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Short-hand. SeeBi. Anch Ar D.

Sillery, Marchioness of, her

Theatre of Education, trans-

lated, 408

.sinclair on the Scottish Par-
liamentary Elections, 404

Singing, in Public Worship.
See Taylor.

Sketch of a Tour through the
Netherlands, 168

■ of Disorders in ditto, 413

Sketches of Day, a Poem,

3*5

Slavery of the Negroes, Tracts
relative to, 167

Smalpage's Sermon at Whit-

kirk, 255

Smellie's Midwifery, Hamil-
ton's Edition of, 240

Smith's Romance of real Life,

328

Smyth on the Effects of Swing-

ing. . 327

She Adorff's Dissertation on the

Hymns of the ancient Greeks,

587

Society, Essays on. See
Grant.

Spanish Memoirs, 162

Spareman's Collection of rare

Birds, in the Carlsonian Col-

lection, 586

Stadtholder, History of the

Office of, 411

Steel's Elements of Punctua-

tion, 500

Steffe on Man's natural In-
clination to Religion, 332

Stone's Suggestions on the In-
closure of Waste Lands, 73

Stuart's Distressed Baronet,

24S

Sithm, M. de, his Correspond-

ence with the' late King of

Prussia, 595

his Miscellanies of an-

cient Teutonic Literature, 587

Sunday Schools, Sermons,

and other Publications relative

to, 176,242,253,335,413

Swinging, Account of the Me-

dical Effects of, 327

Symbolæ ad Literaturam Too-

tonic am Antiquiorem ex Codicibus

manu exaratis, &c. 587

Tactics. Scclandmann.
Tamerlane. SeeLAN-
Ci.'ks.

Tapner's Collection of Fables,

158

Tarl Eton's History of the Cam-

paigns in America, 75

Taylor on Singing in Divine

Worlhip, 509

Tears of Britannia, 409

Test-Act, Publications relative

to a Repeal of, 155

Teyler's Society Prize-Disser-

tations, Vol. VI. 513

Vol. VII. 5 71

Theatres, Royal, and Royalty,

Review.of the Contest between,

161

• very plain State of the

Cafe, 162

Thelwall's Orlando and Al-

meyda, 161

Poems, 404

Thetford, Proceedings at the

Assizes there, 322

Supplement to ditto, 321

Thompson's (Miss) Poems, 492

Thoughts on the Increase of

the Poor, and the Poor's Rates,

322

Thunder Storm, a Dissenter's

Sermon on, 335

Tickell's Account of his Æ-
ther, 497

Timbury's Poem on Tobit, 244

Tobin's Rejoinder to Ramsay'a
Reply, 167

Townsend's Sermon on Peck-

well's Death, 51 j

Transactions of the Society of

Arts, &c. Vol. V. 462

Travels. See Chastellux.

SeeFoRSTER. SeeVoLNEY,

Trebeck on the Church Cate-

chism, 506

Trial of A. R. Bowes, 164

Trials,Collection of. See Ar-

Not.

Trials,
Trials of Lord George Gordon,

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239

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Trimmer's (Mrs.) Account of

the Sunday Schools at Brent-
ford, 255
Trinity, a Baptist's Defence

«>''. 331

Trye's Review of Foote's Ob-
servations on Hunter, 241
Tucker's Essay on Trade, 153
Turner's Abstract of the Bible,

409

Twininc's Sermon at Colches-

ter, 176

Twiss on Chefs, 312
Tythes. See Griffith.

UB E R die Natur und den Ur-
sfrung der Emanationjlebre,
&c.' 588

Vieshnoo. See Heetopades.
Virhandelingen raakendeden

Naturlyi, Sec. SeeTEYLER.
. uitgegee<uen door de Hol-

landsche, Sec. SeeHAARLEM.
Verhoeltnisse, Sec. 586

Vincekt on Parochial Music,

250

-vispre' on the Growth of Wine

in England, 503

Volney's Travels, 589

Voyages to the North. See

Forster.

Universal History, 31

Modern Part of, 103

Uro^uhart's Institutes of Hy-
drostatics, 447

Walker on Speaking, 202 's Historical Memoirs

of the Irish Bards, 426

Wallace, Lady, her Transla-
tion of Guerre owverte, cu Ruse
centre Ruse, 78

Wallbeck's Fables, 243

Watson's Chemical Essays,

Vol. V. 469

Webb's Sermons, 86

— Reasons for thinking that

the Gr#k Language was bor-

rowed from the Chinese, 330

— LiteraryAmusemems, 445

Webster's Discourses, 456

Weddred's Thoughts on Error,

»74-

Sermon on a Future

State, 510

Wendiborn—Der Zuftand des
Stoats, &C /• Gros Britamiien,
229

West Indian Eclogues, 283

Whitaker's Tracts, 420 Vindication of Mary-

Queen of Scots, 472

White's Sermon at Philadelphia,

86

Whitehurst's Attempt to ob-
tain invariable Measures, ice.

• . 379

WiCue's Observations on the
Divine Unity, 420

Wilkes's Speech on Hastings's
Impeachment, 321

Wilkin's Edition of the Heeto-

pades of Veestinoo Sarma, 568

Williams's Sermon at Oxford,

421

Wilson's Post Chaise Compa-
nion through Ireland, 84

Wine. See Croft. See Vis-

Pre'.

Wood's Antiquities of Oxford,

English Edition, 287

Wool and SheepBiIl,Viewof, 71

Wright's Latin Translation of
Pope's Eloifa to Abelard, 244

Yearsley's Poems, Vol. IT.
48S
Young's Examination of New-
ton's Principia, 239

Zi M M E R M A N N 's Political S u r-

vey of Europe, 324

THE

MONTHLY REVIEW,

For J U L Y, 1787.

Art. I. Aristotelis dt Poetic* Liber, Textu Gulstoniano % cum PraleSiont, Ferfione, el Notis Editoris, Gulielmi Cooke, A. M. Coll. Regal. Socii; et in Academia Cantabrigienfi Grecctt Lingua Pr/elecloris. Accedit Elegia Grayiana Grteci. 8vo. 33.6c!. Cattell. 1785.

TO the numberless editions of Aristotle's Poetics already published, from Robortellus down to Winstanley, Mr. Cooke has thought proper to add that which now comes under our consideration. In an Oration, which he delivered as Greek Professor, and which is given by way of Preface to this work, he tells us, that after having read and consulted the several commentators on Aristotle, he was disgusted at finding, that their sentiments on passages, which were obscured instead of being explained, were not only different but even repugnant to each other; and that therefore he thought it better to study the original, than interpreters, and to compare Aristotle sometimes with himself, and sometimes with Horace. We approve of this as the best and most effectual way to understand the writings of any author, and Mr. Cooie's edition seems to be the result of much attention successfully and happily applied to the consideration of the Poetics in their original. His interpretation and notes are not so prolix as IVinJianUys and Gouljlon's; they are, nevertheless, very clear, distinct, and expressive; they are such as become an editor of Ariflotle, who above all writers is remarkable for pregnant brevity and Prest conciseness.

We will now proceed to make our remarks on particular passages, apga^rvsj Kstui (pvcriv, itfurov onto ruv itpuTuv; and first for the Preface.

P. i. We wish Mr. Cooke had mentioned, among other editors and commentators on the Poetics, the name of JVinstan'ey. Xhe learned world is much indebted to him for the industry and accuracy with which his edition was published.

P. v. The Professor reprobates the idea that versification is necessary to poetry. We agree with him and with Aristotle in thinking that not metre, but fiction, imagination, and imitation, are the very life and foul of poetry; yet, nevertheless, we are of opinion, that metrical poetry is more excellent, because more harmonious and more perfect than poetry without metre.

Vqi. LXXVII. B P.vii.

P. vii. The following extract on Homer proves Mr. C. to have fully comprehended the genius of his writings: 'In rebus autem divinis, tt ad deorum cultum pertinentibus, exuit poetam, et fe hijtoricum profitetur; et cum vitam, more*, u/us, consuetudinefque 'sui temporis'in lucem prefers, turn res omnes religionefque divinas vtri ac fideliter tradit: ut dubium fit, utrum plus obleElet pcita, qudm doceat hijioricus.' It has been said of Pope, that he never understood Homer: by which, if it be meant that he understood not the genius and spirit of that poet, it was rightly said. Pope and all other translators or commentators, who have laboured to allegorize the mythological stories of the Iliad and Odyssey, perceived not that Homer meant to write according to the popular creed of his times, as much as Shakespeare in Macbeth availed himself of the vulgar superstition with respect to witches. Perhaps too, both Homer and Shakespeare were persuaded that the popular creed was true.

P. viii. The passage from Homer concerning Ait«i and At« i« printed without accents. No objection can reasonably be made to the disuse of accentual marks: but why is not the .whole book printed without accents, for the Jake of uniformity?

P. ix. From that sine passage just mentioned, respecting A»ra» and At«, Mr. C. takes occasion to digress, and endeavours to prove, from various passages of heathen writers, that the principal doctrines of Christianity may be traced in the Gentile world. However right or wrong the Professor may be in his remarks on this subject, "Nunc non erat his locus;" for surely a Preface to Aristotle's Poetics is not the place for investigating the mysteries of revealed religion, and for introducing the following sentences: 'En! himinis animam ac naturum ex concepts "peccato lap/am, inquinatamque, sub Ates persona graphics admoditrn et perbelli a poetd exhibit am! P. ix. Omnes falsa ac dtpravatd naturd nati sumus, eoque et in morbo et morte collapfi jactmusy cut ■nihil omnis nojlra natura ad medendum Juppeditet. P. xi.'

P. Xii. Fanciful and injudicious is the conceit about the -word B«S/iwri;, '^uid vult bac (3aSp«ri;» qua ab Hesychio exponitur AifAot, shiuac, r\ ayav Avirn? Prastatsane ipsa vox faciU iimam Jui explicationem. Unde enirn compingitur nisi ex (3« valdty vehementer, graviter, et fiput-Hu comedo, unde bomines fiporos, e peccato, atqiu ipfo peccati genere id nomen nacti. Itaque vox bat f3trb/jijri? mala omnia et peccata ex funejlo illo vetiti fruftus eju gujiatuque in humanum genus profeminata compleflitur.'

P. xiii. No less fantastical is the opinion, that Homer, from misunderstanding the meaning of (in, was led to feign the story concerning the companions of Ulysses being destroyed for having eaten the oxen of the fun.

P. xiv. xvi. xvii. treat of him, * j^w rebus humanis agris atque ajfliclis remedium afferrety tt bominum bumanique generis . .. viiarms Vtcerius fummo ipfe supplicio mattaretur*—of the « Plures Hy~ pofiajes' — of the doctrine '§>uod S. SpMtttt, omnis borii munerft dator ac largitor, ternarium in Deo numerum conficeret, tfetque summi numinis tauquam apex, et cumulus.' We presume hot td . discuss subjects of so sacred and mysterious a nature in this our critique: but we must fay again, that it is very unbecoming to introduce them in a Preface to the P< etics.

The interpretation of Myov irpwTaytmrriv, p. xxxn—-the!

reasons for retaining Woiyyt^ixq, p. xxxiii—and for reading

/xzfTixti for fj.ct.vixx, p. Xxxvi, shall be noticed when we come to

the respective chapters of the Poetics, which contain these words.

APISTOTEAOTS IIEPI riOIHTIKHS.

Whatever singularities we may find in the hypothesis which the Preface is employed to establish, we think the Latinity entitled to very high praise for correctness, perspicuity and elegance; iri two or three places we saw marks of inattention to the niceties of verbal criticism; but the particular defects are few and trifling; while the general excellence has been made the subject of admiration among; scholars, whose suffrages do honour to Mr. Coolce, and are of great weight with ourselves.

C. i. Toij Xoyuq I|/iacij. On these words Mr. C. remarks '—'•Vel prosd oratione, vel metrii—agreeable to the opinton advanced in his Preface; and he confirms this interpretation by a passage cited from Aristotle's Rhetoric, which is pertinent, and fully proves Xcya -\n\oi tl> mean prose. So that the Eirciru'ix may be written either in prose xoyou; ^iacic, or in metre i\ fiirpoii. Goulston's interpretation stems to render the conjunction 7), as if it were only explanatory of Xeyci ^/tXoi, but certainly the critic meant to point out two distinct things by that particle, as in Tu; \oyxs xxi mv (J/iAou.iTpiav, c. 2, and nri ruv tpuirpav xxi mi Tuv Xcyav, c. 6. "Dans C epopee, it n'y a que la panle, foil en prose, soit en vers;" fays Bitteux, whose translation is occasionally very happy, though in general, like the translations of all his countrymen, too loole and wide from the text. With the words Ij/iaoi; Xoycic n /j-stock; Mr. C. connects oui?« yap xv e%01fji.iv cvofj.x<rai xonev tnu<: 'Adimplendum eft quod deficit in hunc modum: miraris fane me dicere, epopaiam ptjse prosd conjlart, fine metris. At profetlo ni ita ejjd, abjurda multa confequerentur.' We are rather of opinion :hat the connection is between oufov yxp, and the general definition irx<ra\ ruy^xtininv 8<ra» /xi^rissfif To <tvvo\ov. We approve of wh.it he advances when he afterwards goes on to shew, how, according to Aristotle's opinion, poetry consists not so much in writing metrically, as in imitation; and he demonstrates, that a writer, who invents and imitates, may be a poet, without metre, but that he who does not invent and imitate is no poet although he may write metre. The Dialogues of PUto are as much poems as the Mimes of Sophron, though (he former arc written in

B 2 prose,

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