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CONTENTS.

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Spinning, by Zabozok, of Nodville-Wallotty Trot's Spinning Jenny-

Origin of Weaving, by Ghelen-Weaving among the Ancient Egyp-

tians-Late Discoveries in Egypt, by Doctor Lepsius, Mr. Fellows, and

others-Bronze Power Loom--Dimity Power Loom-Fork and Grid

Stop-thread Motion-Ancient Net-work or Lace-Decorations of Sol-

omon's Temple-Ancient Spinning Machine, with 256 Spindles, &c.-

Garments of Gold—Silk Manufacture in China—-Incombusti-

ble Cloth-Seven-ply Carpeting-Figured Weaving in India-Pope

Alexander VI, his Account of the Cloth Manufacture in Ancient

Times by Arkite Ghiden Ghelen-Discoveries in Arabia-Zannkul K.

Euzen, King of Nodville-Oration on Weaving, delivered by Arphaxad

before Deioces, first King of the Medes-Alarm Loon-Lemuel P.

Arybas, of the Plains of Shinar, the Inventor of the Jaw-Temple-

Letter from Alexis Kersivenus, of Alexandria, Egypt-Contest in

Weaving between Minerva and Arachne-Egyptian Tapestry Weav-

ing, with imperial Let-off and Take-up Motions-Weaving in Pales-

tine, described by Pope Leo X-Weaving Gold and Silver-Wire-

drawing Machine, invented by Zurishaddai, of Sidon-Pope G XVI, his

Samples of Gold and Silver Lace-wire, &c.-Specimen of Egyptian

Shebetz, procured from Mehemet Ali, Viceroy of Egypt-A Mantle

of Shinar-Babylonish Carpets and Shawls-Persian Carpets—Egyp-

tian Carpets, with raised Pile-Tyrian Purple-Grecian Tapestry-

Sale of Old Maids at Public Auction, by the Assyrians—Coan Robes

-Coan Vests—Account of Joseph's Coat, by Pope Leo X—The Pope

in error-Basharaboo's account of Joseph's Coat-Manufactures of

Lydia and Phrygia-Letter from Alexis Kersivenus.

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SECTION NINTI.

SECTION TWELFTH.

FIGURED WEAVING, BY POWER.

Damask-Haight and Bigelow's Carpet Looms—Tompkins and Gilroy's

Damask Loom-C. G. Gilroy's Marseilles Quilting Loom, with Thomas
Yates' Improvements thereon-E. B. Bigelow's Quilting Loom-
Berry's Metallic Tissue Loom-Glass Weaving-C. G. Gilroy's Full-
harness Jacquard Loom-Dohmme and Romagney's Jacquard-Fred-
erick Goos’ Jacquard-C. G. Gilroy's Presser-harness Jacquard Loom
-Claims of E. B. Bigelow's Patents—Evidence of Select Committee of
the House of Commons on Arts and Manufactures-Reed Scale-
Gilroy's Specimens of Design Paper-French Card Cutting or
Punching Machine-Reports of French, English, and other Manufac-
turers on C. G. Gilroy's Looms, with Letter from Hon. H. L. Ells-
worth-C. G. Gilroy's Loom Mountings, &c.-Gilroy's Weft Calcula-
tion Tables, &c.

423

INTRODUCTION.

A THOROUGH knowledge of the Art of Weaving, in all its varieties, is the gradual result of indefatigable exertion, and cannot be acquired, except by a long course of practical application in those parts of the world where it is best understood.

Many of our American weavers already possess sufficient skill and dexterity in several branches of this, the most complex of all arts, to prove dangerous rivals to those similarly engaged in other parts of the globe ; but the field for improvement is still very extensive. In every quarter of this vast country men of scientific genius are busy in applying those elementary and speculative principles, which were formerly confined to the closet of the philosopher, to the grand purpose of social improvement. The great chain which connects theory with the useful arts, is rapidly extending, and it is impossible to anticipate what may be the result.

The fabrication of almost every species of cloth appears to have been carried on to a surprising extent in the ancient world ; and a knowledge of the processes by which it was accomplished, together with the improvements made on many of them since their introduction into Europe, are objects of the first national importance, and no apology is necessary for our attempting a collection of facts on the subject, embodying them with our own experience as a practical weaver and manufacturer, in England, Ireland, Scotland, France, Belgium, Prussia, &c., for nearly a quarter of a century.

Although the art of weaving the more common fabrics is extensively known in this country, nevertheless, the intricate and ornamental textures are not well understood ; neither have they been explained by any one thoroughly versed in the business; which precludes the necessity of further observation from us on this head.

A variety of publications relative to this branch of industry, designed for the use of weavers of common fabrics, have, indeed, appeared, at different times, by such authors as O'Doherty, Diogenes,

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