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Then, too, there are my soldiers, my great, invincible

army, Twelve men, all equipped, having each his rest and his matchlock,

40 Eighteen shillings a month, together with diet and

pillage, And, like Cæsar, I know the name of each of my

sol. diers !" This he said with a smile, that danced in his eyes, as

the sunbeams Dance on the waves of the sea, and vanish again in a

moment. Alden laughed as he wrote, and still the Captain continued :

45 39 Army: this little military company, wbich is doubtless the beginning of the militia system in America, was made up by the settlers the first year through fear that the Indians would be more than likely to attack them if they came to know how many of their number had died. To Miles Standish, after wars he had seen waged in Holland, this little band of twelve men seemed ludicrous. Yet it was enough with him at its head to preserve the colony until it grew stronger. A few men with guns are a match for a much larger number armed only with such weapons as those of the Indians.

41 Pillage: what would a soldier get by pillage? How much aro eighteen shillings in American money? Find out

you can how much soldiers are paid to-day.

42 Cæsar was immensely popular with his army partly for this


“ Look! you can see from this window my brazen how

itzer planted High on the roof of the church, a preacher who speaks

to the purpose, Steady, straightforward, and strong, with irresistible

logic, Orthodox, flashing conviction right into the hearts of

the heathen. Now we are ready, I think, for any assault of the Indians:

50 Let them come, if they like, and the sooner they try it

the better, Let them come if they like, be it sagamore, sachem, or

pow-wow, Aspinet, Samoset, Corbitant, Squanto, or Tokamaha


Long at the window he stood, and wistfully gazed

on the landscape,

47 Here the poet is using poetic license with the facts. The church was not built until a year or two later.

52 Give these names in the order of their rank. Why does not the poet arrange them so in his line? What two meanings for pow-wow?

53 These are real names of Indians whom the Pilgrims knew. Learn their proper pronunciation by scanning the line.

Washed with a cold gray mist, the vapory breath

of the east-wind, Forest and meadow and hill, and the steel-blue rim of


the ocean,

Lying silent and sad, in the afternoon shadows and

sunshine. Over his countenance flitted a shadow like those on

the landscape, Gloom intermingled with light; and his voice was sub

dued with emotion, Tenderness, pity, regret, as after a pause he proceeded :

60 “ Yonder there, on the hill by the sea, lies buried

Rose Standish; Beautiful rose of love, that bloomed for me by the

wayside! She was the first to die of all who came in the May

flower! Green above her is growing the field of wheat we have Better to hide from the Indian scouts the graves of our people,

sown there,

68 Mayflower : what was the name of the other ship which started with the Mayflower. The Mayflower carried the colonists who settled Salem and those who settled what is now Boston. Thus this ship is closely associated with the beginnings of New England.

64 Those who died the first winter were buried on a low bluff near the shore and the graves smoothed flat. As soon as the season

65 Lest they should count them and see how many

already have perished !" Sadly his face he averted, and strode up and down,

and was thoughtful.


Fixed to the opposite wall was a shelf of books,

and among them Prominent three, distinguished alike for bulk and for

binding; Bariffe's Artillery Guide, and the Commentaries of

Cæsar, Out of the Latin translated by Arthur Goldinge of

London, And, as if guarded by these, between them was stand

ing the Bible. Musing a moment before them, Miles Standish paused, Whether the wars of the Hebrews, the famous campaigns of the Romans,

as if doubtful Which of the three he should choose for his consola

tion and comfort, permitted, this place was sown with wheat to prevent the Indians from learning how weak the colony was growing by counting the graves.

70 Commentaries of Cæsar: what was the subject of these Commentaries ?

71 Arthur Goldinge: the translator of many classical works.

75 Or the Artillery practice, designed for belligerent

Christians. Finally down from its shelf he dragged the ponderous

Roman, Seated himself at the window, and opened the book,

and in silence Turned o’er the well-worn leaves, where thumb-marks

thick on the margin, Like the trample of feet, proclaimed the battle was hottest.

80 Nothing was heard in the room but the hurrying pen

of the stripling, Busily writing epistles important, to go by the May

flower, Ready to sail on the morrow, or next day at latest,

God willing! Homeward bound with the tidings of all that terrible


75 In what period of their history occurred “the wars of the Hebrews"?

79, 80 Explain the meaning of these lines.

88 The Mayflower sailed on her return voyage April 15, 1621. How old was the colony then ?

84 Terrible winter: terrible from the bereavements and priva

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