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tious for the occasion) amidst flowers, and shade, The sight therefore of these passing numbers, and innocent amusements; but to concentrate a the majority of whom had trampled on a besetwider welcome than has hitherto been prac- ting sin, had almost the effect of a religious ticable, to the talented and earnest teacher of procession; and it was not until their bands and Temperance, who has lately come amongst us, banners were sounding and shining in the garMr. J. B. Gough-and at the same time to dens, and their serried ranks broken up into demonstrate the growing numbers of the Tem- groups and sets, wandering here and there in perance League in London and its neighbour- search of amusement, that one realized the simhood.

ply festive nature of the meeting. Twice in the Great masses of humanity, whether as actors course of the day Mr. Gough addressed the or spectators, are always imposing. A crowded thousands present, in language well calculated to theatre, a royal pageant, a multitude listening strengthen the resolutions of the adherents of to an open-air preacher, or a procession such Temperance, and to win over fresh converts to as this fair morning witnessed, 'stretching from the cause. “Who”-writes a correspondent and Lincoln's Inn Fields to St. Martin's Lane, and a looker-onthence across Westminster-bridge to the Surrey Gardens, have in them elements of grand emo- “Who could survey that happy, smiling throng, tions; and as the miscellaneous throng passed And offer up to Heav'n no grateful song by, thousands of men and women wearing white For agencies it deigns, in love, to send roses on their breasts, and led by bands of To bless the world, and all mankind befriend? smiling children-the vanguard of a future army

Thousands, when rankling crosses intervene, of abjurists of this great social sin Intemperance

Shall think, with joy, upon that festive scene;

And haply some discourag'd one may fain, -many a happy face smiled through its

Recalling it to mind, take heart again !” tears, and many a hopeful prayer went after them.

As the evening drew on, thousands of coloured As Christian men and women (and we speak lamps sparkled, like glow-worms, on the borders of Christianity here, in reference to modern civil- of the flower-beds, and amongst the short soft ization, of which its ethics are the very key turf; here and there families and friends bad stape), the practice of Temperance has become broken into groups and circles, and were feasting, essential to us—the vice that leads froin mental al fresco, on the grass; while the sounds of music oblivion to moral recklessness; that diverts the from the orchestra, and, in its pauses, of youth, affections from the heart, and industry from the ful voices swelling-up in joyous chorus, sounded hands; that persuades from occasional tippling across the gardens with delightful effect. Miss to habitual intoxication, and makes maudlin Poole's singing was another feature of the drivellers or furious madmen of its victims ; amusements of the evening; and the splendid that wastes all that is noble or tender, ambitious pyrotechnic display that followed, lighting-up and energetic in human nature, and leaves it the dioramic-picture of the bay and wooded brutal, loathsome, and debased; that revolts a hills of Chusan, with the white tents stretchman's household, separates friends, divides the ing to the water’s-side, and the British shipsemployed and employer, and brings as its cer- of-war and junks of the Chinese depicted on it tain sequel, ill-health, dishonour, want, a fretful

was really beautiful.

But the most pleasing wise, a desolate home and ruined family-is part of the exhibition for us—as the rockets rose surely to be obviated, in a country full of and fell breaking into flowers and stars, and religious tendencies, and overflowing with intel- waving streams of light-was the hundreds of ligence.

children's faces ranged by the little lake, and More than half of the crime that stains our with every fresh explosion from fire-ships and scaffolds, and fills our hulks, results from intoxi- blazing pagodas, becoming more animated with cation. But the law makes no allowance for the breathless admiration and delight—these were liquid tempter; and many a miserable creature, the “ Bands of Hope.” May they realize the who “clothed in his right mind” was kind- happy designation, and render Temperance, in hearted and unoffending, has expiated the their coming times, not an innovation, but the insanity of drunkenness on a murderer's gib- rule!

C. A. W.

bet.

THE TOILET.

(Specially communicated from Paris.)
CO S T U ME FOR OCTO B E R.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PLATE. lace. Skirt of light grey taffeta, without ornament.

Chemisette and under-sleeves in embroidered muslin, Caraco of black velvet, half open on the bosom, Coiffure in blond and bayadere velvet ribbon, ornaen caur, with basques rounded and trimmed with mented with white roses : rich bracelets. black lace; the sleeves also trimmed with black Gown in gros de Naples. Corsage low, square

at the top, and half open in front; the basques general in the following materials: plaid poplins in open and squared; the sleeves are opened up to the large checks, watered silk, taffeta d'Italie glacé, of shoulder, and laced, as is also the opening in front iron grey, dark blue, groseille (red currant), or of the corsage, with black velvet ribbon; the same bottle-green. For demi-toilette, gowns at present are ribbon is placed as a border all round the corsage. in plaid valencias, foulard de laine, English merinos, The skirt has ten rows of velvet ribbon graduated, watered valencias, or satin gree. Another very laid on plain. Collar up to the throat, in em- pretty and effective new material is the casimir de broidered maslin, trimmed with Valenciennes lace. soie-a mixture of silk and woollen, which produces Silk capote, ornamented with vine leaves and blonde the effect of a shot silk, and is by no means expenand small flowers, and blonde round the face. sive. For a little girl; frock in taffeta glacé, corsage

The form of dresses remains unchanged. Almost with rounded basques, ornamented with a double all the corsages are made with basques; the waists row of quilled ribbon. Sleeves almost short, with are long. White caracos are still seen in great white embroidered under-sleeves. Skirt trimmed numbers. with two rows of quilled ribbon, similar to that on the The bonnets for autumn are in satin; and velvet corsage. Short trowsers, finishing with a trimming capotes in green are in great vogue. They are in broderie anglaise. Grey bottines. The hair still placed as far on the back of the head as ever; dressed with velvet ribbon.

and a M. Giraud has invented a spring which is to

replace the large pins used to keep them on. This The fine weather permits the continuance of spring is very ingenious; it is light, and has the adsummer dresses, but nevertheless one sees that vantage of not showing, and of keeping the backautumn is beginning to assert her right of succes- hair in its place. For young ladies, gowns in tarlasion : silk gowns and dark colours are gradually tane, spotted or checked, are much worn, having taking the place of muslin, tarlatane, and light-sashes with long ends. coloured materials. The autumval toilettes are in Paris, Sept. 20.

THE GARDEN-OCTOBER.

“The grass grows fast to-day! Wet is the ground

With fertilizing moisture, and the sun
Meets not the searching ken. A sweop of dun

And heavy light covers the sky; around-
Almost unfelt-a gentle breath doth run

Among the leaves, too gentle to dispel
The flickering haze that thickens round the groves,

And hides each "elmy grange" and farmy fell,
Where agriculture sees the sight it loves
To gaze delighted on.”

CALDER CAMPBELL.

In those places where due attention has been paid | mencing these operations, there should be no lack of to order and neatness, there is the finest display that clean empty pots of all sizes, as almost every plant has been noticed during the season, both in the will require to be taken out and examined. FreeFlower-garden and Pleasure-ground. The varied growing ones may need to be shifted; others may tints of the decaying foliage, caused by the approach have their drainage stopped up, or may contain of autumn, add greatly to the beauty of the scene, large worms which require to be taken out, or they and call for unwearied diligence to keep all below will injure the plants all the winter. Those not rethem neat and clean; as there will now be a con- quiring to be shifted should have their drainage care. stant falling of leaves, which, if not kept regularly fully removed, and be again placed in a clean removed, will be drawn in by the worms, and pre- well-drained pot of the same size, and every plant as sent a very unsightly appearance. The lawns will it leaves the potting-bench should have its required also require to be kept regularly mown, as at this portion of water, as no opportunity will occur for å season of the year, under the most favourable cir- long time when it can be so easily ascertained what cumstances, the grass is usually bad to cut; and if quantity it should receive. Let each plant be then mown after it has made considerable growth, it neatly trained in the most natural form, and relooks yellow instead of green, or dirty on account of moved to their proper quarters. If it is only for the the worm-casts which abound at this time of the sake of giving them clean pots, it is much better to year. This is a very busy time, as every depart- do it in this way than to wash the pots; as, while ment requires attention. Presuming that the green- the plants are in, they can never be properly cleaned house is ready, or nearly so, for its various occu- inside. When there are any plants to spare, the hardipants, they must soon be got in, according to the ness of which is doubtful, do not throw them awas, tenderness of the different kinds; for however flat- but put them where you can just save them through tering appearances may be, we know there is not the winter, giving them only enough water to keep 'much dependence to be placed in them. In com- them alive, and plant them out in spring to test this

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quality. Many good things have thus been saved, sand with it till it is made light, and then use two and hare proved much more hardy than was ex. parts of the mixture to one of dung; or if it be cowpected. The other day we saw a fine plant of Hy- dung, to an equal quantity. This compost should drangea japonica, which a few years ago obtained a be thoroughly mixed, and sifted through a coarse prize at the Royal Botanic Gardens, and had been sieve, that would let a small marble pass through treated in this way. It was planted in a shrubbery the wires. Take tho pots that are five inches across border, well sheltered from cold winds, and had the mouth for the early Tulips, and those six inches scarcely any sun on it except very early in the across, or even more, for the Hyacinths. Having evening. It is growing luxuriantly, and its flowers first put a bit of crock over the hole, fill these pots will soon be open. It has stood, we believe, two two-thirds of the way up with the compost; press winters, unprotected. Pelargoniums not yet dis- the Hyacinths or Tulips very gently into this surrooted should now be finished, Prune straggling | face, enough only to make them stand even while roots, and pot into a size less, in a free open soil. A you fill them up with the soil; and let it be noticed that, close fraine, if it can be kept dry and healthy, will if pressed at all hard into the mould, the fibres will be best for them till they get established. Shade not readily enter; but press the bulb upwards, and slightly from very hot sun, and sprinkle occasionally Hyacinths frequently throw themselves nearly out with a fine rose, except in damp weather. Com- | of the pot. But if the soil be soft, and the fibres mence giving air gradually, and afterwards give can enter it freely, the surface of the soil will not it in abundance, day and night, till it is necessary to be disturbed, although the bulb is but just covered remove them to the greenhouse. Stop back the an inch. early-struck plants, to make them break, if it is not Dahlias.-In many places Dahlias are producing yet done. Keep a sharp look-out for green fly in finer blooms than at the earlier part of the season. every department, and destroy them as soon as seen, This most probably arises from the plants being put

- which is better-fumigate, to prevent their out late; be this as it may, if the season continues coming.

open and free from frost, there is every prospect of Auriculas.- It will soon be time to place these an abundance of flowers for some time to come; plants in a situation for wintering. The frames in- | therefore the plants are yet worthy the care and tended for the purpose ought to be thoroughly attention recommended to be given in former numbers. cleansed, or painted if necessary, that the effluvia Polyanthuses.—Those under pot-culture need the may pass off before they are brought into use. The same treatment as Auriculas, with the exception of glasses, also, should be well cleaned, in order to a greater supply of moisture. So much wet having afford as much light as possible. Give water suffi- fallen through the season, renders it quite necessary cent to maintain a growing moisture, and continue to add a little fresh soil to the surface of the Polyto carry out cleanliness, by removing everything anthus beds; particularly where they have not been likely to prove obnoxious.

parted and fresh planted. The earth should be kept Carnations and Picotees.--Pick off dead foliage, well up to the shoulders of the foliage, that the neck and keep the plants clean : much of their health of the plants, as well as the young fibres which depends on cleanliness. See that the surface of the shoot from between the foliage, should at once find 80ii be open, and if any fibres appear above the sur- their way into the soil, and be protected from face, add a little more compost to cover them from ravages of the grubs and slugs. Old Carnation exposure to the sun. Some of the earliest potted compost, or other tolerably well-manured soil, will layers will not require further covering, but will do do for the purpose. In the absence of the former, loam much better if fully exposed night and day, unless of medium strength, with one-third leaf-mould, may in severe storms of rain ; in such cases, a temporary be substituted. protection will be advisable. Weakly plants will Pansies.-Let the beds already in preparation receive much benefit from the application of liquid for the reception of the October plantings be often manure; but the strength of the latter should be turned over, and the soil be well pulverized, and carefully attended to. It should be reduced, reduced to a fit state to receive the young plants. and only given occasionally, or till the plants show this part of the cultivation should not be oversigns of improvement. Avoid covering with glass looked : much of the success depends on the proper as much as possible. Shade fresh potted plants from sweetening and preparing of the soil, as well as on mid day sun, and uncover them as soon as the sun the consistence and quantity of nourishment conleaves the frames.

tained therein. The old plants must not be negTulips.--No time should be lost in sweetening lected; for there may be occasion to return to them the soil of the beds, and otherwise preparing them for a fresh supply. Look the beds over; destroy all for the reception of the bulbs. If not already turned enemies, and open the surface of the soil between out, it should be attended to early; and if an addi-them, 10 keep them in health. tion of fresh soil is intended, it ought to be got in in Arbutus Unedo.-As a proof of the mildness of good time. Frequent turning will prove of great the climate of Ireland, it is worthy of remark that benefit, if done while the earth is in a friable state ; this beautiful tree is indigenous to the country, and but by no means move it while saturated with water. though it is seldom seen to attain on this side of the As the Hyacinth and early Tulip are very attractive, channel a greater height than that of an ordinary it is worth saying a little upon their culture, for they shrub, it is found in great luxuriance and vigour near require so little trouble that there is no excuse for the Lakes of Killarney, covering the banks and hillomitting to grow them. The most humble cottager sides in a mantle of the freshest green. Its trunk atmay produce a few bulbs in bloom, to compete with tains considerable thickness, and the ingenious those from the largest establishments. The soil for people in that quarter drive a very respectable nearly every hardy bulb should be one half thoroughly business by making snuff-boxes, work-boxes, and decomposed cow-dung, and halflight soil of almost any similar articles of the wood, and selling them to kind, or, if the dung from an old melon or cucum- tourists, who every year flock to view the beauties ber-bed be used instead of cow-dung, put only one- of the far-famed lakes. Vast quantities of these third part to two parts of light soil. If the soil mementoes are taken by emigrants to the United which is at hand be stiff and not light, mix clean States and other parts of the world. Naturally month as convenient. Printed by Rogerson and Tuxford, 246, Strand, London.

enough, they are preserved by the sons and daughters mens of it were sent to Messrs. Veitch and Sons, of of Old Ireland with religious care, often for several Exeter, by their collector, Mr. T. Lobb, who found generations. It is stated by travellers that in the it on the Khasyah Hills

. H. latifolia was also found island of Corsica wine is made from the strawberry- in the same quarter by Mr. Griffith, and both like fruit which the Arbutus yields, but if used freely, species were discovered in the mountain woods of it is said to produce narcotic effects.-K.

Nepal by Dr. Wallich, who has named the genus Crocus Sativus,—The blue-flowered Crocus, uni- after Mr. F. L. Holboell, superintendent of the versally known in Holland under this name, is seen Royal Botanic Garden at Copenhagen. The natives by the end of October in full bloom. At the begin- of Nepal, according to Dr. Wallich, eat the fruit of ning of September the bulbs are placed in pots filled both plants; the pulp of the berries is stated to have with white sand, but so that they are not more than “a sweetish but otherwise insipid taste.” half covered. The sand is carefully kept moist. MEDINILLA MAGNIFICA.- Among the more The pots remain till the beginning of October in a dark, modern introductions to English gardens from India cool part of the greenhouse, and are thence removed is the genus Medinilla. It contains some fine species, and placed in a temperature of 59 deg. Fahr., if though but few of them are at present known in possible in a close situation under glass. A stranger cultivation-about thirty being described, many of who might pass through the streets of Haarlem in which are insignificant, or worthless for cultivation, November and December would not be a little except in a botanical point of view. They are astonished to see this blue Crocus decorating almost natives of the islands of Asia that lie within the every window.-W.T.

tropics, where some of them climb up the trunks of

trees to the height of 60 or 80 feet. One species, NEW AND RARE PLANTS.

M. erythrophylla, was introduced to Chatsworth by HOLLBOLLIA ACUMINATA, Lindl.— Lardizaba- Mr. Gibson in 1838; and within these last four of laceæ.-(Paxt. Fl. Gard.) —A beautiful

evergreen five years about half a dozen other kinds have been twining plant, having the babit of H. latifolia, from brought into notice. The present one, M. magnifica, which it is distinguished by its taper-pointed leaflets, was imported from Java liy Messrs. Veitch, and is which are three or five in number, and from four tó also known under the name of M. bracteata. It is six inches in length. The flowers, which are pro- a noble-looking plant, especially when in flower.

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ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. NOTICE TO CONTRIBUTORS. The Editor Poetry. — Accepted, with thanks: “Fritz;" begs it to be understood, that she can in no case un- “ The Heart and the Deep." dertake to return rejected MSS., or forward parts Declined: “The Early-called," and "We're of the Magazine, unless sufficient stamps are sent to Happier Days in Store.” The answer given to X, lin cover the expense of postage, &c. Correspondents our July number, will apply to this correspondent. are requested to keep copies of all short articles. Monkstown.—Many thanks. The article has

Communications to the Editor will, in future, reached us, and will shortly appear. be replied to through the medium of this our It is requested that all Books intended for review Page,” the amount of correspondence rendering it in these pages may be forwarded as early in the quite impossible to return private answers.

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