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votaries that attended in this temple. There No. 184.] Tuesday, January 24, 1709. were many old men panting and breathless, re

--Ex humili summa ad fastigia rerum posing their heads on bags of money; nay,

Extollit, quoties volait Fortuna jocari. many of them actually dying, whose very pangs

Juv. Sat. iii. 39. and convulsions, which rendered their purses Fortune can, for her pleasure, fools advance, useless to them, only made them grasp them And toss them on the wheels of Chance.-Dryden. the faster. There were some tearing with one

From my own Apartment, January 23. hand all things, even to the garments and flesh of many miserable persons who stood before the city; and, as I passed through Cheapside,

I went on Saturday last to make a visit in them; and, with the other hand, throwing I saw crowds of people turning down towards away what they had seized, to harlots, flatter the Bank, and struggling who should first get ers, and panders, that stood behind them.

It On a sudden, the whole assembly fell a-trem

their money into the new-erected lottery. bling; and upon enquiry, I found that the great gave me a great notion of the credit of our preroom we were in was haunted with a spectre; people press as eagerly to pay money, as they

sent government and administration, to find that many times a day appeared to them, and would to receive it ; and, at the same time, a terrified them to distraction. In the midst of their terror and amazement; out so pleasing an expedient for carrying on

due respect for that body of men who have found the apparition entered, which I immediately the common cause, that they have turned a knew to be Poverty. Whether it were by my tax into a diversion. The cheerfulness of spirit, acquaintance with this phantom, which bad and the hopes of success, which this project rendered the sight of her more familiar to me, bas occasioned in this great city, lightens the or however it was, she did not make so indigent burden of the war, and puts me in mind of or frightful a figure in my eye, as the god of this loathsome temple. The miserable votaries some games which, they say, were invented by of this place were, I found, of another mind. wise men, who were lovers of their country, to Every one fancied himself threatened by the make their fellow-citizens undergo the tediousapparition as she stalked about the room, and is a kind of homage due to fortune, if I may

ness and fatigues of a long siege. I think their began to lock their coffers, and tie their bags call it so, and that I should be wanting to mywith the utmost fear and trembling. I must confess, I look upon the passion which favour, and pay my compliments to her by re

self, if I did not lay in my pretences to her I saw in this unhappy people, to be of the same

For this nature with those unaccountable antipathies commending a ticket to her disposal. which some persons are born with, or rather reason, upon my return to my lodgings, I sold as a kind of phrenzy, not unlike that which with the cash I had by me, raised the sum that

off a couple of globes and a telescope, which, throws a man into terrors and agonies, at the

was requisite, for that purpose.

I find by my sight of so useful and innocent a thing as water: calculations, that it is but a hundred and fifty The whole assembly was surprised, when, in- thousand to one, against my being worth a thoustead of paying my devotions to the deity whom sand pounds per annum for thirty-two years ; they all adored, they saw me address myself to and if any plumb in the city will lay me a hunthe phantom. Oh Poverty!' said 1,‘my first petition to lings, which is an even bet, that I am not this

dred and fifty thousand pounds to twenty shilthee is, that thou wouldest never appear to me

fortunate man, hereafter ; but, if thou wilt not grant me this, look upon bim as a man of singular courage

I will take the wager, and shall that then thou wouldest not bear a form more terrible than that in which thou appearest to and fair dealing; having given orders to Mr.

Morphew to subscribe such a policy in my beme at present. Let not thy threats and menaces betray me to any thing that is ungrateful, or

half, if any person accepts of the offer. I must unjust. Let me vot shut my ears to the cries from the twinkling of a certain star in some of

confess, I have had such private intimations of the needy. Let me not forget the person that has deserved well of me. Let me not, for my astronomical observations, that I should be any fear of thee, desert my friend, my principles, chance, unless it were to oblige a particular

unwilling to take fifty pounds a-year for my or my honour. If Wealth is to visit me, and to come with her usual attendants, Vanity and friend. My chief business at present is, to preAvarice, do thou, O Poverty! basten to my pare my mind for this change of fortune : for,

as Seneca, who was a greater moralist, and a rescue ; but bring along with thee the two sisters, in whose company thou art always cheerful, Liberty and Innocence.'

* The carliest lottery that is recollected was in 1569, consisting of 40,000 lots, at 10$. each lot. The prizes were plate,

and the profils were to go towards repairing the havens of The conclusion of this vision must be deferred the kingdom. It was drawn at the west door of St. Paul's to another opportunity.

cathedral; and the drawing which began Jan. 11, continued incessantly, day and night, till May 6. There were then only three lottery-offices in London. The carious reader will find more on this subject iu Gent. Mag. 1779. p. 470.

much ricber man than I shall be with this ad- j into the lottery, and that neither of them bad dition to my present income, says, Munera ista drawn the thousand pounds., Hereupon this Fortunæ putatis ? Insidiæ sunt. 'What we unlucky person took occasion to enumerale look upon as gifts and presents of fortune, the misfortunes of his life, and concluded with are traps and snares which she lays for the un- telling me,' that he never was successful ia wary.' I am arming myself against her favours any of his undertakings.' I was forced to with all my pbilosophy ; and, that I may not comfort him with the common resection upon lose myself in such a redundance of unnecessary such occasions, “that men of the greatest merit and superfluous wealth, I have determined to are not always men of the greatest success, settle an annual pension out of it upon a family and that persons of bis character, must not of Palatines, and by that means give these un expect to be as happy as fools.' I shall prohappy strangers a taste of British property. At ceed in the like manner with my rivals and the same time, as I have au excellent servant. competitors for the thousand pounds a-year, maid, whose diligence in attending me bas in- which we are now in pursuit of; and, that I creased in proportion to my infirmities, I shall may give general content to the whole body of settle upon ber the revenue arising out of the candidates, I shall allow all that draw prizes to ten pounds, and amounting to fourteen shil-be fortunate, and all that miss them to be wise. lings per annum; with which she may retire I must not here omit to acknowledge, that into Wales, where she was born a gentlewoman, I have received several letters upon this subject, and pass the remaining part of her days in a but find one common error running through condition suitable to her birth and quality. It them all, which is, that the writers of them was impossible for me to make an inspection believe their fate in these cases depends upon into my own fortune on this occasion, without the astrologer, and not upon the stars ; as in seeing, at the same time, the fate of others the following letter from one, who I fear, flatwho are embarked in the same adventure. And ters bimself with hopes of success which are indeed it was a great pleasure to me to observe, altogether groundless, since he does not seem that the war, which generally impoverishes to me so great a fool as be takes himself to be. those who furnish out the expense of it, will, by this means, give estates to some, without

SIR, making others the poorer for it. I have lately Coming to town, and finding my friend seen several in liveries, who will give as good Mr. Partridge dead and buried, and you the of their own very suddenly; and took a parti- only conjurer in repute, I am under a necessity cular satisfaction in the sight of a young coun- of applying myself to you for a favour, which, try-wench, whom I this morning passed by as nevertheless, I confess it would better become she was whirling her mop, with her petticoats a friend to ask, tban one who is, as I am, altucked up very agreeably, who, if there is any together a stranger to you; but poverty, you truth in my art, is within ten months of being know, is impudent; and as that gives me the the handsomcst great fortune in town. I must occasion, so that alone could give me the con. confess, I was so struck with the foresight of fidence to be thus importunate. what she is to be, that I treated her accord- 'I am, sir, very poor, and very desirous to be ingly, and said to her, Pray, young lady, per otherwise: I have got ten pounds, which I demit me to pass by. I would for this reason sign to venture in the lottery now on foot. advise all masters and mistresses, to carry it What I desire of you is, that by your art, you 'with great moderation and condescension to will choose such a ticket for me as shall arise wards their servants until next Michaelmas, a benefit sufficient to maintain me.

I must lest the superiority at that time should be in-beg leave to inform you that I am good for verted. I must likewise admonish all my bre- nothing, and must therefore insist upon a larger thren and fellow-adventurers, to fill their minds lot than would satisfy those who are capable, with proper arguments for their support and by their own abilities, of adding something to consolation in case of ill success. It so happens what you should assign them ; wbereas I must in this particular, that though the gainers will expect an absolute independent maintenance, have reason to rejoice, the losers will bave no because, as I said, I can do nothing. It is reason to complain. I remember the day after possible, after this free consession of mine, the thousand pound prize was drawn in the you may think I do not deserve to be rich; denny-lottery,* I went to visit a splenetic ac- but I hope you will likewise observe, I can ill quaintance of mine, who was under much dejec-afford to be poor. My own opinion is, that I tion, and seemed to me to have suffered some am well qualified for an estate, and have a great disappointment. Upon enquiry, I found good title to luck in a lottery; out I resign he had put two-pence for himself and his son myself wholly to your mercy, not without hopes

that you will consider, the less I deserve, the

greater the generosity in you. If you reject * This penny-lottery, seems to nave been a private undertaking, not warranted by act of parliament, or intended me, I have agreed with an acquaintance G to raise any part of the public revenue.

miue to bury me for my ten pounds. I once


Are by the Stoics beld of the mad kind.

more recommend myself to your favour, and I of his life, if he has an unjustifiable singularity bid you adieu!'

in any part of his conversation or behaviour

or if he swerves from right reason, howeve I cannot forbear publishing another letter common his kind of madness may be, we shall which I bave received, because it redounds to not excuse him for its being epidemical ; it my own credit, as well as to that of a very being our present design to clap up all such as honest footman.

have the marks of madness upon them, who * MR. BICKERSTAFF, Jan. 23. 1709 10.

are now permitted to go about the streets for “I am bound in justice to acquaint you, chief in their fits. Abundance of imaginary

no other reason but because they do no misthat I put an advertisement into your last

great men are put in straw to bring them to paper about a watch which was lost, and was

a right sense of themselves. And is it not al. brought to me on the very day your paper together as reasonable, that an insignificant came out, by a footman; who told me, that he would have brought it, if he had not read merits, and a quite different notion of his own

man, who has an immoderate opinion of his your discourse of that day against avarice; but abilities from what the rest of the world enthat since he had read it, he scorned to take tertain, should have the same care taken of a reward for doing what in justice he ought to him as a beggar who fancies Limself a duke or do. 'I am, Sir,

a prince? Or why should a man, who starves 'Your most humble servant,

in the midst of plenty, be trusted with himself, more than he who fancies be is an emperor in

the midst of poverty ? I have several women No. 125.) Thursday, January 26, 1709-10.

of quality in my thoughts, who set so exorbi

tant a value upon themselves, that I have often Quem mala stultitia, et qnæcunque inscitia ver

most heartily pitied them, and wished them Czecim agit, insanom Chrysippi porticus, et grex Antumat; hæc popnlas, hæc magnos formnia reges,

for their recovery under the same discipline Excepto sapiente, tenet.- Hor. 2. Sat. iii. 43. with the pewterer's wife. I find, by severai Whom vicions passions, or whom falsehood, blind,

hints in ancient authors, that when the Romane

were in the height of power and luxury, they All but the wise are by this process bound,

assigned out of their vast dominions an island The subject nations, and the monarch crown'll.


called Anticyra, as an habitation for madmen.

This was the Bedlam of the Roman empire, From my own Apartment, January 25.

whither all persons who had lost their with There is a sect of ancient philosophers, used to resort from all parts of the world ir who, I think, have left more volumes behind quest of them. Several of the Roman empe them, and those better written, than any other rors were advised to repair to this island; but of the fraternities in philosophy. It was a most of them, instead of listening to such sober maxim of this sect, that all those who do not counsels, gave way to their distraction, until live up to the principles of reason and virtue the people knocked them on the head as de. are madmen. Every one who governs himself spajring of their cure. In short, it was as usual by these rules, is allowed the title of wise, and for men of distempered brains to take a voyage reputed to be in his senses: and every one, in to Anticyra in those days, as it is in ours for proportion as he deviates from them, is pro- persons who have a disorder in their lungs to nounced frantic and distracted. Cicero having go to Montpelier. ebosen this maxiın for his theme, takes oe- The prodigious crops of hellebore with which casion to argue from it very agreeably with this whole island abounded, did not only furClodius, his implacable adversary, who had nish them with incomparable tea, snuff, and procured bis banishment. ' A city,' says he,' is Hungary-water ; but impregnated the air of an assembly distinguished into bodies of men, the country with such sober and salutiferous who are in possession of their respective rights steams, as very much comforted the heads, and privileges, cast under proper subordina- and refreshed the senses of all that breathed tions, and in all its parts obedient to the rules in it. A discarded statesman, that, at his first of law and equity.' He then represents the landing appeared stark-staring mad, would begovernment from wbence he was banished, at come calm in a week's time ; and, upon bis rei time when the consul, senate, and laws had turn home, live easy and satisfied in his retiro Just their authority, as a commonwealth of ment. A moping lover would grow a pleasant unatics. For this reason, he regards his ex- fellow by that time he had rid thrice about the pulsion from Rome, as a man would, being island; and a hair-brained rake, after a short Turned out of Bedlam, if the inhabitants of it stay in the country, go home again a composed, sbould drive bim out of their walls as a person grave, worthy gentleman. unfit for their community. We are, therefore, I have premised these particulars before I to look upon every man's brain to be touched, enter on the main design of this paper, because however he may appear in the general conduct | I would not be thought altogether notional in

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a woman.

what I have to say, and pass only for a pro- | lest, if they should come into my hands, I
jector in merality. I could quote Horace, and should put them into a regimen which they
Seneca, and some other ancient writers of good would not like: for if I fiod any one of them
repute, upon the same occasion; and make persist in his frantic behaviour, I will make
out by their testimony, that our streets are him in a month's time as famous as ever Oli
filled with distracted persons; that our shops ver's porter was.
and taverns, private and public houses, swarm
with them ; and that it is very hard to make
up a tolerable assembly without a majority of No. 126.] Saturday, January 28, 1709-10.
them. But what I have already said is, I hope,

Anguillam cauda tenes.

T. D'Urfey.

sufficient to justify the ensuing project, which

You have got an eel by the tail. I shall therefore give some account of without any further preface.

From my own Apartment, January 27. 1. It is humbly proposed, that a proper re- There is no sort of company so agreeable as ceptacle, or habitation, be forthwith erected that of women who have good sense without for all such persons as due, upon trial and ex. affectation, and can converse with men without amination, shall appear to be out of their wits. any private design of imposing chains and

2. That, to serve the present exigency, the fetters. Belvidera, whom I visited this evening, college in Moorfields be very much extended is one of these. There is an invinicble prejuat both ends; and that it be converted into a dice in favour of all she says, from her being square, by adding three other sides to it. a beautiful woman; because she does not con

3. That nobody be admitted into these three sider herself as such when she talks to you. additional sides, but such whose frenzy can This amiable temper gives a certain tincture lay no claim to an apartment in that row of to all her discourse, and made it very agreeable building which is already erected.

to me until we were interrupted by Lydia, a 4. That the architect, physician, apothecary, creature who has all the charms that can adorn surgeon, keepers, nurses, and porters, be all

Her attractions would indeed be and each of them cracked; provided that their irresistible, but that she thinks them so, and frensy does not lie in the profession or em- is always employing them in stratagems and ployment to which they shall severally and conquests. When I turned my eye upon her respectively be assigned.

as she sat down, I saw she was a person of that N. B. It is thought fit to give the foregoing of my country correspondents, I had long

character, which, for the further information notice, that none may present himself here wanted an opportunity of explaining. Lydia for any post of honour or profit, who is not

is a finished coquette, which is a sect among duly qualified.

women of all others the most mischievous, and 5. That over all the gates of the additional makes the greatest havoc and disorder in sobuildings, there be figures placed in the same ciety. I went on in the discourse I was in manner as over the entrance of the edifice al- with Belvidera, without showing that I had ready erected ;* provided they represent such observed any thing extraordinary in Lydia : distractions only as are proper for those addi- upon which, I immediately saw her louk me tional buildings; as of an envious man goaw- over as some very ill-bred fellow; and, casting ing his own flesh; a gamester pulling bimself a scornful glance on my dress, give a shrug at by the ears, and knocking his head against a Belvidera. But, as much as she despised me, marble pillar, a covetous man warming himself she wanted my admiration, and made twenty over a heap of gold; a coward Alying from his offers to bring my eyes her way; but I reduced own shadow, and the like.

her to a restlessness in her seat, and imper

tinent playing of ber fan, and many other moHaving laid down this general scheme of my tions and gestures, before I took the least nodesign, I do hereby invite all persons who are

tice of ber. At last I looked at her with a kind willing to encourage so public-spirited a pro- of surprise, as if she had before been unobserved ject, to bring in their contributions as soon as

by reason of an ill light where she sat. It is possible; and to apprehend forthwith any po- not to be expressed what a sudden joy I saw litician whom they shall catch raving in a cofarise in her countenance, even at the approfee-bouse, or any free-thinker wbom the shall bation of such a very old fellow; but she did find publishing his deliriums, or any other not long enjoy ber triumph without a rival; person who shall give the like manifest signs for there immediately entered Castabella, a of a crazed imagination : and I do at the same lady of a quite contrary character, that is to time give this public notice to all the madmen

say, as eminent a prude as Lydia is a coquette. about this great city, that they may return to Belvidera gave me a glance, which, methought, their senses with all imaginable expedition, intimated that they were both curiosities in

their kind, and worth remarking. As soon as • The beautiful statutes by Cibber.

we were again seated, I stule looks at each

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lady, as if I was comparing their perfections. I virtue, whatever' notion she may have of her
Belvidera observed it, and began to lead me perfection, she deceives her own heart, and is
into a discourse of them both to their faces, still in the state of prudery. Some, perbaps,
which is to be done easily enough ; for one will look upon the boast of madam de Bourig-
woman is generally so intent upon the faults non, as the utmost ostentation of a prude.
of another, that she has not reflection enough If you would see the humour of a coquette
to observe when her own are represented. 'I pushed to the last excess, you may find an in-
Dave taken notice, Mr. Bickerstaff,' said Belstance of it in the following story; which I will
videra, 'that you have, in some parts of your set down at length, because it pleased me
writings, drawn characters of our sex, in which when I read it, though I cannot recollect in
you have not, to my apprehension, been clear what author. *
enough and distinct; particularly in those of A young coquette widow in Prance having
a Prude and a Coquette.' Upon the mention been followed by a Gascon of quality, who had
of this, Lydia was rouzed with the expectation boasted among his companions of some favours
of seeing Castabella's picture, and Castabella, which he had never received, to be revenged of
with the hopes of that of Lydia. Madam,' him, sent for him one evening, and told him,
said I to Belvidera,' when we consider nature, it was in his power to do her a very particular
we shall often find very contrary effects Aow service. The Gascon, with much profession
from the same cause. The prude and coquette, of his readiness to obey her commands, begged
as different as they appear in their behaviour, to hear in what manner she designed to employ
are in reality the same kind of women. The him. ' You know,' said the widow, ' my friend
motive of action in both is the affectation of Belinda ; and must often have heard of the
pleasing men. They are sisters of the same jealousy of that impotent wretch her husband.
blood and constitution ; only one chooses a Now it is absolutely necessary, for the carrying
grave, and the other a light dress. The prude on a certain affair, that his wife and I should
appears more virtuous, the coquette more vi- be together a whole night. What I have to
cious, than she really is. The distant behaviour ask of you is, to dress yourself in her night-
of the prude tends to the same purpose as the cloaths, and lie by him a whole night in her
advances of the coquette; and you have as place, that he may not miss her while she is
little reason to fall into despair from the se- with me.' The Gascon, though of a very
verity of the one, as to conceive hopes from lively and undertaking complexion, began to
the familiarity of the other. What leads you startle at the proposal, “ Nay,' says the widow,
into a clear sense of their character is, that ‘if you have not the courage to go through
you may observe each of them bas the dis what I ask of you, I must employ somebody
tinction of sex in all her thoughts, words, and else that will.' Madam,' says the Gascon,
actions. You can never mention any assembly ' I will kill bim for you if you please; but for
you were lately in, but one asks you with a lying with him !--How is it possible to do it
rigid, the other with a sprightly air, Pray, without being discovered ?' If you do not
what men were there?” As for prudes, it must discover yourself,' says the widow, you will
be confessed, that there are several of them, lie safe enough, for be is past all curiosity. He
who, like hypocrites, by long practice of a comes in at vight while she is asleep, and goes
false part, become sincere; or at least delude out in a morning before she awakes; and is in
themselves into a belief that they are so.? pain for nothing, so be knows she is there.'

For the benefit of the society of ladies, I'Madam,' replied the Gascon, ' how can you
shall propose one rule to them as a test of their reward me for passing a night with this old.
virtue. I find in a very celebrated modern fellow?" The widow answered with a laugh,
author, that the great foundress of Pietists, ' Perhaps by admitting you to pass a night with.
madam de Bourignon, who was no less famous one you think more agreeable. He took the
for the sanctity of her life than for the singu- hint; put on his night-cloaths; and had not
larity of some of her opinions, used to boast been a-bed above an hour before he heard a
that she had not only the spirit of continency knocking at the door, and the treading of one
in herself, but that she had also the power of who approached the other side of the bed, and
communicating it to all who beheld her. This who he did not question was the good man of
the scoffers of those days called,' The gift of the house. I do not know, whether the story
infrigidation, and took occasion from it to would be better by telling you in this place, or
rally her face, rather than admire her virtue. at the end of it, that the person who went to
I would therefore advise the prude, who has a bed to him was our young coquette widow.
mind to know the integrity of her own heart, The Gascon was in a terrible fright every time
to lay ber hand seriously upon it, and to ex- she moved in the bed, or turned towards him;
amine herself, whether she could sincerely re- and did not fail to shrink from her, until he
joice in such a gift of conveying chaste thoughts bad conveyed bimself to the very ridge of the
to all her male beholders. If she has any
aversion to the power of inspiring sự great a * Perhaps in Burton's' Anatomy of Melancholy.'

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