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PUBLISHED FOR THE ASSOCIATION BY
GINN & COMPANY,
ENGLAND: EDWARD ARNOLD, 37 Bepford Street, STRAND, London, W.C
GERMANY: OTTO HARRASSOWITZ, Leipzig.
CONTENTS OF VOL. XXXI.
AMERICAN PHILOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION.
1. — The Formation of Latin Substantives from Geographical
Adjectives by Ellipsis.1
BY PROF. JOHN C. ROLFE,
UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN.
Since the term "ellipsis' has become the object of not unjustified suspicion, owing to the abuse of the principle by grammarians, especially in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, a definition of the sense in which the word is here used seems to be called for. As Paul2 points out, many socalled cases of ellipsis are really examples of the årò Kolvoû construction.
Substantives are formed from adjectives in Latin in two ways. In the case of such words as boni 'the good,' consularis “an ex-consul,' docta'a lady of culture,' honestum 'integrity,' there is no ellipsis of a substantive, but the meaning of the word is determined by the morphological elements of the adjective; that is to say, by the root and the suffix or suffixes which may be added to the root to express various relations and to determine the gender. Such substantives are treated with considerable fulness by Dräger, Hist. Synt., 1?, $$ 16–24, Nägelsbach, Lat. Stilistik®, $$ 21-26, and for
1 For permission to use the · Archiv.zettel' on ellipsis, on which this paper is in part based, I am indebted to my friend and teacher, Professor Edouard v. Wölfin. 2 Prinzipien der Sprachgeschichte 3, p. 289 f.