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A BRIEF COURSE OF SYNTAX,
Selections of Prose and Poetry
FOR ANALYSIS AND PARSING.
ALLEN H. WELD, A. M.,
REVISED AND ADAPTED TO THE LATEST EDITION OF WELD'S
Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1859, by O. L, SAN BORN, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of Maine.
SYNOPSIS OF GRAMMATICAL RELATIONS.
Grammatical Subject. Modifiers of the Gram. Subject. II Grammatical Predicate. | Modifiers of the Gram. Predicate.
The Grammatical Subject The Subject may be modified | The Grammatical Predi- The Grammatical Predicate may
tive case (if the verb is transitive);
a verb in the infinitive; an adverb;
a preposition with its object (ad-
junct); a clause; an adjective; a
1 phrase; and a quoted sentence.
The predicate, modified by one or more words, is called .. the LOGICAL SUBJECT.
the LOGICAL PREDICATE.
a council at Cordova. He, the marquis of Cadiz,
from a distance, the peril of the king.
the privilege of the good.
evident from your own admission.
verdant in winter.
from a Saxon word.
I to be accommodated by others.
MODIFICATION OF WORDS.
A verb may be modified
An adjective may be! An adverb may be modified 1. By a noun in apposition; as, 1. By a noun in the objective case, modified
1. By another ad verb; as, Most George, the king.
'if the verb is transitive; as, || 1. By an adverb; as, Very assuredly. 2. By an adjective; as, A tall mast. The sun gives light.
| 2. By an adjunct ; as, Agree-
tive; as, Pleasant to all.
A preposition may be modi-
you are well.
5. By a phrase; as, In gen yond.
2. By a noun in the objective as, Lot's wife. bors.
case; as, Over the hills. A pronoun may be modified by all | 7. By a quoted sentence; as,
3. By a verb in the infinitive; the above except the last two. I "Bion said, “ Know thyself." ||
as, About to depart.
Classification of Sentences.
To analyze a sentence, 1. Declarative; as, I write.
Simple as well as compound sentences
noonnd sentences Mention
Clauses are distinguished as Substantive, 2. Its logical and grammatical subject.
4. Its copula and attribute.
The name of an object addressed with its 5. Its clauses, when it has any, and the lead.
what is called an independent expression ; the office of each.
| 7. The adjuncts and phrases; what they
modify, and by what they are modified.
LIBRARY 07*172 PREFACE.
The selections which compose the body of the following work are so arranged as to constitute a gradual course of Exercises in Analyzing and Parsing.
The Rules of Syntax are taken from Weld's ENGLISH GramMAR by permission of the Publishers, and to these rules references are occasionally made, to assist the learner in explaining idiomatic or difficult passages.
As the extracts are from some of the most accomplished and approved writers, the Ornaments of style, Figures of Rhetoric, and Scanning, may be profitably attended to by advanced classes.
The book may be used by learners in almost any stage of attainment after the elementary principles of Grammar are understood. The work is designed to take the place of Pope's Essay, Thomson's Seasons, Young's Night Thoughts, and other entire poems, which are used as parsing books in Schools. A variety in the selections, it is believed, will be more profitable and interesting to the learner than any single work can be, which exhibits no gradation in style, and the peculiarities of one writer only.
A. H. W.
This Parsing Book has been revised by the Editor of Weld's Grammar, and in its preliminary system of analysis and course of syntax made to conform to the latest edition of the work just referred to. For the sake of greater variety, a number of new extracts have been introduced.
ANALYSIS OF SENTENCES.
By the Analysis of Sentences is meant the process of resolving them into the parts of which they are composed.
The parts into which a sentence is analyzed, are called its Elements.
CLASSIFICATION OF SENTENCES. There are four kinds of sentences; Declarative, Interrogative, Imperative, and Exclamatory.
A Declarative Sentence is one in which something is declared; as, “The sun shines.”
An Interrogative Sentence is one in which a question is asked; as, “ Does the sun shine ?”
An Imperative Sentence is one that is used in commanding, entreating, or permitting; as, “Let the sun shine."
An Exclamatory Sentence is one used in exclaiming; as, “ How pleasantly the sun shines !”.
SUBJECT AND PREDICATE. The Subject of a sentence is that about which something is said or written.