use of Englishmen, the largest article in it is the chapter on England, and a country

• Mr. Zimmermann is not the celebrated philosopher of that name, several of whose works are ti .inflated into English.

which the English frequently visit, viz. Switzerland, is not mentioned, as


Art. 32. Sietthes ostDay. 410. 33. Debrett. 1787. 'Day'—ridiculous! We pronounce it to be Night: Night, pitchy and black as Erebus,—or if a little glimmering, a corrufcation or two be seen, they serve for no other purpose than to render " darkness visible," and to exhibit " sights of woe."

This performance is intended as a satire on the vices of the times: —we will present our Readers with a specimen of it. The Mayor of London, and London's council, are represented as proceeding to St. James's—but not with Petitions and Remonstrances:

'What droves of courtiers from the city come!

And each would make you think his worth a plumb;

And dubb'd with knighthood, scans the Earl's pretence

To honour, wit, nobility, or fense.

For why? where can be honour, sense, or wit,

Unless deep purses make occasion fit ?—

Their portly Dames too, here with simpering faces,

Deeply blushing all with rosy graces;

Befmil'd at Court, to Mansion-house they.go.

Their spouses hate, and scorn each city Beau.' 'Their spouses hate'—the hint may be worth attending to. Out Author, though a Poet, may peradventure have stumbled on a truth. We would therefore advise the city Anthonies to look well to their Cleopatras:—to keep them from the "sunshine," the contaminating air of a court. M n t

Art? 33. ResteQions on Radia, a female Satirist: (notumque furent quid stamina postit) with a faint Description of Dorinda: in Imitation of the 4th Æneid of Virgil. 4to. 1 s. Norwich printed; and fold by Wilkie in London.

We must give this humble poet, who seems to owe the small portion of inspiration he possesses, to that illegitimate daughter of Apollo who presides over election-bards, permission to be his own reviewer:

* —Alas! my friend, I must avow,

Ne'er to high Pindus' dangerous brow

I've clamber'd, nor e'er half my fill

I've quaff'd from Helicon's sweet rill:

Ne'er have I seen the tuneful Maids, fj j»

Nor loitered in the Aonian stiades.' J-* • ♦

Art. 34. Paulina; or, the Ruststan Daughter, a Poem. By Robert Merry, Esq. Member of the Royal Academy of Florence. 4to. 3 s. sewed. Robson. 1787.

A distressing tale, founded on a real fact, which happened in Russia, is here related with all the decorations of easy and elegant verse. The subject, female innocence terrified and hurried by parental severity into infamy and wretchedness, is, however, little adapted to afford either entertainment or instruction. _

Z 3 *» • Art.

Art. 35. Ardelia: a Poem. Addressed to Charles Cooper, Esq, 410. 1 s. Baldwin. 1787. A common tale of credulous, injured, and despairing love, told in verse, that does not rife above mediocrity, and, however useful be the moral lesson which it teaches, cannot be expected to engage, in any considerable degree, the public attention. «

N O V E 1 S. Art. 36. Retaliation; or, the History of Sir Edward Oswald and

Lady Frances Seymour. A Novel. By Mrs. Cartwright. nmo.

4 Vols. 10s. sewed. Noble. 1787.

Mrs. Cartwright is one of those ladies described by the poet, "dent la serf Ut plume, Petit tons Us moil fans seine enfanter un -volume." Her brain is indeed astonishingly fruitful. We wish it were possible to represent the children os it as being handsome and likely to live; the truth, however, is, that some of them are poor and rickety things, and such as evince the urjhealthiness of the parent slock. But as the fond and partial mother may not be wholly satisfied with this our bare assertion, we proceed to depicture the present brat.

'I whisked across the street, and rapt authoritatively at the house; and when the door distended,' &c—— Distended may, by many, be thought a remarkably elegant word, and highly expressive of the act of opening the door; • but then we have some little fear that Betty, when ordered by Mrs. C. 'to keep the door distended,' may be rather puzzled to determine whether her mistress means that it should \e open or Jhut.

f The milliner cruelly hinted suspicions of its being disposed 09 for her own private purposes.'

'But ivas the formalities of Hymen to take place.'

'1 propose setting down to table.'

4 Divine service is performed «/■ afternoons'

* She added, that nothing but his supposed aversion to wedlock, would have influenced her to dispense with the forms of marriage; that (he had implicitly confided in his honour. That if he had iTeally Joyed her, what he deemed caprice would have heightened his affection; and instead of prompting him to indulge the natural inconstancy of his disposition, would have excited him to restitution.' Restitution! that is,—the lady having " lost her honour at a sordid game," as Otway fays, is to have it returned to her:—she is to be restored by the lover to her pristine and innocent state. How this is to be effected, we really do not know. Our tender hearted females, however, will undoubtedly rejoice in the event.

This Novel is full of improbabilities. It is perhaps as absurd and 'inartificial in its conduct as any in the round of romance. jk JL

Art. 37. Seduflion; or, the History of Lady Revel. A Novel, izmo. 2 Vols. c s. sewed. Axtel. 1787. The ' History of Lady Revel' is one of those productions of which it would be highly ridiculous in us to enter into a particular account. •We shall therefore content ourselves with observing, that scarcely a page of it is tolerably written ;—and in saying this, it will no doubt


be thought by every one (the Author of the performance In question
not excepted) that we have said enough. 1/^t ft.

Art. 38. Genuine and authentic Memoirs of a ivtil known Woman of
Intrigue. Written by Herself, umo. 2 Vols. 5 s. sewed.
Ridgway. 1787.
The sign sufficiently intimates the entertainment within.

Education, Use.
Art. 39. Ad-vice to Mothers, Wives, and Hujbands; with Admoni-
tions to others, in various Situation:, ot Life. By a Lady. uma.
25. 6d. Beli. 1787.

Many of the common follies of private life are here strongly marked in an ironical address to fathers and mothers, husbands and wives, young men and young women. The piece bears some resemblance to Swift's Advice to Servants; and, though it falls short of that original production in wit and humour, it conveys much useful instruction, in an agreeable and lively manner. «-u

Medical. *-*

Art. 40. Observations on the Circulation of the Blood, and on the Effects of Bleeding. By John Hunt, a Member os the Corporation of Surgeons. 8vo. 2s. Johnson. 1787.

Mr. Hunt here gives an account of the present state of that part of physiology which relates to the circulation, and shews the use and abuse of mechanical illustrations. We must differ with him in some particulars; for instance, where he fays, * the microscope has never much enlightened this subject [the circulation]; but, on the contrary, it has given some authors a fine opportunity of describing whatever their imaginations painted, and what no eyes but their own have ever since been able to discover.' The coincidence or agreement of the observations of Lewenhoek and others formerly, and Fontana of the present day, are sufficient refutations of this remark.

Mr. H. then proceeds to consider the form of the arteries, the nature of their diastole and systole, and the motion of the blood through the vessels during the diastole of the heart. To refute the opinions of a Boerhaave, a Frcind, and other celebrated physiologists, will, we apprehend, require greater abilities than are displayed in this pamphlet; which, however, though apparently the production of a young man, contains, on the whole, many useful remarks, and shews that the Author has not been an unprofitable hearer of Mr. Else's Lectures.

The latter part of the performance, treating of the effells of Heeding, indicates a prepossession in savour of an opinion which the best practitioners have seldom adopted without numerous exceptions. Mr,' Hunt is averse to topical bleedings; but they are certainly advantageous in many partial affections. ^f 7^

Art. 41. An Account of the EjftBs of Swinging, employed as a Re-
medy in the Pulmonary Consumptions, and Hectic Fever. By
James Carmichael Smyth, M. D. F. R.S. Physician extraordi-
nary to his Majesty. 8vo. ss. Johnson. 1787,
This pamphlet consists chiefly of cafes in which the operation (or

amusement, if you please) of swinging, had been attended with success

Z 4 la

[ocr errors]

in consumptive complaints. They were written, the Author informs ot, last winter, and intended to be laid before the Royal Society. Accordingly they were transmitted to the President, with a letter, which here accompanies them. The account was however thought, by the President and some other gentlemen, to contain more of medical detail than was conformable to the plan of that institution ; the design was therefore relinquished; and the cafes are now laid before the Public, with some observations cm exercise and motion.

The cases, in number 14, are all of them, except the last, extraordinary cures: but as in most of them, other remedies were used at the seme time, they are not therefore quite so convincing as if swinging had been the only means employed. In many of them, the disease had advanced to a very great height; as in the first, where the patient expectorated a pint of purulent matter in a day, and the pulse was 134 in a minute. Some readers may, here, perhaps, be ready to cry out, crcd'at Judœus! We do not; though we axe at a loss to account for the stoppage of so great a discharge; or how the motion of swinging could produce such a chi.nge. The rational physician, in recommending a new remedy, ought surely to accompany his cases with such reasoning as tends either to explain the phenomena, or to evince the propriety of the practice;—otherwise it is mere empipc'siP- J{— >n.

MlSCELLANEOUS. Art. 42. The Romance of rial Life. By Charlotte Smith. 12110. 3 Vols. 9s. Boards. Cadell. 1787. 'A literary friend, whose opinion I greatly value, suggested to me the possibility of producing a sew little volumes, that might prove as attractive as the. most romantic fiction, and yet convey all the solid instruction of genuine history. He affirmed, that the voluminous and ill-written French work, intitled Causes celebra, &c. might fur* nidi me with very ample materials for so desirable a purpose.'....

* My ambition will be satisfied, isa number of candid readers allow, that, by dint of some irksome labour, I have produced a little compilation, not inelegant in its style; and in the matter it contains, both interesting and instructive.' Charlotte Smith.

Such is the Editor's account of her undertaking; and it mult be acknowledged, that she has succeeded according to her wiflies, the

* Romance of real Life' being a collection of interesting and wellauthenticated facts.

On looking into the original work, which consists of upwards of twenty volumes, we find that many of these « stories,' as the translator calls them, are Trials, and Cafes in laiu, and consequently they are not the objects of criticism. The few which are here selected, however, being stripped of the judicial forms of proceedings, will no doubt meet with the approbation of those persons who are fond of tracing the errors and wanderings of the human heart. Some of the circumstances recorded in them are really (hocking and disgraceful to bur nature; and m the passions of men, in every age and in every country, are nearly the seme, it is to be hoped that the volumes now before us may serve as beacons to warn the reader of his danger; and to hinder him from striking on the rocks which others have been un

able to shun. j A


« ПредишнаНапред »