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ellious subjects are too inconsiderable to put him upon xerting that courage and conduct, which raised him so great

reputation in Hungary and the Morea, when he fought gainst the enemies of Christianity; and in Germany and landers, where he commanded against the great disturber f the peace of Europe.

One would think there was reason or the opinion of those, who make personal courage to be n hereditary virtue, when we see so many instances of it 2 the line of Brunswick. To go no farther back than the time of our present king, here can we find, among the sovereign houses of Europe, ny other family that has furnished so many persons of disinguished fortitude ? Three of his Majesty's brothers have allen gloriously in the field, fighting against the enemies of heir native country; and the bravery of his Royal Highness, The Prince of Wales, is still fresh in our memory, who fought, ith the spirit of his father, at the battle of Audenarde, Then the children of France, and the Pretender, fled before im.

I might here take notice of his Majesty's more private Ertues, but have rather chosen to remind my countrymen.

of he public parts of his character, which are supported by uch incontestable facts as are universally known and acnowledged.

Having thus far considered our happiness in his Majesty's ivil and military character. I cannot forbear pleasing myelf with regarding him in the view of one, who has been lways fortunate. Cicero recommends Pompey under this articular head to the Romans, with whom the character of eing fortunate was so popular, that several of their empeors gave it a place among their titles. Good fortune is ften the reward of virtue, and as often the effect of pruence. And whether it proceeds from either of these, or com both together, or whatever may be the cause of it, every ne is naturally pleased to see his interests conducted by a erson who is used to good success.

The establishment of he electoral dignity in his Majesty's family, was a work reerved for him finally to accomplish. A large accession of ominion fell to him, by bis succeeding to the dukedom of ell, whereby he became one of the greatest princes of Gerany, and one of the most powerful persons that ever stood ext heirs to the throne of Great Britain. The duchy of

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Bremen, and the bishopric of Osnaburg, have considerably strengthened his interests in the empire, and given a great additional weight to the Protestant cause.

But the most remarkable interpositions of Providence, in favour of him, have appeared in removing those seemingly invincible obstacles to his succession; in taking away, at so critical a juncture, the person who might have proved a dangerous enemy; in confounding the secret and open attempts of his traitorous subjects; and in giving him the delightful prospect of transmitting his power through a numerous and still increasing progeny. Upon the whole, it is not to be doubted but

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wise and honest subject will concur with Providence in promoting the glory and happiness of his present Majesty, who is endowed with all those royal virtues, that will naturally secure to us the national blessings which ought to be dear and valuable to a free people.

No. 3. FRIDAY, DECEMBER 30.

Quibus otio 'vel magnifice, vel molliter vivere copia erat, incerta pro certis, bellum quam pacem, malebant.

SALL. EVERY one knows, that it is usual for a French officer, who can write and read, to set down all the occurrences of a campaign in which he pretends to have been personally concerned; and to publish them under the title of his “ Memoirs," when most of his fellow-soldiers are dead that might have contradicted any of his matters of fact. Many a gallant young fellow has been killed in battle, before he came to the third page of his secret history ; when several, who have taken more care of their persons, have lived to fill a whole volume with their military performances, and to astonish the world with such instances of their bravery, as had escaped the notice of everybody else. One of our late Preston heroes had, it seems, resolved upon this method of doing him. self justice : and, had he not been nipped in the bud, might have made a very formidable figure in his own works, among posterity. A friend of mine, who had the pillage of his pockets, has made me a present of the following memoirs, which he desires me to accept as a part of the spoils of the

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ebels. I have omitted the introduction, as more proper for ne inspection of a secretary of state; and shall only set own so much of the memoirs, as seem to be a faithful narrave of that wonderful expedition, which drew upon it the es of all Europe.

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“ HAVING thus concerted measures for a rising, we had eneral meeting over a bowl of punch. It was here proposed, y one of the wisest among us, to draw up a manifesto, setng forth the grounds and motives of our taking arms; for,

he observed, there had never yet been an insurrection in ngland, where the leaders had not thought themselves liged to give some reasons for it. To this end, we laid our eads together to consider what grievances the nation had offered under the reign of King George. After having spent me hours upon this subject, without being able to discover ay, we unanimously agreed to rebel first, and to find out easons for it afterwards. It was, indeed, easy veral grievances of a private nature, which influenced par

One of us had spent his fortune: another as a younger brother: a third had the encumbrance of a ther upon his estate. But that which principally disposed s in favour of the Chevalier was, that most of the company ad been obliged to take the abjuration oath against their ill. Being at length thoroughly inflamed with zeal and unch, we resolved to take horse the next morning, which e did accordingly, having been joined by a considerable reforcement of Roman Catholics, whom we could rely upon,

knowing them to be the best Tories in the nation, and howed enemies to Presbyterianism. We were, likewise, ined by a very useful associate, who was a fiddler by proession, and brought in with him a body of lusty young felws, whom he had tweedled into the service. About the hird day of our march, 1 was made a colonel ; though I ust needs say, I gained my commission by my horse's virdes, not my own; having leaped over a six-bar gate at the ead of the cavalry. My general, who is a discerning man, Preupon gave me a regiment; telling me, 'He did not queson but I would do the like when I came to the enemy's allisadoes. We pursued our march, with much intrepidity, rough two or three open towns, to the great terror of the arket-people, and the miscarriage of half a dozen big-bellied

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Notwithstanding the magistracy was generally against us, we could discover many friends among our spectators; particularly in two or three balconies, which were filled with several tawdry females, who are known by the ancient name of Harlots. This sort of ladies received us everywhere with great demonstrations of joy, and promised to assist us with their prayers. After these signal successes in the north of England, it was thought advisable by our general to proceed towards our Scotch confederates. During our first day's march, I amused myself with considering what post I should accept under James the Third, when we had put him in possession of the British dominions. Being a great lover of country sports, I absolutely determined not to be a minister of state, nor to be fobbed off with a garter; until at length, passing by a noble country-seat, which belongs to a Whig, I resolved to beg it; and pleased myself, the remainder of the day, with several alterations I intended to make in it. For though the situation was very delightful, I neither liked the front of the house, nor the avenues that led to it. We were, indeed, so confident of success, that I found most of

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with imaginations of the same nature. There had like to have been a duel between two of our subalterns upon a dispute, which of them should be governor of Portsmouth. A Popish priest, about the same time, gave great offence to a Northumberland squire, whom he threatened to excommunicate, if he did not give up to him the church-lands, which his family had usurped ever since the Reformation. In short, every man had cut out a place for himself in his own thoughts; so that I could reckon up in our little army two or three lord-treasurers, half a dozen secretaries of state, and at least a score of lords-justices in Eyre, for each side of Trent. We pursued our march through several villages, which we drank dry, making proclamation at our entrance, in the name of James the Third, against all concealments of ale or brandy. Being very much fatigued with the action of a whole week, it was agreed to rest on Sunday, when we heard a most excellent sermon. Our chaplain insisted principally upon two heads. Under the first he proved to us, that the breach of public oaths is no perjury; and under the second, expounded to us the nature of non-resistance; which might be interpreted from the Hebrew, to signify either loyalty or rebel

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ion, according as the sovereign bestowed his favours and referments. He concluded with exhorting us, in a most pathetic manner,

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purge the land by wholesome severities, -nd to propagate sound principles by fire and sword. We set orward the next day, towards our friends at Kelso; but by he way had like to have lost our general, and some of our nost active officers. For a fox unluckily crossing the road, rew off a considerable detachment, who clapped spurs to heir horses, and pursued him with whoops and halloos, till ce had lost sight of them. A covey of partridges springing 2 our front, put our infantry into disorder on the same day. t was not long after this, that we were joined by our friends com the other side of the Frith. Upon the junction of the wo corps, our spies brought us word, that they discovered a reat cloud of dust at a distance; upon which we sent out a arty to reconnoitre. They returned to us with intelligence, hat the dust was raised by a great drove of black cattle. his news was not a little welcome to us, the army of both ations being very hungry. We quickly formed ourselves, nd received orders for the attack, with positive instructions

give no quarter. Everything was executed with so much ood order, that we made a very plentiful supper. We had; hree days after, the same success against a flock of sheep, hich we were forced to eat with great precipitation, having eceived advice of General Carpenter's march as we were at inner. Upon this alarm, we made incredible stretches toards the south, with a design to gain the fastnesses of Preson. We did little remarkable in our way, except setting re to a few houses, and frightening an old woman into fits. Ve had now got a long day's march of the enemy; and eeting with a considerable refreshment of October, all the fficers assembled over it, among whom were several Popish ords and gentlemen, who toasted many loyal healths and onfusions, and wept very plentifully for the danger of the hurch. We sat till midnight, and at our parting, resolved

give the enemy battle; but the next morning changed our esolutions, and prosecuted our march with indefatigable peed. We were no sooner arrived upon the frontiers of Sumberland, but we saw a great body of militia drawn p in array against us. Orders were given to halt; and a ouncil of war was immediately called, wherein we agreed, ith that great unanimity which was so remarkable among

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