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bis passenger perplexity. But, to consummate 'That the sale of the said cloaths is spoiled all, he delivered the chest, with strict charge, by your worship's said probibition.

in case they were in danger of being taken, Your petitioners therefore most humbly to throw it overboard, for there were letters pray, that your worship will please to allow, mit, the matter of which might be of great that all gentlewomen's gentlewomen may be service to the enemy.'

allowed to wear the said dress, or to repair the N. B. It is not thought advisable to proceed loss of such a perquisite in such manner as further in this account; Mr. Varnish being your worship shall think fit. just returned from his travels, and willing to

And your petitioners, &c.' conceal the occasion of his first applying himself to the languages.

I do allow the allegations of this petition

to be just; and forbid all persons, but the peSt. James's Coffee-house, February 20. titioners, or those who shall purchase them, to This day came in a mail from Holland, with wear the said garment after the date hereof. a confirmation of our late advices, that a treaty of peace would very suddenly be set on foot, and that yachts were appointed by the States No. 137.] Thursday, February 23, 1709.10. to convey the ministers of France from Moer- Ter centum tonat ore Deos, Erebůmque, Chaosque, dyke to Gertruydenburgh, which is appointed Tergerninám que Hecaten

Virg. Æn. iv.510.
for the place wherein this important negotia- He thrice invokes th' infernal powers profound
tion is to be transacted. It is said, this affair

Of Erebus and Chaos; thrice he calls
On llecate's triple form-

R. Wynne.
has been in agitation ever since the close of the
last campaign; Mons. Pettecum having beeu

Sheer-lane, February 22. appointed to receive from time to time the over

Dick Reptile and I sat this evening later tures of the enemy. During the whole winter, than the rest of the club: and as some men the minsters of France have used their utmost

are better company when only with one friend, skill in forming such answers as might amuse

others when there is a larger number, I found the allies, in hopes of a favourable event either Dick to be of the former kind. He was bein the north, or some other part of Europe, wailing to me, in very just terms, the offences which might affect some part of the alliance which he frequently met with in the abuse of too nearly to leave it in a capacity of adhering speech : some use ten times more words thai firmly to the interest of the whole. In all this they need; some put in words quite foreign to transaction, the French king's own name has their purpose ; and others adorn their discourses been as little made use of as possible: but the with baths and blasphemies, by way of tropes season of the year advancing tvo fast to admit

and figures. What my good friend started of much longer delays in the present condition dwelt upon me after I came home this evening, of France, Mons. Torcy, in the name of the and led me into an enquiry with myself, kios, sent a letter to Mons. Pettecum, wherein whence should arise such strange excrescences he says, ' That the king is willing all the pre-in discourse? whereas it must be obvious to liminary articles shall rest as they are during all reasonable beings, that the sooner a man the treaty for the 37th.

speaks his mind, the more complaisant he is to Sheer-lane, February 20.

the man with whom he talks : but, upon maI have been earnestly solicited for a further ture deliberation, I am come to this resolution, term, for wearing the fardingal by several of that for one man who speaks to be understood, the fair sex, but more especially by the follow there are ten who talk only to be admired.

The ancient Greeks had little independent ing petitioners.

syllables called expletives, which they brought • The humble petition of Deborah Hark, Sarah into their discourses both in verse and prose,

Threadpaper, and Rachel Thimble, spin- for no other purpose but for the better grace sters and single women, commonly called and sound of their sentences and periods. I waiting-maids, in behalf of themselves and know no example but this, which can autho. their sisterhood;

rise the use of more words than are necessary. “SHEWETH,

But whether it be from this freedom taken by That your worship has been pleased to that wise nation, or however it arises, Dick order and command, that no person or persons Reptile bit upon a very just and common cause shall presume to wear quilted petticoats, on of offence the generality of people of all forfeiture of the said petticoats, or penalty of orders. We have one here in our lane, who wearing ruffs, after the seventeenth instant speaks nothing without quoting an authority; now expired.

for it is always with him, so and so, 'as the That your petitioners have, time out of mind, man said.' He asked me this morning, how been entitled to wear their ladies' cloathes, or I did, as the man said ? and hoped I would to sell the same,

come now and then to see him, 'as the man

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upon bis

said. I am acquainted with another, who mity; and made me conclude, that it is ever pever delivers himself upon any subject, but want of sense makes a man guilty in this kind. lie cries,' he only speaks his poor judgment; It was excellently well said,' that this folly this is his bumble opinion; as for his part, if had no temptation to excuse it, no man being he might presume to offer any thing on that born of a swearing constitution. In a word, subject.'—But of all the persons who add ele- a few rumbling words and consonants clapped gances and superfluities to their discourses, together without any sense, will make an acthose who deserve the foremost rank are the complished swearer. It is needless to dwell swearers; and the lump of these may, I think, long upon this blustering impertinence, which be very aptly divided into the common distinc- is already banished out of the society of welltion of high and low. Dulness and barren- bred men, and can be useful only to bullies and ness of thought is the original of it in both ill tragic writers, who would have sound and these sects, and they differ only in constitution : noise pass for courage and sepse. The low is geverally a pblegmatic, and the high a choleric coxcomb. The man of phlegm St. James's Coffee house, February 22. is sensible of the emptiness of his discourse, and will tell you, that,' l'fackins,' such a thing Harwich, who left that place just as the duke

There arrived a messenger last night from is true; or, if you warm bim

a little, he may of Marlborough was going on board. The charun into passion, and cry, ‘Odsbodikids, you Junot say right. But the high affects a sub- the command of his queen, and at the request

racter of this important general going out by limity in dulness, and invokes' hell and dam- of his country, puts me in mind of that noble nation' at the breaking of a glass, or the slow figure wbich Shakspeare gives Harry the Fifth ness of a drawer. I was the other day trudging along Fleet. Wishes for abilities to represent so great a

expedition against France. The poet street on foot, and an old army friend came

bero: up with me. We were both going towards Westminster; and, finding the streets were so

• Oh for a moise of fire !

Then should the warlike Harry like himself, crowded that we could not keep together, we

Assume the port of Mars, and at his heels, resolved to club for a coach. This gentleman Leashid in, like hounds, should fainine, sword, and fire, I knew to be the first of the order of the cho- Crouch for employinents.' leric. I must confess, were there no crime in it, nothing could be more diverting than the

A conqueror drawn like the god of battle,

with such a dreadful leash of hell-hounds at impertinence of the high juror: for, whether there is remedy or not agaiust what offends bis command, makes a picture of as much mahim, still he is to show he is offended; and he jesty and terror, as is to be met with in any must, sure, not omit to be magnificently pas

poet. sionate, by falling on all things in his

Shakspeare understood the force of this par.

way. We were stopped by a train of coaches at Tem. ticular allegory so well, that he had it in his ple-bar.'What the devil!' says my companion; gether as daring and sublime as the former.

thoughts in another passage, which is altocanuot you drive on, coachman ? D-D you all, for a set of sons of whores ; you will

What I mean is in the tragedy of Julius Cæsar, stop here to be paid by the hour! There is not

wbere Antony, after having foretold the bloodsuch a set of cunfounded dogs as the coachmen, shed and destruction that should be brought unbanged ! But these rascally cits—-'Ounds, upon the earth by the death of that great man, why should not there be a tax to make these

to fill up the borror of his description, adds dogs widen their gates ? Oh! but the hell.

winy verses: hounds move at last.' Ay,' said I, I knew • Ard ('r's spirit, ranging for revenge,

With Ate by his side, come hot from hell, you would make them wbip on, if once they

Shall in these confines, with a monarch's voice, heard you'--'No,' says be, “but would it not

Cry hivock; and let slip the dogs of war.' fret a man to the devil, to pay for being carried slower than he can walk ? Look ye! there is I do not question but these quotations will for ever a stop at this hole by St. Clenient's call to miod, in my readers of learning and church. Blood, you dog! Hark ye, sirrah!- taste, that imaginary person described by VirWhy, and be d-d to you, do not you drive gil with the same spirit. He mentions it upon over that fellow ?-_Thunder, furies, and the occasion of a peace which was restored to damnation! I will cut your ears off, you fellow the Roman empire ; and which we may now before there--Come bither, you dog yon, hope for from the departure of that great man, and let me wring your neck round your shoul. who has given occasion to these reflections. ders,' We had a repetition of the same elo. The temple of Janus, says he, shall be shut, quence at the Cockpit, and the turning into and in the midst of it military Fury shall sit Palace yard.

upon a pile of broken arms, loaded with a This gave me a perfect image of the insigni- bundred chains, bellowing with madness, and kcancy of the creatures who practise this enor grinding bis teeth in blood.

the fol

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Claudentur belli portæ, Furor impius intus

for things, which in themselves are so frivolous, Sæva sedens super arma, et centum vinctus ahenis

that it is impossible, without this affectation, Post tergum nodis, fremit horridus ore cruento.

Virg. Æn. i. 298.

to make them appear worthy either of blame

or praise. There is Will Glare, so passionately Janus himself before his fane shall wait, And keep the dreadful issues of his gate,

intent upon being admired, that when you see With bolts and iron bars. Within remains

him in public places, every muscle of his face Imprison'l Fury boand in brazen chains;

discovers, High on a trophy rais'd of useless arms,

bis thoughts are fixed upon the conHe siis, and threats the world with vain alarms sideration of what figure be makes. He will

Dryden. often fall into a musing posture, to attract obADVERTISEMENTS.

servation; and is then obtruding himself upon The tickets which were delivered out for drawn from it. Such little arts are the certain

the company, when he pretends to be with. the benefit of Signor Nicolini Grimaldi on the and infallible tokens of a superficial mind, as twenty-fourth instant will be taken on Thurs- the avoiding observation is the sign of a great day the second of March, his benefit being de

and sublime one. It is therefore extremely ferred until that day.

difficult for a man to judge even of his own N. B. In all operas for the future, where it actions, without forming to bimself an idea of thunders and lightens in proper time and in what he should act, were it in bis power to tune, the matter of the said lightning is to be execute all his desires without the observation of the finest rosin ; and, for the sake of har.of the rest of the world. There is an allegos, mony, the same which is used to the best Cre-rical fable in Platy, which seems to admonish mona fiddles.

us, that we are very little acquainted with Note also, that the true perfumed lightning ourselves, while we know our actions are to is only prepared and sold by Mr. Charles Lillie, pass the censures of otbers; but, bad we the at the corner of Beaufort-buildings.

power to accomplish all our wishes unobserved,

we should then easily inform ourselves how far The lady who has chosen Mr. Bicker- we are possessed of real and intrinsic virtue. staff for her Valentine, and is at a loss what to The fable I was going to meution is tbat of present him with, is desired to make him, with Gyges, who is said to have bad an enchanted her owu hands, a warm nightcap.

ring, which bad in it a miraculous quality, making him who wore it visible or invisible,

as he turned it to or from his body. The use. No. 138.] Saturday, February 25, 1709-10.

Gyges made of bis occasional invisibiliiy was, Secretosque pios, his dautem jura Catonem.

by the advantage of it, to violate a queen, and

Virg. Æn. viii. 670.murder a king. Tully takes notice of this alApart from these, the happy souls he draws,

legory, and says very handsomely, 'that a man And Cato's pions ghost dispensing laws. Dryden. of honour who had such a ring would act just

in the same manner as he would without it,' Sheer-lane, February 24.

It is indeed no small pitch of virtue, under the It is an argument of a clear and worthy temptation of impunity, aud the hopes of acspirit in a man to be able to disengage himself complishing all a man desires, not to transgress from the opinions of others, so far as not to let the rules of justice and virtue ; but this is the deference due to the sense of mankind en- rather not being an ill man, than being posispare bim to act against the dictates of his own tively a good one ; and it seems wonderful, reason. But the generality of the world are that so great a soul as that of Tully should not so far from walking by any such maxim, that form to himself a thousand worthy actions, it is almost a standing rule to do as others do, which a virtuous mind would be prompted to or be ridiculous. I have heard my old friend, by the possession of such a secret. There are Mr. Hart, speak it as an observation among the certainly some part of mankind who are guarplayers, ' that it is impossible to act with grace, dian-beings to the other. Sallust could say of except the actor has forgot that he is before an Cato, ' That he had rather be, than appear, audience. Until he is arrived at that, his good, but, indeed, this eulogium rose po motion, his air, his every step and gesture, has higher than, as I just now hinted, to an inofsomething in them which discovers he is under fensiveness, rather than an active virtue. Had it a restraint, for fear of being ill received; or if occured to the noble orator to represent, in be considers bimself as in the presence of those bis language, the glorious pleasures of a man who approve his behaviour, you see an affec. secretly employed in beneficence and genero. tation of that pleasure run through his whole sity, it would certainly bave made a more carriage. It is as common in life, as upon the charming page than any he has left bebind stage, to behold a man in the most indifferent him. How might a man, furnished with action betray a sense he has of doing what he Gyges's secret, employ it in bringing together is about gracefully, Some have such an immo- distant friends; laying snares for creating derate relish for applause, that they expect it I good will in the room of groundless hatred ;

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Juv. Sat. iv. 70.

in removing the pangs of an unjust jealousy, produce a certificate of the same from Mr. the shyness of an imperfect reconciliation, and Tintoret, or some other credible wine-painter. the tremor of an awful love! Such a one could

Whereas the model of the intended Bedgive confidence to bashful merit, and confusion lam is now finished, and the edifice itself will 1.overbearing impudence.

be very suddenly begun; it is desired, that all Certain it is, that secret kindnesses done to

such as have relations, whom they would remankind are as beautiful as secret injuries are detestable. To be invisibly good, is as godlike, proofs with all speed: none being to be ad

commend to our care, would bring in their as to be invisibly ill, diabolical. As degenerate mitted, of course, but lovers, who are put into as we are apt to say the age we live in is,

an immediate regimen. Young politicians also there are still amongst us men of illustrious

are received without fees or examination. minds, who enjoy all the pleasures of good actions, except that of being commended for them. There happens, among other very No 139.) Tuesday, February 28. 1709-10. worthy instances of a public spirit, one which I am obliged to discover, because I know not

-Nihil est qnod credere de se

Non possit, cum laudatar Diis æqua potestas. otherwise how to obey the commands of the benefactor. A citizen of London has given

Nothing so monstrous can be said or feign'd, directions to Mr. Rayner, the writing-master Bnt with belief and joy is entertain't, of St. Paul's-school, to educate at his charge

When to her face a giddy girl is prais'd.

By ill-judg'd flattery to an angel rais'd. Dryden. ten boys, wbo shall be nominated by me, in writing and accounts, until they shall be fit

Sheer-lane, February 27. for any trade; I desire, therefore, such as know When I reflect upon the many nights I have any proper objects for receiving this bounty, to

sat up for some months last past, in the greatest give notice thereof to Mr. Morphew, or Mr. anxiety for the good of my neighbours and conLillie; and they shall, if properly qualified, temporaries, it is no small discouragement to have instructions accordingly.

me, to see how slow a progress I make in the Actions of this kind bave in them something reformation of the world. But indeed I must so transcendant, that it is an injury to applaud do my female readers the justice to own, that them, and a diminution of that merit wbich their tender hearts are much more susceptible consists in shunning our approbation. We of good impressions, than the minds of the shall therefore leave them to enjoy that glori- other sex. Business and ambition take up ous obscurity; and silently admire their virtue men's thoughts too much to leave room for who can contemn the most delicious of human philosophy: but if you speak to women in a pleasures, that of receiving due praise. Such style and manner proper to approach them, celestial dispositions very justly suspend the they never fail to improve by your counsels. discovery of their benefactions, until they come I shall, therefore, for the future, turn my where their actions cannot be misinterpreted, thoughts more particularly to their service ; and receive their first congratulations in the and study the best methods to adorn their percompany of angels.

sons, and inform their minds in the justest ADVERTISEMENT.

methods to make them what nature designed Whereas Mr. Bickerstaff, by a letter bearing them, the most beauteous objects of our eyes, date this twenty-fourth of February, bas re- and the most agreeable companions of our ceived information, that there are in and about lives. But when I say this, I must not omit, the Royal-Exchange a sort of people commonly at the same time, to look into their errors and known by the name of Whetters, wbo drink mistakes, that being the readiest way to the themselves into an intermediate state of being intended end of adorning and instructing them. neither drunk nor sober before the hours of It must be acknowledged, that the very inadExchange, or business; and in that condition vertences of this sex are owing to the other; buy and sell stocks, discount notes, and do for if men were not flatterers, women could many other acts of well-disposed citizens ; this not fall into that general cause of all their fol. is to give notice, that from this day forward, lies and our misfortunes, their love of flattery. no Whetter shall be able to give or endorse any Were the commendation of these agreeable note, or execute any other point of commerce, creatures built upon its proper foundation, the after the third half-piut, before the hour of higher we raised their opinion of themselves, one: and whoever shall transact any matter or the greater would be the advantage to our sex ; matters with a Whetter, not being himself of but all the topic of praise is drawn from very that order, shall he conducted to Moor-fields senseless and extravagant ideas we pretend we upon the first application of his next of kin. have of their beauty and perfection. Thus,

N. B. No tavern near the exchange shall when a young man falls in love with a young deliver wine to such as drink at the bar stand-woman, from that moment she is no more ing, except the same shall be three parts of the Mrs. Alice such-a-one, born of such a father, best cider; and the master of the house shall and educated by such a mother; but from the

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first minute that he casts his eye upon her with followed the chamber-maid invisibly about desire, he conceives a doubt in his mind, what twelve of the clock into the bed-chamber of the beavenly power gave so unexpected a blow to beauteous Flavia his fine daughter, just before a heart that was ever before untouched. But she got up. who can resist fate and destiny, which are I drew the curtains; and being wrapped up lodged ic Mrs. Alice's eyes ? after which he in the safety of my old age, could with much desires orders accordingly, whether he is to live pleasure, without passion, behold her sleeping, or die ; tbe smile or frown of his goddess is with Waller's poems, and a letter fixed in that the only thing that can now either save or part of him where every woman thinks herself destroy bim. By this means, the well-hu- described. The light Aashing upon her face, moured girl, that would have romped with him awakened her : she opened her eyes, and her before she had received this declaration, as lips too, repeating that piece of false wit in sumes a state suitable to the majesty he has that admired poet, given her, and treats him as the vassal he calls

Snch Helen was; and who can blame the boy, himself. The girl's head is immediately turned That in so brigiil a flame consu'd his Troy! by having the power of life and death, and This she pronounced with a most bewitching takes care to suit every motion and air to her sweetness; but after it, fetched a sigh, that, new sovereignty. After he has placed himself methought, had more desire than languishment: at this distance, he must never bope to recover then took out her letter; and read aloud, for his former familiarity, until she has had the the pleasure, I suppose, of bearing soft words addresses of another, and found them less / in praise of berself, the following epistle: sincere.

MADAM, If the application to women were justly

'I sat near you at the opera last night ; turned, the address of Aattery, though it im- but knew no entertainment from the vain plied at the same time an admonition, would show and noise about me, while I waited wholly be much more likely to succeed. Should a

intent upon the motion of your bright eyes, captivated lover, in a billet, let bis mistress in hopes of a glance that might restore me to know, that her piety to her parents, ber gen- the pleasures of sight and hearing in the midst tleness of behaviour, her prudent economy with respect to her own little affairs in a virgin the accursed in the next life arises from an ini.

of beauty and harmony. It is said, the hell of condition, bad improved the passion which her beauty bad inspired bim with, into so settled capacity to partake the joys of the blessed, an esteem for her, that of all women breathing Such, I am sure, was my condition all that

though they were to be admitted to them. be wished her bis wife; though his commend evening; and if you, my deity, cannot have ing her for qualities she knew she had as a virgin, would make her believe he expected Auence capable of tasting the satisfactions of

so much mercy, as to make me by your infroin ber an answerable conduct in the character of a matron; I will answer for it, his suit life, my being is ended, which consisted only would be carried on with less perplexity.

lustead of this, the generality of our young The letter was hardly read over, when she women, taking all their notions of life from rushed out of bed in her wrapping gown, and gay writings, or letters of love, consider them- consulted her glass for the truth of his passion. selves as goddesses, nymphs, and shepherdesses. She raised her head, and turned it to a profile,

By this romantic sense of things, all the na- repeating the last line, ‘My being is ended, tural relations and duties of life are forgotten; which consisted only in your favour.' The and our female part of mankind are bred and goddess immediately called her maid, and fell treated, as if they were designed to inhabit the to dressing that miscbievous face of bers, withhappy fields of Arcadia, rather than be wives out any manner of consideration for the mortal and mothers in Old England. It is, indeed, who had offered up his petition. Nay, it was long since I had the happiness to converse so far otherwise, that the whole time of her familiary with this sex, and therefore bave been woman's combing her bair was spent in disfearful of falling into the error which recluse course of the impertinence of his passion, and men are very subject to, that of giving false ended in declaring a resolution, “if she ever representations of the world, from which they had him, to make him wait.' She also frankly bave retired, by imaginary schemes drawn from told the favourite gipsy that was prating to their own reflections. An old man cannot ber,' that her passionate lover had put it out easily gain admittance into the dressing-room of her power to be civil to him, if she were inof ladies; I therefore thought it time well clined to it; for' said she, “if I am thus celesspent, to turn over Agrippa, and use all my tial to my lover, he will certainly so far think occult art, to give my old Cornelian ring the himself disappointed, as I grow into the familia. same force with that of Gyges, which I have rity and form of a mortal woman.' lately spoken of. By the help of this I went I came away as I went in, without staying unobserved to a friend's house of mine, and for other remarks than what confirmed me in

in your favour.

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