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dt Cajlelvetro, ou le fens nous avoh conduit, avant que de savoir consults."

C. 26. *0jjrntn is rendered « mole/la;' by Cooke: "onerofa •" by Goulston: "qute artem adventitiam pojlulat;" by Harris: "chargie" by Battcux. Of these interpretations, 'mtleftcf is the most suitable with the context, in which Aristotle goes en to shew the principal cause which made dramatic imitation more ** disgusting" to the serious part of the spectators, than epic would be. It was " disgusting," becaule the actors overdid their parts by injudicious and extravagant gesture. But this charge affects not dramatic poetry in its own nature; it reaches only the histrionic art, which by the unskilful is improperly applied. And this brings us to the last passage which we shall remark in the work we have been examining: "An fit a\no{ vpoaSfi." Heinsius would read auTo; Toup proposed to Wmjlantty av pit auAo? traca-m; but our Editor very properly retains enrof, and judiciously explains it thus: 'nisi ipse, quam imitanr«ir, quasi se coram atque in oculis sislat, per hi/It ionum motui,' p. 167. With this Extract we finish our C itique on a work, which merits the approbation of the learned, and of which we fay in the language of Aristotle, An KcoTturSxi.

To this Edition of Aristotle's Poetics, a Greek Translation of Gray's Elegy is subjoined. The dialect is Doric, and in general well preserved. To the shortening os the last syllable in tfXtro before £uvoii—of 3u in Vjsumx—and of the last syllable in r.Tooi before ^\)XXwe can "ever assent.

Mr.-tt Mafias, f*»>Ti £x&at Yltqift.rt$xt.

Theocr. Id. 2. 16.

'IXa&t wv, fix' AStivt, xj t( I/£mt' tv§vfAri<r*iit.

'Aiu Ti To ■vJ/ijueiFu,* x, a, werue, atxoXt, rrtvx.

Id. 1. 1. are all examples which prove such liberties to be inadmissible. Here and there some Anglicisms occur, as §xvxtqi> xj fxS.o» ijcvj—and very wide from the original,

"And Melancholy mark'd him for her own" is,

M»«|txo<rui<« Ton tSav, zrxi; tft-ot nnrtT*, e$x. How can MvxfAoiruvx be uled for " melancholy," and is ijwv masculine allowable in Doric dialect? .- , ** ~~l,

A*T. II. Sketches of the History of the Austrian Netherlands, with Remarks on the Constitution, Commerce, Arts, and general State of these Provinces. By James Shaw. 810. $5. Boards. Robinsons. 1786.

THE recent dispute between the Emperor and the States of Holland relative to the navigation of the Scheld gave rife to the present performance.


The Author (though he nowhere acknowledges his obligations) appears to have drawn considerably from foreign sources*. The French idiom, indeed, prevails throughout his work; and in consequence of this, his diction is frequently stiff and embarrassed. We shall point out three or four sentences which we think particularly faulty in phraseology and construction, and which are no way reconcileable to the genius of the English tongue.

P. 14.. * Austria, and the states in Germany, wich the imperial dignity, passed to the brother of Charles, the emperor Ferdinand, who possessed also Flungary and Bohemia, and whose descendants were destined at last to reap the succession, though diminished, of the Low Countries.'

'To reap the succession' is a vile phrase, as Polonius would fay, a very vile phrase: and by many, perhaps, will be with difficulty understood. A Frenchman certainly writes, and elegantly, " recueillir une succession"—and recueillir undoubtedly means to reap. But here the verb recueillir is not to be taken literally; " recueillir une succession" is a figurative expression, and means to inherit an e/late, or in the language of royalty to attain to dominion and power.

P. 25. 'The treaty of Aix la Chapelle composed this war, which was of no long continuance, and gave to these provinces a tranquillity that has not since been disturbed.'

"Composer la guerre" is not unfrequent with the French, and signifies to put an end to the war; but an Englishman, we believe, would scarcely say ' composed the war,' when he means to inform us that it is no longer carried on.

P. 100. ' If it can be credited, as it is sometimes asserted, that lace wrought in other countries with the fame materials with which it is wrought here, and by the hands of the fame artists, yet attains not to the fame perfection, it must be supposed that the air has an influence upon the slender frame of this delicate fabric'

What does Mr. Shaw here mean by 'this delicate fabric?' Fabric (in English, and according to its common acceptation) is a building, an edifice. Mr. S. in all probability met with "'fabriques tres delicates." The French substantive (sabrique) however, means both edifice and manufacture. Fabriques tres delicates (houlftherefore be rendered the fineness or delicate texture es this manufacture.

.* A hook has been published at Paris entitled, "Memoirei Hiftoriques el Pol.tiques des Pays-Bat Autrichiens," by the Count de Neny. But whether Mr. Shaw is indebted to that gentleman for any of the sketches here exhibited is impossible for us to determine; the Count de Ncny's performance never having fallen into our hands.

4 P. 79

P. 70. * A more forrunate conjuncture may arrive, when actuated by more liberal principles of commerce, or pressed by the voice of conspiring nations to whose access the Scheld rs now denied, &c.' Our author no doubt meant to fay, "Nations who are now denied access to the Scheld"—Yet after all, access to the Scheld is by no means a happy expression, and is scarcely to he defended. At page 158 we meet with "* sliding age" (the vrench adjective we suppose was gtiffant) instead of * a corrupt and slippery age, Sic.'

Very many errors of a like nature are to be found in this performance; but we have selected a sufficient number of passages to prove the author's deviation from our established mode of speech; a deviation we are never inclined to tolerate or excuse. The English language is already greatly injured by the . introduction of Gallicisms; and in a little time, we fear, it will be totally destroyed by them *.

Such are our objections to Mr. Shaw's publication. In other respects his boolc is undoubtedly entitled to praise. It contains much useful, we may add, interesting matter, compiled with seeming industry, and in many parts with care. M CL

Art. III. Sacred Biography: or the History of the Patriarchs: being, a Course of Lectures, delivered at the Scots Church, LondonWall. By Henry Hunter, D.D. Vol. III. 8vo. 6s..Murray. 1786.

"I N this volume, the author (in continuation of his plan, which J has already come under our notice, fee Rev. vol. Ixxi. p. 434.) confines himself wholly to the history of Moses. The incidents of his life, and the concomitant events of the Jewifli history, he unfolds, not with the coolness of criticism, but in the animated style of papular oratory: seizing every circumstance, in the. course of the narrative, which can assoid occasion for moral and pious reflections, lively description, or pathetic address. Whatever philosophy may find tp controvert in our author's opinions, or criticism to censure in his mode of declamation, it must be acknowledged, that he possesses considerable powers, both of conception and language, for that kind of preaching which is adapted to produce a strong impression upon mixed auditories. Of the style of these discourse*, we (hail give the following. specimen:

Speaking of Midian in Arabia, the place to which Moses retired, when he left E-jypt, Dr. Hunter proceeds:

• As to the Ptnploying of French words occasionally, and as such, either for the purpose of giving energy to our expressions, rr for the wore clearly conveying our meaning, we think-the practice may not only be justified but commended. We repeat: it is ihcsoreign idiom in Englijh performances that particularly excites our disgust.


'There lived in this city a person of distinguished rank and station; but whether possessed of a sacred or a civil character, the ambiguity of the term in the holy language permits us not to determine; and the Scripture leaves us totally uncertain whether be were a priest or a prince of Midian. But we are left in no doubt respecting his moral and intellectual qualifications; and we (hall have no reason to be displeased at finding the history of Moses blended with that of so sensible and so good a man as Jethro, or Raguel, turns out to be. V/hatever his dignity was, the sacerdotal or royal, we find his daughters trained up in all the simplicity of those early time's; following the humble, harmless profession of shepherdesses. Wife is that father, kind and juit to his children, who, whatever his station, possessions, or projects may be, brings up his sons and his daughters to some virtuous and useful employment; for idleness is not more) odiou<, dishonourable, and contemptible, than it is inimical to happiness, and irreconcileabie to inward peace.

« Moses being arrived in the neighbourhood of Midian, weary and faint with a long journey, through a barren and unhospitable country, (its down by a well of water to rest and refrelh himself.*— And as a good man's footsteps are all ordered of the Lord, Providence lend* him thither, just at the moment, to succour the daughters of Rasucl from the vioh nee of some of their neighbours. In that country,' the precious fluid bestowed upon us in such boundless profusion, being dispensed as it were in drops, became an object of desire, and a ground of contention. The daughters of Jethro, fenAble of their inferiority in point of strength, endeavour to supply it by diligence and address. They arrive at the well before their rival shepherds, and are preparing with all possible dispatch to water their flocks, when behold they are overtaken by these brutals, who rudely drive them and their flocks away, and cruelly attempt to convert the fruits of their labour to their own use. Moses possessing at once sensibility, courage, and force, takes part with the injured, and affords them effectual support against their oppressors. An helpless, timid female, assaulted and insulted, is an object of peculiar concern to a brave and generous spirit; and for this reason, courage and intrepidity are qualities in men, held in great and just estimation by the Female Sex.

4 If the heroic behaviour of Moses merit approbation and respect, the modest reserve of the virgin daughters of Raguel is equally amiable and praise-worthy. It does not appear that they solicited protection, but modestly received it, they look their thanks rather than otter them ; and they deem it more suitable to their sex and character to appear ungrateful to a generous stranger, than to offend him by forwardness and indelicacy. They hasten home to their lather, who, surprized at the earliness of their return, enquires into the cause of it. Happy, I doubt not, to celebrate the praises of a man whose appearance and behaviour must have made a deep impression upon them, they relate the adventure of the morning, and Raguel, (truck with the magnanimity, gallantry, and spirit of this stranger's conduct, eagerly enquires after him, sends to find him cut, invites him to his house and table, and endeavours to express that gratitude which the young women could not, by every effort of

kindness. kindness and hospitality. Minds so well assorted as those of Mosea and Jethro; and attracted to each other by mutual acts of bene*licence, would easily assimilate, and unite in friendlhip. And the pleasing recollection of protection given and received, the natural sensibility of a female mind to personal accomplishments, but more especially to generosity and courage, on the one hand; and the irresistible charm of feminine beauty and modesty to a manly heart, on the other, would speedily and insensibly between Moses, and some one of the Priest of Midian's fair daughters, ripen into love. What follows therefore, is all in the course of honest Nsture, which never swerves from her purpose, "never sails to accomplish her end. But it was Providence that furnished the Held, and the instruments with which Nature mould work. That Providence which saved him forty years before, from perishing in the Nile; that Providence which delivered him so lately from the hands of an incensed king; the same Providence now, by a concourse of circumstances equally beyond the reach of human power or foresight, fixes the bounds of his habitation, forms for him the most important connection of human life; and for another space of forty years, makes him forget the tumultuous pleasures of a court, in the more calm and rational delights of disinterested friendship and virtuous affection.'

On theological subjects Dr. Hunter adopts the orthodox system and language; but he never suffers himself to sink down into the dull polemic. If it be not his talent to reason closely, we find him, on every topic, haranguing fluently, and with no common (hare of popular eloquence. «

^it. IV. The Epistles of Lucius Annœus Seneca; with large Annotations, wherein, particularly, the Tenets of the ancient Philosov phers are contrasted with the divine Precepts of the Gospel, with regard to the moral Duties of Mankind. In Two Volumes. By Thomas Morell, D. D. 416. il. 10s. Boards. Robinsons. 1786.

IN the present state of science, we perhaps pay too much respect to the ancients, when we make use of them as preceptors. The subject of E:hics, particularly, after all the light which has been cast upon it by the New Testament, and all the labour which has of late been bestowed upon it by divinrs and moralists, may be allowed to be better understood, and more accurately taught, by the moderns than by the ancients. Neither Plato, nor Aristotle, nor Cicero, nor Epictctus, nor Antoninus, nor Seneca, will instruct a young man in the theory of morals, or enable him to understand it, as a science, so perfectly as aPuffendorf, a Hutcheson, a Smith, or a Paley.

Nevertheless, the ancient moralists are still of great value; and their value is of a kind which will not diminish with the advancement of moral science, since it chiefly consists in a lively and beautiful display of those moral maxims and sentiments, which are felt by every one, and acknowledged in every system.


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