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And gives us hope, that having seen the days
That foil which those immortal laurels bore,
view: Then we shall see his work was lamely rough, Each figure stiff, as if design’d in buff: His colors laid fo thick on every place, As only shew'd the paint, but hid the face.
But as in perspective we beauties see,
makes. Thus vulgar dishes are, by cooks disguis'd, More for their dressing, than their substance
priz’d. Your curious notes so search into that
age, When all was fable but the sacred page, That, since in that dark night we needs must
stray, We are at least milled in pleasant way. But what we most admire, your verse no less The prophet than the poet doth confess. Ere our weak eyes discern'd the doubtful
streak Of light, you saw great Charles his morning break.
90 So skilful seamen ken the land from far, Which shews like mifts to the dull passenger. To Charles your muse first pays her duteous
love, As still the antients did begin from Jove. With Monk you end, whose name preserv'd
shall be, As Rome recorded Rufus' memory, Who thought it greater honor to obey His country's interest, than the world to sway.
But to write worthy things of worthy men,
and I Will venture in your right to prophesy. “This work, by merit first of fame secure, “ Is likewise happy in its geniture: “ For, since 'tis born when Charles ascends the
throne, “ It Tares at once his fortune and its own.".
EPISTLE THE SECOND.
LEARNED AND USEFUL WORKS; BUT MORE PARTI.
CULARLY HIS TREATISE OF STONE-HENGE, BY HIM RESTORED TO THE TRUE FOUNDER.
THE longest tyranny that ever sway’d,
* The book that occasioned this epistle made its appearance in quarto in 1663. It is dedicated to King Charles II, and entitled, “ Chorea Gigantum; or, The most famous Antiquity of Great Britain, Stone-Henge, standing on Salisbury-plain, restored to the Danes by Dr. Walter Charleton, M. D. and Physi. cian in Ordinary to his Majesty.” It was written in answer to a treatise of Inigo Jones's, which attributed this stupendous pile to the Romans, fuppofing it to be a temple, by them
dedicated to the god Cælum, or Cælus; and here that great architect let his imagination outrun his judgment, nay, his fense; for he described it not as it is, but as it ought to be, in order to make it consistent with what he delivered. Dr. Charleton, who will have this to be a Danish monument, was countenanced in his opinion by Olaus Wormius, who wrote him several letters upon the subject;
Their free-born reason to the Stagirite,
yet, that he was mistaken, appears by the mention made of Stone-Henge in Nennius's Hist. Britonum, a writer who lived two hundred years before the Danes came into England. Though his book was approved of by many meni of great erudition, and is not only very learned, but abounds with curious observations, it was but indifferently received, and raised inany clamours against the author.
Envy, however, could not prevent Dr. Charleton's merits from being seen, nor divide him from the intimacy of Mr. Hobbes, the philosopher ; Sir George Ent, a celebrated phylician ; the noble family of the Boyle's; and Dr. William Harvey, whofe claim to the discovery of the eirculation of the blood, he forcibly defended against the claim thereto set on foot by father Paul. Thus he
“ From dark oblivion Harvey's name fall save." As that eminent physician was now dead, the doctor's beha. viour upon this point was as generous an instance of gratitude and respect to his friend's memory, as it was a proof of his capacity and extensive learning. He was president of the college of physicians, from 1689 to 1691, when his affairs being not in the most flourishing fate, he retired to the isle of Jersey, and died in 1707, aged eighty-eight years.
DERRICK. Ver. 1. The longest tyranny] The rude magnitude of StoneHenge has rendered it the admiration of all ages; and as the enormous stones which compose it appear too big to land-carriage, and as Salisbury-plain, for many miles round, scarce affords any stones at all, it has been the opinion of some antiquaries, that these stones are artificial, and were made on the fpot; but most authors are now agreed, that these stones are all natural, and that they were brought from a collection of stones called the Grey Wethers, growing out of the ground, about fif, teen miles from Stone-Henge.
The use and origin of this work have been the subjects of var rious conjectures and debates; and much it is to be lamented, that a tablet of tin, with an infcription, which was found here in the reign of flenry the Eighth, and might probably have set thefe points in a clear light, hould not be preserved; for as the cha: racters were not understood by such as were cousulted upon the occasion, the plate was destroyed, or at least thrown by and lost, The common tradition is, that Stone-Henge was built by Ambros fius Aurelianus. Some will have it to be a funeral monument VOL. II,