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Smiling at length he exclaimed to the stalwart Captain

of Plymouth : “Pecksuot bragged very loud, of his courage, his

strength and his stature, Mocked the great Captain, and called him a little

man; but I see now Big enough have you been to lay him speechless before



Thus the first battle was fought and won by the

stalwart Miles Standish. When the tidings thereof were brought to the village

of Plymouth, And as a trophy of war the head of the brave Wat

tawamat Scowled from the roof of the fort, which at once was

a church and a fortress, All who beheld it rejoiced, and praised the Lord, and took courage.


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818, 819 Trophy of war: this would be thought a horrible thing to do now, but the En ish pe

were then used to it that it did not shock them. Much later than this, in 1660, when Charles II was restored to the throne, the body of the great Cromwell was torn out of its grave and hung on a gibbet.

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Only Priscilla averted her face from this spectre of

terror, Thanking God in her heart that she had not married

Miles Standish; Shrinking, fearing almost, lest, coming home from his

battles, He should lay claim to her hand, as the prize and re

ward of his valor.



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Month after month passed away, and in autumn the ships of the merchants

825 Came with kindred and friends, with cattle and corn

for the Pilgrims. 825 Ships: the Anne and the Little James which really came in 1623.

826 Cattle: no cattle came to the colony till 1624, though the Pilgrims had dogs, swine, and poultry. It was necessary that cattle should be brought as soon as possible. The lack of domestic animals was one reason why the Indians did not attain to a higher civilization. How did the original inhabitants of America happen to be called Indians ? How do you suppose they came to be in America ? Look at the map and see if they could have come from Asia ? How do domestic animals help to civilize?

Corn: this must mean wheat or oats, etc. They would not be likely to obtain Indian corn from England. Before the discovery of America, the word corn” meant any kind of grain.


All in the village was peace; the men were intent on

their labors, Busy with hewing and building, with garden-plot and

with merestead, Busy with breaking the glebe, and mowing the grass

in the meadows, Searching the sea for its fish, and hunting the deer in the forest.

830 All in the village was peace; but at times the rumor

of warfare Filled the air with alarm, and the apprehension of

danger. Bravely the stalwart Standish was scouring the land

with his forces, Waxing valiant in fight and defeating the alien ar

mies, Till his name had become a sound of fear to the

nations. Anger was still in his heart, but at times the remorse

and contrition Which in all noble natures succeed the passionate out

break, Came like a rising tide, that encounters the rush of a



885 Nations: name two great Indian nations which at that time held the eastern part of America.

Staying its current awhile, but making it bitter and


Meanwhile Alden at home had built him a new habitation,

840 Solid, substantial, of timber rough-hewn from the firs

of the forest. Wooden-barred was the door, and the roof was covered

with rushes; Latticed the windows were, and the window-panes were

of paper,

Oiled to admit the light, while wind and rain were ex

cluded. There too he dug a well, and around it planted an

orchard :

845 Still

838, 839 Such rivers are called tide-rivers. The Saint Lawrence is a tide-river up above Quebec.

843 Describe lattice windows.

Window-panes: the art of making window glass was known in England long before that, but it came into use very slowly, and glass windows were considered a great luxury which only the very rich could afford. Usually the lattice framework of windows was filled with paper which was treated with linseed oil. This allowed the light to shine through, but prevented the rain from soaking

the paper.

may be seen to this day some trace of the well

and the orchard. Close to the house was the stall, where, safe and

secure from annoyance, Raghorn, the snow-white bull, that had fallen to

Alden's allotment In the division of cattle, might ruminate in the night

time Over the pastures he cropped, made fragrant by sweet


Oft when his labor was finished, with eager feet

would the dreamer Follow the pathway that ran through the woods to the

house of Priscilla, Led by illusions romantic and subtile deceptions of

fancy, Pleasure disguised as duty, and love in the semblance

of friendship Ever of her he thought, when he fashioned the walls of his dwelling;

855 Ever of her he thought, when he delved in the soil of

his garden;

846 The descendants of John Alden still own his old homestead in Duxbury, a neighboring town to Plymouth. The present house is supposed to occupy the site of the first one.

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