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NEW CABINET CYCLOPÆDIA,

COMPREHENDING

A COMPLETE SERIES OF

Essays, Treatises, and Systems,

ALPHABETICALLY ARRANGED;

WITH A GENERAL DICTIONARY OF

ARTS, SCIENCES, AND WORDS:

THE WHOLE

PRESENTING A DISTINCT SURVEY OF

buman Genius, Learning, and Industry.

ILLUSTRATED WITH

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ELEGANT ENGRAVINGS;
THOSE ON NATURAL HISTORY BEING FROM ORIGINAL DRAWINGS BY EDWARDS AND

OTHERS, AND BEAUTIFULLY COLOURED AFTER NATURE.

BY JOHN MASON GOOD, ESQ. F.R.S.
MEMBER OF THE AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY, AND OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY OF

PHILADELPHIA;

OLINTHUS GREGORY, LL.D.
OF THE ROYAL MILITARY ACADEMY, WOOLWICH, AND HONORARY MEMBER OF THE LITERARY AND

PHILOSOPHICAL SOCIETY, NEWCASTLE-UPON-TYNE; AND
MR. NEWTON BOSWORTH,

OP CAMBRIDGE;
ASSISTED BY OTHER GENT VEN OF EMINENCE, IN DIFFERENT

DEPARTML IS OF LITERATURE.

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PRINTED FOR J. WALKER; SHERWOOD, NEELY, AND JONES ; BALDWIN, CRADOCK,

AND JOY; SUTTABY, EVANCE, AND FOX; E. JEFFERY; W. LOWE; J. BOOTH ;
J. BLACKLOCK; RODWELL AND MARTIN; BELL AND BRADFUTE, EDINBURGIl;
BRASIL AND REID, GLASGOW ; AND M. KEEN E, DUBLIN.

1819.

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U

2. Chasm ; space

V AB

у V AC or u, the 20th letter and 5th vowel of VACANCY. s. (from vacant.) 1. Einpty

, our alphabet, is formed in the voice space; vacuity (Shaks.). by a round configuration of the lips, and a unfilled (Watts). 3. State of a post or emgreater extrusion of the under one than in ployment when it is unsupplied (Ayliffe). 4. forming the letter o, and the tongue is also Tiine of leisure ; relaxation ; intermission ; more cannulated. The sound is short in curst, time unengaged (Watts). 5. Listlessness; must, tun, tub; but is lengthened by a final é, emptiness of thought (Wotton). as in tune, tube, &c. In some words it is ra- VA'CANT. a. (vucant, Fr. vacans, Lat.) ther acuie than long; as in brute, flute, lute, 1. Empty; unfilled ; void (Boyle). 2. Free; &c. li is mostly long in polysyllables; as in unencumbered; uncrowded (More). 3. Noi union, curious, &c. but in some words it is filled by an incumbent, or possessor (Swift). obscure, as in nature, venture, &c. This let. 4. Being at leisure ; disengaged (Clarendon). ter in the form of V, or v, is properly a con- 5. Thoughtless ; empty of thought; not busy. sonant, and as such is placed before all the To VĂCATE. v. n. (vaco, Latin.) 1. TO vowels; as in vacant, venal, vibrate, &c. annul ; to make void ; to make of no authority Though the letters v and u had always two (Nelson). 2. To make vacant; to quit possounds, they had only the form v till the be- session of

. 3. To defeat; to put an end to ginning of the fourth century, when the other (Dryden). form was introduced, the inconvenience of ex- VACATION. s. (vacatio, Latin.) 1. Inpressing two different sounds by the same termission of juridical proceedings, or any other letter having been observed long before. In stated employments; recess of courts or senates numerals V stands for five; and with a dash (Cowell). 2. Leisure; freedom from trouble added at top, thus V, it signifies 5000. In or perplexity (llammond). abbreviations, amongst the Romans, V. A.

VA CARY. s. (vacca, Latin.) A cowstood for veterani assignati; V. B. viro tonu; house; a cow.pasture (Bailey).

V. B, A. viri honi arbitratu; V. B. F. vir lonce VACCINATION, in medicine, the process fidei; V. C. vir consularis ; V. C. C. F. vale of inoculating a person with the virus of the disconjux charissime, feliciter ; V. D. D. vuto ease, called vaccina, or cow-pox, in order to dedicatur; V.G. verbi gratia; Vir. Ve. virgo render him incapable of being infected by the vestulis ; VL. videlicet ; V. N. quinto nonu- small-pox; thus erup'oying a milder disease as

an antidote to a severer. rum. VABRES, a town of France, in the depart

This may be regarded as one of the most im. ment of Aveiron. Though an episcopal see portant discoveries of modern times, and albefore the revolution, it is little better than a

though strenuously opposed and decried by in

dividuals in most countries, has met with all village ; but has some manufactures of serges, the support and countenance from all the godimities, and cottons. It is seated at the confluence of two small rivers that fall into the is entitled. Under the article INOCULATION WE

vernments of every part of the globe to wbich it Tarn, 30 miles S. E. of Rodez, and 32 E. of have entered at some length into the history and Alby. Lon. 2. 55 E. Lat. 43. 37 N. praxis of this admirable preservative, and have VOL. XI.-PART II.

B

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