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that I am myself but a great puppet, and can No. 51.] Saturday, August 6, 1709. therefore have but a co-ordinate jurisdiction

Quicquid agunt homines with them. I suppose, I have now sufficiently - nostri est farrago libelli. Juv. Sat. i. 85, 86. made it appear, that I have a paternal right Whate'er men do, or say, or think, or dream, to keep a puppet-show, and this right I will Our motley paper seizes for its theme. maintain in my prologues on all occasions. And, therefore, if you write a defence of

White's Chocolate-house, August 5. yourself against this my self-defence, I ad


ORLANDO THE FAIR. monish you to keep within bounds; for every day will not be so propitious to you as the

FORTUNE being now propitious to the gay twenty-ninth of April; and perhaps my re

Orlando, he dressed, be spoke, he moved as a sentment may get the better of my generosity, man might be supposed to do in a nation of and I may no longer scorn to fight one who pygmies, and had an equal value for our apis not my equal, with unequal weapons: there probation or dislike. It is usual for those who are such things as scandalums magnatums; profess a contempt for the world, to Ay from therefore, take heed hereafter how you write it and live in obscurity; but Orlando, with a such things as I cannot easily answer, for that greater magnanimity, contemned it, and apwill put me in a passion.

peared in it to tell them so. If, therefore, his 'I order you to handle only these two pro- exalted mien met with an unwelcome reception, positions, to which our dispute may be reduced: he was sure always to double the cause wbich the first, whether I have not an absolute power,


the distaste. You see our beauties affect whenever I please, to light a pipe with one of

a negligence in the ornament of their hair, Punch's legs, or

warm my fingers with his and adjusting their head-dresses, as conscious whole carcass ? the second, whether the devil that they adorn whatever they wear. Orlando would not be in Punch, should be hy word or

had not only this humour in common with deed oppose my sovereign wilt and pleasure other beauties, but also had a neglect whether and then, perhaps, I may, if I can find leisure things became him or not, in a world be confor it, give you the trouble of a second letter.

temned. For this reason, a noble particularity But if you intend to tell me of the original appeared in all his economy, furniture, and of puppet-shows; and the several changes and equipage. And to convince the present little revolutions that have happened in them since race, how unequal all their measures were to Thespis, and I do not care who, that is Noli Antediluvian, as he called himself, in respect

be me tangere ! I bave solemnly engaged to say of the insects which now appear for men, nothing of what I cannot approve. Or, if you sometimes rode in an open tumbril, of less talk of certain contracts with the mayor and size than ordinary, to show the largeness of burgesses, or fees to the constables, for the pri- his limbs, and the grandeur of his personage, vilege of acting, I will not write one single word to the greater advantage. At other seasons, about any such matters ; but shall leave you to all his appointments had a magnificence, as if he mumbled by the learned and very ingenious it were formed by the genius of Trimalchio of author of a late book, who knows very well what old; which showed itself in doing ordinary is to be said and done in such cases. He is now

things with an air of pomp and grandeur. Orshuffling the cards, and dealing to Timothy ;

lando therefore called for tea by beat of drum ; hut if he wins the game, I will send him to play his valet got ready to shave him by a trumpet at back-gammon with you ; and then he will to borse; and water was brought for his teeth, satisfy you that duce-ace makes five.

when the sound was changed to boots and ‘And so, submitting myself to be tried by my

saddle. country, and allowing any jury of twelve good

In all these glorious excesses from the commen and true, to be that country; not excepting

mon practice, did the happy Orlando live and any, unless Mr. Isaac Bickerstaff to be of the reign in an uninterrupted tranquillity, until pannel, for you are neither good nor true. I an unlucky accident brought to his remembid you beartily farewell; and am,

brance, that one evening he was married beSir,

fore he courted the nuptials of Villaria. SeYour loving friend,

veral fatal memorandums were produced to

revive the memory of this accident; and the * POWEL.'

unhappy lover was for ever banished her presence, to whom he owed the support of bis just renownı and gallantry. But distress does not debase noble minds; it only changes the

scene, and gives them new glory by that alProper cuts for the historical part of this pa

teration. Orlando therefore now raves in a per, are now almost finished, by an engraver garret, and calls to his neighbour-skies to pity lately arrived from Paris, and will be sold at all the toy-shops in London and Westminster.

• See No. 50. p. 114.

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He seems to be

his dolours, and to find redress for an unbappy son,' continued my monitor, 'If men would
lover. All high spirits, in any great agitation of make the right use of him, might be as instru-
mind, are inclined to relieve themselves by poe- mental to their reforming errors in gesture,
try: tbe renowned porter of Oliver* had not more language, and speech, as a dancing-master,
volumes around his cell in his college of Bedlam, linguist, or orator. You see he laid yourself
than Orlando in his present apartment. And before you with so much address, that you saw
though inserting poetry in the midst of prose nothing particular in his bebaviour: he has so
be thought a licence among correct writers happy a knack of representing errors and im-
not to be indulged, it is hoped the necessity of perfections, that you can bear your faults in
doing it, to give a just idea of the hero of him as well as in yourself: he is the first mimic
whom we treat, will plead for the liberty we that ever gave the beauties, as well as the de-
sball hereafter take, to print Orlando's solilo-formities, of the man he acted. What Mr.
quies in verse and prose, after the manner of Dryden said of a very great man, may be well
great wits, and such as those to whom they applied to him :
are nearly allied.

Not one, but all mankind's epitome.'
Will's Coffee-house, August 5.

You are to know, that this pantomime may A good company of us were this day to see, be said to be a species of himself: he has no or rather to hear, an artful person do several commerce with the rest of mankind, but as feats of activity with his throat and windpipe. they are the objects of imitation ; like the InThe first thing wherewith be presented us, dian fowl, called the Mock-bird, who has no was a ring of bells, which be imitated in a most note of his own, but hits every sound in the miraculous manner; after that, he gave us all wood as soon as he hears it; so that Mirrour the different notes of a pack of hounds, to our is at once a copy and an original. Poor Mirgreat delight and astonishment. The cum- rour's fate, as well as talent, is like that of the pany expressed their applause with much noise ; | bird we just now spuke of; the nightingale, and never was heard such a barmony of men the linnet, the lark, are delighted with his and dogs : but a certain plump, merry fellow, company; but the buzzard, the crow, and the from an angle of the room, fell a crowing like owl, are observed to be his mortal enemies. a cock so ingeniously, that he won our hearts Whenever Sophronius meets Mirrour, he refrom the other operator in an instant. Asceives him with civility and respect, and well soon as I saw him, I recollected I had seen knows a good copy of himself can be po injury bim on the stage, and immediately knew it to to him; but Bathillus shuns the street where be Tom Mirrour,t the comical actor. He im- be expects to meet him ; for be that knows mediately addressed himself to me, and told, bis every step and look is constrained and afme,' he was surprised to see a virtuosu take fected, 'must be afraid to be rivalled in his satisfaction in any representations below that action, and of having it discovered to be unof human life;' and asked me, whether I natural by its being practised by another as thought this acting bells and dogs was to be well as himself. considered under the notion of wit, humour, or satire? Were it not better,' continued, he

From my own Apartment, August 5. * to have some particular picture of man laid Letters from Coventry and other places have before your eyes, that might incite your laugh- been sent to me, in answer to what I have said ter?' He bad no sooner spoke the word, but in relation to my antagonist Mr. Powel; and he immediately quitted his natural shape, and advise me with warm language to keep to subtalked to me in a very different air and tone jects more proper for me than such high points. from what he had used before : upon which, But the writers of these epist les mistake the all that sat near us laughed ; but I saw no dis- use and service I proposed to the learned world tortion in his countenance, or any thing that by such observations: for you are to understand, appeared to me disagreeable. I asked Pacolet, that the title of this paper gives me a right in

what meant that sudden whisper about us ?' taking to myself, and ir:serting in it, all such for I could not take the jest. He answered, parts of any book or letter which are foreign

The gentleman you were talking to as- to the purpose intended, or professed by the sumed your air and countenance so exactly, writer: so that, suppose twogreat divines should that all fell a-laughing to see how little you argue, and treat each other with warmth and knew yourself, and how much you were ena- levity unbecoming their subject or character, moured with your own image. But that per- all that they say unfit for that place is very

proper to be inserted here. Therefore, from Cromwell's porter is said to have been the original time to time, in all writings which shall herefrom which Caias Gabriel, father of Colley Cibber, copied after be published, you shall have from me one of the Inpatic figures on Bedlam gate.

extracts of all that shall appear not to tbe purMr. Richard Estcourt, commonly called Dick Estcourt, celebrated for his mimic powers, in which he was inimi: pose ; and for the benefit of the gentle reader, table.

I will show what to turn over unread, and what


to peruse. For this end I have a mathematical Whate'er men do, or say, or think, or dream,

P. sieve preparing, in which I will sift every page

Our motley paper seizes for its theme. and paragraph; and all that falls through I White's Chocolate-house, August 7. shall make bold with for my own use. The same thing will be as beneficial in speech ; for all superfluous expressions in talk fall to me also: as when a pleader at the bar de stood in suspense, as to their fate, in their

LONG bad the crowd of the gay and young signs to be extremely impertinent and troublesome, and cries, 'Under favour of the court passion to the beauteous Delanira; but all -with submission, my lord humbly

their hopes are lately vanished, by the declaoffer add, I think I have well considered ration that she bas made of her chuice, to take

the happy Archibald for her companion for life. this matter; for I would be very far from trifling with your lordship's time, or trespassing Upon her making this known, the expeuse of

sweet powder and ješsamine are considerably upon your patience-however, thus I will ven. ture to say and so forth. Or else, when plain of her want of public spirit, in not con

abated; and the mercers and milliners coma sufficient self-conceited coxcomb is bringing cealing longer a secret which was so much the out something in his owu praise, and begins, bevefit of trade. But so it has happened ; and * Without vanity, I must take this upon me to

no one was in confidence with her in carrying assert.' There is also a trick which the fair sex have, that will greatly coutribute to swell whose despair of ever entering the matrimonial

on this treaty, but the matchless Virgulta, my volumes : as, when a woman is going to

state made her, some nights before Delamira's abuse her best friend, ' Pray,' says she, have you heard what is said of Mrs. such-a-one resolution was published to the world, address I am heartily sorry to hear any thing of that herself to her in the following manner :

* Delamira! you are now going into that kind of one I have so great a value for; but

state of life wherein the use of your charms is they make no scruple of telling it, and it was not spoken of to me as a secret, for now all the wholly to be applied to the pleasing only one

man. That swimming air of your body, that town rings of it. All such flowers in rheto. ric, and little refuges for malice, are to be janty bearing of your bead over one shoulder, noted, and naturally belong only to Tatlers. of playing your fan, must be lowered into a

and that inexpressible beauty in your manner By this method, you will inmediately find folios contract themselves into octavos, and the would rather shun than receive addresses for

more confined behaviour; to show that you labour of a fortnight got over in half a day,

the future. Therefore, dear Delamira, give me St. James's Coffee-house, August 5.

those excellences you leave off, and acquaiot Last night arrived a mail from Lisbon, which the liberty of our friendship to say, that when

ine with your manner of charming : for I take gives a very pleasing account of the posture of I consider my own statue, motion, complexion, affairs in that part of the world, the enemy wit, or breeding, I cannot think myself any having been necessitated wholly to abandon the blockade of Olivenza. These advices say, without wounding a man, and all my acquain

way your inferior ; yet do I go through crowds that sir John Jennings is arrived at Lisbon. When that gentleman left Barcelona, his caunasked, and I think unreyarded.'

tance marry round me, while I live á virgin tholic majesty was taking all possible methods

Dela mira beard lier with great attention, for carrying on an offensive war. It is observed and, with that dexterity which is natural to with great satisfaction in the court of Spain, her, told her, that all she had above the rest that there is a very good intelligence between of her sex and contemporary beauties was the general officers: count Staremberg and wholly owing to a fan, (that was left her by Mr. Stanhope acting in all things with such her mother, and had been long in the family) imanimity, that the public affairs receive great which, whoever had in possession, and used advantages from their personal friendship and with skill, should command the bearts of all esteem to each other, and mutual assistance her beholders; and since,' said she smiling, in promoting the service of the common cause.

* I have no more to do with extending my conThis is to give notice, that if any able-bodied quests or triumphs, I will make you a present

of this inestimable rarity." Virgulta' made her Palatine will enter into the bonds of matrimony with Betty Pepin, the said Palatine shall be expressions of the bighest gratitude for so onsettled in a freehold of forty shillings per annum

common a confidence in ber, and desired she

would sbow ber what was peculiar in the in the county of Middlesex.

management of that utensil, which rendered

it of such general force while she was mistress No. 52.] Tuesday, August 9, 1709.

of it.' Delamira replied “ 'You see, madam,

Cupid is the principal figure painted on it ; Quicquid agunt hominesnostri est farrago libelli. Juv. Sat. i. 85, 86.

and the skill in playing this fan is, in your several motions of it, to let him appear as little could not be said, it was as successful in life; as possible; for bonourable lovers fly all en- for as it was the only recommendation in them, deavours to ensnare them; and your Cupid so it was the greatest obstacle to us, both in must bide his bow and arrow, or he will never love and business. A gentleman present was be sure of his game. You may observe,' con- of my mind, and said, that' we must describe tinued she,' that in all public assemblies, the the difference between the modesty of women sexes seem to separate themselves, and draw and that of men, or we should be confounded up to attack each other with eye-sbot : that is in our reasonings upun it; for this virtue is to the time when the fan, which is all the armour be regarded with respect to our different ways of a woman, is of most use in our defence; of life. The woman's province is, to be careful for our minds are construed by the waving of in her economy, and chaste in her affections : that little instrument, and our thoughts appear the man's, to be active in the improvement of in composure or agitation, according to the his furtune, and ready to undertake whatever motion of it. You may observe, when Willis consistent with his reputation for that end.' Peregrine comes into the side-box, miss Gatty Modesty, therefore, in a woman, bas a certain fuiters ber fan as a fly does its wings found a agreeable fear in all she enters upon; and, in candle ; while her elder sister, who is as much men, it is composed of a right judgment of in love with him as she is, is as grave as a what is proper for them to attempt. From restal at his entrance; and the consequence hence it is, that a discreet man is always a is accordingly. He watches half the play for modest one. It is to be noted that modesty a glance from her sister, while Gatty is over in a man is never to be allowed as a good qualooked and neglected. I wish you heartily as lity, but a weakness, if it suppresses his virtue, much success in the management of it as I have and bides it from the world, when he has at bad: If you think fit to go on where I left off, the same time a mind to exert himself. A I will give you a short account of the execution French author says, very justly, that modesty I have made with it.

is to the other virtues in a nian, what shade Cymon, who is the dullest of mortals, and in a picture is to the parts of the thing reprethough a wonderful great scholar, does not sented. It makes all the other beauties cononly pause, but seems to take a nap with bis spicuous, which would otherwise be but a wild eyes open between every other sentence in his beap of colours. This shade in our actions discourse: bim bave I made a leader in assem- must, therefore, be very justly applied ; for, blies; and one blow on the shoulder as I passed if there be too much, it hides our good qualities, by himn has raised him to a downright imperti- instead of showing them to advantage. nent in all conversations. The airy Will Sam- Nestor* in Athens was an unbappy instance pler is become as lethargic by this my wand, of this truth; for he was not only in his pru. as Cymon is sprightly. Take it, good girl, and fession tbe greatest man of that age, but had use it without mercy; for the reiga of beauty given more proofs of it than any other man never lasted full three years, but it ended in ever did; yet, for want of that natural freedom marriage or condemnation to virginity. As and audacity which is necessary in commerce you fear, therefore, the one, and hope for the with men, his personal modesty overthrew all other, I expect an hourly journal of your tri. his public actions. Nestor was in those days umphs; for I have it by certain tradition, that a skilful architect, and in a manner the in. it was given to the first who wore it, by an en- ventor of the use of mechanic powers; which he chantress, with this remarkable power, that it brought to so great perfection, that he knew bestows a busband in half-a-year on her wbo to an atom what foundation would bear such does not overlook ber proper minute; but as- a superstructure; and they record of him, that sigus to a long despair the woman who is well he was so prodigiously exact, that, for the exoffered, and neglects that proposal. May oc-periment's sake, he built an edifice of great casion attend your charms, and your charms beauty, and seeming strength; but contrived slip no occasion! Give me, I say, an account so as to bear only its owu weight, and not to of the progress of your forces at our next meet- admit the addition of the least particle. This ing; and you shall bear wbat I think of my building was beheld with much admiration by new condition. I should meet my future spouse all the virtuosi of that time; but fell down this moment. Farewell. Live in just terror of with no other pressure, but the settling of a the dreadful words, She was.'

Wren upon the top of it. Yet Nestor's mo

desty was such, that his art and skill were From my own Apartment, August 8.

soon disregarded, for want of that manner with I had the honour this evening to visit some wbich men of the world support and assert the ladies, where the subject of the conversation was Modesty: which they commended as a Sir Christopher Wren, the real person here alluded to, quality quite as becoming in men as in women. very properly ander the name of Nestor, both in respect

of his great wisclom ani his great age, was born at Eat I took the liberty to say, it might be as

Knoyle in Wiltshire, Oct. 5. 1632, and died at Hamptoa beautiful in our behavivur as in theirs, yet it Court, Feb, 25, 1723, in luis ninety-first year.


merit of their own performan Soon after bas so moderate an opinion of himself, that he this instance of his art, Athens was, by the makes his court at large. If you will not give treachery of its enemies, burned to the ground. bim a great employment, he will be glad of a This gave Nestor the greatest occasion that little one. He has so great a deference for his ever builder had to render his name immortal, benefactor's judgment, that as he thinks bimand his person venerable : for all the new city self fit for any thing he can get, so he is above rose according to his disposition, and all the nothing which is offered. He is like the young monuments of the glories and distresses of that bachelor of arts, who came to town recompeople were erected by that sole artist : nay, all mended to a chaplain's place; but none being their temples as well as houses, were the effects vacant, modestly accepted that of a postilion. of his study and labour; insomuch, that it was We have very many conspicuous persons of said by an old sage, 'Sure Nestor will now be this undertaking yet modest turn; I have a famous, for the habitations of gods, as well as grandson who is very happy in this quality: 1 men, are built by his contrivance.' But this sent bim in the time of the last peace into bashful quality still put a damp upon his great France. As soon as he landed at Calais, he kuowledge, which has as fatal an effect upon sent me an exact account of the nature of the men's reputations as poverty; for as it was people, and the policies of the king of France. said, 'the poor man saved the city, and the I got him since chosen a member of a corpopoor man's labour was forgot;' so here we find, ration; the modest creature, as soon as be the modest man built the city, and the modest came into the common-council, told a senior man's skill was unknown.'

burgess, he was perfectly out of the orders of Thus we see, every mau is the maker of his their house. In other circumstances, he is so own fortune; and what is very odd to consider, thoroughly ‘ modest a fellow,' that he seems he must in some measure be the trumpeter to pretend only to things he understands. He of his own fame; not that men are to be tole. is a citizen only at court, and in the city a rated who directly praise themselves ; but they courtier. In a word, to speak the characteris. are to be endued with a sort of defensive elo- tical difference between a modest man' and quence, by which they shall be always capable ' a modest fellow; the modest man is in doubt of expressing the rules and arts whereby they in all his actions; a modest fellow never has govern themselves.

a doubt from his cradle to his grave. Varillus was the man, of all I have read of, the bappiest in the true possession of this quality of modesty. My author says of him, mo- No. 53.] Thursday, August 11, 1709. desty in Varillus is really a virtue, for it is a voluntary quality, and the effect of good sense.

Qnicquid agunt homines

-nostri est farrago libelli. Juv. Sat. i. 85, 86. He is naturally bold and enterprising; but so justly discreet, that he never acts or speaks

Whate'er men do, or say, or think, or dream, any thing, but those who behold him know he

Our motley paper seizes for its theme. has forbore much more than be has performed White's Chocolate-house, August, 10. or uttered, out of deference to the persons before whom he is. This makes Varillus truly

THE CIVIL HUSBAND. amiable, and all his attempts successful; for, The fate and character of the inconstant as bad as the world is thought to be by thuse Osmyn is a just excuse for the little notice who are perhaps unskilled in it, want of success taken by his widow of his departure out of this in our actions is generally owing to want of life, which was equally troublesome to Elmira, judgment in wbat we ought to attempt, or his faithful spouse, and to himself. That life a rustic modesty, which will not give us leave passed between them after this manner, is the to undertake what we ought. But how un- reason the town bas just now received a lady fortunate this diffident temper is to those with all that gayety, after baving been a relict who are possessed with it, may be best seen in but three months, which other women hardly the success of such as are wholly unacquainted assume under fifteen, after such a disaster. with it.

Elmira is the daughter of a rich and worthy We have one peculiar elegance in our lan- citizen, who gave her to Osmyn with a portion guage above all others, which is conspicuous which might have obtained her an alliance in the term “ Fellow.' This word, added to with vur poblest houses, and fixed her in the any of our adjectives, extremely varies, or quite eye of the world, where her story had not been alters, the sense of tbat with which it is joined. now to be related : for her good qualities had Thus though “a modest man' is the most un- made her the object of universal esteem among furtunate of all men, yet 'a modest fellow' is the polite part of mankind, from whom she as superlatively happy. A modest fellow' is has been banished and immured until the death a ready creature, who, with great humility, of her jailor. It is now full fifteen years sinc and as great forwardness, visits his patrons at that beauteous lady was given into the hand all bours, and meets them in all places, and of the happy Osmyn, who, in the sense of all


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