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jesty, if the necessity of affairs should require it, might find among the most dutiful of his subjects, men celebrated for their military characters, above any of the age in which they live. There is no question but his Majesty will be as generally valued and beloved in his British as he is in his German dominions, when he shall have time to make his royal virtues equally known among us.

In the mean while we have the satisfaction to find, that his enemies have been only able to make ill impressions upon the low and ignorant rabble of the nation; and to put the dregs of the people into a ferment.

We have already seen how poor and contemptible a force has been raised by those who have dared to appear openly against his Majesty, and how they were headed and encouraged by men whose sense of their guilt made them desperate in forming so rash an enterprise, and dispirited in the execution of it. But we have not yet seen that strength ich would be exerted in the defence of his Majesty, the Protestant religion, and the British liberties, were the danger great enough to require it. Should the king be reduced to the necessity of setting up the royal standard, how many thousands would range themselves under it! what a concourse would there be of nobles and patriots! we should see men of another spirit than what has appeared among the enemies to our country, and such as would out-shine the rebellious part of their fellow-subjects as much in their gallantry as in their cause.

I shall not so much suspect the understandings of our adversaries, as to think it necessary to enforce these considerations, by putting them in mind of that fidelity and allegiance which is so visible in his Majesty's fleet and army, or of many other particulars which, in all human probability, will perpetuate our present form of government, and which may be suggested to them by their own private thoughts.

The party, indeed, that is opposite to our present happy settlement, seem to be driven out of the hopes of all human methods for carrying on their cause, and are, therefore, reduced to the poor comfort of prodigies and old women's fables. They begin to see armies in the clouds, when all upon the earth hath forsaken them. Nay, I have been lately shown a written prophecy that is handed among them with great se

The superstition of the people is always ready to catch in times of public commotion; and a remarkable aurora borealis happened to set fire to it at that time.

y, by which it appears their chief reliance at present is
ia Cheshire miller who was born with two thumbs upon
have addressed this whole paper to the despair of our
econtents, not with a design to aggravate the pain of it,
to use it as a means of making them happy. Let them
usly consider the vexation and disquietude of mind that

are treasuring up for themselves, by struggling with a er which will be always too hard for them; and by conng his Majesty's reign into their own misfortune, which

impartial man must look upon as the greatest blessing s country. Let them extinguish those passions, which only imbitter their lives to them, and deprive them of - share in the happiness of the community. They may lude that his Majesty, in spite of any opposition they form against him, will maintain his just authority over ; and whatever uneasiness they may give themselves, can create none in him, excepting only because they ent him from exerting equally his natural goodness and volence to every subject in his dominions.


be chec
poses m
cannot I

In the requires brought history which is the late power ir gained a anything a sudden

taking ; &

point of

No. 25. FRIDAY, MARCH 17.

This my friends of such allian curity. It English are despatched not to be de without cong so blemishe potentates Majesty, hav

we may

Quid est sapientia ? semper idem velle atque idem nolle. SENEC.

believe the observation wbich is made of us by gners, there is no nation in Europe so much given to ge as the English. There are some who ascribe this to ckleness of our climate; and others to the freedom of our nment. From one or both of these causes their writers e that variety of humours which appears among the peoa general, and that inconsistency of character which is

found in almost every particular person. But as a should always be upon his guard against the vices to

he is most exposed, so we should take more than ory care not to lie at the mercy of the weather in our

a means.] The use of the word means, in English, is remarkable, ay be thought capricious. It seems to be of French extraction rench have, le moyen, frequently, but seldom, les moyens : we, on atrary, prefer the plural termination, means; yet still, for the most hough not always) we use it as a noun of the singular number, or as ench le moyen. It is one of those anomalies, which use hath introand established, in spite of analogy. We should not be allowed to - mean of making men happy.

in his person

I need not and reproach itself among 1 conduct.

This our inc been thorough mestic as on famous Prince upon the arriva England by th fickleness of misfortune toc

moral conduct, nor to make a capricious use of that liberty which we enjoy by the happiness of our civil constitution.

This instability of temper ought in a particular manner to be checked, when it shows itself in political affairs, and disposes men to wander from one scheme of government to another; since such a fickleness of behaviour in public measures cannot but be attended with very fatal effects to our country.

In the first place, it hinders any great undertaking, which requires length of time for its accomplishment, from being brought to its due perfection. There is not any instance in history which better confirms this observation, than that which is still fresh in


We engaged in the late war with a design to reduce an exorbitant growth of power in the most dangerous enemy to Great Britain. We gained a long and wonderful series of victories, and had scarce anything left to do, but to reap the fruits of them: when on a sudden our patience failed us; we grew tired of our undertaking; and received terms from those who were upon the point of giving us whatever we could have demanded of them.

This mutability of mind in the English, makes the ancient friends of our nation very backward to engage with us in such alliances as are necessary for our mutual defence and security. It is a common notion among foreigners, that the English are good confederates in an enterprise which may be despatched within a short compass of time; but that they are not to be depended upon in a work which cannot be finished without constancy and perseverance. Our late measures have so blemished our national credit in this particular, that those potentates who are entered into treaties with his present Majesty, have been solely encouraged to it by their confidence in his personal firmness and integrity.

I need not, after this, suggest to my reader the ignominy and reproach that falls upon a nation, which distinguishes itself among its neighbours by such a wavering and unsettled conduct.

This our inconsistency in the pursuit of schemes which have been thoroughly digested, has as bad an influence on our domestic as on our foreign affairs. We are told, that the famous Prince of Conde used

to ask the English ambassador, upon the arrival of a mail, “ Who was Secretary of State in England by that post ? " as a piece of raillery upon the fickleness of our politics. But what has rendered this a misfortune to our country, is, that public ministers have no er made themselves masters of their business, than they

been dismissed from their employments; and that this race has befallen very many of them, not because they - deserved it, but because the people love to see new s in high posts of honour.

is a double misfortune to a nation, which is thus given ange, when they have a sovereign at the head of them, is prone to fall in with all the turns and veerings of the le. Sallust, the gravest of all the Roman historians, had formed his notions of regal authority from the manin which he saw it exerted among the barbarous nations, es the following remark : Plerumque regiæ voluntates, sehementes, sic mobiles, sæpe ipse sibi advorse. “The of kings, as they are generally vehement, are likewise fickle, and at different times opposite to themselves.” e there any colour for this general observation, how

does it redound to the honour of such princes who are ptions to it! e natural consequence of an unsteady government, is erpetuating of strife and faction among a divided people. reas a king who persists in those schemes which he has and has no other view in them but the good of his subextinguishes all hopes of advancement in those who d grow great by an opposition to his measures, and insensunites the contending parties in their common interest.

een Elizabeth, who makes the greatest figure among English sovereigns, was most eminently remarkable for

steadiness and uniformity which ran through all her ns, during that long and glorious reign. She kept up er chosen motto in every part of her life; and never lost

of those great ends, which she proposed to herself on ccession to the throne, the happiness of her people, and trengthening of the Protestant interest. She often insed her royal authority to break the cabals which were Eng against her first ministers, who grew old and died ose stations which they filled with so great abilities. mis means she baffled the many attempts of her foreign domestic enemies, and entirely broke the whole force spirit of that party among her subjects, which was hly affected, and which was not a little formidable in eginning of her reign. e frequent changes and alterations in public proceedthe multiplicity of schemes introduced one upon an

other, w in their cessors, tinction: to our people.

I ques forehand piness of Majesty herence the publi with him

A prin and serve either in our politi prejudice.

Upon t manly in a in a memb

which we a to be hopec further occ that happy us. And as our country solution and servation, it tion would so as to come plan of gove pose. At le show a legal duty of passiv

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other, with the variety of short-lived favourites, that prevailed in their several turns under the government of her successors, bave by degrees broken us into those unhappy distinctions and parties, which have given so much uneasiness to our kings, and so often endangered the safety of their people.

I question not but every impartial reader hath been beforehand with me, in considering, on this occasion, the happiness of our country under the government of his present Majesty ; who is so deservedly famous for an inflexible adherence to those counsels which have a visible tendency to the public good, and to those persons who heartily concur with him in promoting these his generous designs.

A prince of this character will be dreaded by his enemies, and served with courage and real by his friends ; and will either instruct us by his example to fix the unsteadiness of our politics, or by his conduct hinder it from doing us any prejudice.

Upon the whole, as there is no temper of mind more unmanly in a private person, nor more pernicious to the public in a member of a community, than that changeableness with which we are too justly branded by all our neighbours, it is to be hoped that the sound part of the nation will give no further occasion for this reproach, but continue steady to that happy establishment which has now taken place among us. And as obstinacy in prejudices which are detrimental to our country, ought not to be mistaken for that virtuous resolution and firmness of mind which is necessary to our preservation, it is to be wished that the enemies to our constitution would so far indulge themselves in this national humour, as to come into one change more, by falling in with that plan of government which at present they think fit to oppose. At least we may expect they will be so wise as to show a legal obedience to the best of kings, who profess the duty of passive obedience to the worst.


No. 26. MONDAY, MARCH 19.

Bella viri pacemque gerant, queis bella gerenda. VIRG. WHEN the Athenians had long contended against the power of Philip, he demanded of them to give up their tors, as well knowing their opposition would be soon at an


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