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In the first place he should consider, that the chief of his tagonists are generally acted by a spirit of envy; which ould not rise against him, if it were not provoked by his sert. A statesman, who is possessed of real merit, should ok

upon his political censurers with the same neglect, that good writer regards his critics; who are generally a race of n that are not able to discover the beauties of a work ey examine, and deny that approbation to others which they ver met with themselves. Patriots, therefore, should her rejoice in the success of their honest designs, than be ortified by those who misrepresent them. They should likewise consider, that not only envy, but nity, has a share in the detraction of their adversaries

. ch aspersions, therefore, do them honour at the same time at they are intended to lessen their reputation. They ould reflect, That those who endeavour to stir up the mulude against them, do it to be thought considerable; and t a little applaud themselves in a talent that can raise mours out of nothing, and throw a ferment among the pple, by murmurs or complaints, which they know in their n hearts are altogether groundless. There is a pleasant tance of this nature recorded at length in the first book the Annals of Tacitus. When a great part of the Roman ions were in a disposition to mutiny, an impudent varlet, o was a private sentinel, being mounted upon the shouls of his fellow-soldiers, and resolved to try the power of

eloquence, addressed himself to the army, in all the poses of an orator, after the following manner:

“ You have en liberty to these miserable men," said he, (pointing to ne criminals whom they had rescued,)“ but which of you

restore life to my brother ? who can give me back my ther? he was murdered no longer ago than last night, by hands of those ruffians, who are entertained by the general butcher the poor soldiery. Tell me, Blæsus, (for that s the name of the general, who was then sitting on the bunal,) tell me, where hast thou cast his dead body? An emy does not grudge the rites of burial. When I have ed myself with kissing his cold corpse, and weeping over order me to be slain upon it. All I ask of my

fellowdiers, since we both die in their cause, is, that they would

me in the same grave with my brother.” The whole ny was in an uproar at this moving speech, and resolved

of al hear mela whe ance hear but righ wha plac ing, tlem the mini

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to do the speaker justice, when, upon inquiry, they found that he never had a brother in his life; and that he had stirred

up

the sedition only to show his parts. Public ministers would likewise do well to consider, that the principal authors of such reproaches as are cast upon them, are those who have a mind to get their places : and as for a censure arising from this motive, it is in their power to escape it when they please, and turn it upon their competitors. Malecontents of an inferior character are acted by the same principle; for so long as there are employments of all sizes, there will be murmurers of all degrees. I have heard of a country gentleman, who made a very long and melancholy complaint to the late Duke of Buckingham, when he was in great power at court, of several public griev

The Duke, after having given him a very patient hearing, “My dear friend, (says he,) this is but too true; but I have thought of an expedient which will set all things right, and that very soon.” His country friend asked him, what it was. You must know, (says the duke,) there's a place for five hundred pounds a year fallen this very morning, which I intend to put you in possession of.” The gentleman thanked his Grace, went away satisfied, and thought the nation the happiest under heaven, during that whole ministry.

But farther, every man in a public station ought to consider, that when there are two different parties in a nation, they will see things in different lights. An action, however conducive to the good of their country, will be represented by the artful and appear to the ignorant as prejudicial to it. Since I have here, according to the usual liberty of essaywriters, rambled into several stories, I shall fetch one to my present purpose out of the Persian history. We there read of a virtuous young emperor, who was very much afflicted to find his actions misconstrued and defamed by a party among his subjects that favoured another interest. As he was one day sitting among the ministers of his Divan, and amusing himself after the Eastern manner, with the solution of difficult problems and enigmas, he proposed to them in his turn the following one.

What is the tree that bears three hundred and sixty-five leaves, which are all black on the one side, and white on the other?” His Grand Vizier immediately replied, it was the year, which consisted of three

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ndred and sixty-five days and nights : “But, sir, (says he,) mit me at the same time to take notice, that these leaves resent your actions, which carry different faces to your ends and enemies, and will always appear black to those o are resolved only to look upon wrong

side of them." A virtuous man, therefore, who lays out his endeavours for

good of his country, should never be troubled at the rets which are made of him, so long as he is conscious of

own integrity. He should rather be pleased to find pple descanting upon his actions, because when they are roughly canvassed and examined, they are sure in the I to turn to his honour and advantage. The reasonable

unprejudiced part of mankind will be of his side, and rece to see their common interest lodged in such honest nds. A strict examination of a great man's character, is e the trial of a suspected chastity, which was made among Jews by the waters of jealousy. Moses assures us, that

criminal burst upon the drinking of them; but if she s accused wrongfully, the Rabbins tell us, they heightened E charms, and made her much more amiable than before: that they destroyed the guilty, but beautified the innocent.

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No. 18. FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 20.

several ation. chests, secret enough, insolent

their ne edict to

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-Inopem me copia fecit. Ovid. EVERY Englishman will be a good subject to King George, proportion as he is a good Englishman, and a lover of the nstitution of his country:

In order to awaken in my nders the love of this their constitution, it may be neces-y to set forth its superior excellency to that form of gornment, which many wicked and ignorant men have of late ars endeavoured to introduce among us. I shall not, there ce, think it improper, to take notice from time to time of y particular act of power, exerted by those among whom

pretender to his Majesty's crown has been educated; ich would prove fatal” to this nation, should it be conered and governed by a person, who in all probability ould put in practice the politics in which he has been so og instructed

It was

the value ceive the had got the but the pe serve this to their old out of their

VOL. IV.

There has been nothing more observable in the reign of his present Gallic Majesty, than the method he has taken for supplying his exchequer with a necessary sum of money. The ways and means for raising it has been an edict, or a command in writing signed by himself, to increase the value of louis d'ors from fourteen to sixteen livres, by virtue of a new stamp which shall be struck upon them. As this method will bring all the gold of the kingdom into his hands, it is provided by the same edict that they shall be paid out again to the people at twenty livres each; so that four livres in the score by this means accrue to his Majesty out of all the money in the kingdom of France.

This method of raising money is consistent with that form of government, and with the repeated practice of their late Grand Monarque; so that I shall not here consider the many

evil

consequences which it must have upon their trade, their exchange, and public credit: I shall only take notice of the whimsical circumstances a people must lie under, who can be thus made poor or rich by an edict, which can throw an alloy into a louis d'or, and debase it into half its former value, or, if his Majesty pleases, raise the price of it, not by the accession of metal, but of a mark. By the present edict many a man in France will swell into a plumb, who fell several thousand pounds short of it the day before its public

This conveys a kind of fairy treasure into their chests, even whilst they are under lock and key; and is a secret of multiplication without addition. It is natural enough, however, for the vanity of the French nation to grow insolent upon this imaginary wealth, not considering that their neighbours think them no more rich by virtue of an edict to make fourteen twenty, than they would think them more formidable, should there be another edict to make every man in the kingdom seven foot high.

It was usual for his late most Christian Majesty to sink the value of their louis d'ors about the time he was to receive the taxes of his good people, and to raise them when he had got them safe into his coffers. And there is no question but the present government in that kingdom will so far observe this kind of conduct, as to reduce the twenty livres to their old number of fourteen, when they have paid them out of their hands; which will immediately sink the present

ation.

VOL. IV.

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pany of wealth, and re-establish the natural poverty of the
llic nation.
One cannot but pity the melancholy condition of a miser
this country, who is perpetually telling his livres, without
ing able to know how rich he is. He is as ridiculously
zzled and perplexed as a man that counts the stones on
lisbury Plain, which can never be settled to

any

certain mber, but are more or fewer every time he reckons them. I have heard of a young French lady, a subject of Louis Fourteenth, who was contracted to a marquis upon

the
ot of a five thousand pound fortune, which she had by her
ter in specie: but one of these unlucky edicts coming
ta week before the intended marriage, she lost a thousand
und, and her bridegroom into the bargain.
The uncertainty of riches is a subject much discoursed of
all countries, but may be insisted on more emphatically in
ance than

any
other.

A man is here under such a kind of uation, as one who is managed by a juggler. He fancies

has so many pieces of money in his hand: but let him asp them never so carefully, upon a word or two of the Eist they increase or dwindle to what number the doctor is eased to name. This method of lowering or advancing money, we,

who have happiness to be in another form of government, should ok upon as unwarrantable kind of clipping and coining. owever, as it is an expedient that is often practised, and ay be justified in that constitution which has been so oroughly studied by the pretender to his Majesty's crown, do not see what should have hindered him from making use

so expeditious a method for raising a supply, if he had cceeded in his late attempt to dethrone his Majesty, and bvert our constitution. I shall leave it to the consideration the reader, if in such a case the following edict, or someLing very like it, might not have been expected.

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“WHEREAS these our kingdoms have long groaned under e expensive and consuming land-war, which has very chausted the treasure of the nation, we, being willing to inrease the wealth of our people, and not thinking it advisable r this purpose to make use of the tedious methods of mernandise and commerce, which have been always promoted

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