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convey your ladyship to church. While you in order to intercept them within a day's march are praying there, they are cursing, swearing, of our army. The king of Spain was appreand drinking in an ale-house. During the bensive the enemy might make such a movetime also which your ladyship sets apart for ment, and commanded general Stanhope with a heaven, you are to know, that your cook is body of horse, consisting of fourteen squadrons, sweating and fretting in preparation for your to observe their course, and prevent their pasdinner. Soon after your meal you make visits, sage over the rivers Segra and Noguera, between and the whole world that belongs to you speaks Lerida and Balaguer. It bappened to be the all the ill of you which you are repeating of first day that officer had appeared abroad after others. You see, madam, whatever way you a dangerous and violent fever ; but he received go, all about you are in a very broad one. The the king's cominands on this occasion with a morality of these people it is your proper husi. joy which surmounted his present weakness, ness to enquire into ; and until you reform and on the twenty-seventh of last month came them, you had best let your equals alone; up with the enemy on the plains of Balaguer. otherwise, if I allow you, you are not vicious, The duke of Anjou's rear-guard, consisting of you must allow me you are not virtuous.' twenty-six squadrons, that general sent intel

I took my leave, and received at my coming ligence of their posture to the king, and desired home the following letter:

bis majesty's orders to attack them. During

the time which he waited for bis instructions, MR. BICKERSTAFF,

he made his disposition for the charge, which “I have lived a pure and undefiled virgin was to divide themselves into three bodies; these twenty-seven years ; and I assure you, one to be commanded by himself in the centre, it is with great grief and sorrow of heart I tell

a body on the right by count Maurice of you, that I become weary and impatient of the Nassau, and the third on the left by the earl of derision of the gigglers of our sex; who call me Rochford. Upon the receipt of his majesty's old maid, and tell me, I shall lead apes. If direction to attack the enemy, the general you are truly a patron of the distressell, and bimself charged with the utmost vigour and an adept in astrology, you will advise whether resolution, while the earl of Rochford and I shall, or ought to be prevailed upon by the count Maurice extended themselves on his impertinences of my own sex, to give way to right and left, to prevent the advantage the the importunities of yours. I assure you, 1 enemy might make of the superiority of their am surrounded with both, though at present numbers. What appears to have misled the a forlorn.

I am, &c.'

enemy's general in this affair was, that it was I must defer my answer to this lady out of would attack' hiva till they had received a

not supposed practicable that the confederates a point of chronology. She says, she has been reinforcement. For this reason, he pursued twenty-seven years a maid; but I fear, accord-bis march without facing about till we were ing to a common error, she dates her virginity actually coming on to engagement. General from her birth, which is a very erroneous Stanbope's disposition made it impracticable to method; for a woman of twenty is no more to do it at that time; count Maurice and the be thought chaste so many years, than a man

earl of Rochford attacking them in the instant of that age can be said to have been so long in which they were forming themselves. The valiant. We must not allow people the favour charge was madle with the greatest gallantry, of a virtue, until they have been under the and the enemy very soon put into so great distemptation to the contrary. A woman is not order, that their whole cavalry were coma maid until her birth-day, as we call it, of her manded to support their rear-guard. Upon fifteenth year. My plaintiff is therefore desired the advance of this reinforcement, all the horse to inform me, whether she is at present in her of the king of Spain were come up to sustain twenty.eighth or forty-third year, and she sball general Stanhope, insomuch, that the battle 12 despatched accordingly.

improved to a general engagement of the ca

valry of both armies. After a warm dispute St. James's Coffee-house, August 11.

for some time, it ended in the utter defeat of A merchant came bither this morning, and all the duke of Anjou's horse. Upon the des. read a letter from a correspondent of his at patch of these advices, that prince was retiring Milan. It was dated the 7th instaut, N. S. towards Lerida. We have no account of any The following is an abstract of it :--On the considerable loss on our side, except that both 25th of the last month, five thousand men those heroic youths, the earl of Rocl ford and were on their march in the Lampourdav, under count Nassau, fell in this action. They were, the command of general Wesell, having re- you know, both sons of persons who had a reived orders from his catholic majesty to join great place in the confidence of your late king bim in his camp with all possible expedition. Williain ; and I doubt not but their deathis The duke of Anjou soon bad intelligence of will endear their families, which were ennobled tbeir motion, and took a resolution to decamp, I by him, in your nation. General Stanhope lias

1

Juv. Sat. vii. 56.

been reported by the enemy dead of his wounds; ) their very dissolution with pleasure, how few but he received only a slight contusion on the things are there that can be terrible to them! sboulder.

Certainly, nothing can be dreadful to such P. S. We acknowledge you here a mighty lihem, falsehood towards man, or impiety to

spirits, but what would make death terrible to brave people; but you are said to love quar. wards heaven. To such as these, as there are relling so well, that you cannot be quiet at home. · The favourers of the house of Bourbon certainly many such, the gratifications of inno

cent pleasures are doubled, even with reflections among us affirm, that this Stanhope, wbo

upon their imperfection. The disappointments could, as it were, get out of bis sick-bed to fight against their king of Spain, must be of make ourselves in expected enjoyments, strike

which naturally attend the great promises we the antimonarchical party.

no damp upon such men, but only quicken

their hopes of soon knowing joys which are No. 211.) Tuesday, August 15, 1710. too pure to admit of allay or satiety. Necqueo monstrare, et sentio tantum,

It is thought, among the politer sort of

mankind, an imperfection to want a relish of What I can fancy but can ne'er express.

any of those things which refine our lives.

Dryden. This is the foundation of the acceptance which Sunday, August 13.

eloquence, music, and poetry make in the If there were no other consequences of it, world; and I know not why devotion, consibut barely that human creatures on this day Jered merely as an exaltation of our happiness, assemble themselves before their Creator, with should not at least be so far regarded as to be out regard to their usual employments, their considered. It is possible the very enquiry minds at leisure from the cares of this life, and would lead men into such thoughts and grati. their bodies adorned with the best attire they fications as they did not expect to meet with can bestow on them; I say, were this mere in this place. Many a good acquaintance has outward celebration of a sabbath all that is been lost from a general prepossession in his expected from men, even that were a laudable disfavour, and a severe aspect has often bid distinction, and a purpose worthy the human under it a very agreeable companion. nature. But when there is added to it the There are no distinguishing qualities among sublime pleasure of devotion, our being is men to which there are not false pretenders ; exalted above itself; and he who spends a but though none is more pretended to than seventh day in the contemplation of the next that of devotion, there are perhaps fewer suclife, will not easily fall into the corruptions of cessful impostors in this kind than any other. this in the other six. Tbey, who never admit There is something so natively great and thoughts of this kind into their imaginations, good in a person that is truly devout, that an lose higher and sweeter satisfactions than can awkward man may as well pretend to be gen. be raised by any other entertainment. The teel, as a hypocrite to be pious. The conmost illiterate man who is touched with devo straint in words and actions are equally visible tion, and uses frequerit exercises of it, contracts in both cases; and any thing set up in their a certain greatness of mind, mingled with a room does but remove the endeavourers farther noble simplicity, that raises him above those off from their pretensions. But, however the of the same condition ; and there is an inde- sense of true piety is abated, there is no other lible mark of goodness in those wbo sincerely motive of action that can carry us through all possess it. It is bardly possible it should be the vicissitudes of life with alacrity and resootherwise; for the fervours of a pious mind lution. But piety, like philosophy, when it is will naturally contract such an earnestness and superficial, does but make men appear the attention towards a better being, as will make worse for it; and a principle that is but half the ordinary passages of life go off with a be- received does but distract, instead of guiding coming indifference. By this a man in the our behaviour. When I reflect upon the lowest condition will not appear mean, or, in unequal conduct of Lotius, I see many things the most splended fortune, insolent.

that run directly counter to his interest ; As to all the intricacies and vicissitudes, un. therefore I cannot attribute his labours for the der which men are ordinarily entangled with public good to ambition. When I consider the utmost sorrow and passion, one who is his disregard to his fortune I cannot esteem devoted to heaven, when he falls into such dif- | bim covetous. How then can I reconcile bis ficulties, is led by a clue through a labyrinth. neglect of himself, aud bis zeal for others ? I As to this world, he does not pretend to skill bave long suspected him to be a little pious :' in the mazes of it; but fixes his thoughts upon but no man ever hid his vice with greater one certainty, that he shall soon be out of it. caution than he does bis virtue. It was the And we may ask very boldly, what can be a praise of a great Roman,' that he had rather more sure consolation than to have a hupe in be, than appear good.' But such is the weakdeath? When men are arrived at thinking of ' ness of Lotius, that I dare say, he had rather

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be esteemed irreligious than devout. By I be carries about in his bosom, without alarm. know not what impatience of raillery, he is ing either the eye or the envy of the world. wonderfully fearful of being thought too great A man putting all his pleasures into this one, a believer. A hundred little devices are made is like a traveller putting all his goods into one use of to hide a time of private devotion ; and jewel; the value is tbe same, and the convehe will allow you any suspicion of his being ill nience greater.' employed, so you do not tax him with being well. But alas! how inean is such a behaviour ? To boast of virtue, is a most ridiculous way of No. 212.) Thursday, August 17, 1710. disappointing the merit of it, but not so pitiful as that of being ashamed of it. How unhappy

From my own Apartment, August 16. is the wretch, who makes the most absolute I have had much importunity to answer the and independent motive of action the cause of following letter : perplexity and inconstancy! How different a

"MR. BICKERSTAFF, figure does Cælicolo* make with all who know

' Reading over a volume of yours, I find the him! His great and superior erind, frequently words simplex munditiis mentioned as a deexalted by the raptures of heavenly meditation, scription of a very well-dressed woman. I beg is to all his friends of the same use, as if an

of you, for the sake of the sex, to explain these angel were to appear at the decision of their

terms. I cannot comprehend what my brother disputes. They very well understand, be is as

means when he tells me, they signify my own much disinterested and unbiassed as such a

name, which is,

'Sir, being. He considers all applications made to

Your humble servant, him, as those addresses will affect his own ap

• PLAIN ENGLISH: plication to heaven, All bis determinations are delivered with a beautiful bumility; and

I think the lady's brother has given us a very he pronounces his decisions with the air of one good idea of that elegant expression; it being who is more frequently a supplicant than a the greatest beauty of speech to be close and judge.

intelligible. To this end, nothing is to be Thus humble, and thus great, is the inan more carefully consulted than plainness. In who is moved by piety, and exalted by devotion. a lady's attire this is the single excellence; But behold this recommended by the masterly for to be, what some people call, fine, is the hand of a great divine I have heretofore made same vice in that case, as to be florid, is in bold with.

writing or speaking. I have studied and writ ' It is such a pleasure as can never cloy or on this important subject, until I almost deoverwork the mind; a delight that grows and spair of making a reformation in the females improves under thought and reflection ; and of this island; where we have more beauty while it exercises, does also endear itself to the than in any spot in the universe, if we did not mind. All pleasures that affect the body must disguise it by false garniture, and detract from needs weary, because they transport; and all it by impertinent improvements. I have by transportation is a violence ; and no violence me a treatise concerning pinners, wbich, I can be lasting; but determines upon the falling bave some hopes, will contribute to the amend. of the spirits, which are not able to keep up ment of the present bead-dresses, to which I that height of motion that the pleasure of the have solid and unanswerable objections. But senses raises them to. And therefore how in most of the errors in that, and other particuevitably does an immoderate laughter end in lars of adorning the head, are crept into the a sigh, which is only nature's recovering itself world from the ignorance of modern tirewomen; after a force done to it: but the religious plea for it is come to that pass, that an awkward sure of a well-disposed mind moves gently, and creature in the first year of her apprenticeship, therefore constantly. It does not affect by that can hardly stick a pin, shall take upon rapture and ecstasy, but is like the pleasure her to dress a woman of the first quality. of health, greater and stronger than those that However, it is certain, that there requires in call up the senses with grosser and more af- a good tirewomen a perfect skill in optics; for fecting impressions. No man's body is as strong all the force of ornament is to contribute to as his appetites; but Heaven has corrected the intention of the eyes. Thus she, who has the boundlessness of his voluptuous desires by a mind to look killing, must arm ber face acstinting his strength, and contracting his ca- cordingly, and not leave ber eyes and cheeks pacities.—The pleasure of the religious man is undressed. There is Araminta, who is so senan easy and a portable pleasure, such a one as sible of this, that she never will see even ber

own husband, without a hood* on. • This appears to be one of Steele's political papers, in one living bear to see miss Gruel, lean as she which his principal design seems to have been, to contrast the character of Mr. Harley, afterwards lord Oxford, the treasurer then in office, with that of lord Godolphin, who Hoods of various kinds began to come into fashion in was his lordship's iminedjate predeceseor.

the latter part of the reign of Charles II.

Can any

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MR. BICKERSTAFF.

is, with her hair tied back after the modern turned my horse, with a design to pursue bim way? But such is the folly of our ladies, that to London, and get him apprehended, on susbecause one who is a beauty, out of ostentation picion of being a bighwayman : but when I of her being such, takes care to wear something reflected, that it was the proper office of the that she knows cannot be of any consequence magistrate to punish only knaves, and that to her complexion; I say, our women run on we bad a Censor of Great Britain for people of so heedlessly in the fashion, that though it is another denomination, I immediately deterthe interest of some to hide as much of their mined to prosecute him in your court only. faces as possible, yet because a leading toast | This unjustifiable frolic I take to be neither wit appeared with a backward head-dress, the rest nor humour, therefore hope you will do me, sball follow the mode, without observing that and as many others as were that day frighted, the author of the fashion assumed it because justice.

'I am, Sir, it could become no one but herself.

' Your friend and servant, Flavia is ever well-dressed, and always the genteelest woman you meet : but the make of

'SIR, her mind very much contributes to the orna- The gentleman begs your pardon, and ment of her body. She has the greatest simplio frighted you out of fear of frighting you; for city of manners of any of her sex. This makes he is just come out of the small-pox.' every thing look native about her, and her clothes are so exactly fitted, that they appear, as it were, part of her person. Every one that

Your distinction concerning the time of sees her knows her to be of quality ; but her commencing virgins is allowed to be just. I distinction is owing to her manner, and not to

write you my thanks for it, in the twentyher habit. Her beauty is full of attraction, eighth year of my life, and twelfth of my vir. but not of allurement. There is such a com

ginity. But I am to ask you another question : posure in her looks, and propriety in her dress, may, a woman be said to live any more years a that you would think it impossible she should maid, than she continues to be courted?

I am, &c.' change the garb, you one day see her in, for any thing so becoming, uutil you next day see

“SIR,

Augnst 15, 1710. her in another. There is no other mystery in

.I observe that the Postmao of Saturday this, but that however she is apparelled, she last, giving an account of the action in Spain, is herself the same ; for there is so immediate has this elegant turn of expression; general a relation between our thoughts and gestures, Stanhope, who in the whole action expressed that a woman must think well to look well. as much bravery as conduct, received a contu

But this weighty subject I must put off for sion in his right shoulder. I should be glad to some other matters, in which my correspon- know, whether this cautious politician means dents are urgent for answers; which I shall to commend or to rally him, by sayiug, 'He do where I can, and appeal to the judgment of expressed as much bravery as conduct? If others where I cannot.

you can explain this dubious phrase, it will in

form the public, and oblige, Sir, •MR. BICKERSTAFF, August 15, 1710.

Your humble servant, &c.' . Taking the air the other day on horse-back in the green lune that leads to Southgate, I discovered coming towards me a person well No. 213.] Saturday, August 19, 1710. mount in a mask; and I accordingly ex

Sheer-lane, August 18. pected, as any one would, to have been robbed.* But when we came up with each other, the

There has of late crept in among the downspark, to my greater surprise, very peaceably right English a mighty spirit of dissimulation. gave me the way; which made me take cou. But, before we discourse of this vice, it will be rage enough to ask him, if he masqueraded, necessary to observe, that the learned make a or bow? He made me no answer, but still difference between simulation and dissimulacontinued incognito. This was certainly an

tion. Simulation is a pretence of what is not, ass, in a lion's skin; a harmless bull-beggar, and dissimulation is a concealment of what is. who delights to fright innocent people, and The latter is our present affair. When you set them a galloping. bet bought myself of

louk round you in public places in this island, putting as good a jest upon him, and bad you see the generality of mankind carry in

their countenance an air of challenge or de

fiance; and there is no such man to be found . In the process of a few succeeding years, so much injury was done in various ways, by disorderly persons dis among us, who naturally strives to do greater guised with masks, crapes, anıl blackened faces, that it honours and civilities than he receives. This was thought necessary to pass the law which is called innate sullenuess or stubbornness of complexion • The Black Act.' Stal. 9 Geo. I. c. 22. The ladies at this time rode in masks. See Swift's' Works,' Vol. XXII.

is hardly to be conquered by any of our islanders. H. 269.

For which reason, however they may pretend to chouse one another, they make but very | lady's woman. From the two latter your schoawkward rogues ; and their dislike to each lar and page must have reaped all their advanother is seldom so well dissembled, but it is tage above him.- I know by this time you bave suspected. When once it is so, it had as good pronounced me a trader. I acknowledge it ; be professed. A man who dissembles well must but cannot bear the exclusion from any prehave none of what we call stomach, otherwise tence of speaking agreeably to a fine woman, he will be cold in his professions of good-will or from any degree of generosity that way. where he hates ; an imperfection of the last | You have among us citizens many well-wishill consequence in busioess. This fierceness ers; but it is for the justice of your represenin our natures is apparent from the conduct tations, which we, perbaps, are better judges of our young fellows, who are not got into the of than you (by the account you give of your schemes and arts of life which the children of nephew) seem to allow. the world walk by. One would tbink that, of To give you an opportunity of making us course, when a man of any consequence for his some reparation, I desire you would tell, your figure, bis mien, or his gravity, passes by a own way, the following instance of heroic love yonth, he should certainly have the first ad- in the city. You are to remember, that somevances of salutation; but he is, you may ub- where in your writings, for enlarging tbe terriserve, treated in a quite different manner; it tories of virtue and honour, you have multibeing the very characteristic of an English tem- plied the opportunities of attaining to heroic per to defy. As I am an Englishman, I find it a virtue ; and have hinted, that in whatever state very hard matter to bring myself to pull off the of life a man is, if he does things above what is hat first; but it is the only way to be upon ordinarily performed by men of his rank, he is any good terms with those we meet within those instances a hero. Therefore the first advance is of high moment. * Tom Trueman, a young gentleman of eighMen judge of others by themselves; and he that teen years of age, fell passionately in love with will command with us must condescend. It the beauteous Almira, daughter to bis master. moves one's spleen very agreeably, to see fellows Her regard for him was no less tender. Truepretend to be dissemblers without this lesson. man was better acquainted with his master's They are so reservedly complaisant, until they affairs than his daughter; and secretly lament. have learned to resign their natural passions, ed that each day brought him, by many misthat all the steps they make towards gaining carriages, nearer bankruptcy than the former. those whom they would be well with, are but This unhappy posture of their affairs the youth so many marks of what they really are, and not suspected, was owing to the ill management of of what they would appear.

a factor in whom his master had an entire The rough Britons, when they pretend to confidence. Trueman took a proper occasion, be artful towards one another, are ridiculous when his master was ruminating on his decayenough ; but when they set up for vices they ing fortune, to address him for leave to spend have not, and dissemble their good with an the remainder of his time with his foreign coraffectation of ill, they are insupportable. I respondent. During three years stay in that know two men in this town who make as good employment, he became acquainted with all figures as any in it, that manage their credit so that concerned his master, and by his great well as to be thought atheists, and yet say their address in the management of that knowledge, prayers morning and evening. Tom Springly, saved him ten thousand pounds. Soon after the other day, pretended to go to an assign- this accident, Trueman's uncle left him a conment with a married woman at Rosamond's siderable estate. Upon receiving that advice, Pund, and was seen soon after reading the re- he returned to England, and demanded Almira sponses with great gravity at six o'clock prayers. of her father. The father, overjoyed at the

match, offered him the ten thousand pounds Sheer-lane, August 17.

he had saved bim, with the further proposal of Though the following epistle bears a just resigning to him all his business. Truemau re. accusation of myself, yet in regard it is a more sused both; and retired into the country with advantageous piece of justice to another, bis bride, contented with his own fortune, insert it at large.

though perfectly skilled in all the methods of Garraway's Coffee-house, improving it.

'It is to be noted, that Trueman refused 'I bave lately read your paper, wherein you twenty thousand pounds with another young represent a conversation between a young lady, lady; so that reckoning both his self-denials, your three nephews, and yourself; and am not be is to have in your court the merit of having a little offended at the figure you give your given ibirty thousand pounds for the woman young merchant in the presence of a heauty. he loved. This gentleman I claim your justice The topic of love is a subject on which a man to; and hope you will be convinced that some is more beholden to nature for his eloquence, of us have larger views than only Cash Debtor, tban to the instruction of the schools, or my per contra Creditor.

Yours,

• MR. BICKERSTAFF

August 10.

RICUARD TRAFFICK.'

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